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Republic of the Philippines

Office of the President


Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council
HOUSING AND LAND USE REGULATORY BOARD

BOARD RESOLUTION NO. 963


Series of 2017

PURSUANT TO Section 5 (c) and U), Executive Order No. 648, Series of 1981, as
amended by Executive Order No. 90, Series of 1986, and Executive Order No.
535, Series of 1979, as amended by Section 26 of Republic Act No. 8763, and
Republic Act No. 9904, and in revision of Board Resolution No. 877, Series of 2011,
the Board of Commissioners of the Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board
hereby adopts and promulgates the following:

REVISED RULES OF PROCEEDINGS


BEFORE REGIONAL ARBITERS

Rule 1
PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS

Section 1. Title. - This Rules shall be known as "The Revised Rules of


Proceedings Before Regional Arbiters."

Section 2. Objectives. - The objectives of this Rules are:

2.1. To protect and promote the constitutional right of persons to the


speedy disposition of their cases;

2.2. To provide a simplified and inexpensive procedure for the resolution of


cases;

2.3. To streamline the adjudicatory processes to provide immediate


response to the grievances of the citizenry;

2.4. To introduce innovations and best practices for the benefit of the
underprivileged.

Section 3. Definition of Terms. - For purposes of this Rule:

3.1. Actionable document refers to the document upon which the action or
defense is based.

3.2. Affidavit refers to a written statement or declaration of facts that are


sworn or affirmed to be true before a person authorized to administer the oath.

3.3. Arbiter refers to the officer authorized by law, rules and regulations to
take hear and resolve disputes filed in accordance with this Rules. By designation,
Arbiters may either be -

SUNNYMEDE IT CENTER, 1614 Quezon Ave., South Triangle, Quezon City


www.hlurb.gov.ph
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3.3.1. Regional Arbiter who exercises jurisdiction within the


territorial boundaries of the Regional Field Office to which he/she is
assigned, or

3.3.2. LSG Arbiters who exercises the same functions as the


Regional Arbiter except that they are not bound by the confines of
the territorial jurisdiction of any Regional Field Office and hears and
decides cases only when the Regional Arbiter has recused or to
assist in the disposition of cases pending before the Regional Field
Offices.

3.4. Counterclaim refers to the retaliatory claim by a respondent against a


complainant intending to off-set and/or reduce the amount of the complainant's
original claim against the respondent.

3.5. Crosse/aim refers to a claim made by a respondent against another


respondent arising out of the transaction which is the subject matter of the
complaint or counterclaim.

3.6. Election Contest refers to any controversy or dispute involving title or


claim to any elective office in a homeowners association, the validation of
initiatives, referendum or plebiscite, the validation of proxies, the manner and
validity of elections, and the qualifications of voters and candidates, including the
proclamation of winners and assumption to the office of directors, trustees or other
officers elected by the members where the articles of incorporation or bylaws so
provide.

3. 7. Good cause refers to circumstances sufficient to justify the requested


order or other action, as determined by the Arbiter.

3.8. Legal Services Group (LSG) refers to the division to the Central
Office which functions as the legal arm of the HLURB tasked with rendering legal
opinions, legal assistance to the public, conduct mediation proceedings and
resolve cases where the Arbiter has recused.

3.9. Pleadings refers to written statements of the respective claims and


defenses of the parties submitted for appropriate judgment. The pleadings allowed
by this Rules are:

3.9.1. Complaint refers to the formal legal document that sets


out the facts and legal reasons that the complainant believes are
sufficient to support a claim against the respondent and the remedy
or relief which is within the power of the Arbiter to grant.

3.9.2. Answer refers to the formal legal document that sets


out the facts and legal reasons that the respondent believes are
sufficient to support the defenses against the claims of the
complainant.
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3.9.3. Motion refers to a party's request, written or oral, formal


or informal, to the Arbiter for an order or any other action.

3.9.4. Position Papers refers to pleadings submitted by the


parties stating the case and facts, as supported by the evidence, and
the issues and arguments in support of their cause/s of action or
defense/s.

3. 10. Parties refer to persons who have either instituted the proceedings
or are required to defend against it, or any other party interested in the avails
thereof and may be natural or juridical, with legal personality to sue and be sued.
The parties to proceedings are:

3. 1O.1. Complainant refers to the party who initiated the


action and includes a respondent who has filed a counter-complaint
against the complainant insofar as such counterclaim is concerned.

3.10.2. Respondent refers to the party against whom the


complainant has been filed, and includes a complainant against
whom a respondent has filed a counterclaim and/or a cross-
complainant who has filed a cross-complaint against a co-
respondent.

3. 11. Verification refers to the written oath taken by a party before a person
authorized to administer the oath establishing the truth, accuracy, validity and
authenticity of the allegations of facts and documents.

Section 4. Construction and Applicability. - This Rules shall be liberally


construed towards the accomplishment of its objectives and shall apply to all
proceedings where jurisdiction is vested on the Arbiters, except to the orders of the
Regional Field Officer in the exercise of regulatory jurisdiction which are directly
appealable to the Board of Commissioners.

The 2011 Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board Rules of Procedure and
the Rules of Court shall have suppletory application insofar as these have not been
specifically repealed or are not inconsistent with this Rules.

Rule2
REGIONAL ARBITERS

Section 5. General jurisdiction. - Arbiters have exclusive jurisdiction over


disputes involving laws being implemented by the Housing and Land Use
Regulatory Board and such other cases as may be provided by law unless
specifically vested in another tribunal.

Section 6. Specific Jurisdiction. -


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6. 1. Jurisdiction over real estate developments. The Arbiters shall exercise


exclusive and original jurisdiction to hear and decide cases involving subdivisions,
condominiums, memorial parks and similar real estate developments, as follows:

6.1.1. Claims for refund, complaints against unsound real


estate business practices and other actions for specific performance
of contractual and statutory obligations filed by subdivision lot or
condominium unit buyer against the project owner, developer,
dealer, broker or salesman; and other complaints for violation of
Presidential Decree No. 957 and other related laws;

6.1.2. Suits filed in opposition to an application for certificate


of registration and license to sell, development permits for
condominium projects, clearance to mortgage, or the revocation or
cancellation thereof, and locational clearances, certifications or
permits, when issued by the Housing and Land Use Regulatory
Board;

6.1.3. Suits filed by the project owner or developer or the duly


registered homeowners association of the project pertaining to the
open spaces or common areas of the subdivision or condominium,
except those where third parties are involved; and,

6.1.4. Disputes involving easements within or among


subdivisions projects.

6.2. Jurisdiction over homeowners and homeowners associations. The


Arbiters shall exercise exclusive jurisdiction to hear and decide cases involving
homeowners associations, as follows:

6.2.1. Suits filed in opposition to an application for, or the


revocation of, certificate of registration of homeowners associations;

6.2.2. Intra-association disputes or controversies arising out


of the relations between and among members of homeowners
associations; between any or all of them and the homeowners
association of which they are members, including federations and
other umbrella organizations of homeowners associations;

6.2.3. Inter-association disputes or controversies arising out


of the relations between and among two or more homeowners
associations or condominium corporations, federations or other
umbrella organizations of homeowners associations;

6.2.4. Disputes or controversies between the association and


the homeowners or other beneficial users relating to the exercise of
their respective rights, duties and obligations;
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6.2.5. Disputes between the homeowners association and


the State, insofar as its registration or right to exist and those which
are intrinsically connected with the regulation of homeowners
associations.

Section 7. Powers. - For the effective exercise of jurisdiction, the Arbiter


shall have the following powers:

7.1. To hear and decide cases cognizable by HLURB consistent with this
Rules;

7.2. To issue cease and desist orders or writs of preliminary injunction,


whether prohibitory or mandatory, in all cases in which it has jurisdiction;

7.3. To punish for contempt, both direct and indirect, in accordance with the
pertinent provisions of, and penalties prescribed by, the Rules of Court;

7.4. To issue subpoena duces tecum and summon witnesses to appear in


any proceedings and in appropriate cases order search and seizure or cause the
search and seizure of all documents, papers, files and records as well as books of
accounts of any entity or person under investigation as may be necessary for the
proper disposition of the cases before it;

7.5. To impose fines and/or penalties for violation of the laws, rules and
regulations, orders, decisions and/or rulings;

7.6. To suspend, or revoke, after proper notice and hearing, the certificate
of registration and/or license to sell upon any of the grounds as provided by law,
including -

7.6.1. Fraud in procuring its certificate of registration;

7.6.2. Serious misrepresentation as to what the legal entity


can do or is doing to the great prejudice of or damage to the general
public;

7.6.3. Refusal to comply or defiance of any lawful order of the


HLURB restraining commission of acts which would amount to a
grave violation of its registration;

7.7. To exercise such other powers as implied, necessary or incidental to


the carrying out the express powers granted to the Board or to achieve the
objectives and purposes of the exercise of jurisdiction.

Section 8. Inhibition of the Arbiter. - The Arbiter may recuse from resolving
the dispute under the following:

8. 1. Grounds.
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8.1.1. Mandatory Inhibition. The Arbiter shall mandatorily


inhibit when his/her spouse, child or relative within the sixth degree
of consanguinity or affinity, is directly or indirectly interested in the
subject of the litigation, or is related to either of the parties or their
counsel within the sixth degree of consanguinity or affinity; or has
participated as counsel in the same case.

8.1.2. Discretionary Inhibition. The Arbiter may inhibit from handling


a case by issuing an order stating any other justifiable grounds.

8.2. Procedure. In case of mandatory recusation, the Arbiter shall, motu


propio or upon motion, recuse from the proceedings. In case of discretionary
recusation, the party seeking the inhibition of an Arbiter shall file a motion stating
the grounds with the evidence in support thereof, which shall be resolved by the
Arbiter within a period of five (5) days from receipt.

8.3. Reassignment of Cases. In case the Arbiter inhibits from hearing or


adjudicating a case, the Regional Field Officer shall reassign the case to another
Arbiter. In the absence of other Arbiters in the Regional Field Office, the records of
the case shall be transmitted to the LSG in accordance with the succeeding
Section.

Section 9. Procedure in Cases Referred to the Legal Services Group. - In


cases where the case has been referred to the LSG either because the Regional
Field Office does not have an Arbiter, or the Arbiter or Arbiters have inhibited, the
Head of the Monitoring and Adjudication Division, unless likewise designated as
an Arbiter, shall perform the functions of an Arbiter except to decide the case, to
issue cease and desist orders and other provisional remedies and to cite parties in
contempt which shall be performed by the LSG.

When the parties have filed their respective position papers or the case is
deemed submitted for resolution, the Regional Field Officer shall, within five (5)
days therefrom and with notice to the parties, transmit the records of the case to
the LSG for resolution.

The Director of the LSG shall, within three (3) days from receipt thereof,
assign the case to an LSG Arbiter who shall resolve the case within a period of
sixty (60) days from assignment, unless the LSG Arbiter deems it proper to conduct
an ocular inspection or clarificatory hearing at the Regional Office with the approval
of the LSG Director. In such instance, the case shall be resolved within a period of
sixty (60) days from the date of completion of the said proceedings.

After the resolution of the case by the LSG Arbiter, the records of the case
shall be remanded to the Regional Field Office of origin for the release and service
of the judgment to the parties.
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Rule 3

COMMENCEMENT OF ACTIONS

Section 10. Commencement. - An action is commenced by filing with the


Regional Field Office an accomplished and verified Complaint (HLURB Case Form
No. 01) in duplicate and as many copies as there are respondents and the
documents stated in the succeeding section.

In case the complainant resides outside of the Philippines, a special power


attorney (HLURB Form No. 06) shall be required to authorize a resident of the
Philippines to file the said complaint and represent the complainant in all
proceedings.

Section 11. Documentary Attachments. - The documents required to be


attached to the Complaint are:

11. 1. Certified Documents. All private documents required to be attached


to the Complaint shall be certified by the signature of the complainant or
respondent concerned. All public or official documents shall be certified as true and
correct by the custodian thereof.

11.2. Affidavits. The affidavits submitted under this Rule shall state only
facts of direct personal knowledge of the affiants or based on authentic records,
which are admissible in evidence. A violation of this requirement shall subject the
party, and the counsel who assisted the party in the preparation of the affidavits, if
any, to appropriate disciplinary action.

No actionable document or affidavit shall be allowed to be attached to the


Position Paper nor shall the Draft Decision cite any document or fact which has not
been submitted or alleged in the affidaviUs attached to the Complaint form, unless
good cause is shown for the admission thereof.

Section 12. Additional Requirements for Homeowners Associations. - In


cases involving homeowners associations, the Complaint shall additionally attach
the certification of the Grievance Committee that the case has undergone
mediation in instances where this is mandatory, or, in the case of elections, that
the election protest has been filed and resolved by the Election Committee. The
Complaint shall be filed within ten (10) days from receipt of the resolution of the
Grievance Committee or the Election Committee.

In cases where there is no duly constituted Grievance Committee or Election


Committee, or that the said Committees have failed to resolve the dispute within
ten (10) days from inception of the grievance or election protest, the complainant
shall attach to the Complaint an affidavit attesting to such fact.

Section 13. Venue. - The Complaint may be filed in the Regional Field
Office having jurisdiction over the residence of the complainant, or at the principal
place of business of the respondent, or where the project involved is located, at the
option of the complainant. However, in cases involving homeowners associations,
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the venue of the action shall be in the Regional Field Office which has jurisdiction
over the location of the homeowners association. The Complaint shall not be
dismissed for improper venue but shall be referred to the appropriate Regional
Field Office where venue properly lies.

Section 14. Joinder of Claims and Complainants. - The complainant may


join in a single complaint one or more separate claims against a respondent and/or
several complainants may join against the same respondent.

Section 15. Payment of Filing Fees. - The complainant shall pay the
prescribed docket and other legal fees. Failure to pay the prescribed fees is
jurisdictional and will result in the dismissal of the complaint without prejudice.

A complaint filed with a motion to sue as indigent (HLURB Case No. 04)
shall be immediately referred to the Regional Field Officer for the determination of
whether the movant is qualified to sue as an indigent. If the motion is granted, the
case shall be raffled in case the Regional Field Office has multiple Arbiters. If the
motion is denied, the complainant shall be given five (5) days within which to pay
the docket fees, otherwise, the case shall be dismissed without prejudice.

In no case shall a party, even if declared an indigent, be exempt from the


payment of the prescribed fees for the service of summons and other processes.

Section 16. Dismissal. - Upon receipt of the Complaint, the Arbiter may,
from an examination of the allegations of the Complaint and documents attached
thereto, dismiss the Complaint outright on the ground of lack of jurisdiction. The
Arbiter may likewise dismiss the Complaint at any time during the proceedings
when there exists a ground for dismissal of the Complaint even if not pleaded in
the Answer.

Rule4
SUMMONS AND ANSWER

Section 17. Summons and Notice of Mandatory Conference. -

17 .1. Issuance. If no ground for dismissal is found, the Arbiter shall issue
Summons and Notice of Mandatory Conference (HLURB Case Form No. 02) within
five (5) working days from the date of the filing of the Complaint.

17 .2. Summons. The Summons shall be accompanied by a copy of the


Complaint and all supporting documents, and the Answer form (HLURB Case Form
No. 03) and furnished the respondent through personal service or by registered
mail.

17.3. Notice of Mandatory Conference. The Notice of Mandatory


Conference shall also be attached to the Summons, providing for two (2) dates
which shall not be more than ten (10) working days apart, with the last date not
more than sixty (60) days from the date of issuance of the notice.
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Section 18. Answer. -

18. 1. Period. The respondent shall file duplicate copies of the duly
accomplished and verified Answer form (HLURB Form No. 3) with the Arbiter and
serve copies thereof to the complainant within a non-extendible period of ten (10)
days from receipt of the summons.

18.2. Annexes. The Answer form shall be accompanied by certified


photocopies of actionable document/s and affidavit/s in support of the defense/s,
or any counterclaim/s or crossclaim/s. No actionable document or affidavit shall be
allowed to be attached to the Position Paper nor shall the Draft Decision cite any
document or fact which has not been submitted or alleged in the affidavit/s attached
to the Answer form, unless good cause is shown for the admission thereof.

18. 3. Motions Disallowed. Any other motion or petitions apart from the said
form Answer shall not be entertained and any ground for the dismissal of the
complaint must be pleaded in the Answer.

18.4. Effect of Failure. Should the respondent fail to file the Answer within
the required period, the Arbiter shall render judgment, as may be warranted by the
evidence of the complainant in the Complaint and the documents attached thereto.

Section 19. Counterclaims. -

19. 1. Compulsory Counterclaim. The respondent may file a counterclaim


against the complainant if, at the time the action is commenced, the respondent
possesses a claim against the complainant that: (1) is within the jurisdiction of the
Arbiter; (2) arises out of the same transaction or event that is the subject matter of
the complainant's claim; (3) does not require for its adjudication the joinder of third
parties; and, (4) it is not the subject of another pending action. The failure of the
respondent to file the counterclaim together with the filing of the Answer shall be
considered as the waiver thereof.

19.2. Permissive Counterclaim. The respondent may also elect to file a


counterclaim against the complainant that does not arise out of the same
transaction or occurrence, provided that the nature thereof is within the coverage
of this Rule and the prescribed docket and other legal fees are paid. The claim is
deemed admitted upon payment of the filing fees.

Section 20. Crossclaim. - The respondent may file a crossclaim against a


co-respondent under the same circumstances as the filing of the counterclaim,
including the payment of filing fees. The respondent shall use the same Complaint
form for the crossclaim and shall be attached to the Answer. The failure of the
respondent to file a crossclaim with all the said conditions shall constitute a waiver
thereof. The cross-respondent shall have five (5) days from receipt of the
crossclaim within which to file the Answer thereto.

Rule5
MANDATORY CONFERENCE
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AND POSITION PAPERS

Section 21. Mandatory Conference. -

21.1. First day proceedings: The Arbiter or his/her Assistant shall proceed,
in an informal and expeditious manner, to define and simplify the issues, the
possibility of entering into admissions or stipulations of facts, and the submission
by the parties of additional documentary evidence. Thereafter, the Arbiter or his/her
Assistant shall conduct mediation/conciliation proceedings or refer the parties to a
mediator/conciliator for the purpose of exploring the possibility of reaching an
amicable settlement of the controversy.

If, for any reason, the period within which to file the Answer has not expired
at the time of the conduct of the first date set for the mandatory conference, the
Arbiter shall interview and put in writing the defenses of the respondent who shall
be required to sign the same, which shall stand as the Answer, and thereafter, the
proceedings shall proceed.

21.2. Second day proceedings. If the parties agree to amicably settle the
dispute, the Arbiter or his/her Assistant shall require the parties to execute a joint
motion to dismiss (HLURB Case Form No. 07), in case all claims have been
satisfied, or a motion to approve compromise agreement (HURB Case Form No.
08), in the event that there are matters which will be settled at a future date.
Immediately upon receipt of either pleading, the Arbiter shall issue an Order
dismissing the case or approving the compromise agreement (HLURB Case Form
No. 09).

If no amicable settlement is reached, the Arbiter or his/her Assistant shall


proceed to put on the record of the proceedings the submission of the position
papers and draft decisions of the parties. Motions for extension of time to file the
position papers, for whatever reason, shall not be entertained.

Section 22. Appearance of Parties. -

22.1. Personal Appearance. Natural persons shall be physically present on


the designated dates of the mandatory conference while juridical persons may
authorize any officer who should be armed with the authorizing Board Resolution.

22.2. Postponements. Postponements shall not be allowed. If the litigant is


unable to attend either or both of the two (2) dates set for the Mandatory
Conference, the absentee shall appoint a representative who shall submit to the
Arbiter, or his/her Assistant, and the other party, a duly accomplished special
power of attorney (HLURB Case Form No. 05) and proof of the physical inability of
the represented party to attend the conference.

22.3. Effects of Non-Appearance.

22.3.1. The failure of the complainant to appear shall be


cause for the dismissal of the complaint with prejudice. The
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respondent who appears in the absence of the complainant shall be


entitled to judgment on the counterclaim as supported by the
documents attached to the Answer.

22.3.2. Failure of the respondent to appear shall have the


same effect as failure to file an Answer. This Rule shall not apply
where one or more of two or more respondents who are sued under
a common cause of action and have pleaded a common defense
appears at the conference.

22.3.3. Failure of both parties to appear shall cause the


dismissal with prejudice of both the complaint and the counterclaim.

Section 23. Compromise Agreement and Judgment Upon Compromise. - If


the parties agree to a settlement, the agreement shall be reduced to writing, signed
by the parties and attested to by the Mediator/Conciliator, who shall return the case
to the Arbiter together with the compromise agreement (HLURB Case Form No.
08). The Arbiter shall forthwith render judgment based on the compromise
agreement (HLURB Form No. 09) which shall be immediately final and executory.

Section 24. Position Papers. -

24. 1. When filed. The parties shall file their position papers on the second
date of the Mandatory Conference as stated in the Notice of Mandatory
Conference.

24.2. Contents. The position paper shall contain the following:

24.2.1. Statement of Facts: Narration of the facts in a


chronological and concise manner with reference to the affidavits
and documents attached to the Complaint and Answer;

24.2.2. Statement of the Issues: The restatement of the


issues for resolution as agreed upon during the Mandatory
Conference;

24.2.3. Grounds: One sentence statement on each of the


grounds relied upon to support the claim or defense;

24.2.4. Arguments/Discussion: Legal conclusions based on


the facts alleged with appropriate citations from primary - laws,
rules and regulations - or secondary sources - jurisprudence; and,

24.2.5. Prayer/Relief: Statement of the reliefs sought to be


granted by the Arbiter.

24.3. Documents Attached. Additional documents or affidavits of witnesses


which will support the claim or defense, except actionable documents which are
required to be attached to the Complaint or the Answer. In the event that the parties
had failed to attach the required actionable documents either in the Complaint or
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in the Answer, the request for the belated inclusion should be threshed out during
the Mandatory Conference, upon a showing of justifiable grounds and that no grave
and irreparable injury shall be suffered by the other party with the inclusion of the
actionable document/s.

These additional documents or affidavits shall be marked consecutively,


starting from the next designation after the last document marked in the Complaint
or the Answer.

24.4. Effect of Non-Filing. The position papers shall be the substitute for
the requirement of trial. The failure to file the position paper shall be tantamount to
the non-presentation of evidence and the Arbiter shall be authorized to resolve the
dispute on the basis of the evidence presented by the party who submitted a
position paper. If both parties fail to submit their position papers within the
prescribed period, they shall be deemed to have waived their right to trial and the
case shall be resolved on the basis of the allegations of the Complaint and the
Answer, and the documents attached thereto.

Section 25. Draft Decision. - The parties shall likewise attach to their
Position Papers their proposed draft Decision which shall provide as follows:

25.1. The statement of the proceedings conducted;

25.2. The statement of the facts, citing specific paragraphs in the affidavits
and documents to support the allegations of fact;

25.3. The issues for resolution as defined by the parties during the
Mandatory Conference;

25.4. The contending discussions of the parties;

25.5. The body of the decision which shall state the arguments in support
of their contention; and,

25.6. The dispositive portion stating the reliefs to be granted.

Section 26. Ocular Inspection and/or Clarificatory Hearings. - If, upon


perusal of the position papers, there are technical matters which need to be
clarified for a just determination of the issues, the Arbiter may order the conduct of
clarificatory hearing or ocular inspection. The Order for this purpose shall be issued
not later than five (5) days from the date of receipt of the position papers and the
proceedings completed within a period of twenty (20) days from the date of the
issuance of the Order. The Order shall specify the matters and things which need
to be clarified or inspected, respectively, as well as the date/s when the
proceedings will be taken.

The Arbiter shall submit to the LSG a written explanation on the reasons
why it was necessary to conduct the clarificatory hearing and/or the ocular
inspection within five (5) working days from its conclusion, attaching a copy of the
order and the results thereof.
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Rule6
JUDGMENT

Section 27. When Case Deemed Submitted for Resolution. -The case shall
be deemed submitted for resolution on the date of receipt of the position papers
provided that the position papers were filed or mailed within the prescribed period.
If ocular inspections and/or clarificatory hearings have been conducted, then on
the date of the completion of the said proceedings.

Section 28. Decision. -

28. 1. Resolution. The Arbiter shall decide the case within a period of sixty
(60) days from the date the case has been deemed submitted for resolution. In
case of failure to resolve the case within the prescribed period, the Arbiter shall
make a report to the LSG stating the good reasons therefor.

28.2. Form. The form of the Decision shall be as follows:

28.2. 1. Statement of the Case: A concise and chronological


account of the proceedings conducted in the case;

28.2.2. Statement of the Facts: A concise and chronological


narration of the facts citing the evidence supporting the findings;

28.2.3. Statement of the Issues: Enumeration of the issues


as agreed upon during the Mandatory Conference;

28.2.4. Brief and concise statement of the arguments of the


parties;

28.2.5. Factual and legal conclusions which shall cite specific


facts, documents and jurisprudence to support the decision;

28.2.6. Dispositive portion which should be limited to what


has been prayed for by the ascendant party.

28.3. Promulgation. The decision shall be promulgated not later than three
(3) calendar days from its resolution. The parties shall thereafter be notified and
furnished a copy of decision within three (3) days from promulgation.

Rule 7

IMPOSITION OF FINES AND PENAL TIES


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Section 29. Divisible Penalties. - If the penalty imposed has a minimum and
maximum amount or period, the penalty shall be divided as follows:

29.1. Division. The divisible penalty shall be divided into three degrees as
follows:

29.1.1. Minimum Degree. The imposable penalty shall be


within the range from the minimum provided by law, and one peso or
one month before the median amount or period;

29.1.2. Medium Degree. The middle amount or period


between the minimum and maximum provided by law;

29.1.3. Maximum Degree. The amount or period one peso or


month after the medium degree up to the maximum amount or period
provided by law.

29.2. Imposition of Penalties.

29.2.1. Minimum Degree. When only one mitigating


circumstance is present or there is at least one mitigating
circumstance more than aggravating circumstances, the imposable
penalty shall be the median between the minimum and maximum
penalty within the degree: Provided, That when there are two or more
mitigating circumstances, the penalty to be imposed shall be the
minimum as provided by law;

29.2. Medium Degree. When there are neither aggravating


nor mitigating circumstances or there is an equal number of
mitigating and aggravating;

29. 3. Maximum Degree. When only an aggravating


circumstance is present or there are more aggravating than
mitigating circumstances, the imposable penalty shall be the median
between the minimum within the degree and maximum imposable
penalty: Provided, That, if there are two or more aggravating
circumstances, the penalty to be imposed shall be the maximum
penalty as provided by law.

Section 30. Qualified Penalties. - When the law, rule or regulation sets
either a minimum but not a maximum, or a maximum without a minimum amount
or period, the penalties to be imposed are, as follows:

30.1. When the law, rule or regulation uses the words "not more than" or
terms of similar import, the minimum imposable penalty shall be the median
between the maximum as provided by law and zero penalty. Thereafter, the
imposable penalty shall be divided into minimum, medium and maximum degrees
in accordance with the preceding paragraph.

30.2. When the law, rule or regulation uses the words "not less than" or
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terms of similar import, the minimum imposable penalty shall be that as provided
by law and the maximum being double that amount or period. Thereafter, the
imposable penalty shall be divided into minimum, medium and maximum degrees
in accordance with the preceding Section.

Section 31. Indivisible Penalty. - When the law, rule or regulation sets the
amount and/or period of the penalty without any qualifying terms to indicate
whether the imposable penalty may be more or less than that fixed therein, then
the HLURB shall impose the penalty provided regardless of the number and quality
of the mitigating or aggravating circumstances.

Section 32. Circumstances Affecting the Imposition of Penalties. - Upon the


determination that an offense or violation has been committed, the following
circumstances shall be considered in the imposition of penalties:

32. 1. Aggravating Circumstances. The following circumstances shall


increase the imposable penalty:

32. 1. 1. The violation or offense was committed through or


was attended by fraud and/or deliberate and gross
misrepresentation;

32.1.2. Lack of or suspended license to sell committed at the


time of the violation or while a cease and desist order is subsisting,
without prejudice to separate proceedings for indirect contempt;

32.1.3. Commission of the same violation within the period of


two (2) years;

32. 1.4. Commission of a different violation within one year


from the time of the commission of the cited offense or violation;

32.1.5. Commission of the same offense after the filing of the


complaint or the monitoring/inspection activity but before
determination of the commission of the violation;

32. 1. 5. Pattern of misconduct as evidenced by the number of


violations committed within a period of five (5) years;

32.1. 7. Submission of falsified or simulated documents;

32.1.8. Vulnerability of the victim;

32.1.9. Substantial experience or expertise in the real estate


trade and the laws, rules and regulations pertinent thereto;

32.1. 1O. Disrespect or discourteousness towards the officers


of, and to the laws, rules and regulations implemented by the
HLURB;
Page 16 of18

32. 1. 11. Such other circumstances as would tend to prove


moral depravity and gross dishonesty.

32.2. Mitigating Circumstances. The following circumstances shall cause


the decrease in the imposable penalty:

32.2. 1. The absence of fraud and/or deliberate and gross


misrepresentation;

32.2.2. The absence of any pattern of misconduct or the


violation is the first offense;

32.2.3. Remoteness of previous offense or the offense


committed was more than five (5) years from the last offense;

32.2.4. Timely good faith effort to rectify the alleged infraction


or remunerate the aggrieved party;

32.2.5. Imposition of other penalties;

32.2.6. Lack of experience or expertise in the real estate


trade and the laws, rules and regulations pertinent thereto;

32.2. 7. Such other circumstances as would tend to mitigate


the effects of the offense committed.

32.3. Alternative Circumstances. The following circumstances shall be


considered as either aggravating or mitigating circumstances:

32.3.1. Financial capacity of the person penalized;

32.3.2. The aggregate amount of the project or transaction


involved;

32.3.3. The education and reputation of the developer and/or


the buyer;

32.3.4. Such other circumstances which could be considered


as either aggravating or mitigating circumstances.

32.4. Ineffectual Circumstances. The following circumstances shall not be


considered in the imposition of penalties:

32.3.1. Forced or compelled restitution;

32.3.2. Agreeing to the demand of the client for the


commission of the offense or violation of the laws, rules and
regulations;

32.3.3. Withdrawal of the complaint by the complainant if the


Page 17of18

action was initiated by a third party;

32.3.4. Withdrawal from the real estate business.

Section 33. Computation of Penalties. - Whenever the laws, rules or


regulations penalizes the commission or omission of an act, the commission or
omission shall constitute one violation and shall be penalized accordingly.

However, whenever the law, rule or regulation requires a license, each and
every unit shall constitute a count for violation of the laws, rules and regulations.

Section 34. Effects of Reinterpretation. - Except when the order imposing


penalties has become final in whole or in part, the re-interpretation of the provisions
of the laws, rules and regulations shall have prospective effect if detrimental to the
interests of the person sought to be charged but retroactive if favorable to the
respondent. In case the order imposing sanctions or penalties has been appealed
in part and has become final insofar as the other parts are concerned, this Rule
shall apply only to that portion of the order which has not yet become final and
executory.

Rule8

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Section 35. Consignation. - In cases where tender of payment is required


or consignation is allowed, the party making the tender and/or consignation shall
open a bank account in the name of the other party and deposit therein the
amounts tendered or for consignation, furnishing the Arbiter with a copy of the bank
book and the deposit slips evidencing such payments.

Section 36. Appeals from Local Zoning Boards. - In cases of appeals from
decisions of the local zoning boards which fall within the jurisdiction of the Board
of Commissioners, the appeal shall be filed in the Regional Field Office having
jurisdiction over the city or municipality involved and the Arbiter shall accept all
pleadings and documents pertinent thereto, and, upon completion, forward the
same to the Board of Commissioners within fifteen (15) days therefrom. The
Appeals Review Group shall then issue a notice to the parties informing them that
the records have been received and that the appeal is for resolution.

Section 37. Separability Clause. - If the effectivity of any provision of this


Rule is suspended or disapproved, or otherwise declared contrary to law, the
unaffected provisions shall remain in force.

Section 38. Repealing Clause. - Upon the effectivity of this Rules, the
provisions of the 2011 Rules of Procedure on proceedings before the Arbiters, and
all resolutions, orders, memoranda, and circulars of the Housing and Land Use
Regulatory Board which are inconsistent herewith are hereby repealed or modified
accordingly.
Page 18of18

Section 39. Effectivity. - This Rules shall take effect fifteen (15) days after
publication in the Official Gazette. All cases filed after the date of effectivity and
pending cases which have not reached the Mandatory Conference stage shall be
governed by this Rules.

Adopted, this rt' Day of December 2017

UECO DEL ROSARIO


D -
AUSTERE A. PANADERO
~
LLOYD CHRISTOPHER A. LAO
Undersecretary, DILG Chief Executive Officer and Commissioner

~~'~
Undersecretary, DOJ
~
RIA CORAZON A. GOLEZ-CABRERA
Comn~rt?'b""'r

DIMAS S GUILON
Underse ret ry, DPW~

DANIL D. BARRAMEDA
Directo IV, NEDA
~IA
Commissioner

Attested:

CHARIT. B. ANSANG
Bo rd Secretary