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# QUIZ 1 Steel (2014)

1. A W 21 x 147 simply-supported steel beam is to be reinforced with 12mm cover plates at the top and
bottom flanges. The beam is laterally supported over the entire span of 6m and carries a uniformly
distributed load of 230 KN/m including its own weight.

## The properties of W 21 x 147 are; d = 560mm, tw = 18mm, Ix = 1511 x 106 mm4

a) Determine the required section modulus so that the allowable bending stress is not exceeded in mm3.

b) What is the minimum width of the 12mm thick cover plates so that the allowable bending stress is
not exceeded? (in mm)

2. The member of a bridge truss 6m long carries a uniform load of 32 KN/m and an axial compressive
force of 320 KN. The properties of the steel are; A = 14700 mm 2, Sx =1921 x 103 mm3, bf = 280 mm,
tf = 16 mm, d = 390 mm, tw = 19mm

a) What is the value of the interaction equation if the allowable bending stress is 0.66Fy ?

3. A simply supported beam has a span of 12m and is designed to its full flexural capacity it has a section
of W 450 x 83, A36 steel. Assume the beam to be non compact section.

Properties of W 450 x 83

Wt = 83 kg/m, A = 10580 mm2, H = 450 mm, tw = 10 mm, B = 200 mm, tf = 16 mm, Ix = 362 x 106 mm4

a) Determine the maximum safe load P at the mid span that the beam can carry. (KN)

b) Due to change in type of occupancy, the safe load P is to be increased to 1.5P, determine the width of
the cover plate having a thickness of 10mm so as not to exceed the flexural stress. (in mm)

c) Determine the distance of the cut-off point of the cover plates measured from its support.

4. A W 10 x 45 column carries a central load and a lateral load as shown in the figure. Cm = 1 for
unrestrained ends and k = 1.0.

Properties of W 10 x 45

A = 8516 mm2, H = 257.05 mm, bf = 203.76 mm, tf = 15.70 mm, tw = 8.89 mm, Sx = 805 x 103 mm3,
rx = 109.98 mm, ry = 50.80 mm

300 mm 450 KN

90 KN
2.25 m
30 KN

2.25 m

## b) Determine the maximum actual bending stress.

c) Using the Interaction Equation, determine the value of the interaction equation value of the
combined axial and bending stresses.
5. Light gage steel channel was used as a purlin of a truss. The top chord of the truss is inclined 1V:3H
and the distance between trusses is 3m. The purlin has a weight if 71 N/m and spaced at 1.20m on
centers. The roof dead load is 1100 Pa, roof live load of 1000 Pa and a wind velocity of 1500 Pa. The
combined gust effect factors and pressure coefficients at leeward and windward are 0.40 and 0.60
respectively. Sag rods are placed at the mid span and Fbx = Fby = 140 MPa. Use Sx = 4.48 x 104 mm3 and
Sy = 4.48 x 104 mm3. Using Interaction Formula, determine the following:

a) The maximum ratio of actual to allowable bending stress for the combination of (DL + LL) load.

b) The maximum ratio of actual to allowable bending stress for the combination of [DL + 0.75(LL+WL)]
load.

6. The initial compressive force of a steel column can be determined by using Euler's Formula. The
properties of the column are the following; A = 8129 mm2, Ix = 178.30 x 106 mm4, Iy = 18.80 x 106 mm4,
Proportional limit = 320 MPa. The x-axis has an unbraced length of 8m which is pinned at top and fixed
at the bottom with k = 0.70 to prevent sidesway. The y-axis has an unbraced length of __________ due
to bracing at the midheight.

## a) Determine the critical slenderness ratio.

b) What is the minimum length of the column that will not exceed the proportional limit? (in mm)
FINAL EXAM (STEEL DESIGN) - 2013

1. The lap joint shown in figure 1 is a tension member 275 x 12mm plate, A36 steel with staggered
holes. The diameter of hole is equal to 2mm greater than the 25mm bolts. Use Ct = 0.85.

## b) Determine the critical net area if a = 75mm.

c) Compute the maximum safe load P that can be applied to the member if s = 75mm.

62.5

75 P
@
75

62.5

S S S S S S

## c) Determine the shearing stress on bolt B.

P = 35 KN
130 250

100

100

3. A simply supported beam has a span of 12m. The beam is laterally unsupported over the entire span.
It has a section of W 450 x 83, A36 steel.

## Properties of W 450 x 83, A36 steel;

Wt = 83.0 kg/m, A = 10580 mm2, H = 450 mm, tw = 10 mm, B = 200 mm, tf = 16 mm, Ix = 362 x 106 mm4

a) Determine the maximum safe load P at the midspan that the beam can carry.

b) Due to change in type of occupancy, the load P is to be increased to 1.5P, determine the width of the
cover plate having a thickness of 10mm so as not to exceed the allowable flexural stress.

c) Determine the distance of the cut-off point of the cover plates measured from its support.
4. A 180 x 90 x 12 angle is welded to a gusset plate having a thickness of 12mm as shown in the figure.
Area of one angle is 2903 mm2, Fy = 248 MPa and using E70 electrodes fillet welds with Fyw = 485 MPa.

## 12mm gusset plate

a
a
180 P
mm a

b 180 x 90 x 12

5. A W 25 x 58, Fy = 250 MPa, steel column is pin connected at the top and bottom with sidesway being
prevented. The upper hinge is eccentric by 25mm causing bending about the major axis. The column is
5.40m high without lateral bracing.

Properties of W 250 x 58

A = 7420 mm2, H = 252 mm, Sx = 693 x 103 mm3, Sy = 186 x 103 mm3, rx = 108 mm, ry = 50.40 mm,
bf = 203 mm, tw = 13.50 mm, tf = 8 mm

## b) Determine the maximum safe load P.

6. A bolted bracket is subjected to a load P acting an angle from the vertical as shown in the figure.
There are 4-25mm Ø bolts, two on each column flange.

a) Determine the maximum shear stress if P = 40 KN, ϴ = 45°, b = 100 mm, a = 150 mm and e = 250 mm.

b) Determine the minimum eccentricity "e" when P = 40 KN, allowable shearing stress of bolt is 120 MPa
and ϴ = 45°, b = 100 mm, a = 150 mm.

P
ϴ

4-25mm Ø rivets
a
2 rivets on each
column face
TIMBER AND STEEL 1st REMOVAL EXAM (2013)

I.IDENTIFICATION

## 1. It is the property of a material by which it can withstand extensive deformation

without failure under high tensile stress.

2. It is the ratio of the strength of the member to its maximum anticipated stress.

3. It is a strain that occurs after the yield point, with no increase in stress.

## 4. It is defined as the distance between the inflection points of the column.

5. It is a section that is capable of developing its plastic moment capacity before any
local buckling occur.

II PROBLEM SOLVING

1. A 50 x 75 mm lumber was used as a purlin of a truss. The top chord of the truss is inclined 1V:3H and
the distance between trusses is 1.75m. The purlin is spaced at 0.60m on centers. The roof dead load is
1100 Pa, roof live load of 1000Pa and wind velocity pressure of 1500 Pa. The combined gust effect
factors and pressure coefficients at leeward and windward are 0.40 and 0.60, respectively. The
allowable shear stress parallel to the grain = 1.10 MPa, allowable bending stress = 16 MPa, modulus of
elasticity = 12x103 MPa and unit weight of wood is 7.50 KN/m3. Using Interaction Formula , determine
the following:

i. The maximum ratio of actual to allowable bending stress for the combination of (DL +
LL) load.

ii. The maximum ratio of actual to allowable bending stress for the combination of (DL +
0.75(LL+WL) load.

2. In the bridge truss shown in Figure 1, the end chord AB is composed of two C 230 x 30 channels
latticed together so that the fabricated section has equal moment of inertia about the axes of
symmetry.

## b. What is the axial capacity of member AB in KN?

c. If the safe load P on the truss is governed by the strength of member AB, determine
the value of 'P' using AISC Specifications with Fy = 280 MPa.

Properties of C230 x 30

## Ix = 25.50 x 106 mm4 A = 3800 mm2

6m

P P P

4@8m =32m

Figure 1
3. A W 8 x 27 steel column 6m long is pin connected at the top and the bottom end is part of a frame
subjected to joint translation (sidesway). It carries an axial load of 800 KN and a counterclockwise
moment at the top. Use k = 1.00 and A36 steel.

## a. Determine the allowable axial compressive stress, in MPa.

b. If the allowable bending stress is 149 MPa, what is the safe value of moment at the
bottom, in KN.m.

Properties of W 8 x 27

## A = 0.013 m2 r = 194 mm Sx = 0.00099 m3

4. A welded plate girder shown in Figure 2 is simply supported over a span of 12m. It carries a uniform
load of 36.60 KN/m including its own weight and a concentrated load of 268 KN at its midspan. The web
is provided with sufficient stiffeners and the compressive flange is laterally supported throughout the
span.

a. Determine the width of the cover plate having a thickness of 12mm so as not to
exceed the flexural stress of 138MPa, in mm.

b. Determine the distance of the cut-off point of the cover plates measured from its
support, in mm.

c. Determine the intensity of the shear stress at the section of the cover plate and the
original flange, in MPa.

10

12
12
624 618 606

N.A
1200

12
12
b
300

Figure 2
5. Determine the resultant force (in kips) in the most stressed bolt of the group in the
Figure 3. The bolts have the same cross-sectional areas.
30 k
3" 6"

3"

3"

3"

Figure 3

6. A bolted bracket is subjected to a load P acting an angle from the vertical as shown in the Figure 4.
There are 4-25mm Ø bolts, two on each column flange.

a. Determine the maximum shear stress if P = 40 KN, ϴ = 45°, b = 100 mm, a = 150 mm
and e = 250 mm.

b. Determine the minimum eccentricity "e" when P = 40 KN, allowable shearing stress of
bolt is 120 MPa and ϴ = 45°, b = 100 mm, a = 150 mm.

P
ϴ

4-25mm Ø rivets
a
2 rivets on each
column face

Figure 4

7. What is the allowable tensile capacity of the weld ( in kips ) if E70 electrodes are
used? The 7/16 in. fillet welds shown in Figure 5 were made by the SMAW process.

3/4 x 8 bar
6"

8"

## 7/16" fillet welds

Figure 5
8. For the bracket shown in Figure 6, determine the fillet weld size ( in inch) required if
E70 electrodes, the AISC specification and the SMAW process are used.

4" 15 k

10"

3/8 plate

Figure 6