Anda di halaman 1dari 2

Properties of common spring materials - ace wire spring and form company

PROPERTIES OF COMMON ace wire spring & form company, inc.


SPRING MATERIALS 1105 thompson avenue - mckees rocks, pa 15136-3824
Technical Assistance : 1-800-828-3353

Tensile Properties Torsional Properties

Minimum Modulus of Design Modulus in Max. Max.


Tensile Elasticity Stress Torsion Method of Manufacture
Nominal Operating Operating Rockwell
Material Strength E % Min. G Chief uses
Analysis Temp. Temp. hardness>
Tensile oF oC Special Properties

psi x 103 (MPa) psi x 106 (MPa x 103) psi x 106 (MPa x 103)

Cold drawn high and uniform


Music Wire C 0.70-1.00% 230-399 tensile. High quality springs and
30 (207) 45 11.5 (79.3) 250 121 C41-60
ASTM A 228 Mn 0.20-0.60% (1586-2751) wire forms. Suitable for cyclic
applications
CLI 147-283
Cold drawn. Average stress
Hard Drawn C 0.45-0.85% (1014-1951)
30 (207) 40 11.5 (79.3) 250 121 C31-52 applications. Lower cost springs
ASTM A 227 Mn 0.60-1.30% CLII 171-324
and wire forms.
(1179-2234)
High Tensile
C 0.65-1.00% 238-350 Cold Drawn. Higher Quality
Hard Drawn 30 (207) 45 11.5 (79.3) 250 121 c31-52
Mn 0.20-1.30% (1641-2413) springs and wire forms.
ASTM A 679
CLI 165-293
Cold drawn and heat treated
Oil Tempered C 0.55-0.85% (1138-2020)
30 (207) 45 11.5 (79.3) 250 121 C42-55 before fabrication. General
ASTM A 229 Mn 0.60-1.20% CLII 191-324
purpose spring wire.
(1317-2234)
Cold drawn and heat treated
Carbon Valve C 0.60-0.75% 215-240 before fabrication. Good surface
30 (207) 45 11.5 (79.3) 250 121 C45-49
ASTM A 230 Mn 0.60-0.90 (1482-1655) conditionand uniform tensile.
Suitable for cyclic applications
Cold drawn and ehat treated
C 0.48-0.53%
Chrome Vanadium 190-300 before fabrication. Used for
Cr 0.80-1.10% 30 (207) 45 11.5 (79.3) 425 218.5 C41-55
ASTM A 231 (1310-2069) shock loads and moderately
V 0.15 min %
elevated temperature.
Cold drawn and heat treated
C 0.51-0.59%
Chrome Silicon 235-300 before fabrication. Used for
Cr 0.60-0.80% 30 (207) 45 11.5 (79.3) 475 246 C48-55
ASTM A 401 (1620-2069) shock loads and moderately
Si 1.20-1.60%
elevated temperature.

file:///C|/Program%20Files/WS_FTP/Production-web/web-content/technical-ref/tech1.html (1 of 2)12/15/2005 8:49:09 AM


Properties of common spring materials - ace wire spring and form company

Cold drawn general purpose


AISI 302/304 Cr 17.-19.% 125-325
28 (193) 35 10 (69.0) 550 288 C35-45 corrosion and heat resistant.
ASTM A 313 Ni 8.-10.% (862-2241)
Magnetic in spring tempor.
Cr 16.-18% Cold drawn. Heat resistant and
AISI 316 110-245
Ni 10.-14.% 28 (193) 40 10 (69.0) 550 288 C35-45 better corrosion resistance than
ASTM A 313 (758-1689)
Mo 2.-3.% 302. Magnetic in spring tempor.
Cold drawn and precipitation
Cr 16.-18.% Cond CH hardened afeter fabrication. High
17-7 PH
Ni 10.-14.% 235-335 29.5 (203) 45 11 (78.5) 650 343 C38-57 strength and general purpose
ASTM A 313 (631)
Al 0.75-1.5% (1620-2310) corrosion resistance. Slightly
magnetic in spring tempor.
Cold drawn. Good corrosion
Phosphor Bronze Grade A Cu 94.-96.% 105-145
15 (103) 40 6.25 (43.1) 200 93.3 B98-104 resistance and electrical
ASTM B 159 Sn 4.-6.% (724-1000)
conductivity.
Cold drawn and may be mill
hardened before fabrication.
Berylium Copper Cu 98% 150-230
18.5 (128) 45 7.0 (48.3) 400 204 C35-42 Good corrosion resistance and
ASTM B 197 Be 2% (1034-1586)
electrical conductivit. High
physicals.
Ni 66% Cold drawn. Good corrosion
Monel 400 145-180
Cu 31.5% resistance at moderately elevated
AMS 7233 (1000-1241) 26 (179) 40 9.5 (65.5) 450 232 C23-32
C/Fe termperature.
Monel K 500 Ni 65.0%
160-200 26 (179) 40 9.5 (65.5) 550 28 C23-35
Cu 29.5% Excellent corrosion resistance at
QQ-N-2863 (1103-1379)
C/Fe/Al/Ti moderately elevated temperature.
Cold drawn and precipitation
Ni 26.%
160-200 hardened after fabrication. Good
A 286 Alloy Cr 15.% 29 (200) 35 10.4 (71.7) 950 510 C35-42
(1103-1379) corrosion resistance at elevated
Fe 53.%
temperature.
Ni 76.%
Inconel 600 170-230 Cold drawn. Good corrosion
Cr 15.8% 31 (214) 40 11.0 (75.8) 700 371 C35-45
QQ-W-3903 (1172-1586) resistance at elevated temperature.
Fe 7.2%
Cold drawn and precipitation
Ni 52.5%
210-250 hardened after fabrication. Good
Inconel 718 Cr 18.6% 29 (200) 40 11.2 (77.2) 1100 593 C45-50
(1448-1724) corrosion resistance at elevated
Fe 18.5%
temperature.
No. IT 155 Min. Cold drawn and precipitation
Ni 73.%
Inconel x 750 1069 C34-39 hardened after fabrication. Good
Cr 15.% 31 (214) 40 12 (82.7) 750-1100 399-593
AMS 5698, 5699 Spg T 190-230 C42-48 corrosion resistance at elevated
Fe 6.75%
(1310-1586) temperature.

Call for technical assistance


1-800-828-3353
Fax your specifications 1-412-331-1602

file:///C|/Program%20Files/WS_FTP/Production-web/web-content/technical-ref/tech1.html (2 of 2)12/15/2005 8:49:09 AM