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Draft Laporan Akhir

Perencanaan Mini Power Plant Gas Gedung Pemda

DAFTAR ISI

Kata Pengantar .................................................................................................................... i

Daftar Isi ............................................................................................................................. ii

Daftar Tabel ........................................................................................................................ vii

Daftar Gambar .................................................................................................................... ix

BAB I PENDAHULUAN ................................................................................................... I-1

1.1 Latar Belakang............................................................................................................... I-1

1.2 Maksud dan Tujuan....................................................................................................... I-2

1.3 Sasaran .......................................................................................................................... I -2

1.4 Lokasi Pekerjaan ........................................................................................................... I-2

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1.5 Ruang Lingkup Pekerjaan .............................................................................................. I-5

1.6 Jangka Waktu Pelaksanaan ........................................................................................... I-5

BAB II KERANGKA HUKUM DAN PERATURAN ................................................................. II-1

2.1. Peraturan dan Dasar Hukum......................................................................................... II-1

2.2. Tahapan dan Prosedur untuk mendapatkan Izin Usaha Ketenagalistrikan Untuk
Kepentingan Umum ...................................................................................................... II-5

2.3. Prosedur Mendapatkan Ijin Penyediaan Tenaga Listrik ............................................... II-9

2.4. Persyaratan Lokal Kontent ............................................................................................ II-11

BAB III PEMILIHAN LOKASI .............................................................................................. III-1

3.1. Gambaran Umum Wilayah Dki Jakarta ......................................................................... III-2

3.1.1 Kondisi Fisik .................................................................................................... III-2

3.1.2 Topografi dan Pembagian Wilayah ................................................................ III-5

3.1.3 Kondisi Geologi dan Jenis Tanah .................................................................... III-5

3.1.4 Kondisi Geologi dan Jenis Tanah .................................................................... III-9

3.1.4.1 Pelabuhan Tanjung Priok ............................................................... III-9

3.1.4.2 Bandara Internasional Soekarno Hatta .......................................... III-10

3.1.4.3 Bandara Halim Perdana Kusuma ................................................... III-11

3.1.4.4 Jaringan Jalan ................................................................................. III-12

BAB IV STUDI KEBUTUHAN LISTRIK DAN DISTRIBUSI ........................................................ IV-1

4.1 Kondisi Kelistrikan Eksisting ........................................................................................... IV-1

4.2 Pemodelan Pemakaian Listrik ........................................................................................ IV-4

4.3 Penentuan Beban Puncak dan Beban Minimum ........................................................... IV-5

4.4 Konfigurasi Pembangkit ................................................................................................. IV-8

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4.5 Konsep Distribusi Listrik ................................................................................................. IV-11

BAB V ASPEK BAHAN BAKAR .......................................................................................... V-1

5.1 Karakteristik Gas ............................................................................................................ V-2

5.2 Jaringan Gas di DKI Jakarta ............................................................................................ V-4

5.3 Mobile Refueling Unit (MRU) ......................................................................................... V-8

5.4 Konsumsi Bahan Bakar Gas............................................................................................ V-10

5.5 Rencana Lokasi Tapping Gas .......................................................................................... V-11

BAB VI PERANCANGAN DASAR PEMBANGKIT .................................................................. VI-1

6.1 Umum ........................................................................................................................ VI-1

6.2 Layout ........................................................................................................................ VI-2

6.3 Desain Umum Pembangkit PLTMG ................................................................................ VI-4

6.4 Desain Mekanikal ........................................................................................................... VI-5

6.4.1 Gas Engine dan Kelengkapannya.................................................................... VI-5

6.4.2 Sistem Udara Tekan........................................................................................ VI-11

6.4.3 Sistem Pencegah kebakaran ........................................................................... VI-12

6.4.3.1 Peralatan Pemadam Kebakaran di Gedung ................................... VI-12

6.4.3.2 Sistem Hydrant............................................................................... VI-12

6.4.3.3 Sistem Pemadam Api Ringan (Fire Extinguisher) ........................... VI-13

6.4.3.4 Sistem Penyemprot Air Tetap (Fix Water Spray System) ............... VI-13

6.4.3.5 Sistem Springkle ............................................................................. VI-13

6.4.3.6 Sistem Pemadam Menggunakan Gas (Fix Gas Supresion System) VI-13

6.4.3.7 System Kimia Kering (Dry Chemical System) ................................. VI-13

6.4.3.8 Sistem Peringatan Kebakaran ........................................................ VI-14

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6.4.3.8.1 Detektor Bertemperatur Tetap (Fixed Temperature Detector).


....................................................................................... VI-14

6.4.3.8.2 Detektor asap (Smoke Detektor) ................................... VI-14

6.4.4 Sistem Pengkondisian Udara .......................................................................... VI-14

6.4.5 Crane dan Hoist .............................................................................................. VI-15

6.4.6 Workshop dan Warehouse............................................................................. VI-16

6.4.7 Gas Station ..................................................................................................... VI-16

6.5 Desain Elektrikal............................................................................................................. VI-17

6.5.1 Level Tegangan ............................................................................................... VI-18

6.5.2 Generator ....................................................................................................... VI-19

6.5.2.1 Tipe dan Rating .............................................................................. VI-19

6.5.2.2 Sistem Eksitasi ................................................................................ VI-20

6.5.2.3 Rangkaian Keluaran Generator Utama ......................................... VI-20

6.5.3 Transformator ................................................................................................ VI-20

6.5.4 Switchgear ...................................................................................................... VI-21

6.5.5 Motor.............................................................................................................. VI-22

6.5.6 Kabel Tegangan Menengah ............................................................................ VI-22

6.5.7 Sistem DC dan Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) ...................................... VI-24

6.5.8 Pentanahan dan Proteksi Petir ....................................................................... VI-25

6.5.9 Sistem Komunikasi.......................................................................................... VI-26

6.5.9.1 Komunikasi Pembangkit................................................................. VI-26

6.5.9.2 Sistem Paging ................................................................................. VI-26

6.5.9.3 Komunikasi Interpanel ................................................................... VI-27

6.5.10 Sistem Kelistrikan Di Dalam Gedung .............................................................. VI-27

6.5.10.1 Panel Distribution .......................................................................... VI-27

6.5.10.2 Stop Kontak .................................................................................... VI-27

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6.5.10.3 Sistem Penerangan ........................................................................ VI-27

6.6 Desain Sipil ..................................................................................................................... VI-33

6.6.1 Perencanaan Bangunan, Struktur dan pondasi .............................................. VI-34

6.7 Spesifikasi Teknis Peralatan Utama ............................................................................... VI-41

6.7.1 Lokasi Balai Kota dan Kantor DPRD ................................................................ VI-41

6.7.2 Lokasi Kantor Walikota Jakarta Pusat ............................................................ VI-44

6.7.3 Lokasi Jakarta Barat ........................................................................................ VI-48

6.7.4 Lokasi Jakarta Timur ....................................................................................... VI-52

6.7.5 Lokasi Jakarta Utara ....................................................................................... VI-57

6.7.6 Lokasi Jakarta Selatan..................................................................................... VI-61

6.7.7 Lokasi Jati Baru ............................................................................................... VI-64

BAB VII ASPEK LINGKUNGAN............................................................................................ VII-1

7.1 Pendahuluan .................................................................................................................. VII-1

7.2 Peraturan Terkait Lingkungan Hidup ............................................................................. VII-2

7.3 Perkiraan Awal Dampak Lingkungan ............................................................................. VII-5

7.4 Prosedur Penyusunan UKL-UPL ..................................................................................... VII-7

7.4.1 Penyusunan Dokumen ................................................................................... VII-10

7.4.2 Sistematika Dokumen UKL & UPL: ................................................................. VII-11

BAB VIII ASPEK BISNIS ....................................................................................................... VIII-1

8.1 Umum ........................................................................................................................ VIII-1

8.1.1. Keusangan (Obsolescence) ............................................................................ VIII-3

8.1.2. Penyusutan dan Karakteristiknya ................................................................... VIII-3

8.2 Pengelolaan/Operasional pembangkit .......................................................................... VIII-5

8.3 Pengelolaan Pembangkit oleh UPT/UPTD ..................................................................... VIII-7

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8.4 Pembangunan dan Pengelolaan Pembangkit Listrik oleh BUMD. ................................. VIII-10

BAB IX PERKIRAAN BIAYA ............................................................................................... IX-1

9.1 Prakiraan Biaya Investasi ............................................................................................... IX-1

9.2 Skema Pendanaan ......................................................................................................... IX-5

9.3 Asuransi ........................................................................................................................ IX-8

BAB X ASPEK FINANSIAL ................................................................................................ X-1

10.1 Pendekatan Dan Asumsi ................................................................................................ X-2

10.2 Biaya Proyek................................................................................................................... X-4

10.2.1 Biaya Investasi Proyek (Biaya Kapital) ............................................................ X-4

10.2.2 Biaya Bunga Selama Masa Konstruksi (IDC) ................................................... X-4

10.2.3 Biaya Kapital Total .......................................................................................... X-5

10.3 Biaya Operasional Dan Perawatan (O&M Cost) ............................................................ X-5

10.4 Biaya Operasional Dan Perawatan (O&M Cost) ............................................................ X-6

10.5 Analisis Kelayakan Ekonomi Dan Finansial .................................................................... X-6

10.6 Analisis Kelayakan Ekonomi Dan Finansial .................................................................... X-7

BAB XI KESIMPULAN ....................................................................................................... XI-1

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DAFTAR
DAFTAR TABEL
TABEL

Tabel 4. 1 Kapasitas Terpasang Listrik PLN di Setiap Gedung .................................................. VI-2

Tabel 4. 2 Kondisi Genset di Setiap Lokasi................................................................................ VI-2

Tabel 4. 3 Tabel Simulasi Pemakaian Listrik Harian.................................................................. VI-4

Tabel 4. 4 Pemakaian Listrik Tahun 2014 pada Bangunan Kantor Pemprov DKI ..................... VI-6

Tabel 4. 5 Pemakaian Listrik per Hari Tahun 2014 pada Bangunan Kantor Pemprov DKI ....... VI-6

Tabel 4. 6 Perkiraan Beban Puncak Tahun 2014 pada Bangunan Kantor Pemprov DKI .......... VI-7

Tabel 4. 7 Perkiraan Daya Listrik Minimal Tahun 2014 pada Bangunan Kantor Pemprov DKI. VI-7

Tabel 4. 8 Konfigurasi Pembangkit Setiap Kantor Dan Setiap Skenario ................................... VI-11

Tabel 5. 1 Spesifikasi LNG ......................................................................................................... V-3

Tabel 5. 2 Spesifikasi CNG......................................................................................................... V-4

Tabel 5. 2 Kebutuhan Bahan Bakar Gas dari Hasil Perhitungan ............................................... V-10

Tabel 6. 1 Kapasitas Pembangkit Setiap Gedung...................................................................... VI-2

Tabel 6. 2 Kinerja Pembangkit .................................................................................................. VI-5

Tabel 6. 3 Macam-macam Pendingin Trafo .............................................................................. VI-20

Tabel 6. 4 Illumination Level and Light fitting (For new building/area) ................................... VI-28

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Tabel 6. 5 Emergency Illumination Level .................................................................................. VI-29

Tabel 10. 1 Kapasitas PLTG di Pemprof DKI ................................................................................ X-2

Tabel 10. 2 Biaya Investasi .......................................................................................................... X-4

Tabel 10. 3 Biaya IDC .................................................................................................................. X-4

Tabel 10. 4 Biaya Kapital Total.................................................................................................... X-5

Tabel 10. 5 Biaya Bahan Bakar (Rupiah/jam) ............................................................................. X-6

Tabel 10. 6 Biaya Produksi (Rupiah/kWh) .................................................................................. X-6

Tabel 10. 7 Hasil Penilaian Investasi PLTG Pemprof DKI (1-7 MW) ........................................... X-7

Tabel 10. 8 Besarnya kWh (Energy Listrik) yang Digunakan Tahun 2014 ................................... X-8

Tabel 10. 9 Besarnya Biaya Pembayaran Listrik Tahun 2014 ..................................................... X-8

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DAFTAR GAMBARDAFTAR GAMBAR


Gambar 3. 1 Temperatur Minimum Rata-rata .............................................................................. III-3

Gambar 3. 2 Kelembapan Rata-rata .............................................................................................. III-3

Gambar 3. 3 Curah Hujan Rata-rata .............................................................................................. III-4

Gambar 3. 4 Wind Rose................................................................................................................. III-4

Gambar 3. 5 Peta Geologi Teknik Kawasan Jabodetabekpunjur................................................... III-7

Gambar 3. 6 Potongan Melintang Selatan-Utara .......................................................................... III-9

Gambar 3. 7 Fasilitas Bongkar Muat ............................................................................................. III-10

Gambar 3. 8 Peta Lokasi Bandara Soekarno Hatta ....................................................................... III-11

Gambar 3. 9 Peta Lokasi Bandara Halim Perdana Kusuma ........................................................... III-12

Gambar 3. 10 Jaringan Jalan Tol di DKI Jakarta ............................................................................. III-12

Gambar 3. 11 Rencana Jaringan Jalan Tol DKI Jakarta .................................................................. III-13

Gambar 3. 12 Gedung Balaikota dan Gedung DPRD DKI Jakarta .................................................. III-15

Gambar 3. 13 Lay out lokasi Gedung Balaikota dan Gedung DPRD DKI Jakarta (Autocad) .......... III-16

Gambar 3. 14 Kantor Dinas Teknis Jati Baru ................................................................................. III-18

Gambar 3. 15 Layout Kantor Dinas Teknis Jati Baru (Autocad)..................................................... III-19

Gambar 3. 16 Kantor Walikota Jakarta Pusat ............................................................................... III-21

Gambar 3. 17 Layout Kantor Walikota Jakarta Pusat (Autocad) ................................................... III-22

Gambar 3. 18 Kantor Walikota Jakarta Utara ............................................................................... III-23

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Gambar 3. 19 Layout Kantor Walikota Jakarta Utara (Autocad)................................................... III-24

Gambar 3. 20 Kantor Walikota Jakarta Barat................................................................................ III-26

Gambar 3. 21 Layout Kantor Walikota Jakarta Barat (Autocad) ................................................... III-27

Gambar 3. 22 Kantor Walikota Jakarta Timur ............................................................................... III-29

Gambar 3. 23 Layout Kantor Walikota Jakarta Timur (Autocad) .................................................. III-30

Gambar 3. 24 Kantor Walikota Jakarta Selatan ............................................................................ III-32

Gambar 3. 25 Layout Kantor Walikota Jakarta Selatan (Autocad) ................................................ III-33

Gambar 4. 1 Kondisi Genset Eksisting ....................................................................................... IV-3

Gambar 4. 2 Pemodelan Pola Beban Harian ............................................................................. IV-5

Gambar 4. 3 Grafik Operasi Skenario 1 ..................................................................................... IV-9

Gambar 4. 4 Grafik Operasi Skenario 2 ..................................................................................... IV-10

Gambar 4. 5 Grafik Operasi Skenario 3 ..................................................................................... IV-10

Gambar 4. 6 Prinsip Switching ................................................................................................... IV-12

Gambar 4. 7 Konsep Distribusi Listrik ........................................................................................ IV-13

Gambar 4. 8 Typical Single Line Diagram Skenario 1 ................................................................ IV-14

Gambar 4. 8 Typical Single Line Diagram Skenario 2 ................................................................ IV-15

Gambar 5. 1 Jaringan Gas di DKI Jakarta ................................................................................... V-4

Gambar 5. 2 Peta Demand Gas Sektor Transportasi di Wilayah DKI Jakarta 2025 ................... V-6

Gambar 5. 3 Peta Jaringan dan Fasilitas Pipa Gas ..................................................................... V-7

Gambar 5. 4 Mobile Refueling Unit (MRU) Tersebar di DKI Jakarta dan sekitarnya ................. V-9

Gambar 5. 5 Rencana Lokasi Tapping di Wilayah Gedung Baalaikota ...................................... V-12

Gambar 5. 6 Rencana Lokasi Tapping di Kantor Walikota Jakarta pusat ................................. ` V-13

Gambar 5. 7 Rencana Lokasi Tapping di Kantor Walikota Jakarta Selatan ............................... V-14

Gambar 5. 8 Rencana Lokasi Tapping di Kantor Walikota Jakarta Utara .................................. V-15

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Gambar 5. 9 Rencana Lokasi Tapping di Kantor Walikota Jakarta Timur.................................. V-16

Gambar 5. 10 Rencana Lokasi Tapping di Kantor Walikota Jakarta Barat .................................. V-17

Gambar 6. 1 Typical Layout dengan 2 Mesin ............................................................................ VI-3

Gambar 6. 2 Typical Layout dengan 3 Mesin ............................................................................ VI-4

Gambar 6. 2 Typical Layout System Pendingin Pelumas .......................................................... VI-8

Gambar 6. 4 Typical System Pendingin Engine.......................................................................... VI-10

Gambar 7. 1 Prosedur pembuatan UKL-UPL (a) ........................................................................ VII-9

Gambar 7. 2 Prosedur pembuatan UKL-UPL (b) ........................................................................ VII-9

Gambar 7. 3 Sistematika Dokumen UKL & UPL ......................................................................... VII-11

Gambar 8. 1 Struktur Organisasi skema UPT ............................................................................ VIII-8

Gambar 8. 2 Struktur pengelolaan pembangkit skema UPT ..................................................... VIII-9

Gambar 8. 3 Struktur organisasi pembangkit............................................................................ VIII-12

Gambar 8. 4 Struktur organisasi unit pembangkit .................................................................... VIII-13

Gambar 8. 5 Struktur Operasional pembangkit skema BUMD ................................................. VIII-14

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