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It needs extraordinary evidence.

Five objects claimed to be mummified bodies from Peru have been

presented as evidence of alien visitation.
They’re humanoid.
Some are very humanoid.
What marks the dessicated bodies out as ‘extraterrestrials’ is the
apparent three-fingered hands they possesses. Elongated heads. And
three-toed feet.
They also seem somewhat ‘odd’ as most mummified remains have been
darkened by the heat and chemical processes that dry them out.
These are stark white.
All we know of them so far are Youtube videos that have appeared on
alien enthusiast sites.
Russian news media has been quoting ‘lead researcher’ Konstantin
Korotkov as claiming he’s conducted extensive scientistic tests on the
“They could be extraterrestrials or bio robots,” Russia Today (RT)
quotes Korotkov as saying.
He’s also on the record as saying radiocarbon-dating shows one of the
mummies is 1700 years old.
But none of these results have yet been presented for analysis or
verification, as per the standard scientific process.
Evidence of aliens? Or a manipulated, looted mummy of a 1700-year-old Nazca?Source:Supplied

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The ‘alien’ mummies have not been made available for examination.
The only evidence remains the video files, and the descriptions made by
their ‘discoverer’ — Konstantin Korotkov - and ‘specialists’ in his
He says ‘Maria’ — the best preserved body — was found by a Peruvian
He describes it as having an elongate skull. The rib structure is unusual.
There are also only three appendages on its hands and feet.
A close look at the three-fingered ‘hand’ attached to the mummy named ‘Mary’.Source:Supplied

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According to Russia’s, ‘Maria’s’ body is so well preserved that

the location of internal organs can still be discerned.
“We clearly see the contours of the trachea and the main bronchi, we
clearly see the contours of the heart and chambers, there even the
contours of the valves are visible. We can see quite clearly the contours
of the diaphragm, liver and spleen, “it quotes radiologist Natalia
Zaloznaya as saying.
Those are very human organs.
A graphic showing what Korotkov envisages as an ‘unbundled’ Maria - the mummy sitting in a very Nazca
pose. Right is an image of ‘Albert’, another of the five mummies. Screen captures from Gaia’s Youtube

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“This humanoid being also has 23 chromosomes, as we have. Now there

is already a detailed analysis to see whether all the chromosomes,
whether all amino acids are located just like we have. Does it correspond
to some people who live in South America, Africa or elsewhere, and are
there any differences?” attributes Professor Konstantin
Korotkov of the National Research University Konstantin Korotkov as
‘Mary’s” three-toed feet.Source:Supplied

He also claims the white powder covering the body is a sign of advanced
technology: It is cadmium chloride, he says, and itsts antibacterial effect
preserved the body.
He says’s he’s waiting for permission from Peruvian authorities before
conducting further experiments.
A presentation to Russian media showed scans of the ‘alien’ bodies.Source:Supplied

Korotkov has claimed that he is a geneticist, and that he works for the St.
Petersburg University in Russia. But any search for his name under that
banner produces no results.
This is odd, as almost all qualified academics are given their own profile
web pages to assist with contacts relating to their research.
Korotkov has also claimed to be affiliated with the National Research
University of St Petersburg. This does not exist.
His personal web page, while it claims the title “Professor”, gives no
academic link or profile. And his extensive list of scientific publications
does not include any traceable links to credible scientific journals.
Russian media outlet Ruptly was one of those circulating Korotkov’s claims.Source:Supplied

But a search of Korotkov’s history shows he claims to have invented a

“Bio-Well” camera which captures ‘energy fields’ in humans and nature.
He has it for sale
A series of photos he previously claimed showed a human soul leaving
the human body was later traced to a heat-map of a human body before,
during and after entering a sauna.
Mexican journalist, Jaime Maussan, and forensic analyst Jose de Jesus
Zalce Benitez, presented a similar distorted body in 2015 as evidence of
alien-human crossbreeding. This was later found to be a mummified
Both have contribute to presenting and ‘proving’ the latest ‘find’.
Health Alex Berezow has been outspoken in his criticism of coverage of
the ‘alien’ mummies.
“Truthfully, no respectable news outlet should have covered this,” he
writes. “The head researcher is Konstantin Korotkov, a well-known
crank who once claimed to have photographed a soul leaving a human
body. He is a hoaxer, so this is a non-story...”
He goes on to highlight how this is a part of an increasing disinformation
campaign coming out of Russia.
“A complete hoax was circulated among Russian state-controlled media
as legitimate news, and the Western media fell for it,” he writes. “Sure,
some of them provided “caveats,” but the point is that Russian
propaganda has so infiltrated the public discourse that it appears
regularly in mainstream Western media outlets. That’s shocking.”

A hummingbird geoglyph made by Indians centuries ago on the Nazca Plain, southeast of Lima. These
have long been a favoured subject among alien hunters.Source:News Corp Australia


Peruvian authorities are upset.
They claim the mummies may be the result of a looting attack on an
historical site in 2015.
At least one of the mummies is in a classic Nazca pose. The culture,
which is responsible for the awe-inspiring stone line geoglyphs which
cover part of a Peruvian desert, would bundle their dead up tightly in
rugs and sheets in a sitting position. These were then left in grottos to
dry. Some 171 mummies have been verifiably excavated from a site at
Tenahaha. These have been dated to about 1200 years of age — the same
as Korotkov’s claim.
RELATED: Did a famous British archaeologist fake the world’s
‘oldest map’?
A group Peruvian researchers late last week issued a statement saying
the presentation of the ‘alien’ mummies “has violated numerous national
and international norms.”
They believe the fragile mummies have been deliberately distorted just
enough to justify calling them ‘alien’. This would involve breaking and
manipulating the hands and feet — and covering up the evidence with
some form of whitewash.

Part of a presentation made to Russian media, purporting to show an alien skull.Source:Supplied

“I particularly find repulsive that anyone would dehumanise deceased

human bodies. You can’t take away the condition of human to a human
being!” professor of forensic sciences at Universidad Peruana Cayetano
Heredia Guido Lombardi told Live Science.
Tomb robbers from the city of Palpa are known to have entered the
Nazca archaeological reserve in 2015 in search of marketable artefacts,
says the Inkari-Cusco archaeological institute.
The institute’s president, Thierry Jamin, told Live Science that he had
identified the leader of the looters as Mario.
“Mario is a treasure hunter. He is a delinquent, who is well known to the
police services of the Nazca region. It [his group] has looted
archaeological sites on the Peruvian coast for more than 20 years. And
justice does not do much to stop him,” he says.
Some Peruvian mummies do feature elongate skulls. But archaeologists
have shown this is the result of deliberate deformation of children’s
bodies as they develop — similar to the elongation of necks in some
African cultures, and the tying-up of feet to make them unnaturally small
in China. The elongated skull practice was duplicated by some eastern
European cultures.


The Racism Behind Alien

Mummy Hoaxes
Pre-Columbian bodies are once again being used as
evidence for extraterrestrial life.
AUG 1, 2017
A diagram of an "ancient Peruvian skull" from Samuel George Morton's Crania
Peruvian archaeologists are tired of debunking claims of extraterrestrial influence on
human history. In 1968, Swiss author Erich von Däniken’s Chariots of the
Gods? introduced the mainstream to the theory that the Nazca Lines, the massive
geoglyphs in Southern Peru whose shapes are fully visible only from the air, were
landing strips for “ancient astronauts.” Archaeologists calmly disagree, positing that
they were astronomical designs that turned the desert itself into an observatory, or
counter constellations matching the dark spaces in the Milky Way, or, more abstractly,
cosmological figures meant to be seen by skyward deities, of which ancient Peru had
many. 2008’s Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull put a new spin on this
old tale, including, for good measure, the large-skulled aliens that pepper North
American abduction stories.

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Now, Peruvian scientists are furious at a new and possibly pernicious permutation of the
“ancient astronaut” theory. A web series named Unearthing Nazca purports to depict
the investigation of a pre-Columbian and “humanoid” mummy. Archaeologists, who
have been denied access to the mummy, worry that it is as old as the series’ creators
claim, but that it is actually indigenous and Andean—a real human individual that has
been mutilated to look like an alien. They worry that Unearthing Nazca is an
archaeological snuff film in disguise.

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The series’ success is also of concern. Since the series’ launch in June by—a
website specializing in “conscious media, yoga, and more”—the teaser episode
of Unearthing Nazca has been viewed 2.35 million times on YouTube alone. It starts
with what at first seems to be a typical seated Peruvian mummy, arms wrapped around
its knees, like a child waiting for its parent. Its head is elongated like those of other pre-
Columbian mummies, whose societies artificially shaped their children’s crania to
achieve ideals of beauty or represent group belonging.

“Maria,” the “humanoid” mummy from the web series Unearthing
Nazca (Screenshot from
The resemblance ends there. A Hans Zimmer-esque score throbs, and a Russian-
accented expert in “bioelectrography”—who elsewhere claims to have photographed the
human soul escaping the body after death—declares the mummy “one of the most
important discoveries of the 21st century.” The camera orbits the mummy, revealing
that it has only three long fingers on each hand and three long toes on each foot. Its
elongated head has no nose, no ears, and large, heavy-lidded eyes. And its skin is an
eerie, powdery white.

The video’s experts stop short of the A-word, letting a series of vest-wearing and white
coat-clad “experts” claim that x-rays, CT scans, and DNA and carbon-14 tests of the
mummy’s flesh reveal that this new “humanoid” or “organic creature,” whom they have
dubbed “Maria,” is no fraud. To learn more, viewers were initially encouraged to watch
the rest of the investigation behind Gaia’s paywall.

The English- and Spanish-language tabloids and YouTube channels that cover the
“discovery” reliably fill in the blanks, guarding journalistic integrity with scare quotes:
“The ‘Alien’ Mummies of Nazca,” trumpeted The Sun in mid-July, when the mummy’s
most prominent promoter, a Mexican “ufologist” and TV personality named Jaime
Maussan, produced photographic and x-ray “proof” of at least four additional more
“reptilian” “humanoid” bodies.

Because of course: What else could they be?

Human beings, and indigenous ones to boot.

In 2015, Maussan tried to promote a photographic slide from the late 1940s that, he
hinted, depicted the corpse of an alien child found in the American Southwest. More
skeptical ufologists applied de-blurring technology to the “Roswell Slide” when it was
released, and found that a previously undecipherable placard next to the body revealed
that it was actually the mummy of a two-year-old Puebloan boy removed from the cliff
dwellings of Mesa Verde in 1894. Returned to a National Park museum in 1938, the boy
was repatriated to a local tribe in 2015. Incredibly, Maussan then offered $10,000 for
information that might permit the Puebloan boy’s “location and recuperation.”

This inclusion of pre-Columbian Peruvians in science’s supposed cover-up of

extraterrestrials echoes the previous collection and study of the indigenous dead. In the
19th century, Anglo-American and European craniologists and scholars who came upon
artificially molded skulls in Peruvian tombs hypothesized that they were either the
undeformed remnants of a lost and civilized people they named the “Ancient
Peruvians,” or artificial deformations of later peoples inspired by those Ancient
Peruvians’ natural forms. Archaeologists came to realize that “deformed” Peruvian
skulls were bound and shaped from infancy, when cranial bones weren’t yet fused—
with no change to cranial capacity and, judging from the monumental societies their
elites achieved, without handicap to cognitive ability. But ufology’s rise after the
“Roswell incident” of 1947 has resurrected the search for secret ancestors—and its less
responsible practitioners have re-enlisted ancient Peruvian skulls as evidence of the
presence of large-skulled “Gray Aliens.” They speculate that Peru’s greatest pre-
Columbian achievements—including Machu Picchu, according to a theory aired on
the History channel program Ancient Aliens—are literally out of this world, the product
of a superior, extraterrestrial “race” or their borrowed technology.

Illustration of a mummy collected and unwrapped in 1836 by John Harrison Blake

(Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology)
The use of the word “race” is telling, as it suggests how the repurposing of older,
European collections of non-European bodies and research upon them can reproduce
old and debunked theories of racial deficiency: that indigenous Peruvians, in particular,
could not have built such advanced, monumental societies on their own. (“Ancient
astronaut” theorists claim evidence of extraterrestrial inspiration worldwide, but only
indigenous Americans see their bodies and achievements remade as only explicable by
alien presence.) From the 18th century on, Northern Europeans have accused the
Spanish of exaggerating or misidentifying the origins of the Incas’ achievements.
Alexander von Humboldt asserted that the first Incas were actually Chinese. Inca
embalming of their dead was attributed instead to natural mummification by the
elements or to the diffusion of Egyptian knowledge.
With the rise of specifically racialized science in the 19th and 20th centuries, evidence
for Native American otherness was sought in the ancient Peruvians’ very bones. In the
1920s, one German scholar and future SS officer would seek confirmation that the
Andes’ most megalithic cultures were actually Aryan or Atlantean, and that their
elongated skulls were of a higher, Northern European race. More dismissively, earlier
scholars took ancient Peruvian skulls’ distinctive size, shape, and possession of unique
interparietal bones as evidence of a similarity to rodents and marsupials, a contradiction
that undercut their attributed civilization. In his great assault on racial bias in the
scientific estimation of intelligence, The Mismeasure of Man (1981), Stephen Jay Gould
famously claimed that the Philadelphia craniologist Samuel George Morton had
“plummeted” the average size of Indian skulls in his collection by including a “major
overrepresentation of an extreme group—the small-brained Inca Peruvians.”


Archaeology and museums have come a long way in their study and portrayal of an
indigenous past in which Peruvians are proud, and conversations about the repatriation
or more ethical study of the indigenous American dead are ongoing. (Simultaneous
to Unearthing Nazca’s release, there was massive attendance at a new and decidedly
non-extraterrestrial show on the Nazca culture at the Lima Museum of Art.) Gould’s use
of Morton as an illustration of racial bias in science has also been debated—Morton
actually used a grouped mean of the groups included among his “Americans,”
controlling for the Peruvians’ greater presence so that their inclusion would not
plummet the average.

Nevertheless, Unearthing Nazca is support for Gould’s larger warning against

describing non-European bodies as deficient, abnormal, or non-human. The Internet in
particular has provided a platform for claims of Peruvian skulls’ alien or alt-hominid
abnormality that rely on the repetition of old scholarship without grappling with the
racist presumptions behind the very metrics they used. Proponents of the idea that
elongated Peruvian skulls were naturally occurring, for example, have embraced the
work of Morton and his cohort, such as the Swiss author who compared the ancient
Peruvians to marsupials. It also shows how zombified racial science—even when it
claims not to be about race—might abuse actual human bodies.

It was for this reason that Unearthing Nazca broke Peruvian archaeologists’ studious
reserve. The trouble began late last year, when the Peruvian YouTuber Paul Ronceros
got local media to cover an earlier “alien” or “reptilian” mummy and separated three-
fingered hand from Nazca, which he claimed were discovered by interested parties other
than himself. At some point Ronceros brought that hand and the first “mummy” to a
series of museums, including the natural history museum at Lima’s University of San
Marcos, the oldest university in the hemisphere. According to that museum’s head of
vertebrate paleontology, Rodolfo Salas-Gismondi—who is also an investigator affiliated
with the American Museum of Natural History in New York—Ronceros changed his
story when challenged on the obvious fabrication, claiming that it instead was a pre-
Columbian “representation” of alien life, made of a mixture of animal and human
bones. Around this time, Maussan and fellow international UFO “experts” got involved,
declaring that the mummies in question—they kept multiplying—were fabrications,
possibly ancient, but that others were “genuine, non-human biological remains.”
That archaeological human bones may have been used to mount Ronceros’s “reptile”
mini-mummy and its accompanying hand was bad enough. But Peruvian scientists held
their fire in public until June, when Unearthing Nazcarevealed the previously un-
photographed “Maria,” whose dramatic resemblance to actual Peruvian mummies—
down to an almost anatomically correct CT scan—suggested that she wasn’t a pastiche
of animal and human bones, but an actual pre-Columbian Andean, looted and remade
for the sake of a hoax.
From the x-rays of the mummified hands featured on Unearthing Nazca, Salas-
Gismondi has proposed that they were part of a pre-Columbian mummy that was
subsequently mutilated—two fingers or toes cut from each extremity and redeployed to
augment the number of falanges in the remaining three digits to conform to our alien
pop culture stereotypes. Its skeletal extremities, Salas-Gismondi observes, are otherwise
identical to that of a human being with five fingers, which “makes no evolutionary
sense.” To complete the package of “Maria,” her nose and ears may have been sliced
away from what was either an unsurprisingly elongated head, or were left off of a
recently fabricated one. Evidence of all alterations could easily be covered up with the
white, plastery powder that the talking heads on Unearthing Nazca claim is a desiccant.
The benefit of using an actual mummy is that the body may be probed for samples of
actual pre-Columbian flesh, as some face-masked participants in Unearthing Nazca are
seen to be doing in the name of “carbon-14 and DNA testing.” The “experts” later
declare that those tests reveals that the mummy was a 1,600–1,800 year-old female
“humanoid”—results that have not been verified by outside parties.

Pre-Columbian Peruvian mummy as depicted for the 1851 work Antigüedades

Peruanas. (Mariano Eduardo de Rivero / Johann Jakob von Tschudi)
Maria’s guardians have not let her be examined by established mummy experts. In late
June, Peru’s Ministry of Culture announced that it was investigating the possibility that
the composition of the mummies were the product of looting. And in July, the
organizers of last year’s World Congress on Mummy Studies in Lima—Peru’s actual
experts on pre-Columbian remains—denounced Unearthing Nazca, calling upon
Peruvian authorities to investigate, find, and prosecute the mummies’ apparent makers
for violating Peru’s laws against trafficking in pre-Columbian human remains, which
are considered Peruvian cultural patrimony. The Congress’s organizers were
particularly galled by the possibility that this assault upon the dignity of an actual pre-
Columbian mummy bolstered believers—even in Peru—that Andean culture and
achievements owed to “outside help.”

These Peruvian archaeologists and bio-anthropologists have been careful not to say who
they believe is responsible for the suspected fraud; the experts on are likewise
careful to say that “Maria” was “discovered” by “Mario,” a pseudonymous third party.
When reached for comment,’s media representatives say that the organization
has only investigated and reported “on facts related to artifacts presented to us,” and
“arranged for independent testing including carbon-14 and DNA sequencing.” The on-
camera experts involved in the investigation have apparently not been paid, and has never been “in possession of any artifacts.” During this story’s reporting,
the paywall for the rest of the episodes of Unearthing Nazca was lowered, releasing
them to the open web and possibly helping Gaia answer the charge that it continues to
profit from an unraveling story.
But Peru’s mummy experts remain frustrated. In mid-July, one of Peru’s most respected
bio-anthropologists, Elsa Tomasto-Cagigao, agreed to debateMaussan and another
member of his team—a Mexican naval surgeon whose claims to be a forensic
anthropologist have not checked out—live on Peruvian TV.

Maussan took the opportunity to claim that he and his colleagues were being defamed;
that they never said it was an ‘extraterrestrial’; that they only sought the truth on
whether or not it was a “human being.” But Tomasto-Cagigao wasn’t having it. She laid
out the case clearly, patiently, unflappably, observing that no one in Peru’s actual
scientific community of mummy experts had been consulted or had seen “Maria” or the
actual x-rays other than what was flashed on Unearthing Nazca or in Maussan’s “press

“And if they present them tomorrow?” asks the host.

“I’ll eat a cockroach, live, with mayonnaise,” Tomasto-Cagigao replied. “It is not just
grave-robbing … Peruvian law says that to extract, alter, or manipulate cultural
patrimony without the permission of the state is a crime.”

The interviewer tries to break in.

“I’m not saying that they did it,” she adds, refusing to look at the Unearthing
Nazca experts, whose latest episode investigates a mummified pre-Columbian infant
whose tiny hands and feet have, or were made to have, three fingers.

“But there’s a crime here.”

CHRISTOPHER HEANEY is an assistant professor of Latin American history at

Pennsylvania State University, and a postdoctoral fellow at the McNeil Center for
Early American Studies. He is the author of Cradle of Gold.

Fact Check

 Science

Did Researchers Find a

Mummified, Three-Fingered
Alien in Nazca, Peru?
The purported discovery is backed by individuals
with a history of making false, pseudoscientific


A corpse found in Nazca, Peru, is that of an alien.


On 20 June 2017, the web site published a video purporting to show the
excavation and examination of a mummified body in Nazca, Peru:

In the spring of 2017, Gaia filmmakers joined researchers and scientists just outside of
Nazca, Peru to investigate an unearthed mummified body. Independent scientists and
universities are currently analyzing findings, with initial examinations suggesting the
possibility of material that is unlike anything found in the fossil record.

Could this be a primitive human with an intentional or developmental deformity, or

undeniable evidence that a non-human species exists?

Although at least posed the idea that the mummy was an alien as a question,
the web site definitively reported the headline “New Alien Mummy
Discovered in Peru Near Nazca Lines.”

The Nazca Lines are a set of geoglyphs (lines drawn by removing rocks and digging
up earth) near Nazca, Peru. Some are drawn in the shape of animals (biomorphs) and
are between 50 and 1,200 feet long, according to National Geographic. The absence of
a single definitive explanation for their origins has prompted speculation that aliens
were somehow involved in their creation.

However, no evidence has ever definitively proved the existence of alien life, and
countless “alien” discoveries have later been shown to be hoaxes or to have far more
mundane explanations.

In 2015, Mexican journalist Jaime Maussan, who reported the existence of the Nazca
mummy to Gaia and is featured in the video, led an event called Be Witness, at which
a mummified body — purportedly that of an alien — was unveiled. Later, though, that
“alien” discovery was debunked, and the mummified corpse was shown to be that of
a human child.

Forensic scientist José de Jésus Zalce Benitez was one of the lead researchers behind
the (debunked) 2015 discovery, presenting his findings at the Be Witness event.
Benitez also took part in Gaia’s Nazca project and can be seen in the video claiming
that the three fingers of the mummy “makes us think that this does not belong to a
human species.”
The previous discovery of mummies with elongated skulls in Peru, like that shown in
the Gaia video, has prompted similar wild speculation about alien species. But
anthropologists have explained that elongated skulls are the result of an ancient
practice of artificial cranial deformation, in which young children had their heads
bound in cloth, rope, or even wooden boards, possibly as part of a religious ritual.

Dr Konstantin Korotkov, who says with certainty in the Gaia video that the Nazca
mummy “belongs to another creature,” also claims to have invented a camera that can
photograph the soul and has previously made a host of pseudo-scientific
pronouncements about the measurement of “auras,” such as this one:

If we send positive emotions, if we send love to each other, then we increase not only
the other person’s energy field, but our own energy field.

Finally, (formerly known as Gaiam TV) web site has a long history of
providing a platform for false and spurious pseudo-science, conspiracy theories, and
paranormal claims. The company charges $95.40 per year for unlimited access to
videos about remote viewing, contact with angels, alien abduction, crop circles, and
the like.

It remains to be established whether the Nazca “mummy” is actually an excavated

corpse or simply a hoax, what its origins are, and how its apparent deformities came
about. But we are willing to say with certainty that it will not succeed where
thousands of previous “discoveries” have failed, and present definitive, scientifically
verifiable proof of alien life.

23 June 2017. Correction: Gaia was formerly known as Gaiam TV, not Gaiam. Gaiam continues as a
separate subsidiary of Gaia, Inc., providing yoga and meditation-related video content

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