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(ASSIGNMENT # 2)

Submitted by:
Joshua Joseph O. Espiritu
CEIT-04-102A

Submitted to:
Dr. Jennis Articona
CAD00 Professor
COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN
According to Technopedia, Computer-aided design (CAD) is a computer
technology that designs a product and documents the design's process. CAD may
facilitate the manufacturing process by transferring detailed diagrams of a product’s
materials, processes, tolerances and dimensions with specific conventions for the
product in question. It can be used to produce either two-dimensional or three-
dimensional diagrams, which can then when rotated to be viewed from any angle, even
from the inside looking out. A special printer or plotter is usually required for printing
professional design renderings.

COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN AND DRAFTING


Computer aided design and drafting (CADD) is a subfield of engineering which
deals with the design and drafting of objects and materials through the use of specialized
software that visualizes designs as modular 3D computer models.
Computer aided design (CAD) software is used for creating the 3D models
complete with detailed documentation such as dimensions, materials used and even
details the design process.

TOP CAD APPLICATION FOR ENGINEERING AND


ARCHITECTURE
According to crowd.com, here are the top 5 most used CAD application in the field of
engineering and architecture:
1. VECTORWORKS
2. SKETCHUP
3. AUTOCAD
4. DATACAD
5. REVIT

CHARACTERISTIC OF AUTOCAD
 Extended storage capacity - Premium users have 25GB of space and Ultimate
users receive 100GB
 Support for larger files - Premium users can open files up to 30MB in size,
40MB for Ultimate users.
 All drawing and editing tools, including extra advanced tools such as arc,
offset and more! Also, all editing capabilities are available directly from external
cloud storage files
 The ability to create new drawings within the app
 Advanced annotation and marking tools, which include cloud, mark up, arrow
and more!
 Advanced layer management – isolate object layers, create new layers, lock
layers, rename or delete layers, make a layer your current layer, invert layer
visibility, and turn all layers on/off
 View and edit Object Properties
 A block palette containing all existing blocks is accessible in the drawing to
allow the user to insert blocks
 Priority support

AUTOCAD USER INTERFACE

1. The Ribbon
Maximize the area available for work using a compact interface that contains many
of the same tools and controls available in toolbars and dialog boxes. The ribbon can be
displayed horizontally across the top of the drawing window, vertically to the left or right
of the drawing window, or as a floating palette.
2. The Menu Browser
Browse all of the classic drop-down menus available in AutoCAD, or perform a real-
time search of the menus, menu actions, tooltips, command prompt text strings, and
tags. Use the menu browser to browse for recent documents, currently open documents,
and commands recently executed from the menu browser.
3. SteeringWheels
Access 2D and 3D navigation tools such as pan, zoom, orbit, rewind, and walk from
a single interface. Start the navigation tools by clicking a wedge or by clicking and
dragging the cursor over a wedge. You can access SteeringWheels from the drawing
status bar.
4. InfoCenter
Search for information through keywords or phrases, display the Communication
Center panel for product updates and announcements, or display the Favorites panel to
access saved topics. You can also receive information from RSS feeds to which you
subscribe, or feeds published by your CAD manager.
5. Tool Palettes
Organize, share, and place tools that are dragged from your drawing onto a tool
palette or are provided from third-party developers. Change the properties of any tool on
a tool palette and organize tool palettes into groups.
6. The Command Prompt
Execute a command by entering the full command name or command alias at the
command prompt and pressing ENTER or SPACEBAR. When Dynamic Input is on and
is set to display dynamic prompts, you can enter many commands in tooltips that are
displayed near the cursor.
7. Viewports
Display multiple views of the same drawing, each with different visual styles. Add or
remove viewports using the VPORTS command, or from the ribbon on the View tab in
the Viewports panel.
8. Status Bar
View the coordinate values of your cursor, and access several buttons for turning
drawing tools on and off, as well as many display tools used to scale annotations.
9. ShowMotion
Access named views that are organized into categories of animated sequences within
the current drawing. You can access ShowMotion from the drawing status bar.
10. ViewCube
Display visual feedback of the current orientation of a model, or adjust a model's
viewpoint. Restore the previous view, or click and drag over the Rewind wedge to scroll
through the navigation history to restore a previous view. You can access the ViewCube
from the drawing status bar.
11. Quick Access Toolbar
Store commands that you frequently access in AutoCAD. By default, you can access
New, Open, Save, Plot, Undo, and Redo from the Quick Access toolbar. Add commands
to the Quick Access toolbar using the shortcut menus of all commands on the ribbon,
menu browser, and toolbars.
12. Action Recorder
Automate repetitive drafting and editing tasks by recording action macros. Use most
of the commands and user interface elements that are available in AutoCAD to create
your action macro and then save it. You can find the Action Recorder on the ribbon's
Tools tab.
DETAILED OVERVIEW:

Reference:
Autodesk, “AutoCAD Interface Overview”, 2014
Retrieved from:
https://download.autodesk.com/us/autocad/learningpath/interface_overview/Interface_Overview_ACA
D.htm
SIGNIFICANCE OF DRAWING STANDARD
Engineering drawings remain at a core for any manufacturing organization as they
communicate ideas that are expected to be transformed into a profitable product. Most
companies begin developing engineering drawings using international drafting
standards. However, with the course of time, and as the idea begins to shape up, there’s
always a deviation from the standards followed.
Designers always modify the standards as per the organization’s requirement. This
occurs in almost every organization, and the sole purpose is to ensure clear and precise
communication across all the departments. Every manufacturer has their own set of
drafting standards modified to fit the manufacturing needs.
This sounds acceptable for organizations that prefer to keep design activities in-
house. But, for companies that seek outside support from their supply vendors or
outsourcing partners, the modified standards are bound to create communication
problems. It’s therefore important to follow drafting standards that are well recognized
by external partners as well.
Approximately 80% of global trade is affected by standards and regulations,
meaning virtually every product or service used or traded by U.S. gets affected by
standardization.