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MODUL
BAHASA INGGRIS LEVEL I

DISUSUN OLEH
ERITA SUWARNI, M.Pd./SUKARNI,S.Pd.,M.Pd.

PROGRAM STUDI ILMU KESEHATAN


SEKOLAH TINGGI ILMU KESEHATAN
MUHAMMADIYAH PALEMBANG
2018

MATERI/BAHAN MATA KULIAH


Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Pertemuan ke Ketujuh
Kode Mata Kuliah/SKS (2 T) Modul ke VII
Nama Mata Kuliah Bahasa Inggris level I Jumlah halaman
Dosen Mulai Berlaku 2018

MODUL VII
Bahasa InggrisLevel I

I. Petunjuk Umum
Petunjuk umum ini, memuat penjelasan tentang langkah-langkah yang akan ditempuh
dalam perkuliahan, sebagai berikut :
1. Kompetensi Dasar
2. Mahasiswa mampu mengungkapkan istilah medis dalam ilmu kesehatan dengan
menggunakan bahasa Inggris.

3. Materi
mobile phones

4. Indikator Pencapaian
1. Mahasiswa mampu menggunakan ungkapan yang berkaitan dengan perkenalan baik
memperkenalkan diri sendiri maupun memperkenalkan orang lain dengan benar.
2. Mahasiswa mampu memberikan respon/jawaban yang berkenaan dengan perkenalan.
3. Mahasiswa mampu membuat kalimat yang sesuai dengan waktu dan tempat.
4. Mahasiswa mampu merperkenalkan orang lain dan dapat memberi respon
5. Mahaiswa mampu menguasai kosakata dan memahami materi bacaan.
6. Mahasiswa mampu menggambarkandan menceritakan kegiatan sehari-hari.
7. Mahasiswa mampu membuat kalimat pertanyaan sesuai dengan bentu kalimat.
8. Mahasiswa mampu menggunakan istilah matematika dengan menggunakan bahasa
Inggris.
9. Mahasiswa mampu mengungkapkan penggunaa waktu dan dalam bahasa Inggris dan
paham istilah hari, bulan dan tahun.
10. Mahasiswa mampu memberi saran dan meresponya.
11. Mahasiswa mampu memberi pendapat dan membuat janji.
12 Mahasiswa mampu mengungkapan cara menyetujui dan tidak menyetujui suatu
pendapat.
13. mahasiswa mampu mengungkapkan dan membedakan kata perpisahan.

5. Referensi
https://www.englishclub.com/reading/health/htm

6. Strategi Pembelajaran
Strategi pembalajaran yang digunakan adalah contextual instruction, scenario kelas
dengan waktu 100 menit, langkah-langkah yang dilakukan, sebagai berikut :
a. Materi kuliah telah diberikan kepada mahasiswa 1 (satu) minggu sebelum
perkuliahan, mahasiswa diharuskan untuk membaca dan memahami materi tersebut
agar dapat lebih mudah mengungkap kasus-kasus terbaru yang terjadi.
b. Dosen memberikan penjelasan materi yang didasari pada kondisi kekinian
c. Setelah penjelasan secara konsep oleh dosen, mahasiswa dibagi dalam group diskusi
untuk membahas lebih dalam konsep yang dijelaskan.
d. Setelah selesai diskusi, mahasiswa diminta untuk menjelaskan hasil diskusi dan
kelompok lain memberikan sanggahan atau bantahan.
e. Setiap kelompok diberikan kesempatan untuk menjelaskan hasil diskusi dan
mempertahankan pendapat mereka dengan argumentasi sesuai dengan konsep materi.
f. Pendekatan pembelajaran dapat berubah sesuai dengan perkembangan, materi dan
kesepakatan dengan mahasiswa.

7. Kegiatan Belajar
a. Pahami dan kuasai materi ini dengan baik, agar pada waktu berdiskusi dan
mengerjekan soal saudara tidak banyak mengalami kesulitan.
b. Mulailah motivasi diri untuk membaca, dari yang mudah, dan mulai membaca
sekarang.
c. Bacalah scenario pada petunjunk umum, sehingga memudahkan mahasiswa dalam
aktivitas pembelajaran di kelas.

8. Evaluasi
a. setelah kegiatan belajar berakhir, mahasiswa diminta mengerjakan test (post test),
sehingga dapat diketahui seberapa jauh Tujuan pembelajaran dalam pembahasan
materi tersebut dapat dicapai.
b. Apabila mahasiswa dapat menjawab 70% dari soal-soal test dengan betul berarti
mahasiswa telah mencapai tujuan pembelajaran dalam pembahasan materi yang
disampaikan dosen.

II. Materi

Mobile Phones

an talking on a mobile phone be hazardous to your health? It is difficult to know for sure. Some
research suggests that heavy users of mobile phones are at a greater risk of developing cancerous
brain tumours. However, many other studies suggest there are no links between cancer and
mobile phone use.

The main problem with the current research is that mobile phones have only been popular since
the 1990s. As a result, it is impossible to studylong-term exposure to mobile phones. This
concerns many health professionals who point out that certain cancers can take over twenty years
to develop. Another concern about these studies is that many have been funded by the mobile
phone industry or those who benefit from it.

Over five billion people now use mobile phones on a daily basis, and many talk for more than an
hour a day. Mobile phone antennas are similar to microwave ovens. While both rely
on electromagnetic radiation (EMR), the radio waves in mobile phones are lower in frequency.
Microwave ovens have radio wave frequencies that are high enough to cook food, and they are
also known to be dangerous to human tissues like those in the brain. The concern is that the
lower-frequency radio waves that mobile phones rely on may also be dangerous. It
seems logical that holding a heat source near your brain for a long period of time is a potential
health hazard.

Some researchers believe that other types of wireless technology may also be dangerous to
human health, including cordless phones, wireless gaming consoles, and laptop or tablet
computers with wireless connections. They suggest replacing all cordless and
wirelessdevices with wired ones where possible. They also say that many cordless phones can
emit dangerous levels of Electromagnetic Radiation even when they are not in use. They even
suggest keeping electronic devices such as desk-top and tablet computers out of the bedroom, or
at least six feet from the head while we're sleeping.

A growing number of health professionals worldwide are recommending that mobile phone
users err on the side of caution until more definitive studies can be conducted. They use the
example of tobacco to illustrate the potential risks. Many years ago, people smoked freely and
were not concerned about the effects of cigarettes on their health. Today, people know that
cigarettes cause lung cancer, though it is still unknown exactly how or why. Some doctors fear
that the same thing will happen with mobile phones. In May 2016, the UK's Independent
newspaper reported on research by the US government's National Toxicology Program that
showed a slight increase in brain tumours among rats exposed to the type of radio frequencies
commonly emitted by mobile phones. This doesn't prove that mobile phones can cause brain
tumours in humans, but it does show that it's possible. As a result, many experts now recommend
texting or using head sets or speaker phones instead of holding a mobile phone to the ear.

Vocabulary
Word Meaning

conduct verb to carry out an activity like a survey, experiment, musical


performance, etc.

definitive adj. certain; unlikely to be challenged or improved upon


Word Meaning

device noun a piece of technology with a specific purpose

electromagnetic radiation electromagnetic energy that spreads in waves, incl. light waves,
(EMR) noun radio waves, microwaves, X-rays, etc.

err on the side of to not take a risk, esp. when you're unsure of the level of danger
caution idiom

fund verb to provide money or a budget for something

gaming console noun a hand-held device used for playing video games

hazardous adj. likely to cause health problems; dangerous

illustrate verb 1. to use examples, evidence, records, etc. to explain something


2. to draw

logical adj. rational, reasonable or making good sense

long-term exposurephrase close proximity to a hazard for a long time

mobile phone noun a wireless telephone with a network connection

potential adj. possible, esp. in the future

tissue noun a group of cells in the body that work together

tobacco noun dried leaves smoked in cigarettes, cigars and pipes

III.Lembar Kerja
A. Choose the best answer
1. According to the text, do mobile phones lead to brain tumours?
A. Yes, definitively
B. Definitively not
C. Too early to say

2. The text mentions the 1990s because this was when mobile phones
A. were invented
B. caused cancer
C. became popular
3. Why does the article mention microwave ovens?
A. They also use EMR
B. They cause tumours
C. They can be wireless

4. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the article?


A. video game consoles
B. digital televisions
C. laptop computers

5. If mobile phones are shown to be hazardous, the mobile phone industry's profits will
A. increase
B. decrease
C. stay the same

6. Which are NOT a form of electromagnetic radiation?


A. sound waves
B. radio waves
C. microwaves

7. Many experts say electronic devices should be at least six feet from our heads when we're
A. keeping them
B. using them
C. sleeping

8. Many health professionals say we should be careful until _______ studies on safety are done.
A. definitive
B. logical
C. scientific

9. How is mobile phone use compared to tobacco use in this article?


A. Both cause brain tumours
B. Both need long-term studies
C. They are equally hazardous

10. Which is recommended when using a mobile phone?


A. Holding it to your ear
B. Doing a handstand
C. Using a headset