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BRITISH STANDARD BS EN

22768-1:1993
ISO 2768-1:
Licensed copy: University of Auckland Library, University of Auckland Library, Version correct as of 15/07/2012 07:51, (c) The British Standards Institution 2012

1989

General tolerances —
Part 1: Tolerances for linear and
angular dimensions without individual
tolerance indications

The European Standard EN 22768-1:1993 has the status of a


British Standard

UDC 621.713.12:744.4
BS EN 22768-1:1993

Cooperating organizations
Licensed copy: University of Auckland Library, University of Auckland Library, Version correct as of 15/07/2012 07:51, (c) The British Standards Institution 2012

The European Committee for Standardization (CEN), under whose supervision


this European Standard was prepared, comprises the national standards
organizations of the following countries:

Austria Oesterreichisches Normungsinstitut


Belgium Institut belge de normalisation
Denmark Dansk Standardiseringsraad
Finland Suomen Standardisoimisliito, r.y.
France Association française de normalisation
Germany Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V.
Greece Hellenic Organization for Standardization
Iceland Technological Institute of Iceland
Ireland National Standards Authority of Ireland
Italy Ente Nazionale Italiano di Unificazione
Luxembourg Inspection du Travail et des Mines
Netherlands Nederlands Normalisatie-instituut
Norway Norges Standardiseringsforbund
Portugal Instituto Portuguès da Qualidade
Spain Asociación Española de Normalización y Certificación
Sweden Standardiseringskommissionen i Sverige
Switzerland Association suisse de normalisation
United Kingdom British Standards Institution

This British Standard, having


been prepared under the
direction of the Machine,
Engineers and Hand Tools
Standards Policy Committee,
was published under the
authority of the Standards
Board and comes into effect on Amendments issued since publication
15 November 1993

© BSI 12-1998 Amd. No. Date Comments

The following BSI references


relate to the work on this
standard:
Committee reference MTE 24
Announced in
BSI News, October 1993

ISBN 0 580 22604 2


BS EN 22768-1:1993

Contents
Licensed copy: University of Auckland Library, University of Auckland Library, Version correct as of 15/07/2012 07:51, (c) The British Standards Institution 2012

Page
Cooperating organizations Inside front cover
National foreword ii
Foreword 2
Introduction 3
1 Scope 3
2 General 3
3 Normative references 3
4 General tolerances 3
5 Indications on drawings 4
6 Rejection 4
Annex A (informative) Concepts behind general tolerancing of
linear and angular dimensions 5
Annex ZA (normative) Normative references to international
publications with their relevant European publications 6
Table 1 — Permissible deviations for linear dimensions except
for broken edges 4
Table 2 — Permissible deviations for broken edges 4
Table 3 — Permissible deviations of angular dimensions 4
National annex NA (informative) Committees responsible Inside back cover
National annex NB (informative) Cross-reference Inside back cover

© BSI 12-1998 i
BS EN 22768-1:1993

National foreword
Licensed copy: University of Auckland Library, University of Auckland Library, Version correct as of 15/07/2012 07:51, (c) The British Standards Institution 2012

This British Standard has been prepared under the direction of the Machine,
Engineers and Hand Tools Standards Policy Committee and is the English
language version of EN 22768-1:1993 General tolerances — Part 1: Tolerances for
linear and angular dimensions without individual tolerance indications,
published by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN). It is identical
with ISO 2768-1:1989 published by the International Organization for
Standardization (ISO). This standard supersedes BS 4500-3:1973, which is
withdrawn.
A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a
contract. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct application.
Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity
from legal obligations.

Summary of pages
This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, pages i and ii,
the EN title page, pages 2 to 6, an inside back cover and a back cover.
This standard has been updated (see copyright date) and may have had
amendments incorporated. This will be indicated in the amendment table on
the inside front cover.

ii © BSI 12-1998
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 22768-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
Licensed copy: University of Auckland Library, University of Auckland Library, Version correct as of 15/07/2012 07:51, (c) The British Standards Institution 2012

EUROPÄISCHE NORM April 1993

UDC 621.713.12:744.4

Descriptors: Machine components, dimensional tolerances, angular tolerances, untoleranced dimensions, dimensional deviations,
specifications

English version

General tolerances — Part 1: Tolerances for linear and


angular dimensions without individual tolerance
indications
(ISO 2768-1:1989)

Tolérances générales — Partie 1: Tolérances Allegemeintoleranzen — Teil 1: Toleranzen für


pour dimensions linéaires et angulaires non Längen- und Winkelmaße ohne einzelne
affectées de tolérances individuelles Toleranzeintragung
(ISO 2768-1:1989) (ISO 2768-1:1989)

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 1993-04-15. CEN members


are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which
stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a
national standard without any alteration.
Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any
CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French,
German). A version in any other language made by translation under the
responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the
Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium,
Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,
Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and
United Kingdom.

CEN
European Committee for Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation
Europäisches Komitee für Normung

Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 36, B-1050 Brussels

© 1993 Copyright reserved to CEN members


Ref. No. EN 22768-1:1993 E
EN 22768-1:1993
Licensed copy: University of Auckland Library, University of Auckland Library, Version correct as of 15/07/2012 07:51, (c) The British Standards Institution 2012

Foreword
In 1991, the International Standard
ISO 2768-1:1989 General tolerances —
Part 1: Tolerances for linear and angular
dimensions without individual tolerance indications
was submitted to the CEN Primary Questionnaire
procedure.
Following the positive result of the CEN/CS
Proposal, ISO 2768-1:1989 was submitted to the
Formal Vote.
The result of the Formal Vote was positive.
This European Standard shall be given the status of
a national standard, either by publication of an
identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by
October 1993, and conflicting national standards
shall be withdrawn at the latest by October 1993.
According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal
Regulations, the following countries are bound to
implement this European Standard: Austria,
Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany,
Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg,
Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, United Kingdom.
NOTE The European references to international publications
are given in annex ZA (normative).

2 © BSI 12-1998
EN 22768-1:1993
Licensed copy: University of Auckland Library, University of Auckland Library, Version correct as of 15/07/2012 07:51, (c) The British Standards Institution 2012

Introduction 2 General
All features on component parts always have a size When selecting the tolerance class, the respective
and a geometrical shape. For the deviation of size customary workshop accuracy has to be taken into
and for the deviations of the geometrical consideration. If smaller tolerances are required or
characteristics (form, orientation and location) the larger tolerances are permissible and more
function of the part requires limitations which, economical for any individual feature, such
when exceeded, impair this function. tolerances should be indicated adjacent to the
The tolerancing on the drawing should be complete relevant nominal dimension(s).
to ensure that the elements of size and geometry of General tolerances for linear and angular
all features are controlled, i.e. nothing shall be dimensions apply when drawings or associated
implied or left to judgement in the workshop or in specifications refer to this part of ISO 2768 in
the inspection department. accordance with clauses 4 and 5. If there are general
The use of general tolerances for size and geometry tolerances for other processes, as specified in other
simplifies the task of ensuring that this prerequisite International Standards, reference shall be made to
is met. them on the drawings or associated specifications.
For a dimension between an unfinished and a
1 Scope finished surface, e.g. of cast or forged parts, for
which no individual tolerance is directly indicated,
This part of ISO 2768 is intended to simplify the larger of the two general tolerances in question
drawing indications and it specifies general applies, e.g. for castings, see ISO 80621).
tolerances for linear and angular dimensions
without individual tolerance indications in four 3 Normative references
tolerance classes.
NOTE 1 The concepts behind the general tolerancing of linear
The following standards contain provisions which,
and angular dimensions are described in annex A. through reference in this text, constitute provisions
It applies to the dimensions of parts that are of this part of ISO 2768. At the time of publication,
produced by metal removal or parts that are formed the editions indicated were valid. All standards are
from sheet metal. subject to revision, and parties to agreements based
on this part of ISO 2768 are encouraged to
NOTE 2 These tolerances may be suitable for use with
materials other than metal. investigate the possibility of applying the most
NOTE 3 Parallel International Standards exist or are planned, recent editions of the standards indicated below.
e.g. see ISO 80621) for castings. Members of IEC and ISO maintain registers of
This part of ISO 2768 only applies for the following currently valid International Standards.
dimensions which do not have an individual ISO 2768-2:1989, General tolerances —
tolerance indication: Part 2: Geometrical tolerances for features without
a) linear dimensions (e.g. external sizes, internal individual tolerance indications.
sizes, step sizes, diameters, radii, distances, ISO 8015:1985, Technical drawings —
external radii and chamfer heights for broken Fundamental tolerancing principle.
edges);
b) angular dimensions, including angular 4 General tolerances
dimensions usually not indicated, e.g. right 4.1 Linear dimensions
angles (90°), unless reference to ISO 2768-2 is
made, or angles of uniform polygons; General tolerances for linear dimensions are given
in Table 1 and Table 2.
c) linear and angular dimensions produced by
machining assembled parts. 4.2 Angular dimensions
It does not apply for the following dimensions: General tolerances specified in angular units
a) linear and angular dimensions which are control only the general orientation of lines or line
covered by reference to other standards on elements of surfaces, but not their form deviations.
general tolerances; The general orientation of the line derived from the
b) auxiliary dimensions indicated in brackets; actual surface is the orientation of the contacting
line of ideal geometrical form. The maximum
c) theoretically exact dimensions indicated in distance between the contacting line and the actual
rectangular frames. line shall be the least possible value (see ISO 8015).

1)
ISO 8062:1984, Castings — System of dimensional tolerances.

© BSI 12-1998 3
EN 22768-1:1993
Licensed copy: University of Auckland Library, University of Auckland Library, Version correct as of 15/07/2012 07:51, (c) The British Standards Institution 2012

The permissible deviations of angular dimensions EXAMPLE


are given in Table 3. ISO 2768-m
5 Indications on drawings 6 Rejection
If general tolerances in accordance with this part of Unless otherwise stated, workpieces exceeding the
ISO 2768 shall apply, the following information general tolerance shall not lead to automatic
shall be indicated in or near the title block: rejection provided that the ability of the workpiece
a) “ISO 2768” to function is not impaired (see clause A.4).
b) the tolerance class in accordance with this part
of ISO 2768.
Table 1 — Permissible deviations for linear dimensions except for broken edges
(external radii and chamfer heights, see Table 2)
Values in millimetres
Tolerance class Permissible deviations for basic size range
Designation Description a over over over over over over over
0,5
up to 3 6 30 120 400 1 000 2 000
up to up to up to up to up to up to up to
3
6 30 120 400 1 000 2 000 4 000
f fine ± 0,05 ± 0,05 ± 0,1 ± 0,15 ± 0,2 ± 0,3 ± 0,5 —
m medium ± 0,1 ± 0,1 ± 0,2 ± 0,3 ± 0,5 ± 0,8 ± 1,2 ±2
c coarse ± 0,2 ± 0,3 ± 0,5 ± 0,8 ± 1,2 ±2 ±3 ±4
v very coarse — ± 0,5 ±1 ± 1,5 ± 2,5 ±4 ±6 ±8
aFor nominal sizes below 0,5 mm, the deviations shall be indicated adjacent to the relevant nominal size(s).

Table 2 — Permissible deviations for broken edges (external radii and chamfer heights)
Values in millimetres
Tolerance class Permissible deviations for basic size range
Designation Description a over 3 up to 6 over 6
0,5 up to 3
f fine
± 0,2 ± 0,5 ±1
m medium
c coarse
± 0,4 ±1 ±2
v very coarse
aFor nominal sizes below 0,5 mm, the deviations shall be indicated adjacent to the relevant nominal size(s).

Table 3 — Permissible deviations of angular dimensions


Tolerance class Permissible deviations for ranges of lengths, in millimetres,
of the shorter side of the angle concerned
Designation Description up to 10 over 10 up to 50 over 50 up to 120 over 120 up to 400 over 400
f fine
± 1° ± 0°30′ ± 0°20′ ± 0°10′ ± 0°5′
m medium
c coarse ± 1°30′ ± 1° ± 0°30′ ± 0°15′ ± 0°10′
v very coarse ± 3° ± 2° ± 1° ± 0°30′ ± 0°20′

4 © BSI 12-1998
EN 22768-1:1993
Licensed copy: University of Auckland Library, University of Auckland Library, Version correct as of 15/07/2012 07:51, (c) The British Standards Institution 2012

Annex A (informative) c) the drawing readily indicates which feature


Concepts behind general tolerancing can be produced by normal process capability,
which also assists quality engineering by
of linear and angular dimensions reducing inspection levels;
A.1 General tolerances should be indicated on the d) those dimensions remaining, which have
drawing by reference to this part of ISO 2768 in individually indicated tolerances, will, for the
accordance with clause 5. most part, be those controlling features for which
the function requires relatively small tolerances
The values of general tolerances correspond to and which therefore may require special effort in
tolerance classes of customary workshop accuracy, the production — this will be helpful for
the appropriate tolerance class being selected and production planning and will assist quality
indicated on the drawing according to the control services in their analysis of inspection
requirement for the components. requirements;
A.2 Above certain tolerance values, there is usually e) purchase and sub-contract supply engineers
no gain in manufacturing economy by enlarging the can negotiate orders more readily since the
tolerance. For example, a feature having a 35 mm “customary workshop accuracy” is known before
diameter could be manufactured to a high level of the contract is placed; this also avoids arguments
conformance in a workshop with “customary on delivery between the buyer and the supplier,
medium accuracy” Specifying a tolerance of ± 1 mm since in this respect the drawing is complete.
would be of no benefit in this particular workshop, These advantages are fully obtained only when
as the general tolerance values of ± 0,3 mm would be there is sufficient reliability that the general
quite adequate. tolerances will not be exceeded, i.e. when the
customary workshop accuracy of the particular
However, if, for functional reasons, a feature
workshop is equal to or finer than the general
requires a smaller tolerance value than the “general
tolerances indicated in the drawing.
tolerances”, then that feature should have the
smaller tolerance indicated individually adjacent to The workshop should, therefore
the dimension defining its size or angle. This type of — find out by measurements what its customary
tolerance falls outside the scope of general workshop accuracy is;
tolerances. — accept only those drawings having general
In cases where the function of a feature allows a tolerances equal to or greater than its customary
tolerance equal to or larger than the general workshop accuracy;
tolerance values, these should not be indicated — check by sampling that its customary
adjacent to the dimension but should be stated on workshop accuracy does not deteriorate.
the drawing as described in clause 5. This type of
Relying on undefined “good workmanship” with all
tolerance allows full use of the concept of general
tolerancing. its uncertainties and misunderstandings is no
longer necessary with the concept of general
There will be “exceptions to the rule” where the geometrical tolerances. The general geometrical
function of the feature allows a larger tolerance tolerances define the required accuracy of “good
than the general tolerances, and the larger workmanship”.
tolerance will provide manufacturing economy. In
these special cases, the larger tolerance should be A.4 The tolerance the function allows is often
indicated individually adjacent to the dimension for greater than the general tolerance. The function of
the particular feature, e.g. the depth of blind holes the part is, therefore, not always impaired when the
drilled at assembly. general tolerance is (occasionally) exceeded at any
feature of the workpiece. Exceeding the general
A.3 Using general tolerances leads to the following tolerance should lead to a rejection of the workpiece
advantages: only if the function is impaired.
a) drawings are easier to read and thus
communication is made more effective to the user
of the drawing;
b) the design draughtsman saves time by
avoiding detailed tolerance calculations as it is
sufficient only to know that the function allows a
tolerance greater than or equal to the general
tolerance;

© BSI 12-1998 5
EN 22768-1:1993
Licensed copy: University of Auckland Library, University of Auckland Library, Version correct as of 15/07/2012 07:51, (c) The British Standards Institution 2012

Annex ZA (normative)
Normative references to international publications with their relevant
European publications
This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications.
These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed
hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply
to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references
the latest edition of the publication referred to applies (including amendments).

Publication Title EN/HD


ISO 2768-2 General tolerances — Part 2: Geometrical tolerances for features EN 22768-2
without individual tolerances indications
ISO 8015 Technical drawings — Fundamental tolerancing principle

6 © BSI 12-1998
BS EN 22768-1:1993

National annex NA (informative)


Licensed copy: University of Auckland Library, University of Auckland Library, Version correct as of 15/07/2012 07:51, (c) The British Standards Institution 2012

Committees responsible
The United Kingdom participation in the preparation of this European Standard was entrusted by the
Machine, Engineers and Hand Tools Standards Policy Committee (MTE/-) to Technical Committee
MTE/24, upon which the following bodies were represented:
British Cast Iron Research Association
British Electrical and Allied Manufacturers’ Association
British Foundry Association
Federation of British Engineers Tool Manufacturers
Railway Industry Association of Great Britain
Society of British Aerospace Companies Ltd.
Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders Ltd.
Zinc Development Association
Coopted members

National annex NB (informative)

Cross-reference
Publication referred to Corresponding British Standard
ISO 2768-1:1989 BS EN 22768-2:1993 General tolerance
Part 2: Geometrical tolerances for features without individual tolerance
indications

© BSI 12-1998
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