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A Detailed Lesson Plan on the Types of Chemical Reaction

I. OBJECITVES
A. Content Standard  The chemical reactions associated with biological and
industrial processes affecting life and the environment
B. Performance  Using any form of media, present chemical reactions
Standard involved in biological and industrial processes affecting life
and the environment.
C. Learning  Apply the principles of conservation of mass to chemical
Competency reactions
D. Specific At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to:
Objectives  define a chemical reaction;
 identify the different types of chemical reaction;
 explain each types of chemical reactions; and
 give examples of chemical reaction they encounter everyday.

II. CONTENT Types of Chemical Reactions


III. LEARNING RESOURCES
A. References
1. Teacher’s Guide NONE
pages
2. Learner’s Material pp.412-414.
pages
3. Textbook pages pp.158- 160
B. Other Learning Different Types of Chemical Reactions Retrieved February 8, 2017
Resources from http://www.tutorvista.com/chemistry/4-types-of-chemical-
reactions

The Four Major Types of Reactions. Retrieved February 8, 2017


from. http://www2.ucdsb.on.ca/tiss/stretton/CHEM1/stoich2.html

IV. LEARNING PROCEDURE

Teacher’s Activity Student’s Activity


Routinary Activity
Good afternoon class! Good afternoon ma’am.

Before we start our class for today, kindly arrange (Students follow the instructions properly)
your chairs properly and make sure that your places
are well organized and distraction- free.
Is anyone absent today? None ma’am.

Okay good!
A. Reviewing previous lesson or presenting the new lesson

Last meeting, we discussed about Writing and Chemical equation illustrates the formulas
Balancing Chemical Equation. Now will you define and quantities of reactants and products in a
what is a chemical equation? chemical reaction.
Okay correct!

You have mentioned about reactants and products, Reactant are substances that start a chemical
will you differentiate the two? reaction (given on the left-hand side) while
product are substances that are produced in
the reaction (given on the right-hand side.)

Very good!

Why is it important for us to Balance Chemical In balancing chemical equation, we need to


Equation? follow the law of conservation of mass
where in the number of atoms of each
elements in the reactant must be equal to the
number of atoms of the element in the
product.
Very well said.

B. Establishing a purpose for the lesson

I have here sets of pictures and I want you to observe


them properly. Based on your prior knowledge about
chemical change, choose the picture that illustrates
chemical change and give evidence of the chemical
change.

(Students follow instructions.)

a. Change in color
b. Change in color
c. Production of light/ temperature
change/change in color
d. Change in odor
e. Change in color
f. Change ion color
Very good! All of those images illustrate chemical
change because of the evidences present in their
structure. Whenever there is a chemical change, we
can say that there is always a chemical reaction. .

Let us know more about chemical reactions.


At the end of the lesson, the students should be able
to:
 define a chemical reaction;
 identify the different types of chemical
reaction;
 explain each types of chemical reactions; and
 give examples of chemical reaction they
encounter everyday.

C. Presenting examples/ instances of the new lesson

What can you say about this picture? The picture is all about the reaction of
vinegar and baking soda because when this
two combines together, small bubbles form.

Okay, how about the next picture? It is a picture of a rusted nail.

Why do you think that nails get rust? Nails get rust because they are being
exposed to oxygen.
Let us proceed to the last picture. It is all about the digestion of human
ma’am.

Do you ever wonder how the digestion of food takes Yes ma’am.
place?
Any idea class? As we put our food in our mouth, there is an
enzyme in our saliva that breaks down
sugars and other carbohydrates into simpler
forms that our body can absorb.
Very well said.
All of the pictures I’ve shown are associated with our
topic for today which is the Types of Chemical
Reaction.
D. Discussing new concepts and practicing new skills #1

Types of Chemical Reaction


1. Combination Reaction- a reaction when two (2) or
more reactants combine to form a single product.
General formula: A+B AB
Example: C(s) + O2 (g) CO2 (g)
A + B AB
Let try another example:
What will be the product of nitrogen hydrogen gas
when combine together?
N2 (g) + 3H2 (g) ________ N2 (g) + 3H2 (g)  2NH3 (g)

2. Decomposition Reaction- in this reaction, a single


reactant breaks down into simpler ones. (2 or more
products). This is the reverse of combination
reaction.
General formula: AB A+B
Examples: heat
2 HgO (s) 2 Hg(g) + O2 (g)
AB A + B
2 AgBr (s) light 2 Ag (s) + Br2
AB A + B
Heat and light are just some of the factors that affect
the chemical reaction. You will learn more about the
factors affecting chemical reaction next meeting.

Let us proceed to the next type pf chemical reaction.


3. Substitution Reaction- it is also called as single None, ma’am.
displacement reaction. In this reaction, a more active
element replaces a less active element in the
compound.
General formula: A+BC AC + B

The activity series of metals is being used in this type


of chemical reaction.
Take a look on the activity series in your book.
[See Attachment]
What do you think is the most reactive metal? Less Based from the activity series, the most
reactive? reactive metal is the lithium and the less
reactive metal is the gold.
Very good!
The activity series is a list of elements arranged in
decreasing order of reactivity. The most active
element appears at the upper portion of the table.
Each element can replace any element below it in a
compound that is by substitution.
a.Displacement Reaction in Metals
 In a metal displacement reaction, a more
active metal kicks out a less active metal from
a compound.
Example:
Fe (s) + CuSO4 (aq) FeSO4 (aq) + Cu (s)
A + B C A C + B
b.Displacement Reaction in Halogen
 Just like in metals, more active halogens will
displace less active halogens from a
compound.
 Example:
Cl2 (g) + 2 NaI (aq) 2 NaCl (aq) + I2 (s)
A + BC B A +C
c.Hydrogen Displacement
 Hydrogen can also be displaced from
compounds by all alkali metals and even
some alkaline earth metals.
Examples:
2 Na (s) + 2 H2O (l) 2 NaOH (aq) + H2 (g)
A + B C A C + B
Just like the above reaction, an explosion occurs
because when hydrogen is displaced from water, it
quickly forms hydrogen gas and 2 molecules of
sodium hydroxide.
4. Double Displacement Reaction- it is characterized
by the exchange of ions between two compounds.
General formula: AB+CD AD+CB

Examples:
NaCl (aq) + AgNO3 (aq) NaNO3 (aq) + AgCl (s)
A B + C D A D + C B

a. Acid-Base Reaction- it is a type of double


displacement reaction that occurs between an
acid and a base. The H+ ion in the acid reacts
with the OH- ion in the base to form water
and ionic salt.
Example:
HBr + NaOH  NaBr + H2O
Ionic salt + water
b. Precipitation Reaction- it is the formation of a
precipitate by mixing solutions of two soluble
compounds.
This is an example of precipitate specifically a lead
iodide precipitate.

Here is the chemical reaction in the formation of lead


iodide as precipitate.
Pb(NO3)2 + 2KI  PbI2 + 2 KNO3
A B + CD AD + C B
AgNO3 (l) + NaCl (l)  AgCl (s) + NaNO3 (l)
A B + C D A D + C B
Any questions about the different types of chemical None ma’am.
reaction?
E. Developing Mastery:
Write the products of each chemical reaction,
indicate their type of reaction and balance the
chemical equation.  Li + F2  LiF2
a. Li + F2  ______ -Combination Reaction
b. CuCO3  ______  CuCO3  CuO + CO2
c. Na + CuCl2  _______ -Decomposition Reaction
d. NaCl + Al2(SO4)3  _________  Na + CuCl2  NaCl2 + Cu
-Single Displacement Reaction
 6NaCl + Al2(SO4)3  3Na2 SO4 + 2AlCl3
-Double Displacement Reaction
F. Finding practical applications of concepts and skills in daily living

Will you give some examples of chemical reaction Soap emulsifies grime, which means oily
you encounter in your day to day life aside from the stains bind to the soap so they can be lifted
pictures I’ve shown earlier? away with water.

Very good, What else? Brushing our teeth. Toothpaste neutralizes


acid by using its basic ingredients to react
with the acids in the mouth, neutralizing the
negative effect of acid on the teeth.

Okay, correct. When frying with unsaturated oils,


May we have one more? hydrogenation of the oils can occur, and this
can produce trans fatty acids, which are not
good for our health
Very well said.
G. Making generalizations and abstractions about the lesson
Any volunteer who wants to summarize what we Chemical reaction, a process in which one
have discussed today? or more substances, the reactants, are
converted to one or more different
substances, the products. The different types
of chemical reaction are combination
reaction, decomposition reaction, single
displacement, double displacement reaction,
acid- base reaction and precipitation
reaction.
Very good!
H. Evaluate Learning
To check if you really understand our lesson, kindly Possible Answers:
answer this worksheet quietly. [See Attachment]
I. Additional activities for application or remediation

Answer the following question correctly. Place it in


your notebooks.
1. What are the different factors affecting
reaction rates?
2. Explain each factor briefly.