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KATA PENGANTAR

Puji syukur kehadirat Allah SWT yang telah melimpahkan rahmat, karunia serta
hidayah-Nya kepada kami sehingga kami dapat menyelesaikan Karya Tulis Ilmiah dengan
judul “ASUHAN KEPERAWATAN PADA KLIEN HIPERTENSI DENGAN
“GANGGUAN RASA NYAMAN” DI RUANG AIRLANGGA RSUD KEPANJEN
KABUPATEN MALANG” dengan sebaik-baiknya. Karya Tulis lmiah ini, kami susun untuk
memberikan informasi kepada pembaca mengenai Gangguan Hipertensi.
Dalam penyusunan makalah ini, kami telah mengalami berbagai hal baik suka
maupun duka. Kami menyadari bahwa penyusunan Karya Tulis lmiah ini tidak akan selesai
dengan lancar dan tepat waktu tanpa adanya bantuan, dorongan, serta bimbingan dari
berbagai pihak. Serta pihak-pihak yang turut membantu yang tidak bisa kami sebutkan satu
persatu.
Akhir kata kami berharap semoga Karya Tulis lmiah ini dapat menambah khasanah
keilmuan dalam bidang kesehatan dan dapat memberi pengetahuan memberikan asuhan
keperawatan dengan benar pada penderita hipertensi.

Malang, 31 Mei 2018

Penyusun

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DAFTAR ISI

KATA PENGANTAR .......................................................................................... i

DAFTAR ISI......................................................................................................... ii

BAB 1 PENDAHULUAN ................................................................................... 1

1.1 Latar belakang ................................................................................................. 2

1.2 Rumusan masalah ........................................................................................... 2

1.3 Tujuan Penelitian ............................................................................................ 2

1.3.1 Tujuan Umum ....................................................................................... 2

1.3.2 tujuan khusus ........................................................................................ 3

1.4 Manfaat Penelitian .......................................................................................... 3

BAB 2 Tinjauan Pustaka ....................................................................................... 5

2.1 Landasan Teori................................................................................................ 5

2.1.1 Etiologi ................................................................................................... 6

2.1.2 Kalsifikasi .............................................................................................. 7

2.1.3 Faktor Resiko Hipertensi ..................................................................... 14

2.1.4 Patofisiologi ......................................................................................... 14

2.1.5 Manifestasi Klinis ................................................................................ 15

2.1.6 Komplikasi ........................................................................................... 15

2.1.7 Penatalaksanaan ................................................................................... 15

2.1.8 Pencegahan .......................................................................................... 17

2.2 Landasan Teoro Gangguan Rasa Nyaman .................................................... 18

2.2.1 Definisi ....................................................................................................... 18

2.2.2 Etiologi ....................................................................................................... 18

2.2 Manifestasi Klinis ......................................................................................... 19

2.2.3 Patofisiologi ............................................................................................... 20

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2.2.4 Pemeriksaan Penunjang ............................................................................. 21

2.2.5 Komplikasi ................................................................................................. 21

2.2.6 Penatalaksanaan ......................................................................................... 22

2.3 Konsep Asuhan Keperawatan ....................................................................... 23

2.3.1 Pengkajian .................................................................................................. 23

2.3.2 Diagnosa Keperawatan .............................................................................. 25

2.3.3 Intervensi.................................................................................................... 25

2.3.4 Implementasi .............................................................................................. 26

2.3.5 Evaluasi ...................................................................................................... 27

2.4 Kerangka Konsep .......................................................................................... 27

BAB III Metode Penelitian ................................................................................. 30

3.1 Desain Penelitian .......................................................................................... 30

3.2 Batasan Ilmiah .............................................................................................. 30

3.3 Partisipan....................................................................................................... 31

3.4 Lokasi dan Waktu Penelitian ........................................................................ 31

3.5 Pengumpulan Data ........................................................................................ 31

3.6 Uji Keabsahan Data ...................................................................................... 32

3.7 Analisa Data .................................................................................................. 32

3.8 Etika Keperawatan ........................................................................................ 33

DAFTAR PUSTAKA ......................................................................................... 36

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