Anda di halaman 1dari 49

Pilatus PC-12

for FSX

Pilot's Guide
FLIGHT SIMULATOR COMPATIBILITY AND SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
This product is compatible with Microsoft Flight Simulator X (FSX). Microsoft FSX is required to use this software.
For your computer, we recommend that you have at a minimum a 3GHz processor, 1GB of system RAM (2GB
preferred) and a 256MB video card. Low-end, on-board sound chips are NOT recommended. A plug-in sound
card, such as a Soundblaster Audigy, is recommended. In some cases, sounds will not work correctly unless you
have an adequate sound card. An Internet connection is required for product support and reinstalling your software.
Windows XP and Windows Vista are the official operating systems that are supported for use with the
Flight1 Software Pilatus PC-12 for FSX.
Page 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Credits.............................................................. 2 CAWS Panel Warnings................................. 24-25
Introduction....................................................... 3 Brake Panel..................................................... 25
Important Information........................................ 4 Throttle Quadrant and Lower Panel.............. 26-27
Reinstalling Your Software.................................. 5 Radio Stack................................................ 27-28
Aircraft Data...................................................... 6 Aircraft Lighting and Doors............................... 29
Symbols and Abbreviations................................. 7 Limitations.................................................. 30-32
Using the Configuration Manager......................... 8 Emergency Procedures................................ 32-33
Selecting Your Aircraft........................................ 9 Normal Procedures...................................... 34-40
Main Panel.................................................. 10-12 Performance Charts..................................... 41-45
Pop-Up Panels............................................. 13-14 Weight and Balance..................................... 46-48
Electronic Attitude Indicator.............................. 15
Electronic Horizontal Situation Indicator............. 16
EFIS Controller................................................. 17
Engine Instrument System................................ 18
Autopilot.......................................................... 19
Altitude Preselector.......................................... 20
Transponder............................................... 20-21
Overhead Panel........................................... 22-23
CAWS Panel..................................................... 23

CREDITS
Jim Rhoads................................................................................. Project Management and Panel Layout

Terry Gaff..............................................................................Aircraft Design, Gauge and Panel Graphics

Jerry Beckwith............................................................................................................. Flight Dynamics

Ed Struyznski........................................................................................................ Gauge Programming

Karl Gaff...................................................................................................................................Sounds

Antje Aelken...................................................................................................... German Voice Callouts

Todd Nicholson............................................................................................................. Documentation

Page 
INTRODUCTION

Pilatus Aircraft Ltd. was founded in 1939 and is located in Stans, Switzerland. Pilatus is the largest and
most experienced single engine turboprop manufacturer in the world.

Pilatus Aircraft enjoys a history of aviation excellence that covers both civilian and military markets. This
history includes the design and production of high performance trainers, utility aircraft and most recently,
the PC-12. The PC-12 is Pilatus's most recent move into corporate aviation and has been enthusiastically
received. As deliveries have grown over the years, so has the PC-12's reputation. It is refined, versatile,
and ultimately the most compelling choice of any aircraft in and around its class.

The PC-12 is a powerful combination of size, speed, economy and advanced design that allows the PC-12
to dominate where other aircraft struggle to compete. The PC-12's power and efficiency come from the
Pratt and Whitney PT6A turboprop engine. Combined with the Swiss-engineered airframe it is able to offer
a cruise speed of 270 knots and direct operating costs of around $300.00 per hour. With its large pressurized
cabin and seating from 6 to 7 passengers, it offers anything from a perfect airborne conference room to
a large and versatile freight hauler with a cabin of 330 cubic feet and a cargo door that measures 53 x 52
inches.

The PC-12 demonstrates wide opportunities for corporate, air ambulance, cargo, and regional work. It is a
true Swiss army knife of the aviation industry.

On behalf of Flight1 Software and the PC-12 team members, I invite you to experience the Flight1
Software PC-12 for FSX and thank you for your continued patronage.

Jim Rhoads
Flight1 Software
www.flight1.com

Page 
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
About This User's Guide
Please read through this User's Guide to become familiar with the Flight1 Software PC-12 for FSX. The
PC-12 for FSX includes many avionics and features that you will want to familiarize yourself with. Taking
the time to do this now will allow you to get the most enjoyment out of your new software.

In the panel sections and the gauge sections, RED overlays represent gauge or feature descriptions and
ORANGE overlays represent gauge click-spots.

Even though this User's Guide is designed in color to make it easy to read on your computer screen, if
you wish to print this User's Guide and save ink at the same time, please choose to print in Grayscale,
via your computer’s print dialog screen.

Customer Support
Flight1 Software strives to provide timely, reliable support. The following support options are available:

l For support related to passwords, order numbers, and key files, please visit our Automated Support
System at www.flight1.com/view.asp?page=service
l If you need further support related to one or more of items above, please use our Support Ticket System
at www.flight1.com/ticket.asp
l For technical product support related specifically to the PC-12 for FSX software package, please visit our
Technical Support Forum at www.simforums.com/forums/

Please note that the Support Ticket System should not be used for technical product support.

DISCLAIMER

This software is designed for entertainment purposes only. Although we have designed the PC-12 for
FSX to resemble and function as closely as possible the real PC-12, it is not designed as a training
device. Not all systems have been simulated, and some of those that have been simulated may not be
entirely functional or simulated to 100%.

No part of this document may be reproduced in any form or by any means without the express written
consent of Flight1 Software.

© 2007 Flight1 Software. All rights reserved.

Visit our Web Site at: www.flight1.com

Page 
REINSTALLING YOUR SOFTWARE
Backing Up Your Original Download File and Your Key File
After you've installed your software, please take a moment to back up your original download file (the file
you downloaded when you purchased the product - it has a red airplane icon and is labeled Flight One
Purchasing Module) and your key file, both of which are saved to your hard disc in the folder that you
specified before the download process. Both of these files should be backed up to a CD-Rom or a DVD-Rom
so that you can reinstall the product in the future.

Do not back up the Extracted Program File that's located in your C:\Flight One Software folder. In most
cases this file cannot be used to reinstall the product. If you reinstall the product using this file, you will
most likely receive a license error when you run the software. Always be sure to back up and reinstall
from the original file that you downloaded when you first made your purchase.

Reinstalling Your Software


1) Double-click the original download file (the Flight One Purchasing Module) to run the installation wrapper.
2) Make sure to temporarily turn off any anti-virus software and any other disc utilities that may be
running in the background.
3) On the main installation wrapper screen, press the CLICK HERE TO REINSTALL button.

Click Here
to Reinstall

4) Ensure that your computer is connected to the Internet, then follow the onscreen prompts to select
your key file and enter your password. Once your purchasing information is validated, the software will
be extracted to your hard disc and the installation will start automatically.
5) After the installation completes, make sure to reboot your computer before running the software for
the first time. This will ensure that any DLLs, fonts, etc, are registered with Windows and will ensure
trouble-free use.

Page 
AIRCRAFT DATA
Engine
Manufacturer and Type: Pratt & Whitney Canada Twin-Shaft Turboprop with Three-Stage Turbine
Model Number: PT6A-67B

Horsepower Rating and Engine Speed


Takeoff Power: 1200 SHP
Maximum Climb/Cruise Power: 1000 SHP

Propeller
Manufacturer and Type: Hartzell Hydraulically Actuated, Constant Speed, Full-Feathering and Reversible
Number of Blades: 4

Fuel
Approved Fuels: Jet A, Jet A-1, Jet B, JP-4
Total Capacity: 406.8 Gallons / 2736.5 Pounds (1540 Liters)
Usable Fuel: 402 Gallons / 2703.6 Pounds (1521.5 Liters)

Oil
Total Capacity: 3.6 Gallons (13.6 Liters)

Maximum Weights
Maximum Ramp Weight: 9965 Pounds (4520 Kilograms)
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 9921 Pounds (4500 Kilograms)
Maximum Landing Weight: 9921 Pounds (4500 Kilograms)
Maximum Zero Fuel Weight: 9039 Pounds (4100 Kilograms)

Maximum Cargo Weight


Baggage Area: 400 Pounds (180 Kilograms)
Cabin Area: 3300 Pounds (1500 Kilograms)

Typical Aircraft Weights


Empty Weight: 5468 Pounds (2480 Kilograms)
Useful Load: 4454 Pounds (2020 Kilograms)

Page 
SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS
V-Speed Symbols
VSO Stalling Speed or the minimum steady flight speed at which the aircraft is controllable in the landing
configuration at maximum gross weight.

VS Stalling Speed or the minimum steady flight speed at which the aircraft is controllable.

VFE Maximum Flap Extended Speed is the highest speed permissible with wing flaps in a prescribed
extended position.

VLE Maximum Landing Gear Extended Speed is the highest speed at which an aircraft can be safely
flown with the landing gear down.

VA Maneuvering Speed is the maximum speed at which you may use abrupt control travel.

VNO Maximum Structural Cruising Speed is the speed that should not be exceeded except in smooth air,
and then only with caution.

VNE Never Exceed Speed is the speed limit that may not be exceeded at any time.

VX Best Angle of Climb Speed provides the best altitude gain per unit of horizontal distance, and is
usually used for clearing obstacles during takeoff.

VY Best Rate of Climb Speed provides the best altitude gain in the shortest amount of time.

VG Best Rate of Glide Speed provides the best glide distance in an engine-out scenario.

Airspeed Terminology
KCAS Knots Calibrated Airspeed is indicated airspeed corrected for position and instrument error and
expressed in knots. Knots calibrated airspeed is equal to KTAS in standard atmosphere at sea level.

KIAS Indicated Airspeed in Knots.

KTAS True Airspeed is the speed of an aircraft relative to undisturbed air which is the CAS corrected for
altitude, temperature and compressibility.

Meteorological Terminology
OAT Outside Air Temperature is the free air static temperature obtained either from in-flight
temperature indications or ground meteorological sources, adjusted for instrument error and
compressibility effects.

ISA Standard Temperature is 15°C at sea level pressure altitude and decreases by 2°C for each 1000
feet of altitude.

PA Pressure Altitude is altitude measured from the standard sealevel pressure of 29.92 in Hg by a
pressure of barometric altimeter.

Page 
USING THE CONFIGURATION MANAGER
The Pilatus PC-12 Configuration Manager is a utility that is used to make a variety of changes to your
PC-12 for FSX and is installed separately with your software. The Pilatus PC-12 Configuration Manager can
be found in your Start Menu.
From the desktop - Start - All Programs - Flight One Software - Pilatus PC-12 for FSX

l Make your configuration selection, then press the SaveSettings button to save your selections.
l After you save your selections, press the ExitCfgMngr button to exit.
l You can at any time press the ResetDefaults button to reset your configuration choices back to the
default selections. After pressing the ResetDefaults button, make sure to save your settings so that they
are reflected in Flight Simulator.

Choosing to include the copilot's glass instruments in the VC may cause performance issues on some
computer systems.
Choose to include a speed bug on the airspeed indicator if you would like to take advantage of the
auto-throttle capability of the autopilot.
Please note that Flight Simulator should NOT be running while using the Pilatus PC-12 Configuration
Manager or any configuration selections made may not be saved correctly.

Page 
SELECTING YOUR AIRCRAFT
The Flight One Software Pilatus PC-12 for FSX is located under Pilatus in the Flight Simulator Aircraft
Manufacturer drop-down box and under Flight One Software in the Flight Simulator Publisher drop-down box.
Choose from the following seven variants:
l Cargo XA-PCM
l Executive OE-EMC

l Executive HB-FPA In order to see all available aircraft variants, make sure that "Show
l Executive N523JL All Variations" is selected in the Flight Simulator aircraft selection
l Spectre 285 screen.
l Standard C-FKVL

l Standard RA-01500

If there is a problem loading the PC-12 for FSX into Flight Simulator, first load the default Flight Simulator
flight, move the aircraft to the active runway, then save the flight as the new default flight. Load the new
default flight, then SWITCH to the PC-12 for FSX (using the Aircraft drop-down selection in the Flight
Simulator Menu Bar) and set up your flight parameters, such as location, time, weather, etc.

We strongly advise against loading the PC-12 for FSX over a previously saved flight, other than the
Default flight. This will ensure that previously saved settings will not carry over and interfere with the
PC-12 for FSX.

Page 
MAIN PANEL
Main Panel Layout

EFIS Controller Pop-Up Throttle Quadrant Pop-Up

EADI/EHSI Pop-Up Altitude Preselector Pop-Up Radio Stack Pop-Up

Parking Brake Pop-Up CAWS Pop-Up EIS Pop-Up Overhead Pop-Up

Overhead Pop-Up - Toggles the Overhead panel on and off.


Parking Brake Pop-Up - Toggles the Parking Brake panel on and off.
EADI/EHSI Pop-Up - Toggles the EADI/EHSI zoom gauges on and off.
Altitude Selector Pop-Up - Toggles the Altitude Preselector zoom gauge on and off.
Radio Stack Pop-Up - Toggles the Radio Stack on and off.
Throttle Quadrant Pop-Up - Toggles the Throttle Quadrant and lower panel on and off.
EFIS Controller Pop-Up - Toggles the EFIS Controller panel on and off.
CAWS Pop-Up - Toggles the CAWS panel on and off.
EIS Pop-Up - Toggles the EIS zoom panel on and off.

Page 10 Continued on Next Page


MAIN PANEL
Main Panel Layout, Continued...

The cockpit is of a conventional layout in that all of the controls, switches, and instruments are readily
accessible to the pilot for single-pilot operation. The overhead panel contains the switches to control the
electrical bus distribution, external lighting, de-icing, starting, and cabin heating and cooling systems. The
instrument panel center console contains the CAWS annunciator panel, EFIS control unit, trim indicator,
engine power controls, flap selector, cockpit and cabin lighting controls.

15

10

6 7
11
16

12
2

3
13
17

9
14
4 5

1) Flap Deflection Indicator 10) Marker Beacon Indicators


2) Airspeed Indicator 11) Altitude Preselector
3) Standby Attitude Indicator 12) Altimeter
4) NAV Indicator 13) Selected NAV Indicator
5) RMI 14) Vertical Speed Indicator
6) Master Caution Indicator 15) Autopilot
7) Master Warning Indicator 16) Transponder
8) EADI 17) EIS (Engine Instrument System)
9) EHSI

Page 11 Continued on Next Page


MAIN PANEL
Main Panel Gauge Click-Spots

All click-spots are activated using left mouse clicks, unless otherwise noted. Some click-spots (such as
some rotary knobs) can be activated using your mouse's scroll wheel. Scroll forward to turn knobs to the
right and scroll backward to turn knobs to the left. This includes all pop-up panels and related gauges, too.

16

17
10 11

6 18 19 20
7

3 4 21 22 23 24

25

1 2 8 9
12 13 14 15

1) OBS Adjust Left 14) Heading Adjust Left


2) OBS Adjust Right 15) Heading Adjust Right
3) Altitude Bars Decrease 16) Marker Sensitivity Switch Up
4) Altitude Bars Increase 17) Marker Sensitivity Switch Down
5) Toggle Digital Airspeed Display 18) Altimeter Reset Button
6) Increase Speed Bug 19) Altimeter Calibration Decrease
7) Decrease Speed Bug 20) Altimeter Calibration Increase
8) Swap VOR1/ADF Button 21) DME 1/2 Swap Button
9) Swap VOR2/ADF Button 22) NAV/GPS Swap Button
10) Extinguish Master Caution 23) Approach Mode Button
11) Extinguish Master Warning 24) AHRS 1/2 Swap Button
12) Course Adjust Left 25) Toggle Digital Vertical Speed Display
13) Course Adjust Right

Not all main panel gauge click-spots are shown in this view. More information (including click-spots) for
other gauges, such as the Altitude Preselector, EIS, Autopilot, etc, can be found in their specific sections
beginning on page 15.

Page 12
POP-UP PANELS
Keyboard Shortcuts and Pop-Up Panels

The different pop-up panels can be toggled on and off using keyboard shortcuts, in addition to the click-spots
on the main panel.

l (Shift+2) EADI/EHSI Zoom Gauges l (Shift+8) Throttle Quadrant and Lower Panel
l (Shift+3) EIS Zoom Panel l (Shift+9) Altitude Preselector Zoom Gauge
l (Shift+4) Overhead Panel
l (Shift+5) Brake Panel
Some pop-up panels feature an orange 'X' in the corner.
l (Shift+6) Radio Stack Click on the 'X' to close the pop-up panel.
l (Shift+7) EFIS Controller

EADI/EHSI ZOOM GAUGES EIS ZOOM PANEL

OVERHEAD PANEL BRAKE PANEL

Page 13 Continued on Next Page


POP-UP PANELS
Keyboard Shortcuts and Pop-Up Panels, Continued...

RADIO STACK EFIS CONTROLLER

THROTTLE QUADRANT AND LOWER PANEL ALTITUDE PRESELECTOR ZOOM PANEL

THIS SPACE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Page 14
ELECTRONIC ATTITUDE INDICATOR
Electronic Attitude Indicator Features

Not all features will be displayed on the EADI at all times. Some features, such as the Glideslope Display
and the Rising Runway Display, will be displayed only under certain conditions.

1 1

5 10

3 6

11
4
2 12
7

9
13
8

1) Autopilot Mode Indicators - The current active Autopilot modes are displayed in these two areas.
2) Speed Pointer - The Speed Pointer on the left-hand side of the display is controlled by the AOA
system and is visible at all times.
3) Heading Tape - Aircraft heading is shown on the Heading Tape at the sky/ground border.
4) Fixed Aircraft Symbol - A fixed symbol in the center of the display is used as a reference point.
5) Sky Pointer - The Roll Attitude Scale is marked at 10, 20, 30, 45 and 60 degrees.
6) Heading Bug Indicator - Displays the current position of the Heading Bug. The Heading Bug Indicator
is linked to the Heading Indicator on the EHSI.
7) Rising Runway - Present during an ILS approach. The Rising Runway symbol will start increasing in
size at 200 feet and continue to increase in size to 0 feet.
8/9) Rate of Turn Pointer/Turn Scale - Provides rate of turn information based on yaw rate corrected
for angle of bank.
10) Radio Altitude Indicator - Displays the current altitude from ground level.
11) Flight Director - Displays visual cues from the Autopilot to follow when hand-flying.
12) Glideslope Display - A glideslope scale and deviation pointer on the right-hand side and a runway
symbol toward the bottom of the picture is displayed when an ILS frequency is selected and the EHSI
course pointer is within 105° of the aircraft heading.
13) Decision Height Indicator - Displays the current Decision Height.

Page 15
ELECTRONIC HORIZONTAL SITUATION INDICATOR
Electronic Horizontal Situation Indicator Features

The EHSI can provide 360° compass HSI (Rose Mode) and 120° arc sectored HSI (ARC Mode). The type
of display is selected via the EFIS control panel.

3 6 3 6 9
9
1 1

R 7 A
O R
S 4 C
E
10

M 5 M 8

O 2
8
O 2

D D 4

E E 5

11 11

1) Wind Speed and Vector Indicator - Indicates the wind direction and speed relative to the aircraft.
2) Primary Navigation Source - Indicates the navigation system selected as the primary navigation sensor.
3) Selected Course Display - Displays the selected course for the active navigation system.
4) To/From Arrow Indicator - Indicates if you are traveling to or from the selected navigation source,
such as a VOR. An arrow pointing up indicates you are traveling toward the navigation source. An arrow
pointing down indicates you are traveling away from the navigation source.
5) Symbolic Aircraft - Provides a visual reference of the airplane position in relation to the deviation bar.
6) Heading Bug - An orange heading bug is manually rotated around the compass scale by the heading
select knob on the control panel. The heading bug is used to indicate desired heading and provides
selected heading reference for autopilot steering.
7) Range Display Ring - Display range indicator ranges from 2nm up to 50nm. Range display is available
in both ROSE mode and ARC mode.
8) Course Deviation Display - Provides a reference for the course deviation bar to indicate the centerline
of the selected navigation or localizer course in relation to the symbolic airplane.
9) Distance, Ground Speed and Time - Displays distance, current groundspeed, and time (ETE) to
selected DME station in VOR mode or to waypoint in GPS mode. ETE option is selected via EFIS Controller.
10) Glideslope Display - A glideslope scale and deviation pointer on the right-hand side is displayed
when an ILS frequency is selected.
11) Heading Indicator - Indicates the current heading that the heading bug is set to.

Page 16
EFIS CONTROLLER
EFIS Controller Functions and Click-Spots

The EFIS Controller provides a number of different functions related to both the EADI and the EHSI.

1 2 1
8
1) Decision Height Knob - Used to adjust the
5 6 7 9 Decision Height as shown on the EADI. The decision
height range is from OFF (0) to 2500 feet and will
3 4 3 10 11 12 13 14 13 be displayed in ten-foot increments up to
2500 feet.

2) Decision Height Push-Knob - Push to turn the Decision Height Inidcator on the EADI ON and OFF.
The Decision Height Indicator on the EADI is always displayed below 2500 feet.

3) Course Adjustment Knob - Used to adjust the Course Indicator on the EHSI.

4) Course Adjustment Push-Knob - Press the course adjustment knob to set the Course Pointer on
the EHSI to the "direct" bearing of the current active NAV source (VOR only).

5) HSI Mode Selection - Press to change the EHSI display to ROSE mode. Press a second time to select
MAP mode with Range Selection.

6) ARC Mode Selection - Press once to change the EHSI display to ARC mode. Press a second time to
select MAP mode with Range Selection.

7) NAV Source Selection - Press to toggle between NAV mode and GPS mode. With the Autopilot in NAV
mode, the aircraft will track the current navigation source, either NAV/LOC or GPS.

8) SYS REF - Press to toggle between ETE and Ground Speed displayed on the EHSI.

9) Range Display Increase - Press to increase the Range Display in EHSI MAP mode. Display Range
Indicator ranges from 2nm up to 50nm.

10) System Bearing 1 Pointer Select - Press to sequentially select the next available navigation
source. Choose from NAV1, GPS, ADF or OFF (Blank). The NAV 1 bearing pointer on the EHSI will
point directly toward the current navigation source.

11) System Bearing 2 Pointer Select - Press to sequentially select the next available navigation
source. Choose from NAV2, GPS, ADF or OFF (Blank). The NAV 2 bearing pointer on the EHSI will
point directly toward the current navigation source.

12) Range Display Decrease - Press to decrease the range display in EHSI MAP mode. Display Range
Indicator ranges from 2nm up to 50nm.

13) Heading Adjustment Knob - Used to adjust the Heading Bug on the EHSI.

14) Heading Adjustment Push-Knob - Press the Heading Adjustment Knob to "snap" the Heading Bug
to the current aircraft heading.

Page 17
ENGINE INSTRUMENT SYSTEM
Engine Instrument System Functions and Click-Spots

The Engine Instrument System (EIS) is a computer-controlled system which receives input from the
sensors. It displays engine and other system information and provides warnings when certain parameter
limits are exceeded.

1) Engine Torque Indicator - Displays the current


1 2 3 engine torque.
2) Inlet Turbine Temperature Indicator - Displays
the current engine Inlet Turbine Temperature.

12 3) NG Indicator - Displays the current engine gas


sensor speed.

4 7 10
4) RPM Indicator - Displays the current propeller
RPM.
5 8 5) Outside Air Temperature Indicator - Displays
the current Outside Air Temperature in Celcius.
6 9

6) Endurance Indicator - Displays the current


aircraft range remaining in hours:minutes.
11 13 15
7) Fuel Quantity Indicator (LBS) - Displays the
current total fuel quantity in pounds.
11 13
8) Fuel Flow Indicator (FL/H) - Displays the current
12 14
fuel flow in Pounds Per Hour.
9) Fuel Used Indicator - Displays the total amount
16 17
of fuel used in pounds. The Fuel Used Indicator can be
zeroed out by pressing the Fuel Reset switch.

10) Fuel Quantity Indicator - Displays the fuel quantity remaining in each of the two fuel tanks.
11) Generator 1 Indicator (Amps/Volts) - Displays generator 1 DC Amps and DC Volts.
12) Date Indicator - Displays the current Flight Simulator date.
13) Generator 2 Indicator (Amps/Volts) - Displays generator 2 DC Amps and DC Volts.

14) Time Indicator - Displays the current Flight Simulator time.


15) Engine Oil Temperature and Pressure Indicators - Indicates Engine Oil Temperature in Celcius
and Engine Oil Pressure in Pounds Per Square Inch (PSI).
16) Fuel Reset Switch - Press to reset the Fuel Used indicator to zero.
17) Test Switch - Press and hold to place the EIS in test-mode. Release to cancel test-mode.

Page 18
AUTOPILOT
Autopilot Functions and Click-Spots

The Autopilot installed in the PC-12 aircraft is the Bendix/King KFC 325 Digital Automatic Flight Control
System (AFCS). The KFC 325 Digital AFCS has three axis controls: pitch, roll and yaw.

1) DN/UP - Controls the vertical axis of the


Autopilot. The rocker switch function is
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
dependent upon the Autopilot's active
mode.

1 8 9 10 11 12 13
2) HDG - Engages the Heading Select mode.
Heading information is received from the
Heading Bug on the EHSI.
3) NAV - Engages the Navigation mode. The Flight Director will command tracking of the Coupled Navigation
Receiver based on the EHSI selected Primary Navigation Source.

4) APR - Engages the Approach mode. APR mode will capture and track the selected localizer sensor with
approach accuracy. APR mode provides both lateral (LOC) and vertical (GS) tracking.

5) BC - Engages the Back Course mode.

6) YD - Engages the Yaw Damper and Rudder Trim Relief independent of the Autopilot's pitch and roll axes.

7) AP - Engages the Autopilot. The Yaw Damper is automatically activated when the Autopilot is engaged;
however, the Yaw Damper remains engaged if the Autopilot is disengaged.

8) ALT - Engages the Altitude Hold mode. Altitude Hold commands the aircraft to maintain the Pressure
Altitude existing at the moment of selection.

9) IAS - Engages the Indicated Airspeed Hold mode. When the Airspeed Indicator with Heading Bug
option is selected via the Configuration Manager, the Autopilot will automatically adjust the Power
Control Lever (throttle) to match the speed input via the Speed Bug.

10) FD - Engages the Flight Director in Pitch Attitude Hold mode and Wings Level Mode. The pitch
attitude of the Flight Director is synchronized to the current aircraft pitch attitude.

11) SOFT RIDE - Engages the Soft Ride mode. Soft Ride mode decreases the Autopilot gains thus decreasing the
aggressiveness of the Autopilot resulting in a more comfortable ride in turbulent conditions (not modeled).

12) HALF BANK - Engages the Half Bank mode. The Autopilot's maximum commanded bank angle is reduced
to one half of the normal value. This mode is provided to increase passenger comfort (not modeled).

13) TEST - Press to test the Autopilot Mode Lamps. When pressed, all Autopilot Mode Lamps should
illuminate. Press a second time to cancel the test.

Page 19
ALTITUDE PRESELECTOR
Altitude Preselector Functions and Click-Spots

The Altitude Preselector provides both altitude and vertical speed input. The type of display is selected
by pressing the Pull VS button.

A V
L S
T M 1
4
1
4

I O M
T D
3 3

U
2
O 2
E 4
D 4
D
E E

1) ENG - Engages the Vertical Speed Hold mode when depressed while the Selected Vertical Speed is displayed.

2) ARM - Engages the Autopilot Altitude Arm mode when depressed while the selected Altitude is
displayed. Altitude Select mode (ARM) will cancel the Autopilot Altitude Hold (ALT) mode if Autopilot
Altitude Hold is already engaged. ARM mode should be active to ensure altitude capture.

3) PULL VS - Press to toggle between Altitude Mode and VS Mode.

4) SET - Press to increase or decrease the value in either Altitude Mode or VS Mode. Values are selected
in 100 foot increments in both modes.

The Altitude Preselector will play an audible alert 1000 feet prior to your destination altitude, then again
300 feet prior to your destination altitude.

TRANSPONDER
Transponder Functions and Click-Spots

In addition to its basic functions, the GTX 337 transponder also displays Pressure Altitude and features a
Count-Up Timer, Altitude Monitor, and OAT and Density Altitude display.

4 1) IDENT - Press to activate SPI (Special Position


1
5
7 8
Identification) pulse in the unit (simulated
2 3 6 9 10 only). When pressed, IDENT text will appear at
the upper left of the display and remain there for
11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 12 13
18 seconds.

2) VFR - Sets the transponder code to 1200 when pressed. When pressed again, the previous code is
restored.

Page 20 Continued on Next Page


TRANSPONDER
Transponder Features and Click-Spots, Continued...

3) STBY - Selects the Standby mode. The Reply Symbol at the lower left of the display will disappear
when in Standby mode.
4) ON - Powers the transponder up and starts the self test. POST (Power On Self Test) screen stays visible for 5
seconds after turning the transponder on. During this time no other buttons on the transponder will function.
5) ALT - Sets the transponder to Mode A and C, essentially giving altitude information as well as ID to
interrogations. In Flight Simulator, altitude information is given automatically, regardless of transponder
simulated.
6) OFF - Powers the transponder off.
7) FUNC - Changes between pages shown at the right side of the display. Current modes simulated are
Pressure Altitude, Flight Time, Altitude Monitor, OAT/Density Altitude and Count Up Timer. See below
for more information on the different functions.
8) CRSR - By left-clicking the CRSR button, transponder code entry is completely cancelled once started,
but prior to last digit input.
9) START/STOP - Starts and stops the Count Up Timer by left-clicking the button. You must be on the
Count Up Timer function page to start and stop the respective timer.
10) CLR - Moves code entry cursor back (to left) one digit during code entry by left-clicking. If cursor is
returned to first code digit and CLR is left-clicked again, code entry is cancelled completely. Also resets
the Count Up Timer by right-clicking when the appropriate function page is active. Note that Count
Up Timer must be stopped for time clearing to work.
11) Numbers 0-7 - Used to enter transponder code by left-clicking. Clicking any button initiates code entry and
number on button pressed will be first digit in code. When fourth digit is entered, new code will be activated.
12) Numbers 8-9 - Decreases (8) or increases (9) Altitude monitor number by 100 foot increments via
left-click when Altitude Monitor function page is active.

Transponder Function Modes

PRESSURE ALT: Displays Pressure Altitude as Flight Level.


FLIGHT TIME: The timer will start automatically after lift-off and turn off automatically on touch-down.
Currently there is no CLR function built in.
ALTITUDE MONITOR: Shows altitude to be monitored (100 feet - 900 feet in 100 foot increments) and
specifies position relative to that altitude by showing ABOVE or BELOW indicator text. See description 12
(numbers 8-9 key section) above for setting the Monitor Altitude.
OAT/DALT: Outside Air Temperature and Density Altitude.
COUNT UP TIMER: Controlled by START/STOP and CLR buttons (see description 9 above).
COUNT DOWN TIMER: Not Modeled.

Page 21
OVERHEAD PANEL
Overhead Panel Functions and Click-Spots

The Overhead Panel contains the switches and buttons to control the electrical bus distribution, external
lighting, de-icing, starting and cabin heating systems.

Even though all overhead switches and buttons function, not all overhead functions are simulated.

1 2 2 12 15 15 17

When a button is depressed,


1 2 2
6
16 16 18
the corresponding lamp will
1 2 2 16 16 19 illuminate, indicating the
function is active. When a
2 2 7 9 7
8
20 20 21 button is depressed again and
turned off, the corresponding
3 3 20 20 22 lamp will extinguish, indicating
the function is turned off.
4 5 10 10 11 13 14 23

1) TEST - Press to test each of the following: Overhead lamps (all lamps display), Stick Pusher (audible
alarm) and Fire (audible alarm). Lamp test also tests CAWS lamps. Press again to cancel the test.

2) EXTERNAL LIGHTS - Press to turn ON or OFF the aircraft's various exterior lights.

3) FUEL PUMPS - Press to place the left-hand or right-hand fuel pumps in ON, AUTO or OFF mode.

4) STARTER - Press to engage the aircraft's Starter.

5) IGNITION - Press to turn the aircraft's Ignition to ON, AUTO or OFF mode.

6) AMP/VDC - Displays the current Amps and Volts load on the aircraft's electrical system.

7) GEN1/GEN2 - Switch to turn Generator 1 and/or Generator 2 ON and OFF.

8) BAT1 - Switch to turn the Battery ON or OFF. When BAT1 is switched ON or OFF, the Master Power
switch will be switched ON or OFF as well.

9) EXT1 - Switch to turn External Power ON or OFF.

10) AV2/AV1 - Switch to turn the Avionics Busses ON or OFF. Both switches are tied together.

11) NON ESS OVRD - Switch to place Non Essential Bus Override into AUTO mode.

12) MASTER POWER - Switch to turn the aircraft's power ON or OFF. This turns off all aircraft systems.

13) INV - Switch to place the aircraft's Inverter to either Generator 1 or Battery power.

Page 22 Continued on Next Page


OVERHEAD PANEL
Overhead Panel Functions and Click-Spots, Continued...

14) STBY BUS - Switch to turn the Standby Bus ON or OFF.

15) BOOTS - Press to turn the de-icing boots ON or OFF. Choose from 1-minute or 3-minute duration.

16) LH WSH/RH WSH - Press to turn on windshield heat. Choose from LIGHT (anti-fog) or HEAVY (anti-ice).

17) PROP - Press to turn ON propeller de-icing.

18) INERT SEP - Press to turn the Inertial Separator ON or OFF.

19) PROBES - Press to turn the pitot heat ON or OFF.

20) COOLING SYS - Press to turn the cooling system ON or OFF. When turned ON, choose Recirculated
Air, Cool Air, Fan Speed High or Low and Vent/Flood.

21) PASS WNG NO SMKG - Press to turn the No Smoking sign ON or OFF.

22) SEAT - Press to turn the Seatbelt sign ON or OFF.

23) CABIN - Press to turn Cabin Heat ON or OFF.

CAWS PANEL
The Central Advisory and Warning System (CAWS) integrates the control and display functions of aircraft
systems status into a single unit.

A warning light is red and indicates a condition that requires an immediate corrective action by the pilot.
It is accompanied by a voice callout and the master WARNING light will come on.
A caution light is amber and indicates a condition that requires a pilot's attention but not an immediate
reaction. It is accompanied by the master CAUTION light coming on and an aural gong sounding.
An advisory light is either green or blue and indicates that a system is in operation.

Page 23
CAWS PANEL WARNINGS
PASS DOOR Indicates main entry door and/or handle is not locked.
CAB DOOR Indicates cargo door and/or handle is not locked.
CAB PRESS Indicates cabin altitude above 10,700 ft or if the maximum pressure differential is exceeded.
AIR/GND Indicates a disparity between LH and RH AIR/GND switch inputs to the Stick Pusher computers.
PROP LOW P Indicates propeller has gone to a low pitch (below minimum in-flight pitch) with aircraft not on the ground.
A/P TRIM Indicates autopilot and/or auto trim failure.
ESNTL BUS Indicates voltage of the Bat, Gen 1, or Gen 2 busses less than 22 VDC.
AV BUS Indicates avionic busbar 1 or 2 voltage less than 22 VDC.
STAB TRIM Indicates stabilizer trim is unsafe for takeoff (on ground only).
OIL QTY Indicates low engine oil quantity (engine not running).
ENG FIRE Indicates over temperature condition and/or possible engine fire.
GEN 2 OFF Indicates that generator 2 is off-line.
BUS TIE Indicates generator 1 bus tie isolation relay is open.
PUSHER Indicates Stall Warning/ Stick Pusher System malfunction.
FIRE DETECT Indicates a malfunction in the engine fire detection circuit.
GEN 1 OFF Indicates that generator 1 is off-line.
INVERTER Indicates inverter output less than 20 VAC.
BAT HOT Indicates a battery over-temperature or temperature sensor disconnected.
FLAPS Indicates a flap system failure (mechanical or electrical).
CHIP Indicates metal particles in the engine oil system.
CAWS FAIL Indicates a CAWS internal failure.
BAT OFF Indicates a battery is off-line.
FUEL PRESS Indicates fuel system pressure is less then 2 psi. Extinguishes when fuel system pressure is greater than 3.5 psi.
HYDR Continuously illuminated in flight indicates low hydraulic pressure.
ECS Indicates Environmental Control System malfunction.
AOA DE ICE Indicates AOA de-ice malfunction or DE ICING PROBES switch set to OFF.
N ESNTL BUS Indicates non essential busbar voltage less than 22 VDC.
L FUEL LOW Indicates fuel quantity in left wing tank has reached 20 US gal.
A/P DISENG Indicates autopilot pitch and aileron servos disengaged.
DE ICE
Indicates a pressure sequence failure.
BOOTS
INERT SEP Indicates an inertial separator door operation failure.
STATIC Indicates a static port heater failure.
R FUEL LOW Indicates fuel quantity in right wing tank has reached 20 US gal.
BATTERY Indicates a battery over voltage or over current condition.
OIL QTY Indicates low engine oil quantity, engine running (non operative).
WSHLD HEAT Indicates a windshield heating system failure.
PITOT 1 Indicates a pilot pitot head heater failure.

Page 24 Continued on Next Page


CAWS WARNINGS
CAWS Panel Warnings, Continued...

PITOT 2 Indicates a copilot pitot head heater failure.


PROP DE ICE Indicates a propeller de-ice system failure.
L FUEL PUMP Indicates left fuel boost pump is opening.
A/P TRIM Indicates autopilot trim is operating.
PUSHER
Indicates that the pusher computer is set to ice mode.
ICE MODE
DE ICE
Indicates de-ice boots operating and pressure sequence correct.
BOOTS
PASS OXY Indicates adequate pressure of oxygen to the passenger masks.
R FUEL PUMP Indicates right fuel boost pump is operating.

BRAKE PANEL
Brake Panel Functions and Click-Spots

From the Brake Panel, you can access the Airspeed Reference Sticker, the Hobbs Meter, the Emergency
Locator Transmitter, the Parking Brake and the Clock.

1
1) ELT - Switch to turn the ELT ON, ARMED and to TEST/RESET
1 the ELT.

2) PARKING BRAKE - Press to turn the Parking Brake handle and


either release or engage the Parking Brakes.
2
3) RESET - Press to Reset the Elapsed Time.

4) CLOCK - Press to cycle through the different Clock modes.


Choose from Local Time, GMT Time and Elapsed Time.

7
5) START/STOP - Press to Stop or Start the Clock Timer.

3 4 5
6) Hobbs Meter - Displays the total accumulated engine time.

7) Airspeed Reference Sticker - Conveniently displays the most


6 common airspeed references.

Page 25
THROTTLE QUADRANT AND LOWER PANEL
Throttle Quadrant and Lower Panel Functions and Click-Spots

From the Throttle Quadrant and Lower Panel, you can access the aircraft's engine controls, flaps, landing
gear and trim functions.

In addition to the click-spots shown, you can click and hold each 6 7 8

handle, then drag the Manual Override lever, the Power Control lever
and the Condition lever. 9

10

1) Gear Lamps - Visually display whether the 17


retractable landing gear is down and locked 13
15
(Green) or transitioning (Red).
11

2) Flood Light - Press to turn the flood light ON 1

and OFF in the 2D cockpit. The cockpit flood 4

light in the VC is controlled via the separate


Flood Light switch on the center console, behind 12
the throttle lever.
3 5
3) Silencer - Press to mute audible alerts. Press 2 16
18
again to unmute audible alerts. 14

4/5) Landing Gear Up/Down - Press to cycle the landing gear up (4). Press to cycle the landing gear
down (5). The landing gear lever is inoperative on the ground.

6) Autotrim Indicator - Displays the current trim attitude of the aircraft in roll, yaw and pitch.

7) Autotrim Indicator Pop-Up - Press to pop up a larger version of the Autotrim Indicator.

8) Cabin Temperature Display - Displays the current Cabin Temperature in Celcius.

9/10) Stab Trim Up/Down - Press to trim the aircraft's nose down (9). Press to trim the aircraft's
nose up (10).

11/12) Manual Override Lever - Press and hold to move the Manual Override Lever toward MAX (11).
Press and hold to move the Manual Override Lever toward OFF (12). When the Manual Override
Lever is in the OFF position, you have full manual control of the Power Control lever. When you
move the Manual Override lever toward the MAX position, the Throttle Control lever will automatically
slowly advance to MAX and you will no longer have manual control. To regain manual control,
move the Manual Override Lever to the OFF position.

13/14) Power Control Lever - Press and hold to increase the Power Control Lever toward MAX (13).
Press and hold to decrease the Power Control Lever toward GROUND (14). Continuing to press
and hold will bring the Power Control Lever into the REVERSE position.

Page 26 Continued on Next Page


THROTTLE QUADRANT AND LOWER PANEL
Throttle Quadrant and Lower Panel Functions and Click-Spots, Continued...

15/16) Condition Lever - Press and hold to move the Condition Lever up toward FLIGHT IDLE (15).
Press and hold to move the Condition Lever down toward GROUND IDLE (16). Continuing to
move the Condition Lever down will place the Condition Lever in the CUT OFF/FEATHER position.
17/18) Flap Lever - Press to move the Flap Lever up (17). Press to move the Flap Lever down (18). Flap
positions are 0º (full up), 15º, 30º and 40º (full down). The current flap position is displayed on
the Flap Position Gauge on the main panel.

RADIO STACK
Radio Stack Functions and Click-Spots

The Radio Stack features a Garmin GMA 340 Audio Panel, two Garmin
1 GNS 430 GPSs (GPS 1 and GPS 2), a Bendix/King KR 87 ADF Receiver and
a Garmin MX200 Multi-Function Display (MFD). The CAWS panel has also
been included for convenience.
7
1) Garmin GMA 340 Audio panel
2
2) Garmin GNS 430 GPS with COM 1 and NAV 1
3) Garmin GNS 430 GPS with COM 2 and NAV 2
8
4) Bendix/King KR 87 ADF Receiver
5) Garmin MX200 MFD
3
6) CAWS Panel
4 9 7) Press to enlarge the GNS 430 GPS 1.
8) Press to enlarge the GNS 430 GPS 2.
9) Press to close the Radio Stack.
10) Press to enlarge the MX200 MFD.
11) Press to enlarge the CAWS panel.
5 10

Pilot's Guides for both the Garmin GNS 430 GPS and the Garmin MX200
MFD have been installed separately with your software. These Pilot's
Guides can be found in your Start Menu.
From the desktop - Start - All Programs - Flight One Software - Pilatus
PC-12 for FSX
11
6
Features and click-spots for the audio panel and the ADF receiver can
be found on the next few pages.

Page 27 Continued on Next Page


RADIO STACK
GMA 340 Audio Panel Functions and Click-Spots

2 4 6 8 9 10 11 17
1) PILOT - Press to turn the Audio Panel ON and OFF.

1
13 15
18
2) MKR MUTE - Press to MUTE audible marker alerts.
5 7 12
3 14 16
3) SENS - Press to adjust the marker sensitivity.

4) COM 1 - Press to hear to COM 1 audio.


5) COM 1 MIC - COM 1 microphone button.
6) COM 2 - Press to hear to COM 2 audio.
Although all buttons have click-spots and the
7) COM 2 MIC - COM 2 microphone button.
indicator lamps function, not all features are
8) NAV 1 - Press to hear NAV 1 audible idents. simulated.
9) NAV 2 - Press to hear NAV 2 audible idents.
10) DME - Press to hear DME audible idents.
11) ADF - Press to hear ADF audible idents.
12) COM 1/2 - Press to hear both COM 1 and COM 2 audio simultaneously.
13) SPKR - Speaker audio button.
14) PA - PA audio button.
15) PILOT - Pilot audio button.
16) CREW - Crew audio button.
17) TEST - Press and hold initiate lamp test. All lamps should illuminate. Release to cancel lamp test.
18) COPILOT - Press to turn the Audio Panel ON and OFF.

KR 87 Functions and Click-Spots

1) FRQ - Press to swap Standby and Active ADF


3 4 5 frequencies.
1
2 6 7 8 2) OFF/VOL - Press to turn the ADF receiver ON and OFF.

3) Press to increase whole second frequency number.


4) Press to increase whole third frequency number.
5) Press to increase fractional frequency number.
6) Press to decrease whole second frequency number.
7) Press to decrease whole third frequency number.
8) Press to decrease fractional frequency number.

Page 28
AIRCRAFT LIGHTING AND DOORS
Exterior Lighting Map

1
3

3 8 9 2

10
7

3
4
1
6 5

1) Beacon Lights 6) Taxi Light


2) Strobe Lights 7) Wing Light (Pilot's Side Only)
3) Navigation Lights 8) Cabin Door (Shift-E)
4) Recognition Lights 9) Cargo Door (Shift-E+2) - Battery Must Be ON
5) Landing Lights 10) Direct View Window (Shift-E+3)

Exterior and Interior Lighting Controls

TAXI - Turns the nose gear Taxi light ON and OFF.


LANDING - Turns the main gear Landing lights ON and OFF.
WING - Turns the Wing light ON and OFF. This is visible on the pilot's side only.
NAV - Turn the Navigation lights ON and OFF.
STROBE - Turn the wing Strobe lights ON and OFF.
BEACON - Turns the Beacon lights ON and OFF.
RECOG - Turns the wing Recognition lights ON and OFF.
LOGO - The Logo lights are not modeled.

Gauge backlighting in both the 2D cockpit and the VC is controlled directly via Flight Simulator and comes
on and turns off based on the time of day. The cockpit flood light in the VC is controlled via the separate
Flood Light switch on the center console, behind the throttle lever.

Page 29
LIMITATIONS
Airspeed Limitations

AIRSPEED KCAS KIAS SIGNIFICANCE


Maximum Operating Speed Do not exceed this speed in any
operations. Refer to VMO schedule
- VMO 240 236 for maximum speed above 15200 ft.

- MMO 0.48

Maximum Operating Do not make full or abrupt control


Maneuvering Speed - VO movements above this speed.

9921 lb (4500 kg) 161 158


9480 lb (4300 kg) 158 155
9039 lb (4100 kg) 154 121
8380 lb (3800 kg) 148 145
7940 lb (3600 kg) 144 141
7500 lb (3400 kg) 140 137
7060 lb (3200 kg) 136 133
6610 lb (3000 kg) 132 129
6170 lb (2800 kg) 127 124
5730 lb (2600 kg) 123 120

Maximum Flap Extended Do not exceed this speed with flaps extended.
Speed - VFE

<=15º 165 163

>15º 130 130

Maximum Landing Gear Do not retract or extend the landing gear


Operating Speed - VLO 180 170 above this speed.

Maximum Landing Gear Do not exceed this speed with


Extended Speed - VLE 240 236 landing gear extended.

Maneuver Limits

This airplane is certificated in the Normal Category. The Normal Category is applicable to aircraft intended
for non-aerobatic operations. These include any maneuvers incidental to normal flying, stalls (except whip
stalls), lazy eights, chandelles, and turns in which the bank angle does not exceed 60°. Aerobatic
maneuvers, including spins, are not approved.

Flight Load Limits with Flaps Up +3.3 g, -1.32 g


Flight Load Limits with Flaps Down +2.0 g, -0.0 g

Page 30 Continued on Next Page


LIMITATIONS
Airspeed Indicator Markings

MARKING KIAS VALUE REMARKS


OR RANGE
Red Line 236 or 0.48M Maximum operating limit (VMO / MMO)
or whichever is
Red/White lower
Needle

Green Arc 91 to 236 Normal operating range. Lower limit is maximum weight stall
speed in the clean configuration (VS). Upper limit is the
maximum operating speed (VMO / MMO).

Full flap operating range. Lower limit is maximum weight stall


White Arc 64 to 130 speed in landing configuration (VSO). Upper limit is maximum
speed with full flaps extended (VFE).

Engine Operating Limits

The limits presented in each column shall be observed. The limits presented do not necessarily occur
simultaneously.

OPERATING SHP TORQUE MAX Ng Np OIL OIL


CONDITION PSI ITT ºC % RPM PRESS PSI TEMP ºC
TAKEOFF 1200 44.34 800 104 1700 90 to 135 10 to 110

MAX CONT. CLIMB/CRUISE 1000 36.95 760 104 1700 90 to 135 10 to 110

MINIMUM IDLE 750 50.7 G.I. 60 Minimum -40 to 100


64 F.I.

STARTING 100 200 Maximum -40 Minimum

TRANSIENT 61.00 870 140 1870 40 to 200 -40 to 100

MAX REVERSE 900 34.25 760 1650 90 to 135 10 to 105

G.I. = Ground Idle


F.I. = Flight Idle

Page 31 Continued on Next Page


LIMITATIONS
Power Plant Instrument Markings

RED YELLOW GREEN YELLOW RED


DIA/RAD ARC ARC ARC RAD/DIA
Min. Limit Caution Normal Caution Max. Limit
Engine Speed (Ng) N/A N/A 60 to 104% N/A 104%

ITT N/A N/A 400 to 760 ºC 760 to 800 ºC 800/1000 ºC

Oil Temperature N/A N/A 10 to 105 ºC 105 to 110 ºC 110 ºC

Oil Pressure (PSI) 40/60 60 to 90 90 to 135 N/A 135/200

Torque (PSI) N/A N/A 0 to 36.9 36.9 to 44.3 44.3/61

EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

The procedures listed in this section are taken directly from the actual Pilatus PC-12 Pilot’s Operating
Handbook. Although we have designed the Flight1 Software Pilatus PC-12 for FSX to resemble and
function as closely as possible the real PC-12, it is not designed as a training device. It’s possible that
some checklist procedures listed may not be accomplished in this simulation.

General

The recommended action to be taken in case of failure or in emergency simulations is contained in this section. Some
situations require rapid action, leaving little time to consult the emergency procedures. Prior knowledge of these
procedures and a good understanding of the aircraft system is a prerequisite for safe aircraft handling.

Know your aircraft and be thoroughly familiar with important emergency procedures.

The emergency procedures use the terms — "Land as soon as possible" and "Land as soon as practical". For
the purpose of these procedures the meanings are as follows:

l Land as soon as possible - Land without delay at the nearest airport where a safe approach and
landing is reasonable assured.

l Land as soon as practical - Landing airport and duration of flight are at the discretion of the pilot.
Extended flight beyond the nearest suitable airport is not recommended.

Page 32
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
Airspeeds for Emergency Operations

All airspeeds are with aircraft in clean configuration under ISA conditions.

Operating Maneuvering Speed (VO) Best Glide (Propeller Feathered)


9921 lb (4500 kg) 158 KIAS 9921 lb (4500 kg) 114 KIAS
9480 lb (4300 kg) 155 KIAS 9039 lb (4100 kg) 110 KIAS
9039 lb (4100 kg) 151 KIAS 8380 lb (3800 kg) 106 KIAS
8380 lb (3800 kg) 145 KIAS 7720 lb (3500 kg) 102 KIAS
7940 lb (3600 kg) 141 KIAS 7060 lb (3200 kg) 97 KIAS
7500 lb (3400 kg) 137 KIAS 6400 lb (2900 kg) 93 KIAS
7060 lb (3200 kg) 133 KIAS
6610 lb (3000 kg) 129 KIAS
6170 lb (2800 kg) 124 KIAS
5730 lb (2600 kg) 120 KIAS

Rejected Takeoff

[ ] PCL................................................................................................................................... IDLE
[ ] Reverse............................................................................................................... AS REQUIRED
[ ] Braking................................................................................................................ AS REQUIRED

If the aircraft cannot be stopped in the remaining runway:


[ ] PCL................................................................................................................................... IDLE
[ ] Condition Lever............................................................................................CUT-OFF / FEATHER
[ ] Fuel Emergency Shut Off............................................. PRESS LATCH DOWN AND PULL LEVER UP
[ ] Master Power Switch................................................................................................... OPERATE

After the aircraft has stopped - Evacuate

Engine Failure

[ ] PCL...................................................................................................................FULL FORWARD
[ ] Manual Override Lever......................................... PULL UPWARDS AND MOVE SLOWLY FORWARD
TO ACHIEVE REQUIRED ENGINE POWER

If engine fails below 50% Ng or accelerates very slowly with ITT at limit (870 ºC/20
seconds) or compressor stall:
[ ] Starter.....................................................................................................PUSH FOR 2 SECONDS
[ ] Accelerate Ng > 80%...................................................................................................... CHECK

Page 33
NORMAL PROCEDURES

The procedures listed in this section are taken directly from the actual Pilatus PC-12 Pilot’s Operating
Handbook. Although we have designed the Flight1 Software Pilatus PC-12 for FSX to resemble and
function as closely as possible the real PC-12, it is not designed as a training device. It’s possible that
some checklist procedures listed may not be accomplished in this simulation.

General

This section provides the normal operating procedures for the aircraft. All of the procedures required by
regulation as well as those procedures which have been determined as necessary for the operation of this
aircraft are provided. Pilots must familiarize themselves with these procedures to become
proficient in the normal operation of the aircraft.

Airspeeds for Normal Operation

Airspeeds for normal operations are listed below. Unless otherwise noted, all airspeeds are based on a
maximum takeoff weight of 9,921 lb (4,500 kg) at sea level under ISA standard day conditions.

Takeoff:

Flaps 15º.......................................................................................................................79 KIAS


Flaps 30º.......................................................................................................................73 KIAS

Maximum Climb:

Best Angle...................................................................................................................110 KIAS

Best Rate Flaps 0º:

Up to 10000 Feet.........................................................................................................120 KIAS


15000 Feet..................................................................................................................115 KIAS
20000 Feet and Above..................................................................................................110 KIAS

Climb Speed with Flaps 0º and Pusher Ice Mode............................................................130 KIAS

Maximum Operating Maneuvering:

Speed (9921 lb / 4500 kg)............................................................................................158 KIAS

Maximum Flaps Extended:



Flaps 15º.....................................................................................................................163 KIAS
Flaps 40º.....................................................................................................................130 KIAS

Page 34 Continued on Next Page


NORMAL PROCEDURES
Maximum Landing Gear:

Extension.....................................................................................................................177 KIAS
Retraction....................................................................................................................177 KIAS
Extended.....................................................................................................................236 KIAS

Landing Approach Speed:

Flaps 0º.......................................................................................................................118 KIAS


Flaps 15º.......................................................................................................................98 KIAS
Flaps 30º.......................................................................................................................89 KIAS
Flaps 40º.......................................................................................................................84 KIAS

Preflight Checklist

[ ] Flight Control Lock.................................................. REMOVED AND PLACED IN STOWAGE POINT


[ ] Parking Brake Handle.......................................................................... SET/PUSH BRAKE PEDALS
[ ] External Power Switch......................................................................................................... OFF
[ ] Battery 1 and 2 Switches..................................................................................................... OFF
[ ] Generator 1 and 2 Switches................................................................................................. OFF
[ ] AV Bus 1 and 2 Switches...................................................................................................... OFF
[ ] Non-Essential Bus..............................................................................................................AUTO
[ ] STBY BUS Switch..................................................................................................................ON
[ ] TEST LAMP Switch............................................PUSH, CHECK OVERHEAD PANEL INDICATORS ON
[ ] EXTERNAL LIGHTS Switches................................................................................................ OFF
[ ] FUEL PUMPS Switches.......................................................................................................AUTO
[ ] IGNITION Switch..............................................................................................................AUTO
[ ] DE-ICING Switches.............................................................................................................. OFF
[ ] COOLING SYS Switch........................................................................................................... OFF
[ ] HEATING Switches.............................................................................................................. OFF
[ ] Landing Gear Handle....................................................................................................... DOWN
[ ] ECS Switch......................................................................................................................... OFF
[ ] CABIN PRESS Switch.........................................................................................AUTO/GUARDED
[ ] Cabin Pressure Controller.................................................. SET TO CRUISE ALTITUDE + 500 FEET
[ ] Manual Override Lever......................................................................................................... OFF
[ ] Power Control Lever.............................................................................................. IDLE DETENT
[ ] Condition Lever..............................................................................................CUT-OFF/FEATHER
[ ] Flap Lever..............................................................................................................................0º
[ ] Cockpit/Instrument/Cabin Light Switches.............................................................................. OFF

Page 35 Continued on Next Page


NORMAL PROCEDURES
Before Starting Engine Checklist

[ ] Preflight Inspections.................................................................................................. COMPLETE


[ ] Battery 1 and 2 Switches.......................................................................................................ON
[ ] Overhead Panel Voltmeter.................................................................. CHECK (23 VDC MINIMUM)
[ ] Landing Gear 3 Greens.................................................................................................... CHECK
[ ] Fuel Contents................................................................. CHECK EQUAL LEFT AND RIGHT LEVELS
[ ] FUEL PUMP LH Switch ON and AUTO........................................ CHECK FOR AUDIBLE OPERATION
[ ] FUEL PUMP RH Switch ON and AUTO........................................ CHECK FOR AUDIBLE OPERATION
[ ] OXYGEN Lever......................................................................................................................ON
[ ] External Lights..................................................................................................... AS REQUIRED

Engine Starting Checklist

[ ] Fuel Quantity.................................................................................................................. CHECK


[ ] EIS System........................................................................................................................TEST
[ ] TEST FIRE Switch....................................................PUSH (ENG FIRE AND F DETECT LIGHTS ON)
[ ] TEST LAMP Switch........................................PUSH (WARNING, CAUTION, ADVISORY LIGHTS ON)
[ ] Propeller Area..................................................................................................................CLEAR
[ ] STARTER Switch.......................................................................................PUSH FOR 2 SECONDS
A) Oil Pressure.................................................................................................. CHECK RISING
B) Ng..................................................................................... STABLE BETWEEN 9% AND 14%
[ ] Condition Lever....................................................................................................GROUND IDLE
[ ] Starter Sequence.....................................................................................................COMPLETED
[ ] Engine Instruments......................................................................................................... CHECK
[ ] Fuel Totalizer...................................................................................................................RESET
[ ] Generator 1 Switch....................................................................... ON (CHECK CAWS GEN 1 OFF)
[ ] Generator 2 Switch....................................................................... ON (CHECK CAWS GEN 2 OFF)
[ ] INVERTER BAT or GEN.....................................................CHECK FUNCTION/CHANGE SELECTION
[ ] AV Bus 1 and 2 Switches........................................................................................................ON
[ ] STBY BUS Switch................................................................................................................ OFF
[ ] Radios/Avionics.................................................................................................... AS REQUIRED
[ ] ESC Switch.......................................................................................................................AUTO
[ ] Temperature Setting............................................................................................. AS REQUIRED
[ ] Cooling or Heating System.................................................................................... AS REQUIRED
[ ] Inertial Separator..............................................................................................................OPEN

Page 36 Continued on Next Page


NORMAL PROCEDURES
Before Taxiing Checklist

[ ] AHRS 1/AHRS2.............................................................................................CHECK (NO FLAGS)


[ ] Flaps Lever..........................................................................................................................15º
[ ] Autopilot Test Button................................................................................. PRESS MOMENTARILY
[ ] CAWS Panel......................................................................... CHECK (NO RED WARNING LIGHTS)
[ ] DE-ICING PROBES Switch....................................................PUSH TO ON AND CHECK CAWS AOA
DE-ICE, PITOT 1, PITOT 2, STATIC CAUTIONS OFF
[ ] DE-ICING LH WSH Switch............................... PUSH TO ON AND CHECK CAWS WSHLD HEAT OFF
[ ] DE-ICING RH WSH Switch............................... PUSH TO ON AND CHECK CAWS WSHLD HEAT OFF
[ ] EXTERNAL LIGHTS Switches................................................................................. AS REQUIRED
[ ] Parking Brake Handle................................................................................................... RELEASE

Taxiing Checklist

[ ] Brakes............................................................................................................................ CHECK
[ ] Flight Instruments........................................................................................................... CHECK

Before Takeoff Checklist

[ ] Takeoff Power Setting............................................................................................. CALCULATED


[ ] Fuel Quantity.................................................................................................................. CHECK
[ ] Engine Instruments......................................................................................................... CHECK
[ ] Flight Instruments........................................................................................................... CHECK
[ ] Trim...............................................................................................................SET GREEN LINES
[ ] Flaps...................................................................................................................................15º
[ ] Flight Controls............................................................................................. FREE AND CORRECT
[ ] CAWS Panel......................................................................... CHECK (NO WARNING RED LIGHTS)
[ ] Radios/Avionics.................................................................................................... AS REQUIRED
[ ] De-Ice Probes Switch.............................................................................................................ON
[ ] Windshield Heat................................................................................................... AS REQUIRED
[ ] External Light Switches......................................................................................... AS REQUIRED
[ ] Transponder..........................................................................................................ON ALTITUDE
[ ] Condition Lever...................................................................................................... FLIGHT IDLE
[ ] DE-ICING Switches............................................................................................... AS REQUIRED

Page 37 Continued on Next Page


NORMAL PROCEDURES
Takeoff Checklist

[ ] EHSI...................................................................................................................... CHECK HDG


[ ] ESC Switch......................................................................................................................... OFF
[ ] Power Control Lever.............................................................................................................SET
[ ] Engine Instruments
A) Torque.................................................................................................................MONITOR
B) ITT......................................................................................................................MONITOR
C) Ng.......................................................................................................................MONITOR
D) Oil Temp/Pressure................................................................................................MONITOR
[ ] Rotate at Vr, Initial Climb at Vx or Vy..................................................................... AS REQUIRED
[ ] Brakes.................................................................................. PRESS TO STOP WHEEL ROTATION

After Lift-Off and Positive Rate of Climb:

[ ] Landing Gear Handle............................................................................................................. UP


[ ] Flaps........................................................................................................... 0º ABOVE 100 KIAS
[ ] Taxi Light............................................................................................................................ OFF
[ ] External Lights..................................................................................................... AS REQUIRED
[ ] Yaw Damper........................................................................................................ AS REQUIRED

Climb Checklist

[ ] Ice Protection System........................................................................................... AS REQUIRED


[ ] Autopilot.............................................................................................................. AS REQUIRED
[ ] Power Control Lever.............................................................................................................SET
[ ] ECS Switch.......................................................................................................................AUTO
[ ] Engine Instruments
A) Torque.................................................................................................................MONITOR
B) ITT......................................................................................................................MONITOR
C) Ng.......................................................................................................................MONITOR
D) Oil Temp/Pressure................................................................................................MONITOR
[ ] Temperature Setting............................................................................................. AS REQUIRED
[ ] Inertial Separator.......................................................................................................... CLOSED

Page 38 Continued on Next Page


NORMAL PROCEDURES
Cruise Checklist

[ ] Altimeters.....................................................................................................SET 29.92 (1013.2)


[ ] AHRS............................................................................................................................. CHECK
[ ] Cabin Pressurization....................................................................................................MONITOR
[ ] Power Control Lever.............................................................................................................SET
[ ] Engine Instruments.....................................................................................................MONITOR
[ ] Ice Protection System........................................................................................... AS REQUIRED

Descent Checklist

[ ] Ice Protection System........................................................................................... AS REQUIRED


[ ] Power Control Lever........................................................................... SET TO DESIRED TORQUE
[ ] Cabin Pressure Controller...................................................SET TO FIELD ELEVATION + 500 FEET
[ ] Windshield Heat................................................................................................... AS REQUIRED

Before Landing Checklist

[ ] Ice Protection System........................................................................................... AS REQUIRED


[ ] Altimeter.............................................................................................................................SET
[ ] Fuel Quantity.................................................................................................................. CHECK
[ ] Landing Gear......................................................................................DOWN (BELOW 177 KIAS)
[ ] Landing Lights..................................................................................................... AS REQUIRED
[ ] External Lights..................................................................................................... AS REQUIRED
[ ] Flaps (Normal)......................................................................................SET 15º (MAX 163 KIAS)
[ ] Speed................................................................................................................AOA CENTERED
[ ] Passengers...................................................................................................................... BRIEF
[ ] Inertial Separator................................................ON (IF OPERATING ON UNPREPARED SURFACE)

Final Check Checklist

[ ] Landing Gear............................................................................................................. 3 GREENS


[ ] Flaps (Normal)................................................................................. SET 40º (BELOW 130 KIAS)
[ ] Speed................................................................................................................AOA CENTERED
[ ] Pressurization.................................................................................................0 DIFF PRESSURE
[ ] Autopilot............................................................................................................... DISENGAGED
[ ] Yaw Damper......................................................................................................... DISENGAGED

Page 39 Continued on Next Page


NORMAL PROCEDURES
Landing

[ ] Touchdown................................................................................................MAIN WHEELS FIRST


[ ] Flair........................................................................... DO NOT FLARE WITH HIGH PITCH ANGLE
[ ] Power Control Lever........................................................................................................... IDLE
[ ] Condition Lever....................................................................................................GROUND IDLE
[ ] Braking................................................................................................................ AS REQUIRED

Landing

When Runway Vacated:

[ ] Power Control Lever............................................................................................. AS REQUIRED


[ ] Condition Lever....................................................................................................GROUND IDLE
[ ] Flaps.................................................................................................................................... UP
[ ] External Lights..................................................................................................... AS REQUIRED
[ ] All De-Icing Switches........................................................................................................... OFF
[ ] Transponder.......................................................................................................................STBY

Shutdown

[ ] Power Control Lever.............................................................................................. IDLE DETENT


[ ] Parking Brake.................................................................................................SET/PEDALS PUSH
[ ] ECS Switch......................................................................................................................... OFF
[ ] External Light Switches........................................................................................................ OFF
[ ] DE-ICING Switches.............................................................................................................. OFF
[ ] Cooling and Heating Systems............................................................................................... OFF
[ ] STBY BUS Switch..................................................................................................................ON
[ ] AV BUS 1 and 2 Switches..................................................................................................... OFF
[ ] Generator 1 and 2 Switches................................................................................................. OFF
[ ] Condition Lever..............................................................................................CUT-OFF/FEATHER
[ ] Lighting Switches................................................................................................................ OFF
[ ] CAWS OIL QTY Warning.................................................................................................. CHECK
[ ] Battery 1 and 2 Switches..................................................................................................... OFF
[ ] STBY BUS Switch................................................................................................................ OFF

Page 40
PERFORMANCE CHARTS

The performance charts listed in this section are taken directly from the actual PC-12 Pilot’s Operating
Handbook. Although we have taken great pains to ensure that the Flight1 Software PC-12 for FSX flies
as closely to the real thing as possible, in some cases performance of the sim aircraft may not match
exactly the performance of the real aircraft due to programming limitations in Flight Simulator.

General

This section contains the required performance data for airplane operation. The performance information
presented in this section is derived from actual flight test data corrected to standard day conditions and
analytically expanded for the different parameters such as weight, altitude, temperature, etc.

Stall Speeds - Flight Idle Power

Page 41 Continued on Next Page


PERFORMANCE CHARTS
Takeoff Ground Roll

Page 42 Continued on Next Page


PERFORMANCE CHARTS
Maximum Power Cruise

Long Range Cruise

Page 43 Continued on Next Page


PERFORMANCE CHARTS
Cruise Climb Airspeed Schedule

Page 44 Continued on Next Page


PERFORMANCE CHARTS
Power-Off Glide Distance

Landing Ground Roll

Page 45
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
General

This section contains the information required to determine the Basic Empty Weight and Moment of the
aircraft, and calculate aircraft loading for various flight operations. A sample loading form is provided.
To achieve the performance designed for the aircraft it must be flown with approved weight and center of
gravity limits. It is the responsibility of the pilot in command to make sure that the aircraft does
not exceed the maximum weight limits and is loaded within the center of gravity range before
takeoff.

Example Loading Form

WEIGHT ARM AFT OF MOMENT


ITEM
LB DATUM In (m) LB-IN
1. Basic Empty Weight 5613 225.16 (5.719) 1263823
2. Combi Interior Conversion N/A N/A N/A
3. Pilot 170 160.27 (4.071) 27246
4. Copilot (Right Seat Passenger) 170 160.27 (4.071) 27246
5. Passenger 1 170 215.00 (5.461) 36550
6. Passenger 2 170 212.03 (5.386) 36045
7. Passenger 3 170 248.00 (6.299) 42160
8. Passenger 4 170 245.03 (6.224) 41655
9. Passenger 5 170 281.00 (7.137) 47770
10. Passenger 6 170 278.05 (7.062) 47268
11. Passenger 7 170 314.00 (7.976) 53380
12. Passenger 8 170 311.03 (7.900) 52875
13. Passenger 9 170 344.03 (8.738) 58485
14. Optional Wardrobe 191.00 (4.851)
15. LH Cabinet 212.10 (5.387)
16. RH Cabinet 211.19 (5.364)
17. a. Rear Baggage (Net at Frame 32) 215 361.00 (9.170) 79765
b. Rear Baggage (Net at Frame 34) 370.87 (9.420)
18. Cargo
19. Zero Fuel Weight MZFW 9039 lb (4100kg) (Sum of 1-18) 7698 229.49 1814268
20. Fuel 1650 - 382790
21. Ramp Weight MRW 9965 lb (4520 kg) (Sum of 19+20) 9348 229.92 2197058
22. Less Fuel for Ground Operations 40 - 9369
23. Add Moment Due to Gear Retraction - - 538(6.2)
24. Takeoff Weight MTOW 9921 lb (4500 kg) (Sum of 21-22+23) 9308 229.97 2188227

Page 46 Continued on Next Page


WEIGHT AND BALANCE
Blank Loading Form

Please note that not all ITEMs listed in this blank loading form can be adjusted from within Flight
Simulator or otherwise.

WEIGHT ARM AFT OF MOMENT


ITEM
LB (kg) DATUM In (m) LB-IN (kg-m)
1. Basic Empty Weight

2. Combi Interior Conversion

3. Pilot 160.27 (4.071)

4. Copilot (Right Seat Passenger) 160.27 (4.071)

5. Passenger 1

6. Passenger 2

7. Passenger 3

8. Passenger 4

9. Passenger 5

10. Passenger 6

11. Passenger 7

12. Passenger 8

13. Passenger 9

14. Optional Wardrobe 191.00 (4.851)

15. LH Cabinet 212.10 (5.387)

16. RH Cabinet 211.19 (5.364)

17. a. Rear Baggage (Net at Frame 32) 361.00 (9.170)

b. Rear Baggage (Net at Frame 34) 370.87 (9.420)

18. Cargo

19. Zero Fuel Weight MZFW 9039 lb (4100kg) (Sum of 1-18)

20. Fuel -

21. Ramp Weight MRW 9965 lb (4520 kg) (Sum of 19+20)

22. Less Fuel for Ground Operations -

23. Add Moment Due to Gear Retraction - - 538(6.2)

24. Takeoff Weight MTOW 9921 lb (4500 kg) (Sum of 21-22+23)

Page 47 Continued on Next Page


WEIGHT AND BALANCE
C.G. Envelope

THIS SPACE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Page 48
© 2007 Flight1 Software. All Rights Reserved.

www.flight1.com
Page 49 Version 1.0D