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# Faridhotus, Fitrotul, Ika W, Ilhaamatul, Ita (IAIN-TULUNGAGUNG)

ππ€
Pada soal 1 β 6 , tentukan dengan menggunakan Aturan Rantai. Ungkapkanlah jawaban akhir
ππ‘
anda dalam bentuk π‘.

1. π€ = π₯2π¦3 ; π₯ = π‘3 , π¦ = π‘2
ππ€ ππ€ ππ₯ ππ€ ππ¦
Jawab : = + ππ¦
ππ‘ ππ₯ ππ‘ ππ‘

## = (2(π‘ 3 )(π‘ 2 )3 )(3π‘ 2 ) + (3(π‘ 3 )2 (π‘ 2 )2 )(2π‘)

= 6π‘11 + 6π‘11

= 12π‘11

2. π€ = π₯ 2 π¦ β π¦ 2 π₯ ; π₯ = cos π‘, π¦ = sin π‘
Jawab :
ππ€ ππ€ ππ₯ ππ€ ππ¦
= + ππ¦
ππ‘ ππ₯ ππ‘ ππ‘
2 )(β
= (2π₯π¦ β π¦ sin π‘) + (π₯ 2 β 2π¦π₯)(cos π‘)
= (2(cos π‘)(sin π‘) β (sin π‘)2 )(β sin π‘) + ((cos π‘)2 β 2(sin π‘)(cos π‘))(cos π‘)
= β2(cos π‘)(sin2 π‘) + sin3 π‘ + cos3 π‘ β 2(sin π‘)(cos 2 π‘)

## 3. π€ = π π₯ sin π¦ + π π¦ sin π₯ ; π₯ = 3π‘, π¦ = 2π‘

ππ€ ππ€ ππ₯ ππ€ ππ¦
Jawab : = +
ππ‘ ππ₯ ππ‘ ππ¦ ππ‘
= (π π₯ sin π¦ + π π¦ cos π₯)(3) + (π π₯ cos π¦ + π π¦ sin π₯)(2)
= (π 3π‘ sin 2π‘ + π 2π‘ cos 3π‘)(3) + (π 3π‘ cos 2π‘ + π 2π‘ sin 3π‘)(2)
= 3π 3π‘ sin 2π‘ + 3π 2π‘ cos 3π‘ + 2π 3π‘ cos 2π‘ + 2π 2π‘ sin 3π‘
= 3π 3π‘ sin 2π‘ + 2π 3π‘ cos 2π‘ + 3π 2π‘ cos 3π‘ + 2π 2π‘ sin 3π‘
= π 3π‘ (3 sin 2π‘ + 2 cos 2π‘) + π 2π‘ (3 cos 3π‘ + 2 sin 3π‘)

π₯
4. π€ = ln (π¦) ; π₯ = tan π‘, π¦ = sec 2 π‘
ππ€ ππ€ ππ₯ ππ€ ππ¦
Jawab : = + ππ¦
ππ‘ ππ₯ ππ‘ ππ‘
π¦ π¦
= ( β π¦ β1 ) (sec 2 π‘) + ( β βπ₯π¦ β2 ) (2 sec 2 π‘ tan π‘)
π₯ π₯
2
sec π‘
= β π¦ β1 (2 sec 2 π‘ tan π‘)
π₯
sec 2 π‘ (2 sec 2 π‘ tan π‘)
= β
tan π‘ sec 2 π‘
1 cos π‘
=( 2 β ) β (2 tan π‘)
cos π‘ sin π‘
1 sin π‘
= β2
cos π‘ sin π‘ cos π‘
1 β 2 sin2 π‘
=
cos π‘ sin π‘

5. π€ = sin(π₯π¦π§ 2 ) ; π₯ = π‘ 3 , π¦ = π‘ 2 , π§ = π‘

## Kalkulus βAturan Rantaiβ Page 1

Faridhotus, Fitrotul, Ika W, Ilhaamatul, Ita (IAIN-TULUNGAGUNG)

ππ€ ππ€ ππ₯ ππ€ ππ¦ ππ€ ππ§
Jawab : = + ππ¦ +
ππ‘ ππ₯ ππ‘ ππ‘ ππ§ ππ‘
= (π¦π§ 2 cos π₯π¦π§ 2 )(3π‘ 2 ) + (π₯π§ 2 cos π₯π¦π§ 2 )(2π‘) + (2π₯π¦π§ cos π₯π¦π§ 2 )(1)
= (π‘ 4 cos π‘ 7 )(3π‘ 2 ) + (π‘ 5 cos π‘ 7 )(2π‘) + (2π‘ 6 cos π‘ 7 )
= 3π‘ 6 cos π‘ 7 + 2π‘ 6 cos π‘ 7 + 2π‘ 6 cos π‘ 7
= 7π‘ 6 cos π‘ 7

6. π€ = π₯π¦ + π¦π§ + π₯π§ ; π₯ = π‘ 2 , π¦ = 1 β π‘ 2 , π§ = 1 β π‘
ππ€ ππ€ ππ₯ ππ€ ππ¦ ππ€ ππ§
Jawab: = + ππ¦ +
ππ‘ ππ₯ ππ‘ ππ‘ ππ§ ππ‘
= (π¦ + π§)(2π‘) + (π₯ + π§)(β2π‘) + (π¦ + π₯)(β1)
= ((1 β π‘ 2 ) + (1 β π‘))(2π‘) + (π‘ 2 + (1 β π‘))(β2π‘) β ((1 β π‘ 2 ) + π‘ 2 )
= (2 β π‘ 2 β π‘)(2π‘) + (π‘ 2 β π‘ + 1)(β2π‘) β 1
= 4π‘ β 2π‘ 3 β 2π‘ 2 β 2π‘ 3 + 2π‘ 2 β 2π‘ β 1
= β4π‘ 3 + 2π‘ β 1
ππ€
Pada soal 7 β 12, tentukan dengan menggunakan Aturan Rantai. Ungkapkan jawaban akhir
ππ‘
anda dalam bentuk s dan t.

7. π€ = π₯ 2 π¦, π₯ = π π‘, π¦ = π  β π‘
ππ€ ππ€ ππ₯ ππ€ ππ¦
Jawab: = + ππ¦
ππ‘ ππ₯ ππ‘ ππ‘

= (2π₯π¦)(π ) + (π₯ 2 )(β1)

## = (2(π π‘)(π  β π‘))(π ) + (π π‘)2 (β1)

= 2π  3 π‘ β 2π  2 π‘ 2 β π  2 π‘ 2
= 2π  3 π‘ β 3π  2 π‘ 2

π
8. π€ = π₯ 2 β π¦ ln π₯ ; π₯ = π‘, π¦ = π  2 π‘
ππ€ ππ€ ππ₯ ππ€ ππ¦
Jawab : = + ππ¦ ππ‘
ππ‘ ππ₯ ππ‘
π¦
= (2π₯ β ) (βπ π‘ β2 ) + (β ln π₯)(π  2 )
π₯
π  π 2π‘ π
= (2 ( ) β ( β1 )) (βπ π‘ β2 ) + (β ln ) (π  2 )
π‘ π π‘ π‘
π
= β2π  2 π‘ β3 + π  2 β π  2 ln
π‘
π
= π  2 (β2π‘ β3 + 1 β ln )
π‘
2 2
9. π€ = π π₯ +π¦ ; π₯ = π  sin π‘, π¦ = π‘ sin π
Jawab :
ππ€ ππ€ ππ₯ ππ€ ππ¦
= +
ππ‘ ππ₯ ππ‘ ππ¦ ππ‘
2 +π¦ 2 2 +π¦ 2
= (2π₯π π₯ )(π  cos π‘) + (2π¦π π₯ )(sin π )
π 2 sin2 π‘+π‘ 2 sin2 π‘ 2 sin2 π‘+π‘ 2 sin2 π‘
= (2(π  sin π‘)(π )) (π  cos π‘) + (2(π‘ sin π )(π π  )) (sin π )

## Kalkulus βAturan Rantaiβ Page 2

Faridhotus, Fitrotul, Ika W, Ilhaamatul, Ita (IAIN-TULUNGAGUNG)

## 2 sin2 π‘+π‘ 2 sin2 π‘ 2 sin2 π‘+π‘ 2 sin2 π‘

= 2π  2 sin π‘ cos π‘ (π π  ) + 2π‘ sin2 π  (π π  )
π 2 sin2 π‘+π‘ 2 sin2 π‘
= (2π  2 sin π‘ cos π‘ + 2π‘ sin2 π )(π )

## 10. π€ = ln(π₯ + π¦) β ln(π₯ β π¦) ; π₯ = π‘π π  , π¦ = π π π‘

ππ€ ππ€ ππ₯ ππ€ ππ¦
Jawab : = + ππ¦
ππ‘ ππ₯ ππ‘ ππ‘
1 1 1 1
=( β ) (π π  ) + ( + ) (π π π π‘ )
π₯+π¦ π₯βπ¦ π₯+π¦ π₯βπ¦
1 1 1 1
=( π  π π‘
β π  π π‘
) (π π  ) + ( π  π π‘
+ π  ) (π π π π‘ )
π‘π + π π‘π β π π‘π + π π‘π β π π π‘
(π‘π π  β π π π‘ ) β (π‘π π  + π π π‘ ) π )
(π‘π π  β π π π‘ ) + (π‘π π  + π π π‘ )
=( ) (π + ( ) (π π π π‘ )
(π‘π π  + π π π‘ )(π‘π π  β π π π‘ ) (π‘π π  + π π π‘ )(π‘π π  β π π π‘ )
(β2π π π‘+π  ) 2π π‘π π +π π‘
= +
(π‘π π  + π π π‘ )(π‘π π  β π π π‘ ) (π‘π π  + π π π‘ )(π‘π π  β π π π‘ )
π π π‘+π  (β2 + 2π π‘)
=
(π‘π π  + π π π‘ )(π‘π π  β π π π‘ )

## 11. π€ = βπ₯ 2 + π¦ 2 + π§ 2 ; π₯ = cos π π‘, π¦ = sin π π‘, π§ = π  2 π‘

ππ€ ππ€ ππ₯ ππ€ ππ¦ ππ€ ππ§
Jawab : = + ππ¦ +
ππ‘ ππ₯ ππ‘ ππ‘ ππ§ ππ‘
1 1
= (π₯(π₯ 2 + π¦ 2 + π§ 2 )β2 ) (βπ  sin π‘) + (π¦(π₯ 2 + π¦ 2 + π§ 2 )β2 ) (π  cos π π‘)
1
+ (π§(π₯ 2 + π¦ 2 + π§ 2 )β2 ) (π  2 )

1
= [cos π π‘ (cos 2 π π‘ + sin2 π π‘ + π  4 π‘ 2 )β2 (βπ  sin π π‘)]
1
+ [sin π π‘ (cos2 π π‘ + sin2 π π‘ + π  4 π‘ 2 )β2 π  cos π π‘]
1
+ [π  2 π‘(cos 2 π π‘ + sin2 π π‘ + π  4 π‘ 2 )β2 π  2 ]

1
= [βπ  sin π π‘ cos π π‘ (cos2 π π‘ + sin2 π π‘ + π  4 π‘ 2 )β2 ]
1
+ [π  sin π π‘ cos π π‘ (cos2 π π‘ + sin2 π π‘ + π  4 π‘ 2 )β2 ]
1
+ [π  4 π‘(cos 2 π π‘ + sin2 π π‘ + π  4 π‘ 2 )β2 ]

1
= 0 + π  4 π‘(1 + π  4 π‘ 2 )β2
1
= π  4 π‘(1 + π  4 π‘ 2 )β2

12. π€ = π π₯π¦+π§ ; π₯ = π  + π‘, π¦ = π  β π‘, π§ = π‘ 2
ππ€ ππ€ ππ₯ ππ€ ππ¦ ππ€ ππ§
Jawab : = + ππ¦ +
ππ‘ ππ₯ ππ‘ ππ‘ ππ§ ππ‘
= (π¦ π π₯π¦+π§ )(1) + (π₯π π₯π¦+π§ )(β1) + (π π₯π¦+π§ )(2π‘)
= (π  β π‘)(π π₯π¦+π§ ) β (π  + π‘)(π π₯π¦+π§ ) + 2π‘ π π₯π¦+π§
= π π π₯π¦+π§ β π‘π π₯π¦+π§ β π π π₯π¦+π§ β π‘π π₯π¦+π§ + 2π‘π π₯π¦+π§
Kalkulus βAturan Rantaiβ Page 3
Faridhotus, Fitrotul, Ika W, Ilhaamatul, Ita (IAIN-TULUNGAGUNG)

=0

## 13. Jika π§ = π₯ 2 π¦ ; π₯ = 2π‘ + π , π¦ = 1 β π π‘ 2 , tentukan

ππ§
|
ππ‘ π =1,π‘=β2π₯
ππ§ ππ§ ππ₯ ππ§ ππ¦
Jawab : = ππ₯ ππ‘ + ππ¦ ππ‘
ππ‘
= (2π₯π¦)(2) + (π₯ 2 )(β2π π‘)
= (4(2π‘ + π )(1 β π π‘ 2 )) β 2π π‘(2π‘ + π )2
= 4(2π‘ β 2π π‘ 3 + π  β π  2 π‘ 2 ) β 2π π‘(4π‘ 2 + 4π‘π  + π  2 )
= 8π‘ β 8π π‘ 3 + 4π  β 4π  2 π‘ 2 β 8π π‘ 3 β 8π  2 π‘ 2 β 2π  3 π‘
= β16π π‘ 3 β 12π  2 π‘ 2 β 2π  3 π‘ + 8π‘ + 4π
ππ§
| = β16(β8) β 12(4) β 2(β2) + 8(β2) + 4(1)
ππ‘ π =1,π‘=β2
= 128 β 48 + 4 β 16 + 4
= 72

## 14. Jika |π§ = π₯π¦ + π₯ + π¦, π₯ = π + π  + π‘, π¦ = ππ π‘, tentukan

ππ§
|
ππ  π=1,π =β1,π‘=2
ππ§ ππ§ ππ₯ ππ§ ππ¦
Jawab : = ππ₯ ππ  + ππ¦ ππ
ππ

= (π¦ + 1)(1) + (π₯ + 1)(ππ‘)
= (ππ π‘ + 1) + (π + π  + π‘ + 1)(ππ‘)
= ππ π‘ + 1 + π 2 π‘ + ππ π‘ + ππ‘ 2 + ππ‘
= π 2 π‘ + ππ‘ 2 + 2ππ π‘ + ππ‘ + 1
ππ§
| = (1 β 2) + (1 β 4) + 2(1 β β1 β 2) + (1 β 2) + 1
ππ  π=1,π =β1,π‘=2
=5

## 15. Jika |π€ = π’2 β π’ tan π£, π’ = π₯ dan π£ = ππ₯, tentukan

ππ€
|
ππ₯ π₯=1
4

ππ€ ππ€ ππ’ ππ€ ππ£
Jawab : = +
ππ₯ ππ’ ππ₯ ππ£ ππ₯

## = (2π’ β tan π£)(1) + (βπ’ sec 2 π£)(π)

= (2π₯ β tan ππ₯) β ππ₯ sec 2 ππ₯
ππ€ 1 π
| = ( β tan 45Β°) β sec 2 45Β°
ππ₯ π₯=1 2 4
4
1 π
= ( β 1) β (2)
2 4
1 π
=β β
2 2

## Kalkulus βAturan Rantaiβ Page 4

Faridhotus, Fitrotul, Ika W, Ilhaamatul, Ita (IAIN-TULUNGAGUNG)

1
= β (1 + π)
2

## 16. Jika |π€ =π₯ 2 π¦ + π§ 2 , π₯ = π cos π sin π, π¦ = π sin π sin π, dan π§ = π cos π, tentukan

ππ€
|
ππ π=2,π=π,π=π
2

ππ€ ππ€ ππ₯ ππ€ ππ¦ ππ€ ππ§
Jawab : = + ππ¦ ππ +
ππ ππ₯ ππ ππ§ ππ

## = (2π₯π¦)(βπ sin π sin π) + (π₯ 2 )(π cos π sin π) + (2π§)(0)

= [2(π cos π sin π)(π sin π sin π)(βπ sin π sin π)]
+ (π cos π sin π)2 (π cos π sin π) + 0
= β2π3 (cos π sin π)(sin2 π sin2 π)
+ (π2 cos 2 π sin2 π)(π cos π sin π)
= β2π3 (cos π sin π)(sin2 π sin2 π) + π3 cos3 π sin3 π
ππ€ 3
π 2 2
π 3 3 3
π
| = β2(2) (cos π sin ) (sin π sin ) + (2) (cos π sin )
ππ π=2,π=π,π=π 2 2 2
2
= β32(1 β 1)(0 β 1) + 8(1 β 1)
=8

17. Secara umum, bagian pohon yang digergaji menjadi kayu adalah batang, yakni bentuk
pejal yang hampir menyerupai tabung lingkaran tegak. Jika radius batang suatu pohon
1
tertentu tumbuh inci per tahun dan tinggi bertambah 8 inci per tahun, berapa cepat
2
volume bertambah pada waktu radius 20 inci dan tinggi 400 inci? Nyatakan jawaban
anda dalam ukuran papan per tahun (1 ukuran papan = 1 inci Γ 12 inci Γ 12 inci).
Jawab :
Diket : π = 20 ; β = 400
ππ 1 πβ
= ; =8
ππ‘ 2 ππ‘
π(π, β) = ππ 2 β
ππ ππ ππ ππ πβ
= +
ππ‘ ππ ππ‘ πβ ππ‘
1
= (2ππβ) ( ) + (ππ 2 )(8)
2
= ππβ + 8ππ 2
ππ
| = π(20)(400) + π(400)(8)
ππ‘ π=20,β=400
= 8000π + 3200π
= 11200π
= 35185,84 inci3
1 Ukuran papan = 1 inci Γ 12 inci Γ 12inci
= 144 inci3
35200
144
35185,84
= 244,35 papan tiap tahun.
144

## Kalkulus βAturan Rantaiβ Page 5

Faridhotus, Fitrotul, Ika W, Ilhaamatul, Ita (IAIN-TULUNGAGUNG)

18. Suhu pelat baja, di (π₯, π¦) adalah π βπ₯β3π¦ derajat. Seekor serangga berjalan ke arah Timur
ππ₯ ππ¦
Laut pada laju β8 kaki per menit (yaitu, = = 2). Dari sudut pandangan serangga,
ππ‘ ππ‘
Jawab :
Misalkan suhu pelat baja = π, maka persamaannya adalah π(π₯, π¦) = π βπ₯β3π¦
ππ₯ ππ¦
= =2
ππ‘ ππ‘
ππ ππ ππ₯ ππ ππ¦
= +
ππ‘ ππ₯ ππ‘ ππ¦ ππ‘
= (βπ βπ₯β3π¦ )(2) + (β3π βπ₯β3π¦ )(2)
= β2π βπ₯β3π¦ β 6π βπ₯β3π¦
= β8π βπ₯β3π¦

19. Sebuah perahu mainan seorang anak laki β laki terlepas dari pegangannya ditepi sebuah
sungai yang lurus. Arus membawanya sepanjang 5 kaki per detik. Angin meniupnya ke
arah tepi yang berlawanan pada kecepatan 4 kaki per detik. Jika anak laki β laki tersebut
lari menyusuri tepi sungai dengan kecepatan 3 kaki per detik mengikuti perahu
mainannya, berapa cepat perahu itu bergerak menjahuinya pada saat π‘ = 3 detik?
Jawab :
Cara I

ππ₯ π£ πππ’π  ππ‘
= =5 π₯ = 5π‘
ππ‘ π‘ π
ππ¦ π£ πππππ ππ‘
= =4 π¦ = 4π‘
ππ‘ π‘ π
ππ§ π£ ππππ ππ‘
= =3 π§ = 3π‘
ππ‘ π‘ π
1 1
π = π£ perahu = β(π₯ β π§)2 + π¦ 2 = ((π₯ β π§)2 + π¦ 2 )2 = ((π₯)2 β 2π₯π§ + π§ 2 + π¦ 2 )2
1
ππ 1
= 2 (2π₯ β 2π§)((π₯)2 β 2π₯π§ + π§ 2 + π¦ 2 )β2
ππ₯

1 1
= (2.5π‘ β 2.3π‘)((5π‘)2 β 2.5π‘. 3π‘ + 3π‘ 2 + 4π‘ 2 )β2
2
1 1 β1
= 4π‘. ( ) 2
2 β20π‘ 2
1
= 2π‘ ( )
π‘β20
2
=
β20
1
ππ 1
= 2 (β2π₯ + 2π§)((π₯)2 β 2π₯π§ + π§ 2 + π¦ 2 )β2
ππ§

## Kalkulus βAturan Rantaiβ Page 6

Faridhotus, Fitrotul, Ika W, Ilhaamatul, Ita (IAIN-TULUNGAGUNG)

1
β
1 1 2
= . 2(βπ₯ + π§) ( )
2 β20π‘ 2
1
= (β5π‘ + 3π‘) ( )
π‘β20
1
= β2π‘ ( )
π‘β20
β2
=
β20
1
ππ 1
= 2 2π¦ ((π₯)2 β 2π₯π§ + π§ 2 + π¦ 2 )β2
ππ¦

1 1
= . 2.4π‘ ((5π‘)2 β 2.5π‘. 3π‘ + 3π‘ 2 + 4π‘ 2 )β2
2
4π‘
=
β25π‘ 2 β 30π‘ 2 + 9π‘ 2 + 16π‘ 2
4π‘
=
π‘β20
4
=
β20
ππ ππ ππ₯ ππ ππ¦ ππ ππ§
= ππ₯ ππ‘ + ππ¦ ππ‘ + ππ§ ππ‘
ππ‘

2 ππ‘ 4 ππ‘ 2 ππ‘
= .5 + 4 + (β )3
β20 π  β20 π  β20 π

10 16 6 ππ‘
=( + β )
β20 β20 β20 π
20 β20 ππ‘
=( πΈ )
β20 β20 π

20β20 ππ‘
=( )
20 π
ππ‘
= β20
π

Cara II
Pada gambar berikut merupakan ilustrasi dari soal certia di atas.

## Kalkulus βAturan Rantaiβ Page 7

Faridhotus, Fitrotul, Ika W, Ilhaamatul, Ita (IAIN-TULUNGAGUNG)

π΅π· = βπ΄π·2 + π΄π΅ 2

= β22 + 42

= β20
Jadi, ketika anak laki β laki menyusuri sungai dengan kecepatan 3 kaki per detik, perahu
akan menjahuinya pada kecepatan β20 kaki per detik.

20. Pasir dituangkan ke dalam tumpukan berbentuk kerucut sedemikian sehingga pada suatu
saat tingginya 100 inci dan bertambah pada kecepatan 3 inci per menit, radius 40 inci dan
bertambah pada kecepatan 2 inci per menit. Seberapa cepat volume bertambah pada saat
tersebut?
Jawab :
Misalkan; Tinggi pasir pada sebuah kerucut = β dengan β = 100 inci
Radius = π, dengan π = 40 inci
1
Volume Kerucut = π dengan π = 3 ππ 2 β
1
Maka π(π, β) = 3 ππ 2 β

1 2
π(π, β) = ππ β
3
dr
= 2 inci/menit
dt

dh
= 3 inci/menit
dt

dv
|
dt r=40 ,h=100
dv ππ£ ππ ππ£ πβ
= ππ ππ‘ + πβ ππ‘
dt

## Kalkulus βAturan Rantaiβ Page 8

Faridhotus, Fitrotul, Ika W, Ilhaamatul, Ita (IAIN-TULUNGAGUNG)

2 1
= Οrh .2 + Οr 2 . 3
3 3
4
= Οrh + Οr 2 |
3 r=40 ,h=100

4
= Ο. 40.100 + Ο . 1600
3
16000
= Ο + 1600Ο
3
= (5333,3 + 1600)Ο

= 6933,3 Ο

= 21770,67

inci per menit.

ππ¦
Pada soal 21 β 24, gunakan metode Contoh 6 untuk menemukan ππ₯ .
21. π₯ 3 + 2π₯ 2 π¦ β π¦ 3 = 0
Jawab : Misalkan π(π₯, π¦) = π₯ 3 + 2π₯ 2 π¦ β π¦ 3
ππ
ππ¦
= β ππ₯
ππ₯ ππ
ππ¦
3π₯ 2 + 4π₯π¦
=β 2
2π₯ β 3π¦ 2
3π₯ 2 + 4π₯π¦
=
β(2π₯ 2 β 3π¦ 2 )
3π₯ 2 + 4π₯π¦
= 2
3π¦ β 2π₯ 2
22. π¦π βπ₯ + 5π₯ β 17 = 0
Jawab : Misalkan π(π₯, π¦) = π¦π βπ₯ + 5π₯ β 17
ππ
ππ¦
= β ππ₯
ππ₯ ππ
ππ¦
βπ¦π βπ₯ + 5
=β
π βπ₯
π¦
= βπ π₯ (β π₯ + 5)
π
23. π₯ sin π¦ + π¦ cos π₯ = 0
Jawab : Misalkan π(π₯, π¦) = π₯ sin π¦ + π¦ cos π₯

## Kalkulus βAturan Rantaiβ Page 9

Faridhotus, Fitrotul, Ika W, Ilhaamatul, Ita (IAIN-TULUNGAGUNG)

ππ
ππ¦
= β ππ₯
ππ₯ ππ
ππ¦
sin π¦ β π¦ sin π₯
=β
π₯ cos π¦ + cos π₯
β(sin π¦ β π¦ sin π₯)
=
π₯ cos π¦ + cos π₯
π¦ sin π₯ β sin π¦
=
π₯ cos π¦ + cos π₯

## 24. π₯ 2 cos π¦ β π¦ 2 sin π₯ = 0

Jawab : Misalkan π(π₯, π¦) = π₯ 2 cos π¦ β π¦ 2 sin π₯
ππ
ππ¦
= β ππ₯
ππ₯ ππ
ππ¦
2π₯ cos π¦ β π¦ 2 sin π₯
=β
βπ₯ 2 sin π¦ β 2π¦ sin π₯

2π₯ cos π¦ β π¦ 2 sin π₯
=
π₯ 2 sin π¦ + 2π¦ sin π₯
ππ§
25. Jika 3π₯ 2 π§ + π¦ 3 β π₯π¦π§ 3 = 0, cari ππ₯.
Jawab : Misalkan πΉ(π₯, π¦) = 3π₯ 2 π§ + π¦ 3 β π₯π¦π§ 3
ππΉ
ππ§
= β ππ₯
ππ₯ ππΉ
ππ§
6π₯π§ β π¦π§ 3
=β 2
3π₯ β 3π₯π¦π§ 2
β(6π₯π§ β π¦π§ 3 )
=
3π₯ 2 β 3π₯π¦π§ 2
π¦π§ 3 β 6π₯π§
= 2
3π₯ β 3π₯π¦π§ 2