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BAB 1

PENDAHULUAN
1.1 Data Utama Kapal
 Nama Kapal : KM. Muara Island
 Type Kapal : Oil Tanker
 Lpp : 97 m
 B : 15,6 m
 H : 7,8 m
 T : 6,55 m
 Vs : 10,5 Knot
 Cbpp : 0.72
 Cbwl : 0.72
 Rute Pelayaran : Jakarta – Saudi Arabia
 Radius Pelayaran : 5005 Nautical Mil
 Total Crew : 26 Orang
 Rules Yang Digunakan : RINA (Registro Italiano Navale)
1.2 Jenis Konstruksi Yang Digunakan :
1. AFTER PART
Konstruksi yang digunakan pada buritan / after part adalah konstruksi
melintang alasan menggunakan konstruksi melintang karena pada after
terdapat beban yang sangat besar,karna terdapat mesin dan seluruh
perlengkapan kamar mesin dan lain-lain.
2. CENTER PART
Konstruksi yang digunakan pada bagian center adlah konstruksi
memanjang,karena muatan yang di bawa adalah muatan cairan.alasan
menggunakan konstruksi memanjang pada center / midship karna untuk
mempermudah bongkar muat kapal,karna kapal oil tanker membawa
cairan,maka dari itu pada bagian center menggunakan konstruksi
memanjang
3. FORE PART
Konstruksi yang digunakan pada bagian depan ialah konstruksi
melintang,alasan menggunakan konstruksi melintang pada fore karena
untuk memperkuat kekuatan depan kapal dari gelombang.
BAB 2
SIMBOL DAN DEFINISI

2.1 Simbol dan Definisi


2.1.1 Symbol Dan Definisi
Part B Chapter 08 Section 01
For symbols not defined in this Section, refer to the list atthe beginning of
this Chapter.

n, n1 : Navigation coefficients, defined in [1.5]

Navigation coefficients

The navigation coefficients, which appear in the for-mulae of this Section


for the definition of wave hull girderand local loads, are defined in Tab1
depending on theassigned navigation notation.

C : Wave parameter:

F : Froude’s number:

V : Contractual service speed, in knots


aB : Motion and acceleration parameter:
hW : Wave parameter, in m:

h1 : Reference value of the ship relative motion, in m, :

2.1.2 Symbol Dan Definisi


(Part B Chapter 08 Section 03)
L : Lpp
k : material 1
s : jarak frame spacing
Part B Chapter 08 Section 05
For symbols not defined in this Section, refer to the list atthe beginning of
this Chapter.
pS : Still water pressure, in kN/m2, see [3.4.2] and[3.4.4]

see [3.4.2]

Lateral pressure in intact conditions is constituted by stillwater pressure


and wave pressure.

Still water pressure (pS) includes:

 the still water sea pressure, defined in Sec1, [4]


 the still water internal pressure, defined in Sec1, [5.1]to Sec1, [5.7]
for the various types of cargoes and forballast.

Wave pressure (pW) includes:

 the wave pressure, defined in Sec1, [4]


 the inertial pressure, defined in Sec1, [5.1] to Sec1,[5.7] for the
various types of cargoes and for ballast.
See[3.4.4] General

The still water and wave lateral loads induced by the seaand the various
types of cargoes and ballast in intact condi-tions are to be considered,
depending on the location of theprimary supporting member under
consideration and thetype of compartments adjacent to it, in accordance
withSec1, [1.4].Primary supporting members of bulkheads or inner
sidewhich constitute the boundary of compartments notintended to carry
liquids are to be subjected to the lateralpressure in flooding conditions.

pW : Wave pressure, in kN/m2, see [3.4.2] and[3.4.4]

pSF : Still water and wave pressures, in kN/m2, inflooding conditions, defined
in Ch 8, Sec 1,[5.8]

pWF : Still water and wave pressures, in kN/m2, inflooding conditions, defined
in Ch 8, Sec 1,[5.8]

Still water and inertial pressures

The still water and inertial pressures to be considered as act-ing on


bulkheads or inner sides which constitute bounda-ries of compartments not
intended to carry liquids areobtained, in kN/m2, from the formulae in
Tab16.

σX1 : Hull girder normal stress, in N/mm2, defined in[3.4.5]

[3.4.5] Hull girder normal stresses

The lateral pressure in flooding conditions is constituted bythe still water


pressure pSF and the wave pressure pWFdefined in Sec1, [5.8].

s : Spacing, in m, of primary supporting members.

ℓ : Span, in m, of primary supporting members,measured between the


supporting members,see Ch4, Sec3, [4.1]

hW : Primary supporting member web height, in mm


bp : Width, in m, of the plating attached to the pri-mary supporting member,
for the yieldingcheck, as defined in Ch4, Sec3, [4.2]

w : Net section modulus, in cm3 , of the primarysupporting member, with an


attached plating ofwidth bp, to be calculated as specified in Ch4,Sec3,
[4.3]

ASh : Net shear sectional area, in cm2, of the primarysupporting member, to be


calculated as speci-fied in Ch4, Sec3, [4.3]

M : Boundary coefficient, to be taken equal to:

 m = 10 in general
 m = 12 for bottom and side girders

2.1.3 Symbol Dan Definisi


(Part B Chapter 04 Section 02)
(Part B Chapter 09 Section 02)
s : Spacing, in m, of ordinary stiffeners or primary supporting members, as
applicable

Ca : Aspect ratio of the plate panel, equal to:

o be taken not greater than 1,0


Cr : Coefficient of curvature of the panel, equal to:
2.1.4 Symbol Dan Definisi
(Part B Chapter 05 Section 06)
where:
βb, βs : 1.0
cP : Ratio of the plastic section modulus to the elastic section modulus of
the ordinary stiffeners with an attached shell plating bp , to be taken equal
to 1,16 in the absence of more precise evaluation.

(Part B Chapter 09 Section 04)

Keterangan :

ℓ : Tinggi bangunan atas tidak boleh kecil dari 2 m.

p : Lateral pressure,in kN/m2 defined in (50)

a : Tab 1 max 4.5


c : Coefficient taken equal to :

𝑏1
c = 0.3 + 0.7 x 𝐵1

11.94
= 0.3 + 0.7 x 21.35

= 1 x 0.559

= 1.788 →(Pada Forecastle)

b1 : Breadth of deckhouse pada forecastle in m.(11.94)

B1 : maximum bredth of ship (15.30)

B : Coefisient defined in tab 2.

F : Coefisient defined in tab 3.

Pmin : Minimum lateral pressure defined in tab 4.(50)

(Part B Chapter 08 Section 01)


(Part B Chapter 08 Section 03)
Minimum net thickness of plating

2.1.5 Symbol Dan Definisi


(Part B Chapter 09 Sec 04)

α, β : Parameters defined in Ch 4, Sec 2, Tab 1.


Ch 4, Sec 1, [2.3], for steel : tabel 2

tc : Corrosion addition, in mm, defined in Ch 4,


Sec 2, Tab 2.

where:

ℓ : Span of the ordinary stiffener, in m, equal to the‘tween deck height and

to be taken not less than 2 m

p : Lateral pressure, in kN/m2, defined in tabel 4

φ : Coefficient depending on the stiffener end connections,and taken equal

to:

 1 for lower tier stiffeners


 value defined in Tab 6 for stiffeners of upper tiers

2.1.6 Symbol Dan Definisi


Part B Chapter 08 Section 02

MSW : Still water bending moment, in kN.m:

MWV : Vertical wave bending moment, in kN.m:

2.1.7 Symbol Dan Definisi


Ordinary Stiffeners

PS : Still water pressure, in kN/m2, see [3.3.2] and[5.3.2]

PW : Wave pressure and, if necessary, dynamic pres-sures, according to the


criteria in Ch5, Sec5and Ch5, Sec6, [2], in kN/m2 (see [3.3.2] and[5.3.2])

σX1 : Hull girder normal stress, in N/mm2


s : Spacing, in m, of ordinary stiffeners

ℓ : Span, in m, of ordinary stiffeners, measuredbetween the supporting


members, see Ch4,Sec3, [3.2]

ASh : Net shear sectional area, in cm2, of the stiffener,to be calculated as


specified in Ch4, Sec3,[3.4]

2.1.8 Symbol Dan Definisi

Longitudinal and transverse ordinary stiffeners

βb , βs : Coefficients defined in [3.7.3]

CP : Ratio of the plastic section modulus to the elas-tic section modulus of the
ordinary stiffenerswith an attached shell plating bp , to be takenequal to
1,16 in the absence of more preciseevaluation.

2.1.9 Symbol Dan Definisi


Fore Part

L1, L2 : Lengths, in m, defined in Ch1, Sec2, [2.1.1]

n : Navigation coefficient, defined in Ch5, Sec1,[2.6] or Ch8, Sec1, [1.5]

PS, PW : Still water pressure and wave pressure definedin [2.3]

s : Spacing, in m, of ordinary stiffeners or primarysupporting members, as


applicable

ℓ : Span, in m, of ordinary stiffeners or primarysupporting members, as


applicable

Ca : Aspect ratio of the plate panel,


BAB 3
DESAIN BEBAN (DESIGN LOAD)

3.1 Tekanan Air Laut


3.1.1 Still water Pressure (Tekanan Air Tenang)
Location:
 Bottom and side below the water line Z<T
Dimana Z = (T – TDB) /3)+ TDB
ZPS = (6,55 – 0,859 / 3) + 0,859
= 2,85 Meter
 Still water pressure (ps) in KN/M2
= ρ g ( T – z)
= 1.025 x 9.8 ( 6,55 – 2,85 )
= 37,204 KN/m2
 side above the water line Z >T
- Still water pressure ps ,in KN/M2
= 0 (sudah ketentuan di rina) part B chap 8 sec 1

3.1.2 Still wave Pressure (Tekanan Gelombang Air Laut)


Location:
 Wave pressure (pw) in KN/M2
−𝟐 𝝅 (𝑻−𝒁)
Pw = ρ g h1 e 𝑳

= 1.025 x 9.8 x 4,052 x( 3,7^ 0,0802)


= 45,257 KN/M2

−2 𝜋 (𝑇−𝑍)
Untuk mencari e = 𝐿
−2 𝜋 (6,55−7,175)
= 97,776

= 0,0802 Meter

Dimana :

𝐿
b = 0.35 + 0.5
100

97,776
= 0.35 + 0.5 100

= 0,769 Meter

e = 0.25 ( 15,6 – 0,769)

= 0,25 x 14,831

= 3,70 Meter

Z pada pw yaitu :

Zpw = (H- T)/2 + T

= (7,8 -6,55)/2 + 6,55

= 7,175 Meter

h1 = 0.42 x n x c (cb + 0.7)

= 0.42 x 0.80 x 8,090 x (0.79 + 0.7)

= 4,052 Meter

𝐿
C = (118 – 0.36 x L) 1000

97,776
= (118 - 0,36 x 97,776) x 1000

= 8,090 Meter

 Wave pressure pw ,in KN/M2


= ρ g ( T + h1 - z)
= 1.025 x 9.8 x( 6,55 + 4,052 – 7,175 )
= 34,438 KN/m2

3.1.3 Beban Tangki (Internal Pressure and Force)


 Exposed decks
a. Wave Pressure pw,in KN/m2
= 17.5 x n x φ ( Rumus)
b. Still water Pressure ps,in KN/m2

 Beban Untuk mencari plat sisi pada after


a. Freeboard deck
= 17.5 x n x φ
= 17.5 x 0.8 x 1,0
= 14 KN/m2

b. ( superstructure deck) Pada poop deck


= 17.5 x n x φ
= 17.5 x 0.80 x 0.75
= 10,5 KN/m2
c. Pada Boat Deck
= 17.5 x n x φ
= 17.5 x 0.80 x 0.75
= 10,5 KN/m2

d. Pada Bright Deck


= 17.5 x n x φ
= 17.5 x 0.80 x 0.75
= 10,5 KN/m2

e. Pada Navigation Deck


= 17.5 x n x φ
= 17.5 x 0.80 x 0.75
= 10,75 KN/m2
 Beban Untuk mencari plat sisi Pada Fore

Pw = 1.9.6 x n x φ √𝐻 Dari 0.75 L < x < L

= 1.9.6 x n x φ √𝐻

= 1.9.6 x 0.80 x 0.75 √9,507

= 1.9.6 x 0.90 x 0.75 x 3,083

= 36,206 KN/m2

Untuk mencari H :

𝑋 √𝑉 𝑥 𝐿
H = [2.66 ( 𝐿 - 0.7 )2 + 0.14] - (Z – T )
𝐶𝑏

91,05 √10,5 𝑥 97,776


= [2.66 (97,776 - 0.7 )2 + 0.14] - (8,9 – 6,55 )
0.79

= 0,2821 x ( 36,0493 – 2,35)

= 9,507 KN/m2

(Z) = Tinggi Forecastle/2 + H

= (2,2 /2)+ 7,8

= 8,9 Meter

(x) = 91,05 Meter


BAB 4
PLAT KULIT

4.1 BAGIAN AFTER PART (Buritan)


 Plating and ordinary stiffeners (side frames) (Part B chapter 09 section 2)

4.1.1 Bottom side and transom (Tebal Plat Alas/Bottom):

𝛄𝐬𝟐 𝒙 𝒑𝒔+ 𝛄𝐦𝟐 𝒙 𝒑𝒘


T = 14.9 x Ca x Cr x s x √𝛄𝐑 𝐱 𝛄𝐦 𝒙 𝐑𝛄

= 14.9 x 1.0 x 0.75 x 0,859 x


1.00 𝑥 37,204 + 1.20 𝑥 45,257
√1.20 x 1.02 𝑥
235

= 9,599 x 0,690
= 6,627→ Penambahan Faktor Korosi 1.75
= 8,377 Mm →Di bulatkan menjadi
=9 Mm
Sedangkan untuk tebal minimalnya

Tmin = Cf (0,038 x L +7,0) x (S x K)^0,5 –Ce

= 1 x (0,038 x 97,776 +7,0) x (0,859x 1) ^0,5 – 0


= 9,93 + faktor korosi 1,75

= 11,68 Mm dibulatkan

= 12 Mm

Jadi karna hintungan plat minimalnya lebih tebal maka saya menggunakan
tebal plat yang minimal yaitu 12 Mm

4.1.2 Tebal Inner Bottom:


𝛄𝐬𝟐 𝒙 𝒑𝒔+ 𝛄𝐦𝟐 𝒙 𝒑𝒘
T = 14.9 x Ca x Cr x s x √𝛄𝐑 𝐱 𝛄𝐦 𝒙 𝐑𝛄

1.00 𝑥 37,204 + 1.20 𝑥 45,257


= 14.9 x 1.0 x 0.75 x 0,859 x √1.20 x 1.02 𝑥 235

= 9,599 x 0,690

= 6,627→ Penambahan Faktor Korosi 1.75

= 8,377 Mm →Di bulatkan menjadi

=9 Mm

Sedangkan untuk tebal minimalnya

Tmin = 2 + 0,017 x L x K^0,5 + 4,5 x 0,859

= 2 + 0,017 x 97,776 x 1^0,5 + 4,5 x 0,859


= 7,527 + faktor korosi 1,75
= 9,277 Mm dibulatkan
= 10 Mm
4.1.3 Tebal Plat Deck :
𝛄𝐬𝟐 𝒙 𝒑𝒔+ 𝛄𝐦𝟐 𝒙 𝒑𝒘
T = 14.9 x Ca x Cr x s x √𝛄𝐑 𝐱 𝛄𝐦 𝒙 𝐑𝛄

1.00 𝑥 37,204 + 1.20 𝑥 45,257


= 14.9 x 1.0 x 0.75 x 0,859 x √1.20 x 1.02 𝑥 235

= 9,599 x 0,690
= 6,627→ Penambahan Faktor Korosi 1.75

= 8,377 Mm →Di bulatkan menjadi


=9 Mm

Keterangan :

Ca = 1.0
Cr = 0.75
s = Jarak Gading kecil (0,748)

4.2 CENTRE PART (Midship)


Tebal plat (Part B Chapter 08 Section 03)
(TABEL 9: minimum net thickness of plating)
4.2.1 Keel (Tebal keel/Lunas)
= 5.1 + 0.026 Lk1/2 + 4.5 x s
= 5.1 + 0.026 x 97,776 x 11/2 + 4.5 x 0,748
= 11,507 Mm
= 11,507 + 1.75
= 14 mm → Penambahan faktor korosi 1.75
Keterangan :
L = LPP (97,776)
k = Material factor (1)
s = jarak frame spacing (0,859)
4.2.2 Untuk Lebar keel (Part B,Chap 4 Sec 4)
= 0.8 + 0.5 x L/100
= 0.8 + 0.5 x 97,776 /100
= 1.288 m
4.2.3 Plat Bottom (Tebal Plat Bawah)
 Longitudinal framing
tmin = 3.2 + 0.018 Lk1/2 + 4.5 x s
= 3.2 + 0.018 x 97,776 x 11/2 + 4.5 x 0,859
= 8,825 mm + 1.75→ Penambahan faktor korosi
= 11 Mm → karena ukurana plat 11 tidak ada maka
diambil ukuran 12 Mm

 Transverse framing

tmin = 4,1+ 0,018 x L x k^0,5 + 4,5 x s

= 4,1 + 0,018 x 97,776 x1^0,5 + 4,5 x 0,859

= 9,75 + faktor korosi 1,75

= 11,475 dibulatkan menjadi 12 Mm

4.2.4 Inner Bottom


 Outside the engine room
tmin = 1.9 + 0.024 Lk1/2 + 4.5 x s
= 1.9 + 0.024 x 97,776 x 11/2 x 0,859
= 8,112 Mm
= 8,112 + 1.75→ Penambahan faktor korosi 1.75
= 9,862 Mm → dibulatkan menjadi 10 Mm
 Engine Room
tmin = 3.0 + 0.024 Lk1/2 + 4.5 x s
= 3.0 + 0.024 x 97,776 x 11/2 x 0,859
= 9,212 Mm
= 9,212+ 1.75→ Penambahan faktor korosi 1.75
= 10,961 mm → dibulatkan menjadi 12 Mm
4.2.5 Side
 Bellow Freeboard deck (1)
tmin = 3.1 + 0.017 Lk1/2 + 4.5 x s
= 3.1 + 0.017 x 97,776 x 11/2 x 0,859
= 8,627 mm
= 8,627 + 1.75→ Penambahan faktor korosi 1.75
= 10,377 mm → dibulatkan menjadi 12 Mm

 Between Freeboard deck and strength deck

tmin = 3.0 + 0.004 Lk1/2 + 4.5 x s

= 3.0 + 0.004 x 97,776 x 11/2 x 0,859


= 7,256 Mm
= 7,256+ 1.75→ Penambahan faktor korosi
= 9,006 Mm → dibulatkan menjadi 10 Mm
4.2.6 Inner Side
tmin = 1.7 + 0.013 Lk1/2 + 4.5 x s
= 1.7 + 0.013 x 97,776 x 11/2 x 0,859
= 6,836 Mm

= 6,833 + 1.75 → Penambahan faktor korosi

= 8,586 Mm → dibulatkan menjadi 9 Mm

4.2.7 Weather strength deck and trunk deck,in any (2)


 Area within 0.4 L amdship
Longitudinal framing
tmin = 2.1 + 0.032 Lk1/2 + 4.5 x s
= 2.1 + 0.032 x 97,776 x 11/2 x 0,859
= 9,094 + 0.5
= 9,594 Mm → faktor korosi yang tidak terkena air 0.5
= 10 Mm
 Area within 0.4 L amdship
At fore and aft part
tmin = 2.1 + 0.013 Lk1/2 + 4.5 x s
= 2.1 + 0.013 x 97,776 x 11/2 x 0,859
= 7,236 Mm
= 7,236 + 0.5
= 7,736 Mm→ faktor korosi yang tidak terkena air 0.5

4.2.8 Accommodation deck


tmin = 1.3 + 0.004 Lk1/2 + 4.5 x s
= 1.3 + 0.004 x 97,776 x 11/2 + 4.5 x 0.859
= 5,556 Mm
= 5,556+ 0.5→Penambahan faktor korosi yang tidak terkena air
= 6,056 Mm → Dibulatkan menjadi 7 Mm
4.2.9 Platform in engine room
tmin = 1.7 + 0.013 Lk1/2 + 4.5 x s
= 1.7 + 0.013 x 97,776 x 11/2 + 4.5 x 0.859
= 6,836 Mm→Penambahan faktor korosi 1.75
= 8,586 Mm→dibulatkan menjadi 9 Mm

4.2.10 Transverse watertight bulkhead


tmin = 1.3 + 0.004 Lk1/2 + 4.5 x s
= 1.3 + 0.004 x 97,776 x 11/2 + 4.5 x 0.859
= 5,556 Mm→Penambahan faktor korosi 1.75
= 7,306 Mm→dibulatkan menjadi 8 Mm

4.2.11 Longoitudinal watertight bulkhead


tmin = 1.7 + 0.013 Lk1/2 + 4.5 x s
= 1.7 + 0.013 x 97,776 x 11/2 + 4.5 x 0.859
= 6.836 Mm
= 6.836+ 1.7 → Penambahan Faktor korosi 1.75
= 8,586 Mm →Dibulatkan menjadi 9 Mm
4.2.12 Tank and wash bulkhead
tmin = 1.7 + 0.013 Lk1/2 + 4.5 x s
= 1.7 + 0.013 x 97,776 x 11/2 + 4.5 x 0.859
= 6,836+ 1.75 →Penambahan Faktor korosi 1.75
= 8,856 Mm →Penambahan Faktor korosi 1.75

Phart B Chapter 08 Section 05

4.3 Centre Girder

 Area within 0.4 L amidship


tmin = 2.1 x L1/3 x K1/6
= 2.1 x 97,7761/3 x 11/6
= 11,407 mm ≈ 13,157 mm →Penambahan Faktor korosi 1.75
= 14 Mm
 Area outside 0.4 L amidship
tmin = 1.7 x L1/3 x K1/6
= 1.7 x 97,7761/3 x 11/6
= 9,234 mm ≈ 10,984 mm→Penambahan Faktor korosi 1.75
= 12 Mm
4.3.1 Side Girders
 Area within 0.4 L amidship
tmin = 1.4 x L1/3 x K1/6
= 1.4 x 97,7761/3 x 11/6
= 7,604 mm ≈ 9,354 mm→Penambahan Faktor korosi 1.75
= 10 Mm
 Area Outside 0.4 L amidship
tmin = 1.4 x L1/3 x K1/6
= 1.4 x 97,7761/3 x 11/6
= 7,604 Mm ≈ 9,354 mm→Penambahan Faktor korosi 1.75
= 10 Mm

4.3.2. Floors
 Area within 0.4 L amidship
tmin = 1.4 x L1/3 x K1/6
= 1.4 x 97,776/3 x 11/6
= 7,604 Mm ≈ 9,354 Mm→Penambahan Faktor korosi 1,75
= 10 Mm
 Area within 0.4 L amidship
tmin = 1.4 x L1/3 x K1/6
= 1.4 x 97,7761/3 x 11/6
= 7,604 mm ≈ 9,354 mm→Penambahan Faktor korosi 1,75
= 10 Mm
4.4 FORE PART (HALUAN)

4.4.1 Girder

Side Girder/center Girder

4.4.1.1 Tebal Side Girder (2.7.2)

tA = (6 + 0.018 x L )k1/2

= (6 + 0.018 x 97,775 ) 11/2

= 7,759 Mm

= 7.759 ≈ 9,509 mm→Penambahan Faktor korosi 1,75


= 10 Mm

4.4.1.2 Tebal Centre Girder (2.10.3)

t = ( 6.5 + 0.013 x L1)

= ( 6.5 + 0.013 x 97,776)


= 7,771 mm ≈ 9,521 Mm→Penambahan Faktor korosi 1,75

= 10 Mm

4.4.1.3 Tebal plat battom Bottom:

𝛄𝐬𝟐 𝒙 𝒑𝒔+ 𝛄𝐦𝟐 𝒙 𝒑𝒘


T = 14.9 x Ca x Cr x s x √𝛄𝐑 𝐱 𝛄𝐦 𝒙 𝐑𝛄

1.00 𝑥 37,204 + 1.20 𝑥 45,257


= 14.9 x 1.0 x 0.75 x 0,859 x √1.20 x 1.02 𝑥
235

= 9,599 x 0,690

= 6,627→ Penambahan Faktor Korosi 1.75

= 8,377 Mm →Di bulatkan menjadi

=9 Mm
Sedangkan untuk tebal minimalnya

Tmin = 2 + 0,017 x L x K^0,5 + 4,5 x 0,859

= 2 + 0,017 x 97,776 x 1^0,5 + 4,5 x 0,859


= 7,527 + faktor korosi 1,75
= 9,277 Mm dibulatkan
= 10 Mm

Tebal Plat Geladak (Tabel 10)

4.4.1.4 Tebal Plat Deck :

𝛄𝐬𝟐 𝒙 𝒑𝒔+ 𝛄𝐦𝟐 𝒙 𝒑𝒘


T = 14.9 x Ca x Cr x s x √𝛄𝐑 𝐱 𝛄𝐦 𝒙 𝐑𝛄

1.00 𝑥 37,204 + 1.20 𝑥 45,257


= 14.9 x 1.0 x 0.75 x 0,859 x √1.20 x 1.02 𝑥 235

= 9,599 x 0,690

= 6,627→ Penambahan Faktor Korosi 1.75

= 8,377 Mm →Di bulatkan menjadi


=9 Mm
4.4.1.5 Tebal Linggi Haluan (Plate Sterms)

ts = 1.37 x (0.95 + √𝐿3) x √𝐾

= 1.37 x (0.95 + √97,776) x √1

= 14,848 mm

= 14,848+ 1.75→ Penambahan Faktor Korosi 1.75

= 16,598 ≈ 18 mm

BAB 5
ORDINARY STIFFENER (PENEGAR KECIL)
5.1 AFTER PART (Part B Chapter 09 Section 04)

5.1.1 Bottom and side (pembujur Sisi)


𝛄𝐬𝟐 𝐏𝐬+ 𝛄𝐰𝟐 𝐩𝐰 𝒔
W = γR γm β b (1- 𝟐 𝒙 𝓵 ) x s x ℓ2 x 103
𝟖 𝒙 𝑹𝛄
1.00 x 7,673+ 1.20 x 7,673 0.859
= 1.20 x 1.02 x 1 (1- 2 𝑥 3,436 ) x 0.859 x65
8 𝑥 235

3,4362 x 103 8

= 97,531 cm3 Profil L (130 x 65 x 8)


130
5.1.2 Deck (Deck beam)
𝛄𝐬𝟐 𝐏𝐬+ 𝛄𝐰𝟐 𝐩𝐰 𝒔
W = γR γm β b (1- 𝟐 𝒙 𝓵 ) x s x ℓ2 x 103
𝒎 𝒙 𝑹𝛄
1.00 x 7,673+ 1.20 x 7,673 0.859
= 1.02 x 1.02 x 1 (1- 2 𝑥 3,436 ) x 0.859 x
12 𝑥 235
65
3,4362 x 103
8
= 65,021 cm3 Profil L (100 x 65 x 8)
5.1.3 Platform and was bulkhead :
100

W = 3.5 x s x ℓ2 x k (ZTop – Zm) 60

10
= 3.5 x 0.859 x 3,4362 x 1 (6.8 – 3.4)

= 120,683 cm3 Profil L (130 x 60 x 10) 130

Keterangan :

ZTOP = H - Tdb

= 7,8 -1 = 6,8

ZM = 6.8/2 = 3.4

ℓ = jarak senta sisi (3,436)

5.1.4 Floors

Tm = 6.5 + 0.023 x L1 x k1/2

= 6.5 + 0.023 x 97,776 x 11/2

= 8,748 + 1,75 ≈ 10,498 mm

= 12 Mm
5.2 CENTRE PART (Part B Chapter 08 Section 04)
5.2.1 Longitudinal and transverse ordinary stiffeners (1/1/2001)

𝛄𝐬𝟐 𝐏𝐬𝐟+ 𝛄𝐰𝟐 𝐩𝐰𝐟 𝒔


W = γR γm βb 𝟏𝟔 𝒄𝒑( 𝑹𝛄− 𝛄𝐑 𝐱 𝛄𝐦 𝐱 𝛔𝐱) (1- 𝟐 𝒙 𝓵 ) x s x ℓ2 x 103

(1.00 x 7,673)+(1.20 x 7,673) 𝟎.𝟖𝟓𝟗


= 1.02 x 1.02 x 116 𝑥 1.16 ( 235−(1.02 x 1.02 x 69,665) (1- 𝟐 𝒙 𝟑,𝟒𝟑𝟔 ) x

65
0.859 x 3,4362 x 103
8

= 51,669 cm3 → Profil L ( 80 x 65 x 8)


80

Keterangan :
[50+0.6(Lm−65)
𝛔𝐱 = x Fs
𝑘𝑛

[50+0.6(97,776−65)
= x1
1

= 69,665

5.2.2 Vertikal ordinary stiffeners (in cm3)


Part B Chapter 08 Section 04. (3.6.4)

𝑷𝒔𝒇𝒅−𝑷𝒔𝒇𝒖
λbs = 1 + 0.2 x 𝑷𝒔𝒇𝒅+𝑷𝒔𝒇𝒖

0−37,204
= 1 + 0.2 x 0+37,204

= 1 + 0.2 x -1

= 0,8

𝑷𝒘𝒇𝒅−𝑷𝒘𝒇𝒖
λbw = 1 + 0.2 x 𝑷𝒘𝒇𝒅+𝑷𝒘𝒇𝒖
45,257−34,425
= 1 + 0.2 x 45,257+34,425

= 1 + 0.2 x 0.136

= 1.03
γs2 x λbs x psF + γw2 x λbw x pwF 𝑺
W = γR γm βb (1- 𝟐 𝒙 𝟓.𝟏𝟕 ) x s x ℓ2 x 103
16 𝑐𝑝 𝑅γ

(1.00 x 0,8 x 37,204)+(1.20 x 1.03 x 45,257 𝟎.𝟖𝟓𝟗


= 1.02 x 1.02 x 1 x (1-𝟐 𝒙 𝟑,𝟒𝟑𝟔)
12 𝑥 235
x 0.859 x 3,436 2x103 95
= 280,571 cm3 → Profil L : 180 x 95 x 12 12

180

5.3 FORE PART (Part B Chapter 09 Section 04)


Ordinary stiffeners of plating not contributing to the longitudinal strength

W = 0.35 x φ x k x s x ℓ2 x pmin (1 – α x tc)- β x tc

=0.35 x1x 1.00 x0.859 x 3,436 2 x34,778(1-0.035 x 0.75)-2.8 x0.75


65
= 118,152 cm3→ Profil L: (130 x 65 x 10) 10

Keterangan :
130
φ : 1(Lower and welded deck)

k : 1.00

s : Frame spacing 0.859

ℓ2 : Jarak senta sisi 3,436 m

α,β : 0.035 – 2.8

tc : 0.75 (ordinary)

pmin : 34,778 KN/m2

P min : 25 + 0.10 L

: 25 + 0.1 x 97,776
: 37,778 KN/m2

BAB 6
PRIMARY STIFFENER (PENEGAR BESAR)

6.1 BAGIAN AFTER ( Buritan)


6.1.1 Side Girders
Table 7 : Net scantlings of ordinary stiffeners
γs2 PsF+ γm2 pwF 𝑠
W = γR γm βs (1 − 2𝐿) x s x ℓ2 x 103
8𝑅γ

1.00 x 37,204+ 1.20 x 45,256 0.859


= 1.02 x 1.02 x 1 (1 − 2𝑥3,436) x 0.859 x
8 𝑥 235
3,4362 x 103

= 488,196 cm3

Profil T :

Direncanakan T = 210 x 150 x12

F = (40 – 50) diambil 45

h = 210 mm → 21 cm

L = 150 mm → 15 cm

t = 12 mm → 1,2 cm

Fs = h x t→ 21 x 1,2 = 25,2

f = l x t →15 x 1,2 = 18

f/F = 18 / 45 → 0.4
150
Fs/F = 25,2/ 45 → 0.56
12
Jadi profil T :
W =Wxfxh 210

= 0.52 x 50 x 25

= 491 Cm3

6.2 BAGIAN CENTRE ( Midship)


6.2.1 Longitudinal and transverse primary supporting members
𝛄𝐬𝟐 𝐏𝐬+ 𝛄𝐰𝟐 𝐩𝐰
W = γR γm βb 𝒎 ( 𝑹𝛄− 𝛄𝐑 𝐱 𝛄𝐦 𝐱 𝛔𝐱𝟏) x s x ℓ2 x 103
1.00 x 37,204 + 1.10x 45,256
= 1.02 x 1.02 x 1 12 ( 235−(1.02 x 1.02 x 69,665) x 0.859 x 3,442 x 103

F = 466 Cm3

Profil T :

Direncanakan T = 200 x 150 x12

F = (40 – 50) diambil 45

h = 200 mm → 20 cm

L = 150 mm → 15 cm

t = 12 mm → 1,2 cm

Fs = h x t→ 20 x 1,2 = 24

f = l x t →15 x 1,2 = 18

f/F = 18 / 45 → 0.4
150
Fs/F = 24/ 45 → 0.53
12
Jadi profil T :

W =Wxfxh 200

= 0.52 x 50 x 20

= 468 Cm3
𝛄𝐬𝟐 𝐏𝐬+ 𝛄𝐦𝟐 𝐩𝐰
Ash = 10 γR γm βs xsxℓ
𝑹𝛄

𝟏.𝟎𝟎 𝐱 𝟑𝟕,𝟐𝟎𝟒+ 𝟏.𝟏𝟎 𝐱 𝟒𝟓,𝟐𝟓𝟕


= 10 x 1.02 x 1.02 x 1 x x 0.859 x 3,436
𝟐𝟑𝟓

= 11,36 cm2
6.2.2 Vertikal Primary Supporting members
γs2 x λbs x ps + γw2 x λbw x pw
W = γR γm βb x s x ℓ2 x 103
𝑚( 𝑅γ− γR x γm x σA)

(0,8 x1 x 37,204)+(1.10 x 1.02 x 45,257)


= 1.02 x 1.02 x 1 x 0.859 x 3,4362
12( 235−( 1.2 x 1.02 x 71,102)
x 103

= 466,750 cm3

Profil T :

Direncanakan T = 200 x 150 x 12

F = (40 – 50) diambil 45

h = 200 mm → 20 cm

L = 150 mm → 15 cm

t = 12 mm → 1,2 cm

Fs = h x t→ 20 x 1,2 = 24

f = l x t →15 x 1,2 = 18

f/F = 18 / 45 → 0.4
150
Fs/F = 24/ 45 → 0.53
12
Jadi profil T :
W =Wxfxh 200

= 0.52 x 50 x 20

= 468 Cm3

Keterangan :→PART B CHAPTER 07 SECTION 03

𝑃𝑠𝑓𝑑−𝑃𝑠𝑓𝑢
λbs = 1 + 0.2 x 𝑃𝑠𝑓𝑑+𝑃𝑠𝑓𝑢

0−37,204
= 1 + 0.2 x
0+37,204

= 1 + 0.2 x -1 → 0,8

𝑃𝑤𝑓𝑑−𝑃𝑤𝑓𝑢
λbw = 1 + 0.2 x 𝑃𝑤𝑓𝑑−𝑃𝑤𝑓𝑢

45,257−34,438
= 1 + 0.2 x 45,257+34,438

= 1.02

𝐹𝐴
σA = 10 x 𝐴

FA = (γs x Ps + γw x Pw)

=(1.00 x 37,204 + 1.1 x 45,257)

= 86,987

A = Luasan dari body plan (kamar mesin )

Jadi Luasanya : 12,234 M2

𝐹𝐴
σA = 10 x 𝐴

86,987
= 10 x 12,234
= 71,102

6.3 Bagian Fore (Haluan)


6.3.1 Longitudinal and transverse primary supporting members
𝛄𝐬𝟐 𝐏𝐬+ 𝛄𝐰𝟐 𝐩𝐰
W = γR γm βb 𝒎 ( 𝑹𝛄− 𝛄𝐑 𝐱 𝛄𝐦 𝐱 𝛔𝐱𝟏) x s x ℓ2 x 103

1.00 x 37,204 + 1.10x 45,257


= 1.02 x 1.02 x 1.0 x x 0.748 x 2.7722 x
12 ( 235−(1.0 x 1.02 x 69,665)

103
= 466,532 Cm3

Profil T :

Direncanakan T = 200 x 150 x 12

F = (40 – 50) diambil 45

h = 200 mm → 20 cm

L = 150 mm → 15 cm

t = 12 mm → 1,2 cm

Fs = h x t→ 20 x 1,2 = 24

f = l x t →15 x 1,2 = 18

f/F = 18 / 45 → 0.4
150
Fs/F = 24/ 45 → 0.53
12
Jadi profil T :

W =Wxfxh 200

= 0.52 x 50 x 20
= 468 Cm3

BAB 7
BANGUNAN ATAS

7.1 BANGUNAN ATAS PADA FORECASTLE


7.1.1 Plat sisi Bangunan Atas

Superstructure and deckhouses minimum thickness


7.1.1.1 Lowest tier / Pertama

t = (5 + 0.01 x L)K1/2 – tc

= (5 + 0.01 x 97,776)11/2 – 0.75

= 5.227 + 0.5 mm

= 5.727 mm ≈ 6 → Penambahan Faktor korosi 0.5

7.1.1.2 Second tier and above / Kedua Dan Seterusnya

t = (4 + 0.01 x L)K1/2 – tc

= (4+ 0.01 x 97,776)11/2 – 0.75


= 4.227 mm

= 4.227 + 0.5

= 4.727 mm ≈ 5 mm→ Penambahan Faktor korosi 0.5

7 UNTUK MENCARI MODULUS ORDINARY


w = 0.35 x φ x k x s x ℓ2 x p (ℓ - w x tc)- β x tc
= 0.35 x 1 x 1.00 x 0.859 x 3,4362 x 10,5 (1 - 0.035 x 0.75)- 2.8 x
0.75 50
= 34,191 cm3→Profil L : (75 x 50 x 7)
7
Keterangan :

φ : 1(Lower and welded deck)


75
k : 1.00

s : Frame spacing 0.859

ℓ2 : Jarak senta sisi 3,436

α,β : 0.035 – 2.8

tc : 0.75 (ordinary)

p : tekanan pada bangunan superstructure

8 UNTUK MENCARI MODULUS PRIMARY


Longitudinal and transverse primary supporting members
𝛄𝐬𝟐 𝐏𝐬+ 𝛄𝐰𝟐 𝐩𝐰
W = γR γm βb 𝒎 ( 𝑹𝛄− 𝛄𝐑 𝐱 𝛄𝐦 𝐱 𝛔𝐱𝟏) x s x ℓ2 x 103
1.00 x 0 + 1.10x 45,257
= 1.02 x 1.02 x 1 12 ( 235−(1.1 x 1.02 x 69,665) x 0.859 x 3,4362 x 103

= 266,998 Cm3

Profil T :

Direncanakan T = 150 x 120 x 12

F = (40 – 50) diambil 45

h = 150 mm → 15 cm
L = 120 mm → 12 cm

t = 12 mm → 1,2 cm

Fs = h x t→ 15 x 1,2 = 18

f = l x t →12 x 1,2 = 14,4

f/F = 18 / 45 → 0.4
120
Fs/F = 14,4/ 45 → 0.32
12
Jadi profil T :

W =Wxfxh 150

= 0.4 x 45 x 15

= 270 Cm3

𝛄𝐬𝟐 𝐏𝐬+ 𝛄𝐦𝟐 𝐩𝐰


Ash = 10 γR γm βs xsxℓ
𝑹𝛄

𝟏.𝟎𝟎 𝐱 𝟎 + 𝟏.𝟏𝟎 𝐱 𝟒𝟓,𝟐𝟓𝟕


= 10 x 1.02 x 1.02 x 1 x x 0.859 x 3,436
𝟐𝟑𝟓

= 6.501 cm2

7.2 BANGUNAN ATAS PADA MAIN DECK (Lowest Tier)


9 Untuk mencari modulus ordinary
W = 0.35 x φ x k x s x ℓ2 x p (ℓ - w x tc)- β x tc
= 0.35 x 1 x 1.00 x 0.859 x 3,4362 x 10,5 (1 - 0.035 x 0.75)- 2.8 x
0.75
= 34,191 cm3→Profil L : (75 x 50 x 7)
50

75
10 UNTUK MENCARI MODULUS PRIMARY
𝛄𝐬𝟐 𝐏𝐬+ 𝛄𝐰𝟐 𝐩𝐰
W = γR γm βb 𝒎 ( 𝑹𝛄− 𝛄𝐑 𝐱 𝛄𝐦 𝐱 𝛔𝐱𝟏) x s x ℓ2 x 103
1.00 x 0 + 1.10x 45,257
= 1.02 x 1.02 x 1 12 ( 235−(1.1 x 1.02 x 69,665) x 0.859 x 3,4362 x 103

= 266,998 Cm3

Profil T :

Direncanakan T = 150 x 120 x 12

F = (40 – 50) diambil 45

h = 150 mm → 15 cm

L = 120 mm → 12 cm

t = 12 mm → 1,2 cm

Fs = h x t→ 15 x 1,2 = 18

f = l x t →12 x 1,2 = 14,4

f/F = 18 / 45 → 0.4
120
Fs/F = 14,4/ 45 → 0.32
12
Jadi profil T :

W =Wxfxh 150

= 0.4 x 45 x 15

= 270 Cm3

𝛄𝐬𝟐 𝐏𝐬+ 𝛄𝐦𝟐 𝐩𝐰


Ash = 10 γR γm βs xsxℓ
𝑹𝛄
𝟏.𝟎𝟎 𝐱 𝟎 + 𝟏.𝟏𝟎 𝐱 𝟒𝟓,𝟐𝟓𝟕
= 10 x 1.02 x 1.02 x 1 x x 0.859 x 3,436
𝟐𝟑𝟓

= 6.501 cm2
7.3 BANGUNAN ATAS POOP DECK, BOAT DECK ( Second Tier and
Above)
11 Untuk mencari modulus ordinary
W = 0.35 x φ x k x s x ℓ2 x p (ℓ - w x tc)- β x tc
= 0.35 x 1 x 1.00 x 0.859 x 3,4362 x 10,5 (1 - 0.035 x 0.75)- 2.8 x
0.75
= 34,191 cm3→Profil L : (75 x 50 x 7)
50

75

7.4 BANGUNAN ATAS BRIDGE DECK,NAVIGATION,TOP DECK (


Fourt Tier and Above)
W = 0.35 x φ x k x s x ℓ2 x p (ℓ - w x tc)- β x tc

= 0.35 x 1 x 1.00 x 0.859 x 3,4362 x 10,5 (1 - 0.035 x 0.75)- 2.8 x


0.75
= 34,191 cm3→Profil L : (75 x 50 x 7)
50

75
12 UNTUK MENCARI MODULUS PRIMARY
𝛄𝐬𝟐 𝐏𝐬+ 𝛄𝐰𝟐 𝐩𝐰
W = γR γm βb 𝒎 ( 𝑹𝛄− 𝛄𝐑 𝐱 𝛄𝐦 𝐱 𝛔𝐱𝟏) x s x ℓ2 x 103

1.00 x 0 + 1.10x 45,257


= 1.02 x 1.02 x 1 12 ( 235−(1.1 x 1.02 x 69,665) x 0.859 x 3,4362 x 103

= 266,998 Cm3

Profil T :

Direncanakan T = 150 x 120 x 12

F = (40 – 50) diambil 45

h = 150 mm → 15 cm

L = 120 mm → 12 cm

t = 12 mm → 1,2 cm

Fs = h x t→ 15 x 1,2 = 18

f = l x t →12 x 1,2 = 14,4

f/F = 18 / 45 → 0.4
120
Fs/F = 14,4/ 45 → 0.32
12
Jadi profil T :

W =Wxfxh 150

= 0.4 x 45 x 15

= 270 Cm3
𝛄𝐬𝟐 𝐏𝐬+ 𝛄𝐦𝟐 𝐩𝐰
Ash = 10 γR γm βs xsxℓ
𝑹𝛄

𝟏.𝟎𝟎 𝐱 𝟎 + 𝟏.𝟏𝟎 𝐱 𝟒𝟓,𝟐𝟓𝟕


= 10 x 1.02 x 1.02 x 1 x x 0.859 x 3,436
𝟐𝟑𝟓

= 6.501 cm2

BAB 8
BRACKET
( BKI sec. 3 D.23)
8.1 Bracket
8.1.1 Primary
8.1.1.1 Tebal Bracket
3 𝑤
t = 1.2 √ 𝑘 + tk

3 466
= 1.2 √ + 1.75
1
3
= 1.2 √466 + 1.75
= 1.2 x 7,73 + 1.75
= 11.03 mm ≈ 12 mm
8.1.1.2 Panjang lengan (l)
𝑡
Ct = √𝑡𝑎

7
= √10

= √0.7

= 0.83

3 𝑤
ℓ = 46.2 √ 𝑘 + √𝑘2 x Ct

3 466
= 46.2 √ + √1 x 0.83
1
3
= 46.2 √466 x 1 x 0.83
= 46.2 x 7.73 x 1 x 0.83
= 299,063 mm ≈ 300 mm
8.2 Bracket
8.2.1 Ordinary
8.2.1.1 Tebal Bracket
3 𝑤
t = 1.2 √ 𝑘 + tk

3 51,669
= 1.2 √ + 1.75
1

= 6.161 mm ≈ 7 mm
8.2.1.2 Panjang lengan (l)
𝑡
Ct = √𝑡𝑎

7
= √9

= √0.77

= 0.882

3 𝑤
ℓ = 46.2 √ 𝑘 + √𝑘2 x Ct

3 51,669
= 46.2 √ + √1 x 0.882
1

3
= 46.2 √51,669 x 1 x 0.882
= 151,553 mm ≈ 152 mm
Keterangan :
W = Modulus terkecil 51,669
K = faktor material 1
Tc = factor korosi 1,75
T = tebal plat minimal 7
ta = tebal yang direncanakan 9
BAB 9
LAMPIRAN
9.1 Tabel Profil T
9.2 Log Book Pengerjaan