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KCSE CLUSTER TESTS 12

Geography Paper 1 Marking Scheme

SECTION A (25 Marks)


Answer ALL questions in this section
1. (a) This is the time when the sun is near or directly overhead at either tropic of cancer or the tropic
of Capricorn√√ (Northern or Southern hemisphere).

(b) -Variation in the length of day and night i.e longer days and shorter nights or vice versa.

-Variation in seasons i.e winter and summer when the sun is overhead in cancer then its summer
in cancer but winter in Capricorn and vice versa.

O
2. (a)

-Horizontal/orogenic/lateral.

EM
-Vertical/Epeirogenic

(b)
-The jig-saw fit of the continent margins.

-Similarity in geological structure.

-The distribution of the ancient glacial deposits.

-Paleontological evidence.

-Mid-Atlantic ridge.

-Paleomagnetic studies.

-Sea floor spreading.


D
LS
-Climatology.

3. -Faulting

-Crustal warping

(b)
O

-Lake Kenyatta is an example of a human made √ lake.

-A dam was built across river Tana.


O

-The dam formed a barrier across a river hence blocking water from flowing downstream.

-Water accumulated upstream behind the dam.

-This resulted on a large mass of water occupying a depression behind the dam which was named
ST

lake Kenyatta.

4. -Altitude.

-Terrain

. -Drainage.
SY

-Aspect

-Needle – like leaves to reduce the loss of water from the trees in winter.

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KCSE CLUSTER TESTS 12
Geography Paper 1 Marking Scheme

O
EM
D
LS
O
O
ST
SY

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