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F5S Chemistry Revision Worksheet (5)– Electrolysis

A. Choose the best answer.

1. A student tries to electroplate an iron ring with nickel using the set-up
shown below. Which of the following combinations is correct
Solution X Anode Cathode
A. Iron (II) sulphate solution Iron ring Nickel rod
B. Iron (II) sulphate solution Nickel rod Iron ring
C. Nickel (II) sulphate solution Iron ring Nickel rod
D. Nickel (II) sulphate solution Nickel rod Iron ring

2. The diagram shows the electrolysis of a solution. Which of the following


substances would be the solution?
A. Sugar solution
B.Concentrated silver nitrate solution
C. Concentrated sodium chloride solution
D.Dilute hydrochloric acid

B. Fill in the blanks


 (1) is the coating an object with (2) using electrolysis, for better (3) or preventing (4). Car bumpers are usually
coated with the metal (5). In such process, the object to be coated is the (6. Cathode/andoe).
 Two uses of hydrogen: (7), (8) Two examples of weak electrolyte: (9), (10)
1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 10

C. Answer the following question.


1. 200cm3 of a concentrated sodium chloride solution is electrolysed using carbon electrodes.
(a) What electrode should be used? Why?
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(b) Write the ionic equations for the reactions occurring at the two electrodes.
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(c) Practically, the volume ratio of gases produced is different from that deduce from the above equations. Why?
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(d) The reading of the ammeter is 2.5A. If we pass this current for 96.5 minutes, calculate the volume of gas produced
at cathode.
2. In an experiment of electrolysis, 24.0 g of copper and 13.0 g of chromium deposit respectively after passing through
the same amount of electricity. What is the charge of the chromium ion? (Given that the relative atomic mass of Cu and
Cr are 64.0 and 52.0 respectively.)

3. The diagram shows an experimental set-up for the electrolysis of molten lead(II) iodide and XNO3(aq) solution in
series. All of the electrodes are made up of graphite. O2 and H2 are collected at anode and cathode respectively.

’’
(a) What would be observed at electrode C and D. Write equations for the reactions involved in the above electrodes.
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(b) (i) If the heater is removed, the reading of ammeter turns to zero. Explain why it is so.
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(ii) Suggest another arrangement to make the current flow in the circuit again.
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(c) What would you expect to be the observable change in the XNO 3 solution around electrode A? Explain briefly.
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(d) With the help of ionic half equations, deduce the ratio of the theoretical volumes of oxygen and hydrogen produced.
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(e) Give the overall ionic equations for the left beaker.
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4 A student investigates electrolysis using this apparatus.
(a) The student electrolyses KCl(aq) and collects samples of any gases formed. Complete the following diagram to
show how to assemble the apparatus. Label the diagram to show the potassium chloride solution.

The table shows the half-equation for the reaction at one electrode. Complete the table to show the half-equation for
the reaction at the other electrode and the polarity (+ or –) of each electrode.
Polarity Equation
2H2O + 2e–  H2 + 2OH–