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Email:uniondaily@gmail.com Fax:01 8500749 Facebook:theuniondaily website:http://www.uniondaily.net
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8 uniondaily.net Vol.6, No.151, 10-6-2018, Sunday

India boosts relations with Myanmar,


where Chinese influence is growing
India has a deepening means the country’s dip- ment between India and US$7.3bn deep-sea port
bilateral security rela-
tionship with Myanmar,
lomats deal with matters
relating to its relations with
Viraj Solanki Myanmar for a develop-
ment programme in Ra-
and US$2.7bn special
economic zone in Rakhine
and is taking steps to help Myanmar as a neighbour khine State. India is cur- State as part of the BRI.
address the crisis in Ra- separately to those relat- to enhance maritime se- tive (BRI), and India em- rently building pre-fabri- This port project will pro-
khine State. But Chinese ing to Myanmar as an curity cooperation in ar- phasising that the BCIM cated housing for refugees vide an entry point for a
influence in Myanmar is ASEAN state. eas such as humanitarian predates the BRI. The returning there. US$1.5bn oil and gas
growing - and meaning- Security and defence assistance. India is also BCIM corridor has not India’s engagement pipeline between Kyauk-
ful cooperation between relations between the two developing Sittwe port in been mentioned in any with Bangladesh over the pyu and Kunming in Chi-
Beiijing and New Delhi countries focus primarily Myanmar’s Rakhine State Indian foreign ministry crisis has included two na’s Yunnan Province.
remains unlikely. on border security and and implementing the statement–not even in its meetings between Modi China and Myanmar have
counter-terrorism. The US$484m Kaladan trans- account of the Modi–Xi and Prime Minister of also agreed to develop an
Date: 31 May 2018 first-ever India–Myanmar port project, which will summit–since June 2017, Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina economic corridor be-
Research Analyst, South Bilateral Military Exer- connect Rakhine State shortly after India declined since October 2017, and tween Kunming and
Asia Programme cise (IMBAX-2017), took with India’s northeastern to attend China’s BRI sum- visits to Bangladesh by Kyaukpyu, also as part of
India’s relationship place over six days in No- state of Mizoram. mit. India’s foreign minister and the BRI. Across the border,
with Myanmar–the only vember 2017, and focused foreign secretary. India has China has agreed to provide
Association of Southeast on peacekeeping opera- In sharp contrast to India aims to balance also provided relief mate- Bangladesh with US$22bn
Asian Nations (ASEAN) tions. India’s concerns these bilateral security and relations between two of rials for refugees in Bang- of assistance until 2024.
country with which it over border security were defence relations, India’s its neighbours, majority ladesh including food and
shares a land border–is a emphasised in a June 2015 major economic and con- Buddhist Myanmar and mosquito nets. India’s attempts to bal-
significant foreign policy ‘surgical strike’ in Myan- nectivity projects with Muslim Bangladesh, which ance relations between
priority for the government mar by the Indian army’s Myanmar have an are strained by the fate of The crisis in Rakhine Myanmar and Bangladesh
of Narendra Modi. special forces unit, which ASEAN-wide scope. India, Rohingya Muslims in State takes place at a time amid growing Chinese in-
New Delhi views the killed at least 60 insurgents Myanmar and Thailand are Myanmar’s Rakhine State. of growing Chinese invest- fluence in both countries
nation as a key part of its from the Myanmar-based jointly developing a Since August 2017 nearly ment in both Myanmar and is a key challenge for its
‘Act East’ policy, which Khaplang faction of the 1,360km highway–to be 700,000 Rohingya Mus- Bangladesh. Its engineers ‘neighbourhood first’ pol-
was announced by Modi National Socialist Council operational by December lims –an ethnic category are developing a 13km icy. Both India and China
during the 12th ASEAN– of Nagaland (NSCN-K), in 2019–designed to link the that is not recognised by flood-defence embankment will have a keen interest in
India Summit in Myanmar response to the killing of three countries and im- the Myanmar govern- in the Bay of Bengal, as a a special session at the
in 2014. India believes it 18 Indian soldiers by the prove connectivity be- ment– have fled the My- temporary arrangement to IISS Shangri-La Dia-
can use Myanmar to NSCN-K. tween India and ASEAN anmar armed forces’ brutal ease the pressure on refu- logue, Asia’s premier se-
strengthen trade links and India also plays a role states. The highway may military operations, caus- gee camps in the Bang- curity summit, titled ‘The
increase engagement with in Myanmar’s own inter- eventually be extended to ing a major humanitarian ladesh city of Cox’s Bazaar. Security and Humanitarian
the regional grouping–but nal peace process, acting connect India with Vietnam crisis in neighbouring Following a visit to Crisis in Myanmar’s Ra-
sees Myanmar as a neigh- as a signatory witness to through Cambodia and Bangladesh. India views both Bangladesh and khine State’. Senior offi-
bour first, and an ASEAN Myanmar’s Nationwide Laos. India is also under- the Rohingya crisis from Myanmar in November cials from Myanmar and
member second. Ceasefire Agreement cere- taking a US$77m rural con- both a humanitarian and 2017, China’s foreign min- Bangladesh will join the
The two countries monies in February 2018 nectivity project to pro- security perspective. Modi ister outlined a three- President of the Interna-
have enjoyed growing bi- and October 2015. India vide basic internet access has said that India shares phase proposal to address tional Committee of the
lateral high-level engage- hosted Myanmar ’s top to villages in Myanmar, Myanmar’s concern of ‘ex- the crisis: firstly, a cease- Red Cross and an official
ment recently, most nota- general for a week-long Vietnam, Cambodia and tremist violence’ in Rakhine fire should be implement- from the European Union
bly when Modi visited visit last July, during Laos, a scheme that could State. ed in Rakhine State; sec- External Action Service to
Myanmar in September which he met Prime Minis- be replicated in other India–which talks of ondly, Bangladesh and discuss how to resolve the
2017, only the second bi- ter Modi. India’s defence ASEAN countries. ‘displaced persons from Myanmar should be en- crisis.
lateral prime ministerial vis- minister witnessed opera- India’s connectivity Rakhine State’ in official couraged to strengthen India and China both
it by India to the country tions along the India-My- projects with Myanmar statements, due to Myan- communication; and final- pledged closer coopera-
in 30 years. India’s foreign anmar border on 29 May. also include the Bang- mar’s sensitivities over the ly, the region should be tion following their infor-
minister, deputy national Maritime cooperation ladesh–China–India–My- term Rohingya–underlined developed economically. mal summit in Wuhan ear-
security adviser and for- between the two countries anmar (BCIM) Economic the need for the ‘safe, In September, to help ‘re- lier this year. The likely
eign secretary have all has also gained impor- Corridor, currently under speedy and sustainable’ store peace and stability’, prospect is that India and
separately visited Myan- tance, with the Indian and joint study. India and Chi- return of the Rohingya Beijing donated US$ 150, China will pursue their
mar in the last six months. Myanmar navies conduct- na agreed to ‘speed up’ refugees during the Indi- 262 to assist the develop- separate approaches to the
State Counsellor of Myan- ing their first-ever bilater- economic cooperation in an foreign minister’s visit ment of Rakhine State. security and humanitarian
mar Aung San Suu Kyi al naval exercise, IMNEX- the BCIM corridor during to Myanmar in mid-May. China is Myanmar’s larg- situation in Rakhine State.
visited New Delhi in Janu- 18, in March in the Bay of April’s informal summit In December, India commit- est trading partner and These may bear similarities
ary 2018, one of ten Bengal. The Myanmar between Modi and Chi- ted US$25m of develop- supports its position on and could possibly lead to
ASEAN leaders who were navy also participated in na’s President Xi in Wu- ment assistance, to be the Rohingya crisis, and narrow convergences–as
the chief guests at India’s the biennial, multilateral han. transferred over five alongside Russia has highlighted through their
2018 Republic Day parade. Milan naval exercise off However, questions years, to help the ‘restora- shielded Myanmar from recent informal summit.
the coast of the Andaman remain over whether the tion of normalcy’ in Ra- strong action by the UN However, it is unlikely that
India’s foreign ministry and Nicobar Islands in corridor will be implement- khine State, and the return Security Council. such convergences will
has separate divisions for early March. ed, with China insisting of the Rohingya refugees A Chinese state-owned outweigh the overall un-
‘Bangladesh and Myan- In 2017, the two coun- that it be a ‘key channel’ to Myanmar. This followed firm also has a 70% stake easiness between India
mar’ and ASEAN, which tries signed an agreement of its Belt and Road Initia- the signing of an agree- in the building of a and China.
Vol.6, No.151, 10-6-2018, Sunday uniondaily.net 9

Myanmar takes aim at graft


Exit of finance minister and experience will soon Bank in 1990 and became cess. It seems Soe Win turned over to parliament a realisation of how impor-
said to be just the start of bring changes to what is its general manager in was one of those pro- to decide the next course tant the industry is to the
house cleaning and fur- seen as a moribund eco- 1993. He left the bank for posed at the time, but of action. country, and the govern-
ther cabinet reforms. By nomic policy. Price Waterhouse (later declined when ap- Rumours abound as to ment’s failure to regulate
Larry Jagan in Yangon “He is regarded as PricewaterhouseCoopers) proached. who else is on the anti- it efficiently and reap the
very capable technically, in 1996. In 2003 he found- The relatively speedy corruption hit list. But it financial rewards that are
4 Jun 2018 at 04:30 and appears to have ex- ed Myanmar Vigour, which replacement of Kyaw Win seems certain that at least illegally going to Thailand;
WRITER: LARRY JA- cellent leadership skills,” became a member firm of was forced on the govern- two chief ministers are with Cooperatives to be
GAN Ola Nicolai Borge, a Nor- the multinational account- ment when news of an among them. separated and a ministry
Myanmar’s govern- wegian lawyer and busi- ing and consulting group investigation into allega- The new war on cor- for SMEs created, as three
ment is declaring war ness consultant who has Deloitte in June 2015. tions of corruption, and ruption is the brainchild of different ministries now
against corruption and been based in Myanmar for He has been intimately police raids on his home, the new president, Win deal with small business.
preparing for significant many years, told Asia Fo- involved in drafting bank- became public. But there Myint. He flagged his in- The planned changes
cabinet changes amid the cus. “So he should be just ing laws and regulations, are others who are facing tentions in his inaugura- make strategic sense, says
biggest political crisis since the right man for this and fiscal policies during separate investigations by tion speech when he Tin Maung Than, an econ-
it took power two years ago. tough job. his tenure with the state the parliamentary anti-cor- vowed to “make a differ- omist involved in public
One minister has left “However, the new banks. He frequently ruption committee, led by ence”. sector reform and an ad-
under a cloud and as many minister’s age has left writes on banking and fi- Aung Kyi, a former senior Win Myint wants a viser to the Mandalay
as 18 other senior officials some with reservations. nance in the local media, military officer and minis- wholesale clean-out of chief minister, Zaw Myint
are reported to be under “One concern, though, is and recently published a ter in the Than Shwe and cabinet, according to Maung. The Planning De-
investigation. A further his age, as 80 in the West textbook, Fundamentals of Thein Sein governments; sources close to the pres- partment is primarily in-
reshuffle and restructuring and 80 in Myanmar are Trade and Finance, for in the mid-1990s he was ident. He reportedly has volved the government’s
of ministries is in the pipe- different,” said Thet Aung university students. also Gen Than Shwe’s liai- told Aung San Suu Kyi future policy orientation
line, which the government Min Latt of the local con- But Soe Win is not the son with Aung San Suu that as a result of his two and initiatives, while fi-
hopes will cure the admin- sulting company Diamond only new minister in the Kyi. years as speaker of the nance is concerned with
istrative malaise that has Intelligence. pipeline, according to gov- Aung Kyi is renowned lower house—seeing all expenditure, revenue and
overwhelmed ministers “The finance minister ernment insiders. At least for being taciturn, clean the ministers parading be- budgets, he said.
and bureaucrats alike. also has to run the Myan- four others are expected to and independent, a stick- fore him in parliament— he “Planning involves as-
Corruption charges and mar Investment Commis- be announced in the com- ler for the law and some- knows who is corrupt, in- sessing and taking risks,
investigations have en- sion, hold meeting after ing weeks. The cabinet is thing of a maverick in pre- competent or unprofes- compared to the conserva-
gulfed the cabinet and meeting with investors, braced for a major shake- vious military govern- sional. He wants to clear tive outlook at Finance,
government in recent international and local up, with some foreign trips ments. He has a top police out all the “deadwood”. which is concerned with
weeks, threatening stabili- conferences, cabinet meet- planned for early next officer as his number two. Tensions seem to have stability,” he concluded.
ty. But State Counsellor ings, parliament sessions: month put on hold. But And clearly he is relent- surfaced, though, between But some business
Aung San Suu Kyi has he need lots of energy.” these changes are not like- lessly going after corrupt the two civilian leaders — analysts fear that creating
taken quick steps to re- The new finance min- ly to be announced in one officials. His powers have president and state coun- new ministries and search-
store confidence, particu- ister is seen as a big step big hit, a government recently been strength- sellor. Aung San Suu Kyi ing for new ministers is
larly among the business up from his predecessor, source told Asia Focus. ened by parliamentary leg- seems reluctant to go all- beyond the resources of
community. given his extensive track Part of the problem, is islation, though they do out, preferring to proceed the NLD and the civilian
A new finance minister record in banking and con- finding suitable candidates not include the authority more slowly, while stress- government. “There is al-
has been appointed fol- sulting, both locally and who are willing to accept to prosecute; his main task ing the need for stability ready a major skills defi-
lowing the resignation of internationally, pointed out ministerial assignments. is to compile the evidence. and continuity, and to let cit,” said Thet Aung Min
Kyaw Win, who was the Thet Aung Min Latt. But the search is under Eighteen top-ranking the legal process run its Latt of Diamond Intelli-
subject of an anti-corrup- Soe Win has had 46 way, with possible candi- officials, including minis- course. gence. “And the NLD just
tion inquiry. The new min- years of experience advis- dates being sounded out. ters and chief ministers, are In the meantime, a ma- don’t have the people to
ister, Soe Win, is a well- ing international and local The State Counsellor under investigation, ac- jor cabinet restructuring is run ministries at this time.”
respected accountant, clients regarding taxation, wants to make sure she cording to the govern- in the pipeline, according So while the business
banker, economist and law- investment laws and bank- has experienced and qual- ment’s anti-corruption to sources close to the top community has enthusias-
yer, with substantial inter- ing in Myanmar. He is also ified candidates lined up, committee. There are six government leaders. Senior tically welcomed the ap-
national experience. He is a senior member of the before replacing any of teams conducting separate NLD leaders have realised pointment of the new fi-
also 80 years old. National League for De- the perceived “has-beens”. investigations, say anti- they made a mistake merg- nance minister, and it sup-
The business commu- mocracy’s influential Cen- Just finding qualified corruption officials. Details ing too many ministries— ports the renewed crack-
nity has welcomed the tral Economic Committee people is a tall order in have not been made pub- an idea that was sold to down on corruption, it is
appointment enthusiasti- and a member of the Bar Myanmar, given how de- lic, and few of those un- them by Korean consult- anxiously waiting to see
cally. “He’s extremely well- Council in Yangon. cades of iron-fisted junta der suspicion have been ants—at the time they what impact this will have
qualified for this post,” He joined the Foreign rule—and the closing of named so far. took office. on the government’s eco-
said Kyaw Kyaw Hlaing, Exchange Department of universities for nearly two Aung Kyi did ac- Now they are serious- nomic policy.
head of the local company the state-owned commer- decades—left the political knowledge recently that ly considering creating Obviously while more
Smart Technologies. “He cial bank as deputy man- and administrative talent both the finance minister three “new” ministries with major changes are afoot,
is completely clean, trust- ager in 1961. He was sent pool nearly dry. The high and the immigration and three new ministers and and until the likely shake-
worthy and professional: a to the UK for training with “turn down” rate compli- labour minister were being three new deputies. Ac- out in the ministries actu-
real breath of fresh air in National Westminster cates the task further. investigated. All of the cording to the plan under ally materialises, the My-
this current cabinet.” Bank and the Bank of En- Kyaw Win was actual- evidence in the case consideration: Finance and anmar business communi-
Reaction from foreign gland in 1976. He was ap- ly the fourth choice for against Kyaw Win is ex- Planning are to be split ty remains guarded about
businesses was also pos- pointed deputy controller finance minister in 2016, pected to be ready in the into two ministries; Fish- the prospects of a signif-
itive. They believe Soe of foreign exchange at the according to a source near future, and if there is eries and Livestock sepa- icant economic upturn, but
Win’s international training Myanmar Foreign Trade close to the selection pro- a case to answer it will be rated from Agriculture — it is cautiously optimistic.
10 awGUqkHar;jref; twGJ 6? trSwf 151 (10-6-2018) we*FaEG ?

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