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WORKSHOP 16

MODAL FREQUENCY ANALYSIS OF A


CAR CHASSIS

NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005


Copyright 2005 MSC.Software Corporation WS16-1
NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005
Copyright 2005 MSC.Software Corporation WS16-2
MODAL FREQUENCY ANALYSIS OF A CAR CHASSIS

 Problem Description
 For this problem, a unit force is applied to an engine mount on the
car. The model is submitted to MSC.Nastran for a modal frequency
response analysis with a modal damping of 1%. After the analysis
is completed, the user will be asked to plot a XY Plot of
displacement vs. frequency at various locations to view the effect of
the load on the car over range of frequencies.

NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005


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MODAL FREQUENCY ANALYSIS OF A CAR CHASSIS

 Suggested Exercise Steps


1. Import the car geometry from a Nastran Input File.
2. Create a set of RBE2 to represent the engine mount.
3. Set up a Time Dependent Load Case.
4. Create a frequency dependent field.
5. Assign a unit force load to the independent node of the RBE2
created for the engine mount.
6. Submit the model for a Normal Modes analysis.
7. Attach the XDB result file after the analysis is completed.
8. Create a graph of frequency vs. displacement of three locations on
the car.

NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005


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CREATE NEW DATABASE

Create a new database called car.db.


a. File / New. e
b. Enter f
car_frequency_response as
the file name. g
c. Click OK. b c
d. Choose Default Tolerance.
e. Select MSC.Nastran as the
Analysis Code.
f. Select Structural as the
Analysis Type.
g. Click OK.

NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005


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Step 1. File / Import

a
c b

Import the model from a Nastran


Input File.
c
a. File / Import.
b. Select MSC.Nastran Input as
the Source.
c. Select car.bdf and click
Apply.
d. Click OK when the Nastran
Input File Import Summary
appears.

NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005


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Step 2. Elements: Transform / Node / Translate

Create a node that will be used as


the independent node of the a
RBE2.
a. Elements: Transform / b
Node / Translate.
b. Change the Starting ID to
10000. g
c. Enter Director Vector of
<0 1 0>. Node 5691
d. Select Node 5691. Please
see the Figure for the h
Location of Node 5691. c
e. Click Apply. i

d
e

NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005


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Step 2. Elements: Create / MPC / RBE2

Create a set of RBE2 to represent


the engine mount. a
a. Elements: Create / MPC /
RBE2.
b. Click on Define Terms.
c. Check the Create
Independent option.
d. Enter node 10000 in the
Node List box. b
e. Click Apply.

NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005


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Step 2. Elements: Create / MPC / RBE2 (Cont.)

Create a set of RBE2 to represent


the engine mount (cont.).
a. Make sure Auto Execute
is unchecked
b. Select the 5 nodes nearest
Node 10000. Please see
the figure for the locations
of the nodes.
c. Select all 6 DOFs.
d. Click Apply. 5 nodes to be selected
f
e. Click Cancel.
f. Click Apply.

d e

NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005


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Step 2. Elements: Create / MPC / RBE2 (Cont.)

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Step 3. Load Cases: Create

a
Create a Time Dependent load case
called frequency_response.
a. Load Cases: Create.
b. Enter frequency_response
for the Load Case Name.
c. Change the Load Case Type
to Time Dependent.
d. Click Apply.

d
NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005
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Step 4. Fields: Create / Non Spatial / Tabular Input

Create a frequency dependent non-


spatial field. a
a. Fields: Create / Non Spatial /
Tabular Input
b. Enter unit_load for the Field
Name.
c. Select Frequency (f) as the
Active Independent
Variables. b
e
d. Click on Input Data button.
e. Enter the values shown in the
figure.
f. Click OK. c
g. Click Apply.

d
f

g
NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005
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Step 5. Loads/BCs: Create / Force / Nodal

Apply a unit force load on the RBE2.


a. Loads/BCs: Create / Force / a
Nodal.
b. Enter unit force for the New
Set Name. d
c. Click on Input Data button. g
d. Enter <0 –1 0> for the Force
vector, and select unit_load
field in the Time/Freq.
Dependence box.
e. Click OK. h
f. Click Select Application
Region.
i
g. Change the Geometry Filter b
to FEM.
h. Enter node 10000 in the e
Select Nodes field.
i. Click Add and Click OK.
c
j. Click Apply.
i f
j

NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005


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Step 5. Loads/BCs: Create / Force / Nodal (Cont.)

NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005


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Step 6. Analysis: Analyze / Entire Model / Full Run

Submit the model for analysis. a


a. Analysis: Analyze / Entire h
Model / Full Run.
b. Enter
car_frequency_response
for the Job Name. d
c. Click on Solution Type.
d. Select FREQUENCY
RESPONSE.
e. Make sure the Formulation i
is Modal.
e
f. Click on Solution b
Parameters. f
g. Click on Eigenvalue
Extraction.
h. Enter 1 for the Lower i
Frequency Range of
Interest. c
i. Click OK on all three sub-
forms to return to the main g
analysis menu.

i
NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005
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Step 6. Analysis: Analyze / Entire Model / Full Run (Cont.)

Submit the model for analysis


(cont.). d
a. Click on Subcases.
b. Select b
frequency_response from
the Available Subcases
box.
c. Click on Subcase
Parameters.
d. Click on DEFINE
FREUQENCIES.
e. Enter the value and setting
as shown in the table.
f. Click OK.
c

f
NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005
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Step 6. Analysis: Analyze / Entire Model / Full Run (Cont.)

Submit the model for analysis


(cont.).
a. Select Struct. Damp. (G)
from the pull down menu.
b. Click on DEFINE MODAL
DAMPING. a
c. Click Add Row. b
d. Enter the values shown
in the table.
e. Click OK on both forms.
f. Click Apply on the
Subcases form. d
g. Click on Cancel.
e

c g
f

e
NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005
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Step 6. Analysis: Analyze / Entire Model / Full Run (Cont.)

Submit the model for analysis


(cont.).
a. Click on Subcase Select.
b. Click on Default in the
c
Subcase Select box to
unselect the Default
subcase.
c. Click on
frequency_response in
the Subcases For
Solution Sequence box.
d. Click OK.
e. Click Apply to submit the
modal to Nastran for
analysis.

a
e

NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005


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Step 7. Analysis: Access Results / Attach XDB / Result Entities

Attach the XDB result file.


a. Analysis: Access Results /
a
Attach XDB / Result Entities.
b. Click on Select Result File.
c. Select c
car_frequency_response.xdb.
d. Click OK.
e. Click Apply.

NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005


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Step 8. Results: Create / Graph / Y vs X

Create a graph of displacement a


versus frequency.
a. Results: Create / Graph /
Y vs X.
b. Click on
frequency_response b
result case.
c. Click on Filter.
d. Click Apply.
e. Click on Close.

d e
NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005
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Step 8. Results: Create / Graph / Y vs X (Cont.)

Create a graph of displacement


versus frequency (cont.).
a. Select Displacement,
Translational. b
b. Click on Target Entities
Icon.
c. Enter Node 7858 8796
8640. Please see the
c
figure on the next page
for the location of these
nodes.
d. Click on Display
Attribute icon.
e. Change the Y Axis a
Scale to Log.
f. Click Apply.
d

NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005


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Step 8. Results: Create / Graph / Y vs X (Cont.)

Node 8798

Node 7858

Node 8640
NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005
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Step 8. Results: Create / Graph / Y vs X (Cont.)

NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005


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NAS122, Workshop 16, August 2005
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