Anda di halaman 1dari 9

Types of Research

1. Based on Application of Research Method


2. Based on Purpose of the Research
3. Based on Types Needed
Types of Research
1. Based on Application of Research Method
➢ Pure Research – if it deals with concepts, principles, or abstract
things. This type of research aims to increase your knowledge about
something.
➢ Applied Research – if your intention is to apply your chosen research
to societal problems or issues, finding ways to make positive changes
in society.
Types of Research
2. Based on Purpose of the Research
➢ Descriptive Research
➢Correlational Research
➢Exploratory Research
➢Action Research
Types of Research
2. Based on Purpose of the Research
➢ Descriptive Research – aims at defining or giving verbal portrayal or
picture of a person, thing, event, group, situation, etc. This is liable to
be repeated because its topic relates itself only to a certain period or
limited number of years.
➢Correlational Research – shows relationships or connectedness or
two factors, circumstances, or agents called variables that affect the
research
Types of Research
2. Based on Purpose of the Research
➢Exploratory Research- elaborates or explain not just the reasons
behind the relationship of two factors, but also the ways by which
such relationship exists
➢Action Research – an on ongoing practice of a school, organization,
community, or institution for the purpose of obtaining results that will
bring improvements in the system
Types of Research
3. Based on Types of Data
➢Qualitative Research- requires non-numerical data, which means
that research uses words rather than numbers to express the result,
the inquiry or investigation about people’s thoughts, beliefs, feelings,
views, and lifestyles regarding the object of the study.
➢Quantitative Research – involve measurement of data. Thus, it
presents research findings referring to the number or frequency of
something in numerical forms.
Types of Research
3. Based on Types of Data
➢Primary Data- are obtained through direct observation or contact
with people, objects, artifacts, paintings, etc. These are new and
original information resulting from your sensory of experience.
➢Secondary Data – if such data have already been written about or
reported on and are available for reading purposes, they exist as
secondary data.
Approaches to Research
• Scientific or positive approach – in which you discover and measure
information as well as observe and control variables in an impersonal
manner
• Naturalistic approach – in contrast to scientific approach that uses
numbers to express data the naturalistic approach uses words. This
research approach directs you to deal with qualitative data that speak of
how people behave toward their surroundings.
• Triangulation approach – combining these two approaches in designing
your approach. In this case you are free to gather and analyze data using
multiple methods, allowing you to combine or mix up research approaches,
research types, data gathering and data analysis techniques.
Activity
Summarize your understanding about the Types of Research and
Approaches of Research in 1 whole yellow paper