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# FORM 5 Chapter 3

Electromagnetism

EXERCISE 3.6
Transformer
1. NS11Q44 Diagram shows a graph of the output current from
a source of alternating current supply? 6. MRSM08Q43 Diagram shows a transformer circuit.

Which statement about this output current is true? What happens if the number of turns of the secondary coil is
A The peak current is 10 A. increased?
B The magnitude of current is always constant. A The electric current in the primary coil decreases.
C The period of the alternating current is 0.02 s. B The electric current in the secondary coil increases.
D The frequency of the alternating current is 25 Hz. C The potential difference across the secondary coil increases.
D The potential difference across the secondary coil decreases.
2. PRL11Q41 A transformer losses some heat energy to the
surrounding when it is being used. The number of turns in the 7. NS11Q41 Diagram shows a simple transformer with bulb
primary coil is greater than the number of turns in secondary lights up at normal brightness.
coil.
A Ideal transformer
B Step-up transformer
C Step-down transformer

## 3. PHG11Q40 Diagram shows the core of an electromagnet

used to test four different substances. The number of paper
clips each holds is recorded when the switch is closed and What will happen if the alternating current, a.c. input is replaced
opened. by a 3 V battery?
A The bulb blows
B The brightness of the bulb decreases
C The brightness of the bulb increases
D The bulb does not light up

## 8. PNG10Q42 Diagram shows a transformer.

Which substance is the best for making the core of a
transformer?
Number of paper clips Number of paper clips
held when there is held when there is no
current current
A 8 4
B 6 0
C 5 1
D 4 0
A3V
4. TRG11Q39 What is the purpose of a step-down transformer?
B 12 V
A It makes the output current same as the input current
C 48 V
B It makes the output current lower than the input current
D 833 V
C It makes the output voltage lower than the input voltage
D It makes the output voltage higher than input voltage
9. GGPRK10Q39 Diagram shows the structure of an ideal
transformer.
5. PRL10Q42 Diagram shows an appliance to charge a
handphone.

The function of the appliance is to What is the potential difference across the bulb?
A increase a voltage A 40 V
B decrease a voltage B 60 V
C produce an alternative current C 96 V
D produce direct current D 200 V

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FORM 5 Chapter 3
Electromagnetism

10. TRG11Q42 Diagram shows a transformer that is used to 14. SBP11Q41 Diagram shows an ideal transformer.
light up a bulb.

## What is the value of the output voltage?

Which of the following statements is true about the transformer? A 7.2 V B 20 V
Type of transformer Voltage across the bulb C 200 V D 3125 V
A Step-up 480 V
B Step-up 960 V 15. SLG09Q38 Diagram shows an ideal transformer.
C Step-down 50 V
D Step-down 60 V

## 11. NS11Q45 Diagram shows the primary coil of a transformer

is connected to a 240 V a.c. supply and an output voltage of 12
V is produced.
What is the ratio of NP to NS?
A 10:1 B 1:10
C 6:1 D 1:6

## 16. JHR08Q40 Which of the following transformers will light up

the 12 V bulb at its normal brightness?
What is the ratio of the number of turns in the secondary coil,
NS to the number of turns in the primary coil, NP?
A 40:2 B 4:45
C 1:20 D 2:40

## 12. KDH11Q42 A multi-tap transformer consists of primary coil

of 1200 turns ans secondary coil of a total of 120 turns. Which
diagram shows the correct connection to light up a 12 V, 24 W
bulb at normal brightness?

## 17. JHR10Q42 A laminated iron core is used in a transformer

to reduces
A the eddy currents
B the hysteresis loss
C the resistance of the coil
D the leakage of magnetic flux

## 18. MLK110Q43 Diagram shows a transformer that is used to

light up a bulb.
13. MLK11Q42 Diagram shows a multi-tap transformer.

## What happens to the bulb after switch is on?

At which terminals should a 12 V bulb be connected such that it A Lights up normal brightness
lights up with normal brightness? B Lights up brighter
A P and Q B P and R C Lights up dimly
C P and S D P and T D Blows

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FORM 5 Chapter 3
Electromagnetism

## 19. NS10Q44 Diagram shows a transformer used to change an

input voltage of 240 V to 12 V.

If the primary coil has 1200 turns, how many turns must the
secondary coil have?
A 2400 B 1200
C 600 D 60 What is the number of turns of the primary coil?
A 9600
20. JHR10Q43 The input voltage and the output voltage of an B 3200
ideal transformer are 240 V and 12 V respectively. What is the C 160
current in the secondary coil if the current in the primary coil is D 67
5 A.
A 100 A 25. KLT10Q42 The purpose of using soft iron core in a
B 25 A transformer is to
C4A A reduce the eddy current
D1A B easily magnetized and demagnetized the iron core
C prevent flux leakage
21. MRSM10Q42 Diagram shows a step down transformer. D reduce the resistance

## 26. PRK11Q42 What is the function of the laminated iron core

in a transformer?
A To reduce resistance of coil
B To reduce eddy current
C To reduce leakage of magnetic flux
What is the potential difference across the bulb? D To reduce the strength of magnetic field produced
A 4.0 V
B 4.8 V 27. JHR11Q42 Which of the following will reduce eddy current
C 48.0 V in a transformer?
D 60.0 V A Use soft iron core
B Use laminated iron core
22. KDH10Q42 Diagram shows a simple transformer. The bulb C Use insulated wire coil
does not light up. D Use large diameter of wire coil

## Which step will cause the bulb to light up?

A Increase the number of turns of the secondary coil. Which of the following method is used to increase the efficiency
B Decrease the number of turns of the primary coil. of the transformer above?
C Replace the 6 V battery with a 9 V battery. A Use a thinner wire
D Replace the 6 V battery with a 6 V alternating current supply. B Use solid iron core
C Use steel iron core
23. MRSM11Q41 Diagram shows a multi-tap transformer. D Use laminated iron core

## Where should a 12 V lamp be connected so that it lights up

with normal brightness?
A Across terminals P and Q
B Across terminals Q and R Why soft iron is often used in the cores of electromagnet?
C Across terminals R and S A Soft iron is difficult to magnetize.
D Across terminals Q and S B Soft iron is easier to magnetize.
C Soft iron retains its magnetism better.
24. SLG10Q44 Diagram shows a transformer connected to a D Soft iron is cheaper than steel
computer.

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FORM 5 Chapter 3
Electromagnetism

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