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1. Introduction

a. Did you ever experienced difficulty falling asleep or waking up

frequently during the night?

b. If you have this kind of symptoms, you may have insomnia.

c. There are a lot of things you need to know about insomnia such as
the causes, the symptoms, and also the treatment.

2. Body

a. Insomnia will affect your daily life.

i. Most often daytime symptoms will bring people to seek

medical attention. Daytime problems caused by insomnia
include the following:

1. Poor concentration and focus

2. Difficulty with memory

3. Impaired motor coordination (being uncoordinated)

4. Irritability and impaired social interaction

5. Motor vehicle accidents because of fatigued, sleep-deprived drivers

ii. People may worsen these daytime symptoms by their own attempts to
treat the symptoms.

1. Alcohol and antihistamines may compound the problems with sleep

iii. Many of the causes of transient and short-term insomnia are similar
and they include:
1. Jet lag
2. Excessive or unpleasant noise

3. Uncomfortable room temperature (too hot or too cold)

4. Stressful situations in life (exam preparation, loss of a loved one,

unemployment, divorce, or separation)

5. Presence of an acute medical or surgical illness or hospitalization

6. Withdrawal from drug, alcohol, sedative, or stimulant medications

7. Insomnia related to high altitude (mountains)

b. The treatment for insomnia

i. In general, transient insomnia resolves when the underlying trigger is
removed or corrected. Most people seek medical attention when their insomnia
becomes more chronic.
ii. The main focus of treatment for insomnia should be directed towards
finding the cause. Once a cause is identified, it is important to manage and
control the underlying problem, as this alone may eliminate the insomnia.
Treating the symptoms of insomnia without addressing the main cause is rarely
iii. Generally, treatment of insomnia entails both non-pharmacologic (non-
medical) and pharmacologic (medical) aspects. It is best to tailor treatment for
individual patient based on the potential cause. Studies have shown that
combining medical and non-medical treatments typically is more successful in
treating insomnia than either one alone.
3. Conclution
a. Insomnia affects all age groups. Among adults, insomnia affects women
more often than men.
b. A patient should not lose hope if the first medication does not give them
the results they want or if they experience side effects or concerns. Report back
to a doctor for advice