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 Her hairs are curly (incorrect).

 Her hair is curly (correct).

 Her scissor is blunt (incorrect).

 Her scissors are blunt (correct)

 You must continue your study (incorrect)

 You must continue your studies (correct)

 She has a one thousand rupees note (incorrect)

 She has a one thousand rupee note (correct)
1.After use the subject form of pronoun after
‘than’ and ‘as’ in comparison.
Eg: She is not as good a singer as he (not him)
He is good in studies as I .

2. Always use the subject form of pronoun

after the verbs am, is, are, was, were
Eg: It was he (not him) who stood first.

3. Use Who (the subject) and whom (the object)

Eg: the person who (not whom) spoke first is
the chairman of the conference
4. Avoid incorrect order of pronouns
eg: I, he and you are classmates (incorrect)
You, he and I are classmates (correct)

5. Use the cases correctly

Eg: you are taller than me (incorrect)
you are taller than I (correct) .

6. Avoid use of he or she with everyone,

everybody and anyone
Eg: one should do his duty (incorrect)
One should do one’s duty (correct)
1. Use of double comparative and superlative
Eg: he is more stronger than me (incorrect)
he is stronger than me (correct)

she is richer than wiser

she is more rich than wise (correct).

2. Use of superlative while making

comparisons between two things
Eg: this chair is the best of the two
this chair is the better of the two.
3. Wrong use of ‘than’
Eg: this television is superior than that (incorrect)
this television is superior to that (correct).

4. Using “same’ as a pronoun

Eg: we thank you for same (incorrect)
we thank you for the favour (correct).

5. Words not inserted in the proper place

Eg: my all relatives are well off.
all my relatives are well off

My both daughters are graduates

Both my daughters are graduates.
Anyone cannot solve this problem
No one can solve this problem

She has no any pen

She has no pen

Only few students are present

Only a few students are present

It is much hot today

It is very hot today.

Shilpa is my older daughter

Shilpa is my elder daughter
When the verb does not agree with its subject
in number and/or in person
Eg: two and two makes four (incorrect)
two and two make four (correct)

The verb does not agree with the relative

Eg: Amartya Sen is one of the few Indians who
has won the Nobel Prize( incorrect)
Amartya sen is one of the few Indians who
have won the Nobel Prize
Use of a plural verb with two singular nouns
which refer to the same thing and which are
joined by ‘and’
Eg: old plant and machinery have been
removed (incorrect)
Old plant and machinery has been removed
1. Use of ‘less’ in place of ‘fewer’
Eg: less than twenty students came to the
Fewer than twenty students came to the class

2. Always use ‘quite’ which means completely

or entirely immediately after the word it
The quite annual function of our college was
successful (incorrect)
The annual function of our college was quite
successful (correct)
3. Always use ‘when’ after the adverbs ‘hardly’
and ‘scarcely’
Eg: we had hardly alighted than the train
moved (incorrect)
We had hardly alighted when the train moved

4. While modifying, use adjective for the noun

and adverb for the verb
Sita works hardly(incorrect)
Sita works hard (correct)
1. Use ‘ of’ (not over) after ‘command’
Eg: You must have excellent command over
spoken and written English (incorrect)
You must have excellent command of spoken and
written English (correct).

2. Use ‘on’ (not for) after ‘congratulate’ & ‘insist’

Eg: I congratulate you for your victory (incorrect)
I congratulate you on your victory
3. Use ‘from’ (not than) after ‘ different’
Eg: the culture in Delhi is very different than that in
Mumbai (incorrect)
the culture in Delhi is very different from that in
Mumbai (correct).

4. Use ‘on’ (not from) after ‘commence’

Eg: the fair will commence from 10th March
The fair will commence on 10th march

5. Use ‘between’ in case of two and ‘among’ for

three or more
6. Always use ‘due to’ with a noun and ‘owing to’
with a verb.
Eg: his failure was due to lack of hard work on his
He failed owing to lack of hard work on his part.

Some miscellaneous examples

I resemble (not resemble with) my father.
We entered (not entered into) the plane one- by –
She reached (not reached at) the airport late.
We ordered (not ordered for) two cups of coffee.
I am searching for (not searching) my last book.
She prefers coffee to (not than) tea.
1.Use of a conjunction to connect unrelated
ideas eg: she will wash cloths tomorrow but
India will not play England.

2.Use of different parts of speech after

conjunction in pairs
Eg: she not only teaches English but also
Mathematics (incorrect)
She teaches not only English but also
Mathematics (correct)
Use of definite article
a. Before the name of nakshatras
The Sun, The Moon

b. Before the name of directions

The east, the North

c. Before names of canals, dams, deserts, lakes,

mountains, oceans, rivers, and trains

d. Before names of some countries

e. Before names of epics and holy scriptures
The Ramayana, The Gita

f. Before the names of newspapers & magazines

The Hindustan Times.

g. Before CASTE, Communities and political parties

The Hindus, The Congress, The French

h. Before a singular noun which represents the whole

The Cow, The Dog

i. Before musical instruments

The Guitar
j. Before superlatives
The biggest, the best

k. Before ordinary numbers

The first two

l. Before those proper nouns which are used as

common nouns
Kashmir is the Switzerland of India

The Taj Mahal

The Guptas, The Sharmas
Ashoka the great
The prime Minister of India
The Second world war, the republic day
The 15th august
The second boy in the first row
 Material Noun- silver, copper
 Proper Noun- Sohan, Reena
 Abstract Noun- Courtesy, Love
 Languages- Hindi, English
 School, college, hospital, market etc.
1.Incomplete construction
Eg: she has never and will never dance (incorrect)
She has never danced and will never dance

2. Sentence fragments
Eg: finding that she has not arrived from Mumbai.
I returned back to my office. (incorrect)
Finding that she had not arrived from Mumbai, I
returned to my office (correct)
3. Wrong placement of phrases
Eg: by walking in the garden every morning,
your health can be improved (incorrect)
By walking in the garden every morning, you
can improve your health (correct)

4. Mixing direct & indirect speech

Eg: The principal asked Suresh will he like to
become the Warden? (incorrect)
The principal asked Suresh whether he would
like to become the Warden? (correct)
5. Unparalleled grammatical forms
Eg: our college seeks to start new courses, increase
enrolment and improving infrastructure (incorrect)
: our college seeks to start new courses to increase
enrolment and to improve infrastructure (correct)

6. Incorrect use of question marks : Isn’t it?

Eg: India has made great progress. Isn’t it? (incorrect
India has made great progress . Hasn’t she?(correct

You cannot pass this examination. Isn’t it? (incorrect

You cannot pass this examination. Can you? (correct