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1. According to him, the conflict between the 1. Political phenomena are not only limited to public
proletariat and bourgeoisie will soon be abated office as this also include how institutions like
and there will be stability in the state when the school, a curch, or companies are run and
lower class rise into power through a revolution governed.
that will overturn all events and will bring 2. Social Evolutionary is a sociological theory that
balance, stability and equality among the people. asserts the idea that society evolves through the
Hence a classless society will be born. cruel process of survival of the Fittest.
2. It can be generally defined as a kind of mental 3. For Karl Marx, social change was brought about
state that only adheres to the true nature of by class conflict. It is the conflict between the
things through observation and not relying on different intellectual classes.
4. W.E.B Dubois main idea focused on whites and
non-whites, he saw the discrimination among the
3. It is defined as the gathering of knowledge about
Europeans and Africans which was solidified by
the world through sense perceptions. the slave trade.
4. It is the common link among all the people of 5. Different Societies have different people having
the world even if they belong to different different culture and tradition. These differences
timelines and cultures. may be reconciled by ethnic cleansing.
5. A kind of reasoning that relies on the “prior 6. Jane Adams believed that most of the things
knowledge” that comes before experience. happening in the society even if unnoticeable at
6. A kind of philosophical thinking which regards first are man-made and therefore should be studied
the realm of ideas to be more important by humans in order to fully understand the drastic
compared to the realm of materialism. changes that are happening around.
7. He introduced the elitist theory of social 7. Medieval Period – served as one of the most
movement. In that theory of social movement, important if the most important breakthrough in
the elites played a vital role in changing the the history of human philosophical thinking. It is
structure of society. It is complete reverse of the period that opened the door for the modern
Marxian Theory. world because of its rational philosophy that
8. Considered to be rules of conduct or action fuelled modernization and liberalism in Europe.
which is binding to man and if transgressed is 8. An individual who learns a particular culture can
punishable because of its punitive nature. share his knowledge of that particular culture to
9. Believes that valid knowledge can only be other individuals who in turn can learn it and share
achieved through the use of the methods of to others as well.
9. Science can be fully appreciated by understanding
scientific inquiry or the scientific method.
the co-mingling of both empiricism and idealism.
10. He is the proponent of positivism.
10. The need for inter action, utilization of resources
11. These are the forces that keeps the society in and leadership is an example of Cultural Particular.
tact in order to endure the test of time. 11. Symbols are used by every culture all around the
world in order to impute meaning and
12. It pertains to a kind of reasoning that adheres to representation to a particular thing.
a “posteriori knowledge” or knowledge after 12. People who are far from each other cannot share
experience. It is gained after sensory experiences the same way of life.
and therefore a product of human perception. 13. Counterculture is that feeling of unusual
Induction is the core of empiricism. uneasiness and mental stress because of an
13. Is a sociological theory that asserts the idea that experience to another culture which is contrary to
society evolves through the cruel process of one’s home culture.
survival of the fittest. 14. Despite the countless variation of culture, culture
14. They are the social class who serve as the could be integrated to another culture.
capitalists or the owner of the businesses. 15. Social Conflict Perspective sees the society as
15. Means that anthropology is the study of human composed of different but interdependent integral
beings as a whole. It sees the human condition as parts and these parts play vital role in keeping the
a whole and not merely as a fragmented topic.
society together in-tact and functioning.
16. Strives to solve social problems by reforming
the individual. ENUMERATION (11 pts.)
17. Is a process by which living things cope-up with
the challenges brought by their environment. 1. Enumerate the six (6) importance of studying
18. Is an outlook or perspective of anthropologists culture, society and politics.
that does not discriminate other cultures which
2. Five Steps of Scientific Method
are not part of the onlookers own cultural
orientation. ESSAY:
19. Studies the biological or physical aspects of
human beings such as but not limited to 1.What do you think is the connection between
genetics, palaeoanthropology, evolutionary enlightenment project and industrialization?(10pts.)
science and population diversity.
20. Is basically the study of the cultural heritage of 2. Discuss the intellectual contribution of the following
the past through examination of the physical sociologist in the field of sociology. (6 pts. each)
remains and ruins of the past culture.
a. Feuerbach b. G.W.F. Hegel

c. Emile Durkheim c. Vilfredo Pareto