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Changes to Spreadsheet

Version Date Author Sheet


Fire Risk Analysis Tool February 2007 r1.3 21-Feb-07 MS --
Fire Risk Analysis Tool July 2007 r1.4 16-Jul-07 JFM Changes

Fire Risk Analysis Tool July 2007 r1.4 16-Jul-07 JFM FRA Tool - New Build

Fire Risk Analysis Tool July 2007 r1.4 16-Jul-07 JFM FRA Tool - Existing sit
Fire Risk Analysis Tool July 2007 r1.4 16-Jul-07 JFM Introduction
Change(s) - brief description (use embedded comments on affected cells for more details)
Version released on CD from DfES
Sheet created (this sheet) - use for tracking changes to the tool
Greater emphasis on fire brigade as information source; sprinklers "recommended" for medium risk
schools
Greater emphasis on fire brigade as information source; sprinklers "recommended" for medium risk
schools
Statement of current DfES policy regarding sprinklers in school buildings
DfES Risk Assessment Tool for Sprinklers in School
BRE Fire and Security: Release 1.4. - 16 July 2007

Current DfES policy requires all new schools, and any undergoing significant refurbishment, to have a risk assessment
performed. This assessment will determine whether sprinklers should be included as part of the package of fire safety
measures for the school. It is expected that sprinklers will be recommended for any school not assessed as "low risk".

This Risk Assessment Tool is intended for designers, architects, fire safety engineers or others who wish to assess the need
for sprinklers in their proposed school building.

Although this tool produces a numerical answer, this is qualitative rather than quantitative, and hence should be considered
as a guide rather than a definitive answer. A more rigorous qualitative assessment is likely to be required in all but clear-cut
cases.

Aside: Note that risk is mathematically defined as "the product of the frequency of an event, or the probability of an event
occuring within a defined timescale, and the consequences of the event". Thus for fire, the risk might be expressed in terms
of the number of deaths or serious injuries expected per year, or the average amount of property damage per year, etc. As
no two fires are ever identical, the quantitative risk assessment will need to take account of the probabilities and
consequences of fires having different severities.

The qualitative risk score produced by this tool should be sufficient to rank different schools in order of risk, but no more.
Thus if school A has a score of 50, and school B has a score of 100, it does not follow that the quantitative risk for school B is
twice as great as the risk for school A.

The weightings assigned and scoring in the current version are those agreed by the DfES Advisory Group at the time of
release.

What risks does your school face?

This survey and risk assessment will allow you to determine


• type and scale of risk
• trends or patterns in fire incidents involving your school
• fire safety or fire protection measures required
• efficiency of your chosen fire safety measures

Complete the four-part assessment that analyses:


• incidence of arson and fire
• environment and buildings
• effectiveness of fire safety and fire protection measures and
• the consequences of a fire

Based on your level of threat, the assessment recommends appropriate fire safety or fire protection measures for your
school.

Completing the survey should take 15 - 30 minutes. You will be asked questions on incidence of arson in the past 5 years,
fire safety or fire protection measures employed and the school environment and buildings. Moving the pointer to the left
hand box of each question will bring up a pop-up box of notes which will help in answering the question.

Consider each question in relation to your individual building and score accordingly. For example, in Question 2.10, if you
believe that out-of-hours use is reducing the risks to your school building, then score low.

The tool address all types of school building - including those used only by staff. Some responses may be appropriate
only for very specific types of building.
Note that this tool is concerned with life safety, building and property protection, and, to a lesser extent,
environmental protection – some questions may implicitly address only one of these.

Part 1 Incidence of fire (likelihood, based on historical cases)

This section assesses the type, scale, and patterns of incidents that have occurred, primarily in the last 5 years.

This part of the risk assessment can be based on a log of reported incidents. If your school does not yet have a reporting
procedure, a more subjective assessment will have to be made, possibly based on discussion with the local community fire
safety or fire prevention officer.
Part 2 Environment and buildings (exposure)

This section of the survey assesses the environmental and building factors that contribute to the exposure of
the school to the risk of fire i.e. its vulnerability.

Part 3 Fire safety and fire protection measures

This section assesses the effectiveness of fire safety or fire prevention measures employed.

Part 4 Consequences/ impact of fire

This section assesses the effect of a fire on the pupils, school users and the school building.
The items in parts 2 and 3 can (for the most part) be assessed by a walk-through survey of the school.
Each item in the assessment is graded from 0 to 5 points. A score of 0 indicates a low fire risk, 5 a high fire risk.

Comment pop-ups are provided to assist in your selection

New Build refers to School projects where there is no history of a school building on or very near to the site.

Existing site refers to school projects on or near to the site of a previous school building.

NOTE: To print this document select Landscape

Disclaimer of Warranty and Limitation of Liability


BRE gives no warranties and makes no representations that any of the Software will be suitable for any particular purpose or
for use under any specific conditions even if BRE is aware of the purpose or conditions. BRE accepts no responsibility for
any mathematical or technical limitations of the Software. The User will be wholly responsible for the use to which the
Software is put, except to the extent that losses occur as a result of negligence on the part of BRE. In no circumstances will
BRE be under any liability for consequential losses of any nature.
It is the User's responsibility to ensure that all input data values are appropriate for a particular application. The tool is not
intended to be used for risk assessments to satisfy the UK Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005.
BRE accepts no liability for the misuse of the tool (including inappropriate use of default input values, which may only exist to
demonstrate the working of the tool).
This tool is made on behalf of BRE Fire and Security. By receiving the report and tool and acting on both or either, the client -
or any third party relying on it - accepts that no individual is personally liable in contract, tort or breach of statutory duty
(including negligence).
Note that you may need to
enable macros in Excel to
use the spreadsheet tools.
Visit the Microsoft website
for guidance on using
macros in Excel 2003
(http://office.microsoft.co
m/en-
gb/excel/HP01119579103
3.aspx) and Excel 2007
(http://office.microsoft.co
m/en-
gb/excel/hp10096919103
3.aspx).

Example

In the example below, if your school has had no cases of arson reported in the last 5 years then the
risk would be perceived as low and a score of 0 would be recorded.

Low Risk 0 1 2 3 4 5 High Risk


1. Arson (in the last 5 years)

No cases of arson Arson common


within school 0 1 2 3 4 5 within school
grounds grounds

If, however, your school had a few cases of arson over the last five years, then the score could be 3
or higher:

Low Risk 0 1 2 3 4 5 High Risk


1. Arson (in the last 5 years)

No cases of arson Arson common


within school 0 1 2 ● 3 4 5 within school
grounds grounds
Note that you may need to
enable macros in Excel to use
the spreadsheet tools. Visit the
Microsoft website for guidance
on using macros in Excel 2003
(http://office.microsoft.com/en-
gb/excel/HP011195791033.aspx)
and Excel 2007
(http://office.microsoft.com/en-
gb/excel/hp100969191033.aspx). Fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment - New Build

Part 1 - Incidence of fire

Low Risk 0 1 2 3 4 5 High Risk

1.1. Incidence of arson / deliberate fire in the locality

Locality has
Locality has high arson
low arson rate rate (as
(as reported reported by
by fire brigade fire brigade /
/ police) ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 police)

1.2. Fires in other schools in the locality (in the last 5 years)

Few cases of
fire in other Frequent
schools in the 0 1 cases of fire in
● 2 3 4 5
locality locality
Part 2 - Environment and buildings

Low Risk 0 1 2 3 4 5 High Risk

2.1. Security measures - buildings

Good security
measures
provided for Few security
school building ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 measures

2.2. Security measures – school grounds

Good security
measures
provided for
school No security
grounds ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 measures

2.3. Opportunities for arson

Few Many
opportunities ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 opportunities
for arson for arson

2.4. Building height

Single storey) ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 High-rise


2.5. Building construction

Traditional ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 Lightweight

2.6. Building design and routes for fire spread

Few ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 Many

2.7. Building size (floor area)

Very large
Small building ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 building

2.8. Building distribution (separation)

Distributed Single
buildings ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 building
2.9. Risk of fire from school activity

Low ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 High

2.10. Out-of-hours use of school facilities (by the public)

None or low
out-of-hours Frequent out-
use ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 of-hours use

2.11. Building users at risk

Low ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 High
Part 3 Fire safety and fire protection measures
Low Risk 0 1 2 3 4 5 High Risk

3.1. Passive fire protection measures (fire engineered buildings)

Buildings have Overly large


extensive fire fire
compartment- compartment-
alisation and ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 s and lack of
fire/smoke fire/smoke
barriers and barriers and
doors doors

3.2. Design relaxations of passive measures (for education reasons) (fire engineered buildings)

Atrium or
open-plan
None ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 areas

3.3. Fire detection and warning system

Automated Manual
and linked to system,
central control break-glass
room ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 points

3.4. Means of escape (and emergency lighting and signage) (fire engineered buildings)

Many exits, Few exits,


short escape long escape
routes ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 routes
3.5. Occupancy density

Large
numbers in a
Few people, in single
small groups ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 compartment

3.6. Fire Service notification

Automatic ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 None

3.7. Fire Service location

Very close ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 Very distant


Part 4 Consequences/ impact of fire (Weight = 4)

Low Risk 0 1 2 3 4 5 High Risk

4.1. Impact of fire on users (injury)

High (risk of
Low 0 1 2 3 4 5 death)

4.2. Impact of fire on learning

Low 0 1 2 3 4 5 High

4.3. Impact on community

Low ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 High

4.4. Potential cost

Low ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 High
4.5. Environmental impact

Low ● 0 1 2 3 4 5 High
SCORE
Part 1 Incidence of arson (fire) 0
Part 2 Environment and buildings 0 0
Part 3 Fire safety or fire protection measures 0
Part 4 Consequences of a fire 0 0
TOTAL 0

Scoring

Proposed overall Proposed scoring Proposed scoring


scoring Parts 1 and 2 Parts 3 and 4

Low risk 0 – 30 Low risk 0 – 15 Low risk 0 – 20


Average Average 16 – 35 Average 21 – 40
risk 31 – 80 risk risk
High risk 80 – 200 High risk 36 – 65 High risk 41 – 135

Overall score
Low risk

The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a low level
of risk. Sprinklers may be beneficial.

Average risk

The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at an average
level of risk. A sprinkler system is recommended.

High Risk

The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a high level
of risk. Sprinklers should be provided.

The tables below list the type of fire safety and fire protection measures that might be appropriate
for your school.

Fire safety or fire protection measures for consideration to reduce risk of fire
(Parts 1 and 2)
Low risk

The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a low level
of risk with regard to the incidence of fire and environment and buildings.

Sprinklers may be beneficial. You may also wish to consider:


The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a high level
of risk. Sprinklers should be provided.

The tables below list the type of fire safety and fire protection measures that might be appropriate
for your school.

Fire safety or fire protection measures for consideration to reduce risk of fire
(Parts 1 and 2)
Low risk

The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a low level
of risk with regard to the incidence of fire and environment and buildings.

Sprinklers may be beneficial. You may also wish to consider:

• Improved building security measures


• Improved site security measures
• Better building and equipment maintenance
• Further control of activities likely to cause a fire

Average risk

The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at an average
level of risk with regard to the incidence of fire and environment and buildings.

Sprinklers are desirable. You may also wish to consider:

• Improved building security measures


• Improved site security measures
• Better building and equipment maintenance
• Improved control of activities likely to cause a fire
• Improved procedures to ensure that buildings are cleared of materials that can be used for arson

(Note: a sprinkler system may act as a deterrent, but primarily acts to prevent a small fire growing)

High Risk

The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a high level
of risk with regard to the incidence of fire and environment and buildings.

Sprinklers should be provided. You should also consider

• More building security measures


• More site security measures
• Security measures include;
• good window locks,
• intruder detection
• CCTV
• Security staff / guards
• good perimeter fencing
• Car parks well lit and overlooked etc
• Doors secure against all but the most determined intruders
• Windows and roof-lights protected against intruders etc
• Better building and equipment maintenance
• Control of activities likely to cause a fire
• Buildings cleared of materials that can be used for arson

(Note: a sprinkler system may act as a deterrent, but primarily acts to prevent a small fire growing)

Fire safety or fire protection measures for consideration to reduce risk of


injury, damage, and consequences (if a fire does occur) (Part 3 and 4)
Low risk
of risk. Sprinklers should be provided.

The tables below list the type of fire safety and fire protection measures that might be appropriate
for your school.

Fire safety or fire protection measures for consideration to reduce risk of fire
(Parts 1 and 2)
Low risk

The fire
Fire safetyor
safety and fireprotection
fire protection survey and risk assessment
measures indicates your
for consideration school is risk
to reduce at a low level
of fire
of risk with regard
(Parts 1 and 2)to the incidence of fire and environment and buildings.
Sprinklers may be beneficial. You may also wish to consider:
Low risk
• Improved building security measures
The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a low level
• Improved site security measures
of risk with regard to the incidence of fire and environment and buildings.
• Better building and equipment maintenance
• Further control of activities likely to cause a fire
Sprinklers may be beneficial. You may also wish to consider:
Average risk
• Improved building security measures
• Improved site security measures
The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at an average
• Better building and equipment maintenance
level of risk with regard to the incidence of fire and environment and buildings.
• Further control of activities likely to cause a fire
Sprinklers are desirable. You may also wish to consider:
Average risk
• Improved building security measures
The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at an average
• Improved site security measures
level of risk with regard to the incidence of fire and environment and buildings.
• Better building and equipment maintenance
• Improved control of activities likely to cause a fire
Sprinklers are recommended. You may also wish to consider:
• Improved procedures to ensure that buildings are cleared of materials that can be used for arson
• Improved building security measures
(Note: a sprinkler system may act as a deterrent, but primarily acts to prevent a small fire growing)
• Improved site security measures
• Better building and equipment maintenance
High Risk
• Improved control of activities likely to cause a fire
• Improved procedures to ensure that buildings are cleared of materials that can be used for arson
The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a high level
of risk with regard to the incidence of fire and environment and buildings.
(Note: a sprinkler system may act as a deterrent to arsonists, but primarily acts to prevent a small
fire growing)
Sprinklers should be provided. You should also consider
High Risk
• More building security measures
• More site security measures
The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a high level
• Security measures include;
of risk with regard to the incidence of fire and environment and buildings.
• good window locks,
• intruder detection
Sprinklers should be provided. You should also consider
• CCTV
• Security staff / guards
• More building security measures
• good perimeter fencing
• More site security measures
• Car parks well lit and overlooked etc
• Security measures include;
• Doors secure against all but the most determined intruders
• good window locks,
• Windows and roof-lights protected against intruders etc
• Better building and equipment maintenance
• Control of activities likely to cause a fire
• Buildings cleared of materials that can be used for arson

(Note: a sprinkler system may act as a deterrent, but primarily acts to prevent a small fire growing)

Fire safety or fire protection measures for consideration to reduce risk of


injury, damage, and consequences (if a fire does occur) (Part 3 and 4)
Low risk

The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a low level
• good perimeter fencing
• Car parks well lit and overlooked etc
• Doors secure against all but the most determined intruders
• Windows and roof-lights protected against intruders etc
• Better building and equipment maintenance
• Control of activities likely to cause a fire
• Buildings cleared of materials that can be used for arson

(Note: a sprinkler system may act as a deterrent, but primarily acts to prevent a small fire growing)

•Fire
intruder detection
safety or fire protection measures for consideration to reduce risk of
• CCTV
injury, damage,
• Security staff / guards and consequences (if a fire does occur) (Part 3 and 4)
• good perimeter fencing
•Low
Car risk
parks well lit and overlooked etc
• Doors secure against all but the most determined intruders
•The fire safety
Windows and and fire protection
roof-lights protectedsurvey andintruders
against risk assessment
etc indicates your school is at a low level
•ofBetter
risk with regard
building andto equipment
the risk of injury, damage, and consequences (if a fire does occur).
maintenance
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•Sprinklers
Buildings may be beneficial.
cleared of materialsYouthatmay
canalso wishfor
be used to consider:
arson
• An improved
(Note: automatic
a sprinkler system fire
maydetection
act as a and alarmtosystem
deterrent arsonists, but primarily acts to prevent a small fire
• Improved procedures to ensure doors are shut at night
growing)
• Secure storage (fire cupboards) for documents and coursework
• Better communications with local fire brigade
• Contingency plans, for example for use of alternative buildings
• Better planning, training and more frequent drills

Average risk

The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at an average
level of risk with regard to the risk of injury, damage, and consequences (if a fire does occur).

A sprinkler system is desirable. You may also wish to consider:

• An improved automatic fire detection and alarm system


• Additional fire compartmentalization
• Procedures to ensure doors are shut at night
• Secure storage (fire cupboards) for documents and coursework
• Better communications with local fire brigade
• Contingency plans put in place for use of alternative buildings
• Better planning, training and more frequent drills

High Risk

The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a high level
of risk with regard to the risk of injury, damage, and consequences (if a fire does occur).

Sprinklers should be provided. You should also consider:

• An automatic fire detection and alarm system


• Additional fire compartmentalization
• Procedures to ensure doors are shut at night
• Secure storage (fire cupboards) for documents and coursework
• Better communications with local fire brigade
• Contingency plans put in place for use of alternative buildings
• Better planning, training and more frequent drills
• Controls on the number of people using the building

For more information on types of fire safety and fire protection measures refer to BB100: “Designing
and managing against the risk of fire in schools”
(http://www.dfes.gov.uk/consultations/downloadableDocs/BB100%20July%2005%20-
%20Complete.pdf#search=%22bb100%20schools%22)
of risk with regard to the risk of injury, damage, and consequences (if a fire does occur).

Sprinklers may be beneficial. You may also wish to consider:

• An improved automatic fire detection and alarm system


• Improved procedures to ensure doors are shut at night
• Secure storage (fire cupboards) for documents and coursework
• Better communications with local fire brigade
• Contingency plans, for example for use of alternative buildings
• Better planning, training and more frequent drills
Fire safety or fire protection measures for consideration to reduce risk of
injury, damage,
Average risk and consequences (if a fire does occur) (Part 3 and 4)
The
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risksafety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at an average
level of risk with regard to the risk of injury, damage, and consequences (if a fire does occur).
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wish to consider:

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• Procedures to ensure doors are shut at night
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For
High more
Riskinformation on types of fire safety and fire protection measures refer to BB100: “Designing
and managing against the risk of fire in schools”
(http://www.dfes.gov.uk/consultations/downloadableDocs/BB100%20July%2005%20-
The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a high level
%20Complete.pdf#search=%22bb100%20schools%22)
of risk with regard to the risk of injury, damage, and consequences (if a fire does occur).

Sprinklers should be provided. You should also consider:

• An automatic fire detection and alarm system


• Additional fire compartmentalization
• Procedures to ensure doors are shut at night
• Secure storage (fire cupboards) for documents and coursework
• Better communications with local fire brigade
• Contingency plans put in place for use of alternative buildings
• Better planning, training and more frequent drills
• Controls on the number of people using the building

For more information on types of fire safety and fire protection measures refer to BB100:
“Designing against the risk of fire in schools”
Note that you may need to
enable macros in Excel to use
the spreadsheet tools. Visit the
Microsoft website for guidance
on using macros in Excel 2003
(http://office.microsoft.com/en-
gb/excel/HP011195791033.aspx)
and Excel 2007
(http://office.microsoft.com/en-
gb/excel/hp100969191033.aspx).

Fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment - Existing site

Part 1 - Incidence of fire

Low Risk 0 1 2 3 4 5 High Risk

1.1. Arson / deliberate fire (in the last 10 years)

No cases of Arson /
arson / deliberate fire
deliberate fire common
within school within school
grounds
● 1 2 4 grounds ###
###

1.2. Vandalism (in the last 5 years)

No cases of Vandalism
vandalism common
within school ● 1 2 4 within school
grounds grounds ###
###

1.3. History of fires

No major fires
in the school One or more
in the last 10 major fires in
years ● 1 2 4 last 10 years ###
###

1.4. Incidence of arson in the locality

Locality has
Locality has high arson
low arson rate rate (as
(as reported reported to
to police) ● 1 2 4 police) ###
###
1.5. Fires in other schools in the locality (in the last 5 years)

Few cases of
fire in other Frequent
schools in the 1 cases of fire in
locality
● 2 4 locality ###
###
Part 2 - Environment and buildings

Low Risk 0 1 2 3 4 5 High Risk

2.1. Security measures - buildings

Good security
measures
provided for Few security
school building ● 1 2 4 measures ###
###

2.2. Security measures – school grounds

Good security
measures
provided for
school No security
grounds ● 1 2 4 measures ###
###

2.3. Opportunities for arson

Few Many
opportunities
for arson
● 1 2 4 opportunities
for arson ###
###

2.4. Buildings state

Buildings well
maintained
with no
damaged
safety ● 1 2 4 Buildings in
systems (e.g. disrepair and
fire doors) vandalised ###
###
2.5. Building height

Single storey) ● 1 2 4 High-rise ###


###

2.6. Building construction

Traditional ● 1 2 4 Lightweight ###


###

2.7. Building design and routes for fire spread

Few 1 2 4 Many ###


###

2.8. Building size (total floor area)

Very large
Small building ● 1 2 4 building ###
###
2.9. Building distribution (separation)

Distributed Single
buildings 1 2 4 building ###
###

2.10. Risk of fire from school activity

Low ● 1 2 4 High ###


###

2.11. Out-of-hours use of school facilities (by the public)

None or low
out-of-hours Frequent out-
use 1 2 4 of-hours use ###
###

2.12. Building users at risk

Low ● 1 2 4 High ###


###
Part 3 Fire safety and fire protection measures
Low Risk 0 1 2 3 4 5 High Risk

3.1. Passive fire protection measures

Buildings have Overly large


adequate fire fire
compartmenta compartments
lisation and
fire/smoke
● 1 2 4 and lack of
fire/smoke
barriers and barriers and
doors doors ###
###

3.2. Design relaxations of passive measures (for education reasons)

Atrium or
open-plan
None ● 1 2 4 areas ###
###

3.3. Fire detection and warning system

Automated
and linked to Human
central control detection and
room
● 0 1 2 4 hand bell ###
###

3.4. Means of escape (and emergency lighting and signage)

Many exits, Few exits,


short escape long escape
routes ● 1 2 4 routes ###
###

3.5. Occupancy density

Large
numbers in a
Few people, in single
small groups ● 1 2 4 compartment ###
###

3.6. Training and drills

Good training
of staff, No training,
frequent drills ● 1 2 4 no drills ###
3.7. Management (of fire safety)

Good ● 1 2 4 Poor ###


###

3.8. Fire Service notification

Automatic ● 1 2 4 None ###


###

3.9. Fire Service location

Very close 1 2 4 Very distant ###


###
Part 4 Consequences/ impact of fire (Weight = 4)

Low Risk 0 1 2 3 4 5 High Risk

4.1. Impact of fire on users (injury)

High (risk of
Low 1 2 4 death) ###
###

4.2. Impact of fire on learning

Low 1 2 4 High ###


###

4.3. Impact on community

Low ● 1 2 4 High ###


###

4.4. Potential cost

Low ● 1 2 4 High ###


###

4.5. Environmental impact

Low ● 1 2 4 High ###


###
SCORE
Part 1 Incidence of arson (fire) 0
Part 2 Environment and buildings 0 0
Part 3 Fire safety or fire protection measures 0
Part 4 Consequences of a fire 0 0
TOTAL 0

Scoring

Proposed overall Proposed scoring Proposed scoring


scoring Parts 1 and 2 Parts 3 and 4

Low risk 0 – 40 Low risk 0 – 20 Low risk 0 – 20


Average Average 21 – 60 Average 21 – 50
risk 41 – 100 risk risk
High risk 101 – 230 High risk 61 – 85 High risk 51 – 145

Overall score
Low risk

The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a low level
of risk. Sprinklers may be beneficial.

Average risk

The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at an average
level of risk. A sprinkler system is recommended.

High Risk

The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a high level
of risk. Sprinklers should be provided.

The tables below list the type of fire safety and fire protection measures that might be appropriate
for your school.
Fire safety or fire protection measures for consideration to reduce risk of fire
(Parts 1 and 2)
Low risk

The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a low level
of risk with regard to the incidence of fire and environment and buildings.

Sprinklers may be beneficial. You may also wish to consider:

• Improved building security measures


• Improved site security measures
• Better building and equipment maintenance
• Further control of activities likely to cause a fire

Average risk

The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at an average
level of risk with regard to the incidence of fire and environment and buildings.

A sprinkler system is recommended. You may also wish to consider:

• Improved building security measures


• Improved site security measures
• Better building and equipment maintenance
• Improved control of activities likely to cause a fire
• Improved procedures to ensure that buildings are cleared of materials that can be used for arson

(Note: a sprinkler system may act as a deterrent to arsonists, but primarily acts to prevent a small
fire growing)

The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a high level
of risk with regard to the incidence of fire and environment and buildings.

Sprinklers should be provided. You may also wish to consider:

• More building security measures


• More site security measures
• Security measures include;
• good window locks,
• intruder detection
• CCTV
• Security staff / guards
• good perimeter fencing
• Car parks well lit and overlooked etc
• Doors secure against all but the most determined intruders
• Windows and roof-lights protected against intruders etc
• Better building and equipment maintenance
• Control of activities likely to cause a fire
• Buildings cleared of materials that can be used for arson

(Note: a sprinkler system may act as a deterrent, but primarily acts to prevent a small fire growing)

Fire safety or fire protection measures for consideration to reduce risk of


injury, damage, and consequences (if a fire does occur) (Part 3 and 4)
Low risk

The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a low level
of risk with regard to the risk of injury, damage, and consequences (if a fire does occur).

Sprinklers may be beneficial. You may also wish to consider:

• An improved automatic fire detection and alarm system


• Improved procedures to ensure doors are shut at night
• Secure storage (fire cupboards) for documents and coursework
• Better communications with local fire brigade
• Contingency plans, for example for use of alternative buildings
• Better planning, training and more frequent drills
• Improved procedures to ensure that buildings are cleared of materials that can be used for arson

(Note: a sprinkler system may act as a deterrent to arsonists, but primarily acts to prevent a small
fire growing)

The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a high level
of risk with regard to the incidence of fire and environment and buildings.

Sprinklers should be provided. You may also wish to consider:

• More building security measures


• More site security measuresHigh Risk
• Security measures include;
• good window locks, The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a high level
• intruder detection of risk with regard to the incidence of fire and environment and buildings.
• CCTV
• Security staff / guards Sprinklers should be provided. You may also wish to consider:
• good perimeter fencing
• Car parks well lit and overlooked etc security measures
• More building
• Doors secure against all• butMore thesite
most determined
security intruders
measures
• Windows and roof-lights• protected against intruders
Security measures include;etc
• Better building and equipment
• good maintenance
window locks,
• Control of activities likely to causedetection
• intruder a fire
• Buildings cleared of materials
• CCTVthat can be used for arson
• Security staff / guards
(Note: a sprinkler system•may goodact as a deterrent,
perimeter fencingbut primarily acts to prevent a small fire growing)
• Car parks well lit and overlooked etc
Fire safety or fire protection
• Doors secure measures
against allfor
butconsideration
the most determined to reduce
intruders risk of
injury, damage, and• consequences
Windows and roof-lights (if a fire doesagainst
protected occur) (Part etc
intruders 3 and 4)
• Better building and equipment maintenance
Low risk • Control of activities likely to cause a fire
• Buildings cleared of materials that can be used for arson
The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a low level
(Note:
of risk with regard to the risk a sprinkler
of injury, damage,system
andmay act as a deterrent
consequences (if a firetodoes
arsonists,
occur).but primarily acts to prevent a small
fire growing)
Sprinklers may be beneficial. You may also wish to consider:
Fire safety or fire protection measures for consideration to reduce risk of
• An improved automatic injury,
fire detection and alarm
damage, andsystem
consequences (if a fire does occur) (Part 3 and 4)
• Improved procedures to ensure doors are shut at night
• Secure storage (fire cupboards)
Low riskfor documents and coursework
• Better communications with local fire brigade
• Contingency plans, for example for useand
The fire safety of alternative buildings
fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a low level
• Better planning, trainingofand
riskmore
with frequent
regard todrills
the risk of injury, damage, and consequences (if a fire does occur).
Average risk Sprinklers may be beneficial. You may also wish to consider:
The fire safety and fire protection surveyautomatic
• An improved and risk assessment
fire detectionindicates
and alarmyour school is at an average
system
level of risk with regard to• the risk of procedures
Improved injury, damage, and consequences
to ensure doors are shut(ifata night
fire does occur).
• Secure storage (fire cupboards) for documents and coursework
A sprinkler system is desirable.
• BetterYou may also wishwith
communications to consider:
local fire brigade
• Contingency plans, for example for use of alternative buildings
• An improved automatic •fire detection and alarm system
Better planning, training and more frequent drills
• Additional fire compartmentalization
• Procedures to ensure doors are shut
Average risk at night
• Secure storage (fire cupboards) for documents and coursework
• Better communications The with fire
localsafety
fire brigade
and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at an average
• Contingency plans put in place
level for use
of risk withofregard
alternative
to thebuildings
risk of injury, damage, and consequences (if a fire does occur).
• Better planning, training and more frequent drills
A sprinkler system is desirable. You may also wish to consider:
High Risk • An improved automatic fire detection and alarm system
• Additional fire compartmentalization
The fire safety and fire protection survey
• Procedures to and riskdoors
ensure assessment
are shutindicates
at night your school is at a high level
of risk with regard to the risk of injury,
• Secure damage,
storage and consequences
(fire cupboards) (if a fireand
for documents does occur).
coursework
• Better communications with local fire brigade
Sprinklers should be provided. You should also consider:
• Contingency plans put in place for use of alternative buildings
• Better planning, training and more frequent drills
• An automatic fire detection and alarm system
• Additional fire compartmentalization
• Procedures to ensure doors
HighareRiskshut at night
• Secure storage (fire cupboards) for documents and coursework
• Better communications Thewith fire
localsafety
fire brigade
and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a high level
• Contingency plans put in ofplace for use
risk with of alternative
regard buildings
to the risk of injury, damage, and consequences (if a fire does occur).
• Better planning, training and more frequent drills
• Controls on the numberSprinklers
of people using
shouldthebebuilding
provided. You should also consider:
For more information on types of fire safety
• An automatic fire and fire protection
detection and alarmmeasures
system refer to BB100: “Designing
and managing against the• Additional
risk of fire fire
in schools”
compartmentalization
(http://www.dfes.gov.uk/consultations/downloadableDocs/BB100%20July%2005%20-
• Procedures to ensure doors are shut at night
%20Complete.pdf#search=%22bb100%20schools%22)
• Secure storage (fire cupboards) for documents and coursework
• Better communications with local fire brigade
• Better building and equipment maintenance
Low risk • Control of activities likely to cause a fire
• Buildings cleared of materials that can be used for arson
The fire safety and fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a low level
(Note:
of risk with regard to the risk a sprinkler
of injury, system
damage, andmay act as a deterrent
consequences (if a firetodoes
arsonists,
occur).but primarily acts to prevent a small
fire growing)
Sprinklers may be beneficial. You may also wish to consider:
Fire safety or fire protection measures for consideration to reduce risk of
• An improved automatic injury,
fire detection and alarm
damage, andsystem
consequences (if a fire does occur) (Part 3 and 4)
• Improved procedures to ensure doors are shut at night
• Secure storage (fire cupboards)
Low riskfor documents and coursework
• Better communications with local fire brigade
• Contingency plans, for example for useand
The fire safety of alternative buildings
fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at a low level
• Better planning, trainingFire
ofand
riskmore
with frequent
safetyregard todrills
or fire protection
the risk of injury,measures
damage, andfor consideration
consequences todoes
(if a fire reduce risk of
occur).
Average risk
injury, damage, and consequences (if a fire does occur) (Part 3 and 4)
Sprinklers may be beneficial. You may also wish to consider:
Low risk
The fire safety and fire protection
• An improved surveyautomatic
and risk assessment
fire detectionindicates
and alarm your school is at an average
system
level of risk with regard to• the risk of procedures
Improved injury, damage, and consequences
to ensure doors (if a night
fire does occur).
The fire safety and fire protection surveyare andshut
riskatassessment indicates your school is at a low level
• Secure
of risk with storage
regard(fire cupboards)
to the for documents
risk of injury, damage, and andconsequences
coursework (if a fire does occur).
A sprinkler system is desirable.
• BetterYou may also wishwith
communications to consider:
local fire brigade
• Contingency
Sprinklers mayplans, for example
be beneficial. Youfor may use of alternative
also buildings
wish to consider:
• An improved automatic •fire detection
Better planning, and training
alarm systemand more frequent drills
• Additional fire compartmentalization
• An improved automatic fire detection and alarm system
• Procedures to ensure doors are shut at night
•Average
Improved risk
procedures to ensure doors are shut at night
• Secure storage (fire cupboards) for documents and coursework
• Secure storage (fire cupboards) for documents and coursework
• Better communications The with fire
localsafety
fire brigade
and fire protection
• Better communications with localsurvey and risk assessment indicates your school is at an average
fire brigade
• Contingency plans put in place for use ofregard
alternative thebuildings
•level of risk
Contingency withplans, forto
example riskfor
of injury,
use of damage,
alternative and consequences (if a fire does occur).
buildings
• Better planning, training and more frequent drills
• Better planning, training and more frequent drills
A sprinkler system is desirable. You may also wish to consider:
Average risk
High Risk • An improved automatic fire detection and alarm system
• Additional
The fire safety fireand
compartmentalization
fire protection survey and risk assessment indicates your school is at an average
The fire safety and fire protection
• Procedures survey to and
ensure riskdoors
assessmentare shut indicates
at night your school is at a high level
level of risk with regard to the risk of injury, damage, and consequences (if a fire does occur).
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For more information on types of fire safety
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and managing against the• Additional
risk of fire fire
in schools”
compartmentalization
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(http://www.dfes.gov.uk/consultations/downloadableDocs/BB100%20July%2005%20-
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injury, at night and consequences (if a fire does occur).
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For more information on types of fire safety and fire protection measures refer to BB100: “Designing
and managing against the risk of fire in schools”
(http://www.dfes.gov.uk/consultations/downloadableDocs/BB100%20July%2005%20-
%20Complete.pdf#search=%22bb100%20schools%22)
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%20Complete.pdf#search=%22bb100%20schools%22)
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For more information on types of fire safety and fire protection measures refer to BB100: “Designing
against the risk of fire in schools”