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KCSE CLUSTER TEST 14

Geography Paper 2 Question Paper

SECTION A (25 Marks)


Answer all questions from this section
1. (a) Apart from water pollution, name two other types of pollution. (2mks)

(b) Name three human activities that may lead to water pollution. (3mks)

2. (a) State two disadvantages of using railway transport in Kenya. (2mks)

(b) Give three reasons why road transport is used more than air transport in East Africa. (3mks)

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3. (a) State two exotic tree species grown in Kenya. (2mks)

(b) State three characteristics of tropical hard wood forest that make them difficulty to exploit.
(3mks)

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4. . (a) What is industrial inertia? (2mks)

(b) State three features of cottage industries in Kenya? (3mks)

5. . (a) Name two types of settlement patterns found in Kenya. (2mks)

(b) State three causes of urban-rural migration. (3mks)

SECTION B (75 Marks)


Answer question 6 and any other two questions
6.

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(a) The table below shows some of Kenyan exports in the years 2009 and 2010 in thousands
tonnes.

Use it to answer questions (i) and (ii).


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i. Draw proportional circles to represent the above information. (6mks)

ii. A part from the method used in (i) above, state two other methods that can be used to
represent the above information. (2mks)
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(b) State three problems faced by Kenyan in international trade. (3mks)

(c) (i) Identify three major imports to Kenya. (3mks)

(ii) Give three reasons why Kenya should protect her local industries. (3mks)

(d) (i) Name two regional trading blocs in Africa. (2mks)


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(ii) Explain three reasons why Kenya experiences unfavorable balance of trade. (6mks)

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KCSE CLUSTER TEST 14
Geography Paper 2 Question Paper

water thus bringing minerals for the planktons from the seabed to the sea.

-The mountainous nature of the country restrict agricultural activities hence fishing is an
alternative economic activity.

-Most settlements are found along the coast and main occupation of the people there is fishing.

-Japan has a large population whish provides ready local market for fish/fishing culture.

-Japanese have a long history of sea fishing thus they are highly experienced in fishing.

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-The shallow continental shelf that is also broad allows light to the sea bed for growth of micro-
organisms which are food for fish.

-The Japanese have advanced technology that is used in fishing, processing and preservation of

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fish.

-The cool waters encourage thriving of numerous species of aquatic life.

-The availability of capital for purchasing equipments/developing the fish industry. (Any
4x2=8mks)

(c) (i) Give any three similarities between fishing in Kenya and Japan.

-In both countries Marine and fresh water are carried out.

-There is a problem of overfishing in both countries.

-In both countries inshore fishing is done. (Any 3x1=3mks)


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(ii) Two measures the Kenya Government should undertake to conserve her fisheries.
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-Establish of fish hatches to provide fingerlings for restocking.

-Prevent water pollution.

-Ban fishing for some period in the year.

-Research on fish breeds.


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-Discouraged overfishing.

-Restocking of overfished species.


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-Control the harvesting of young fish. (Any 2x1=2mks)

8. (a) (i) What is nomadic pastoralism. (2 marks)

(ii) Describe four characteristics of nomadic pastoralism in Kenya. (4 marks)


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(iii) Explain four measures that the government should take to improve pastoral farming in Kenya.
(8 marks)

(b) (i) Name three exotic breeds of cattle reared in commercial ranches in both Kenya and
Argentina. (3 marks)

(ii) Compare the factors that favour commercial beef farming in Kenya and Argentina. (4 marks)
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(c) Outline four ways in which commercial beef cattle farming contributes to the economy of
Kenya. (4 marks)

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