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Petrobras Experience on

Deepwater Oil Production

Encuentro Tecnológico
Internacional sobre los Recursos
Energéticos del Golfo de México

Mauricio Werneck
PROCAP Coordinator
Petrobras
Scenario – Water Depth

2005 Production 2005 Proven Reserves (SPE)


5% 19% 10% 10%
16% 25%

60% 55%

1.958.000 boed 13,23 billion boe


Offshore (300-
Onshore Offshore (0-300m) Offshore (> 1500m)
1500m)

24%
Exploratory Area
38% 12%
160,500 km2 26%
Oil Gravity Profile

Proven Reserves as of Dec/2006 (SPE)


(13.75 billion boe)

< 22º API


(heavy)
22 – 31 º API
(intermediate)
45% 28%

14% 12%

Gas > 31 º API (light)


Main Offshore Production Locations
Petrobras Development Approach

• Reservoir Characteristics
• Mild Environmental Conditions
• Early Production Unit as a Field-scale
Lab for Definitive Systems
• Extended Well Testing & Phased
Development
• Lower Capital Exposure & Early Cash
Flow
• Anticipation of First Oil & High Level of
Flexibility
• Field-proven & Reliable Technology
• Partnerships with the Main Suppliers
Roncador Field Development

Highlights Module 1A Module 1A Module 2 Module 3 Module 4


Phase I Phase II
Production w ells 8 10 11 11 Under
feasibility study
Inj ection w ells 3 11 6 7
Capacity (bpd) 100,000 180,000 180,000 180,000
First oil 2002 2007 2007 2011
Production unit FPSO Brasil SS P-52 FPSO P-54 SS P-55
API 27 to 31 27 to 31 18 22

Water depth:
1,500 – 1,900 m P-52
1,500 m

FPSO Brasil MODULE

1A

MODULE
MODULE
P-54
2
MODULE
3
4 1,900 m

P-55
1970

1974 – Garoupa field discovery

1979 – atmosferic subsea production


system
1980
1982 – Bonito field template

1984 – Albacora field discovery

1985 – Marlim field discovery


1985 – first diverless installation of a Xmas Tree
beyond diver access depth – 383m

1986 – PROCAP first phase


1980
1986 – Layaway XTree connection
system in Albacora field

1987 – R&D Subsea Technology Group creation


1987 – Albacora field production
1990

1991 – Marlim production in pre-pilot phase

1992 – Temporary Abandonment


Base system – 600m – MRL-20D

1993 – Subsea Xmas Tree Interfaces


Standardization

1994 – First ESP in a subsea well – RJS-221


1990

1995 – Albacora Manifold diverless


installation at 620m

1996 – Roncador field discovery

1996 – Vertical Direct connection


AB – 610m

1997 – Vertical Load anchors and


Polyester lines Taut Leg system
1990

1998 – First SCR on a semi submersible unit


P18 – 910m

1998 – First Deepwater Horizontal


Tree for ESP subsea well
RJS-477 – 1107m

1999 – Roncador production with


Drill Pipe Riser (DPR) and DP unit
2000

2000 – single point manifold


installation MRL – 900m

2001 – Jubarte field discovery

2001 – VASPS installation


MA – 430m

2001 – Horizontal Trees for 2500m


RO and MLS
2000

2002 – Jubarte field production with DP unit, DPR and


ESP above the Xmas Tree

2002 – pulley manifold installation


RO –1900m

2003 – Golfinho field discovery

2006 – pendulum
manifold installation
RO – 1900m
2000

2004 – Torpedo piles – anchor system

2005 – Golfinho field production with DP


unit, DPR and ESP above the Xmas Tree

2005 – Torpedo wellheads

2006 – Horizontal Tree for ESP wells


with tree cap installed by ROV
2000

2006 – FPSO BR hull concept

2006 – Mono BR hull concept

2007 – RHAS – Self standing


hybrid export riser for P-52
2008 

2008 – SBMS-500 (Multiphase


pump)

2009 – Tethered Riser Buoy

2010 – SSAO – O/W subsea


separation system
Petrobras Offshore Activity

Installed Planned
Equipment Dec/2006 (2007)
OTC OTC
1992 2001

Subsea Trees 608 40

Subsea Manifolds 60 -
Subsea Flexible
Flowlines (km) 3,200 400
Umbilicals
(km) 1,900 200
Rigid Pipelines
(km) 1,857 275
Floating Production 28
Units
4
Fev/2002: Exploration Well at 2,853m
Monobuoys 3 -
Including Espirito Santo & Santos Basins, Piranema field NE Brazil
Production and Target

2374
2.500
1778
2.000

1.500
M bpd

1.000
3
1 0 b p d

500

-
1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2005 2006 2011
YEAR

G 3 4 6 7

ONSHORE OFFSHORE <= 300m OFFSHORE > 300m TARGET


Conclusion

• Technology development provides important


tools to face the challenging scenario of
deepwater oil production
• Equipment are available, but to be able to
specify and correctly use them is an important
lesson from the experience
• Field development in phases allow more
flexibility and the use of information from
previous phases on calibration of the next ones
Mauricio Werneck
PROCAP Coordinator Thank You
mwerneck@petrobras.com.br
55 21 3865 4819