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WHAT IS VOLUME Search the site

BATCHING OF CONCRETE
AND HOW IT IS DONE IN
FIELD?
Suryakanta | April 10, 2014 | Concrete, Concrete Technology, How To,
Materials | 6 Comments

WHAT IS VOLUME BATCHING OF


CONCRETE?
Batching of concrete means measuring different ingredients of
concrete (i.e. cement, sand, coarse aggregate and water) before
mixing it. When this measurement is done on the basis of volume,
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we call it Volume Batching. Below are mentioned some of
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important points to remember before adopting volume batching
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method in field.
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◾ Volume batching is not a good method for measuring concrete Email Address
materials.
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◾ It is not applicable in case of reinforced concrete structure.
◾ This method of concrete batching may not be economical.

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◾ It can be only used for unimportant concrete or for small HOW TO INCREASE
concrete works. REPETITION OF
PLYWOOD
HOW VOLUME BATCHING IS DONE IN
FIELD?
Before batching concrete ingredients in terms of volume, we need
to know two things.

00:00 08:39
1. What is the relative proportion of concrete ingredients in terms
of volume?
2. What is the water-cement ratio?
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After knowing these two things you can proceed to batch concrete
ingredients in field.

The table shown below can be used as a reference to find out


relative proportion of different ingredients, for different grades of
concrete. Like Page

Relative Proportion of Ingredients by In


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Volume General
Grade of
We
Concrete
Fine Coarse Specify
Cement
Aggregate Aggregate It As

M 10 1 3 6 1:3:6

M 15 1 2 4 1:2:4

M 20 1 1.5 3 1:1.5:3

M 25 1 1 2 1:1:2

The water-cement ratio to be used must be as per the contract.

STEP-1-BATCHING OF CEMENT

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Cement is always measured by weight. Mostly it is used in terms of


bags. One bag of cement weighs 50 kg and has a volume of 35 litres
(or, 0.035m3). Cement should not be batched by volume because its
weight per unit volume varies according to the way the container is
filled.

STEP-2-BATCHING OF AGGREGATE (BY


VOLUME)

Gauge Box

A gauge box is used (as shown in the picture) for batching of fine
and coarse aggregate by volume. The box should not be too
shallow. It should be completely filled with aggregates. The top of
the materials should be struck off level with a straight edge. The
ratio of materials of concrete decides the capacity of the box.
Generally capacity of a gauge box is equal to the volume of one bag
of cement (i.e. 35 litres). Convenient sizes of gauge boxes to suit
different proportions are given in the table below.

Inside Dimensions of gauge box in cm


Capacity In
Litres
Length Breadth Depth

25 25 25 40

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30 25 25 48

35 27 27 48

40 29 29 48

45 30 30 50

50 31 31 52

Note: The moisture present in aggregates and bulking of sand


must be accounted for while volume batching is adopted.

The following table gives the approximate surface moisture carried


by aggregates as per IS-456-2000.

Approximate Quantity of
Surface Mositure
Condition of Aggregates
Percent Litre per
by Mass m3

Very wet sand 7.5 120

Moderately wet sand 5.0 80

Moist sand 2.5 40

Moist gravel or crushed rock 1.25-2.5 20-40

STEP-3-BATCHING OF WATER
Water is measured either in kg or litres as may be convenient. In
this case, the two units are same, as the density of water is one kg
per litre. The quantity of water required is calculated by multiplying
water-cement ratio with weight of cement.

Also Read: Worked Out Example on Volume Batching of


Concrete

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Also Read: How to Mix Concrete Manually On Site?

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Tags: Concrete Mix Design

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Suryakanta
Geotechnical-Material Engineer. You can
connect me on Google +. To know more
about me just visit AboutMe

6 COMMENTS

RUTHRESH February 22, 2018 Reply

i want more information about volume batching and


weigh batching?

sam December 11, 2016 Reply

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WHAT IS VOLUME BATCHING OF CONCRETE AND HOW IT IS DONE IN FIELD... Page 6 of 8

what is the volume and size of pharma?

mohamedthansir July 16, 2016 Reply

what is mean by design mix

Aravindvigneswar May 10, 2017 Reply

mix design is nothing but calculating the


amount of cement, fine aggregate, coarse
aggregate, and water required for
concreting

Shatha May 30, 2016 Reply

I want information about weight batching in


concrete please ??

pradip shapkota April 1, 2016 Reply

good evening i want learn about gauge box

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