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# Sifat-Sifat Operasi Hitung Bilangan Bulat

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Last Updated on Thursday, 14 January 2016 10:10 Saturday, 31 May 2014 11:30

SMP

## 2. Komutatif terhadap penjumlahan dan perkalian.

Contoh: –4 + 15 = 15 + (–4)

8 × (–10) = –10 × 8

## Identitas operasi perkalian : a × 1= 1 × a = a

5. Sifat distributif perkalian terhadap penjumlahan dan pengurangan:

a × (b + c) = (a × b) + (a × c)

a × (b − c) = (a × b) − (a × c)

Contoh:

## 12 × (6 + 14) = 12 × 20 = 240 15 × (30 − 5) = 15 × 25 = 375

(12 × 6) + (12 × 14) = 72 +168 = 240 (15 × 30) − (15 × 5) = 450 – 75 = 375

Jadi, 12 × (6 +14) = (12 × 6) + (12 × 14). Jadi, 15 × (30 − 5) = (15 × 30) − (15 × 5).

## Sifat-sifat operasi hitung dapat digunakan untuk mempermudah perhitungan.

Contoh:

a. 51 × 49 = (50 + 1) × 49

= (50 + 1) × (50 – 1)

= 50(50 – 1) + 1(50 – 1)

= 2.500 – 50 + 50 – 1

= 2.499

= 113 × 100

= 11.300

Kantor Pusat

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## Operasi Hitung Campuran Bilangan Bulat

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