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Australian Money

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1-3

Australian

Money

Topics Include:

Counting coins

Counting bills

Making change

Adding money amounts

Money problems

by Maria Miller

www.k5learning.com

Australian Money

Grades 1 - 3 Workbook

Distributed by K5 Learning

EDITION 10/2016

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in

writing from the author.

Copying permission: Permission IS granted to reproduce this material to be used with one (1) teacher's

students by virtue of the purchase of this book. In other words, one (1) teacher MAY make copies of

these worksheets to be used with his/her students. Permission is not given to reproduce the material for

resale. Making the file(s) available on any website for the purpose of sharing is strictly prohibited. If you

have other needs, such as licensing for a school or tutoring center, contact the author at

http://www.MathMammoth.com/contact.php

____________________________________________

Welcome to Math Mammoth’s Blue Series

K5 Learning is proud to offer its customers Math Mammoth’s Blue Series of math workbooks for

grades 1-7.

We believe the Blue Series is ideal for independent or parent-guided study. Conceptual

understanding of math concepts is emphasised with simple but rigorous explanations and visual

models. Each topic begins with a bite-sized introduction and an example, followed by practice

exercises including word problems.

Place value Money Integers

Multiplication & division Geometry Percents

Fractions Measurement Statistics & probability

Decimals Data & graphs Expressions & equations

Percents Linear equations Rational numbers

The Blue Series workbooks can be purchased from K5’s online bookstore store.k5learning.com.

Maria Miller is a math teacher turned housewife and homeschooler. She has a master’s degree

in mathematics with minors in physics and statistics and has been developing math educational

materials since the early 2000s. Maria is the founder of the MathMammoth website.

About K5 Learning

K5 Learning offers an online reading and math program for children in kindergarten through

grade 5 at www.k5learning.com. Our aim is to help parents help their kids develop their

reading, math and study skills. A 14 day free trial is available.

If you have any questions or feedback for us, please contact us at customer-

service@k5learning.com.

Contents

Introduction ......................................................................... 4

Five and Ten Cent Coins .................................................. 6

Twenty and Fifty Cent Coins ............................................ 8

Practising with Coins ......................................................... 11

Practising Shopping ........................................................... 13

Change ................................................................................. 15

Counting Coins Revision ................................................... 18

Revision - Coins ................................................................. 21

Dollars ................................................................................. 22

Cent and Dollar Amounts ................................................ 25

Adding Money Amounts ................................................... 27

Dollars, Part 2 ................................................................... 29

Counting Change ............................................................... 32

Making Change ................................................................. 34

Mental Math and Money Problems ................................ 38

Solving Money Problems .................................................. 41

Revision ............................................................................. 45

Answers .............................................................................. 46

Introduction

Math Mammoth Australian Money is a worktext that covers money-related topics usually encountered

during years 1-3. The book contains both textbook explanations and exercises, and is designed to be very

easy to teach from, requiring very little teacher preparation (you do need to find practise coins before the

lessons).

The book starts with year 1 topics such as counting coins with cent-amounts and easy problems about

change. For the most part, these lessons use “c” as a symbol for cent.

While these initial lessons use pictures for the coins, practising with real coins is even better, and you

should have real money on hand to practise with.

From there, the lessons advance toward year 2 and finally to year 3 topics, such as practising with dollar

amounts, and working out total amounts owed and change. Therefore, you can also let your child work the

pages of this book in different time periods, and not go through it all at once, depending on your child's

current level.

Making Change explains two basic ways of working out the change: counting up, and subtracting

(working out the difference). This is all done with mental maths. The next lesson also practises money

problems using mental maths.

In the last lesson we solve money problems by adding and subtracting money amounts vertically (in

columns).

On the next page you will find a list of money activities and games on the Internet.

Maria Miller

Australian Money Resources on the Internet

Use these games and resources to supplement the bookwork as you see fit.

Create free worksheets for counting all Australian coins and some banknotes. You can choose the number

of coins, the maximum total amount, and the number of problems.

http://www.homeschoolmath.net/worksheets/australian-money.php

Change Maker

Get as much money in your piggy bank as possible by working out the correct change.

Easy, Medium, hard, and super brain levels. Playable in five currencies, including Australian.

http://www.funbrain.com/cashreg/

Choose either notes or coins, the number of coins, the number of problems, and more options. Worksheets

are randomly generated.

http://www.theteacherscorner.net/printable-worksheets/make-your-own/money-worksheets/

Match coins/notes with money amounts. You can choose your currency and the size of the memory game.

http://www.dr-mikes-math-games-for-kids.com/money-memory-game.html?cur=aud

Five and Ten Cent Coins

This is a five cent coin. It can This is a ten cent coin. It can be

be written “5 c”. written “10 c”.

In the exercises we use small pictures of these coins. The 5 c coin is the

smallest, and the 10 c coin is largest. They are both silver coloured.

the cent values. It's called

counting up. Start counting

with the coins of the largest

value.

Count

up → 10 c 20 c 25 c 30 c 35 c 40 c The total on the left is 40 c.

a. b. c.

d. e. f.

g. h. i.

You can count

each set of two

fives as a ten.

10 c 20 c 30 c 40 c 40 c

2. Count and write the total amount in cents; especially notice all of the fives.

a. b.

c. d.

3. Make these amounts of money in different ways using five cent, and ten cent

coins. You can use real money or draw silver circles with 5, and 10 on them.

Twenty and Fifty Cent Coins

worth twenty worth fifty

cents or 20 c. cents or 50 c.

To be sure, look at the numbers on them.

Count

up → 50 70 80 85 90

Count up to find the total value of the cents. Start counting with the coins

with the largest value. Here we have 90 cents.

a. b.

______ cents ______ cents

c. d.

e. f.

g. h.

i. j.

______ cents ______ cents

You can count

each set of two

fives as a ten.

70 c 80 c 90 c 95 c

2. Add up the value of the coins. Write the total amount. Count two fives as a ten.

a. b.

_______ c

_______ c

c. d.

_______ c

________ c

e. f.

_______ c _______ c

3. Make these money amounts in three different ways. Either use real money or silver

circles with “5”, “10”, “20” and “50”.

Similarly, when the cents-amount is more than

20 cents, it is good to use the twenty-cents coin.

= 70 c

It is not wrong to use lots of tens, but using

twenties is more efficient.

4. Make these money amounts. Try to use the least amount of coins possible. Think!

a. 25 cents b. 35 cents

c. 55 cents d. 65 cents

g. 80 cents h. 45 cents

i. 75 cents j. 30 cents

Practising with Coins

1. Write the total amount in cents.

a. b.

_______ c _______ c

c. d.

_______ c _______ c

e. f.

_______ c _______ c

2. First draw a five cent coin more. How much money is there now?

_______ c b.

a.

_______ c

c. d.

_______ c

_______ c

f.

e.

_______ c ______ c

3. First draw a ten cent coin more. How much money is there now?

a. b.

_______ c _______ c

c. d.

_______ c _______ c

4. Make these money amounts. Use either real money, or draw circles with numbers

for the various coins.

a. 25 c b. 40 c c. 15 c

d. 55 c e. 60 c f. 35 c

g. 80 c h. 45 c i. 90 c

5. You have some money, and you get some more. Use real money or draw pictures to help.

a. b. c.

Practising Shopping

1. Make these amounts of money. You can use real money, or draw the coins.

2. You have:

Draw the coins you would use to pay for an item that costs:

a. two 20 c coins and three 5 c coins b. four 10 c coins and four 5 c coins

4. Cross out the coins you need to buy the item. Write how many cents you have left.

a.

30 c c. 50 c

b. 80 c

Left _________ c

d. 65 c e. 95 c f. 55 c

i.

h. 45 c 25 c

g. 75 c

Change

When you buy something in a shop, you often do not have the exact amount of money to pay

for it. Instead, you give the shop keeper more money than what the item costs. The shop

keeper then gives you some money back. This is called your change.

A pen costs 55 cents. You don't have the coins to make exactly 55 cents, so you give the shop

keeper 60 cents. That is 5 cents too much! But then the shop keeper gives you back 5 cents,

which is your change.

Price: 55 c

60 c 5c

The shop keeper gives you back the difference between the price and what you paid.

In the problems below, work out the change you get back. Think of the DIFFERENCE between

the price and what you pay; or, think how many cents you paid “too much”. That's your change.

You can set up a “play shop” to do these problems, using real money, one person as a shop

keeper, and one person as a customer.

1. Write how many cents you give, and how many cents you get back in change.

a. You have: Your change: b.

change:

Price: 15 c

_______ c _______ c Price: 30 c

_______ c _______ c

d. You have: Your change:

Price: 15 c

Price: 35 c _______ c _______ c

_______ c _______ c

e. You have: Your change: f. You have: Your change:

Price: 25 c Price: 15 c

_______ c _______ c _______ c _______ c

g. h.

change: change:

Price: 50 c Price: 70 c

_______ c _______ c _______ c _______ c

2. Circle the coins you use to pay. Write how many cents is your change.

a. You bought a

Change: _________ c

drink for 55 c.

You have:

b. You bought

Change: _________ c

raisins for 35 c.

You have:

c. You bought a

Change: _________ c

toy for 40 c.

You have:

d. You bought a

Change: _________ c

book for 80 c.

You have:

e. You bought a

Change: _________ c

basket for 75 c.

You have:

f. You bought

Change: _________ c

crayons for 70 c.

You have:

3. Practice some more! Work out the change.

You give $1 . You give 50 c. You give $1.

You give 50 c. You give $1. You give 80 c.

4. Now you buy many items. First add their prices to work out the total.

Then work out the change. Draw the coins that could be your change.

Total cost: 75 c

Change: 25 c

Total cost: ________ c

Change: _________ c

Total cost: ________ c

Change: ________ c

Total cost: ________ c

Change: c

Total cost: ________ c

Change: _________ c

Counting Coins Revision

Count two

fives as a

Count

ten.

up → 20 c 25 c 30 c 35 c 10 c 20 c 25 c

20 c 30 c 40 c 45 c 50 c 60 c 65 c 70 c

a.

b.

c. d.

e. f.

g. h.

2. How much is the total if you have:

a. twenty cents and three ten-cent coins b. three twenty-cent and one ten-cent coin

c. four five-cent and four ten-cent coins d. a twenty-cent coin and a ten-cent coin,

e. one five-cent coin, one twenty-cent coin f. three twenty-cent coins and two

and six ten-cent coins ten-cent coins

3. Cross out the coins you need to buy the item. Write how many cents you have left.

b. 90 c

a. 25 c c. 35 c

d. 60 c e. 65 c f. 95 c

Often you have several ways to make a given amount. For example, to make 60 cents,

you can use two 20-cent, one 10-cent and two 5-cent coins. Or, you may use a 50 cent

coin and one 10-cent coin. Are there any other ways to do it?

4. Work out two ways to make these amounts. Use either real money, or draw coins.

a. 25 c 25 c b. 35 c 35 c

c. 45 c 45 c d. 55 c 55 c

e. 60 c 60 c f. 90 c 90 c

5. Remember $1 means 1 dollar, which is 100 cents. How much more is needed to make $1?

a. b. c.

Revision - Coins

1. How much money? Write the amount in cents.

a.

b.

c.

d. e. f.

3. Bob and Sue each bought something. How much money do they each have left?

a. Bob had: Bob bought a comb b. Sue had: Sue bought hairpins

for 30 cents. for 65 cents.

How much is left? How much is left?

Dollars

$1 or $1.00 $2 or $2.00

$5 or $5.00

This is one dollar. This is two dollars. This is a five dollar note.

It is equal to 100 cents. It is worth 200 cents. It equals 500 cents.

Use the “$” symbol in front of dollar amounts. The whole dollars and the cents are separated

by a decimal point.

= $1.20 (one dollar and 20 cents) = $7.20 (seven dollars and 20 cents)

a. $________ b. $________

d. $________

c. $________

e. $________ f. $________

g. h.

$________ $________

2. Write the dollar amount.

a. $4.15

b. $__________

c. $__________ d. $__________

e. $__________ f. $__________

If you don't have any dollars, put a zero in the whole dollars' place.

Notice also how one 5 cent coin is written $0.05.

$0.05 $0.10

$0.30

3. Write the cents amounts using the dollar symbol and a decimal point. Remember the zero.

a. b. c.

d. e. f.

$__________ $__________

$__________

4. Draw dollar notes and coins to illustrate these amounts. Or, use real money.

a. $1.35 b. $2.05

c. $0.30 d. $3.80

e. $0.05 f. $2.50

g. $7.00 h. $5.90

i. $6.80 j. $4.60

Cents and Dollar Amounts

Sometimes you have more than 100 cents from the smaller coins.

Each 100 cents makes a whole dollar.

a. b.

c. d.

cents or $ cents or $

e. f.

g. h.

2. Write the total amount.

a. $__________ b. $__________

c. $__________ d. $__________

4. Change the cent amounts into dollar amounts, and vice versa.

Adding Money Amounts

Align the decimal points! Align the decimal points!

You can add money amounts in columns. ↓ 1

Make sure the decimal points are aligned.

$1 . 7 0 $0 . 5 5

Add. Then put the decimal point in the answer + 2.2 0 + 2.2 5

in the same place. $3 . 9 0 $2 . 8 0

Carrying happens the same way as if ↑ ↑

there was no decimal point. Add a decimal point Add a decimal point

to the answer to the answer

1 1

1 1

$0 . 4 5

$0.35 $0 . 3 5 $0.45 $0.45 0.4 5

+ 0.6 5 + 0.3 5

$1.0 0 $1.2 5

$0.35

Total cost $1.00. Total cost $1.25.

1. Add in columns.

a. $0.25 + $0.55 b. $1.45 + $0.05 c. $0.75 + $2.25 + $1.80

$ . $ . $ .

+ . + . .

$ . $ . + .

$ .

and a pen and a pen

$0.35

Cafeteria Menu

and a bottle of water. and a slice of pizza.

a sandwich, and coffee. and a bottle of water.

4. First find the total cost, and then the change. You can use real money or draw pictures to help.

She paid with $5.

and paid with $3.

Dollars, Part 2

One dollar. Two dollars.

front of dollar amounts.

then a decimal point, and

then the cents.

$6.50 $12.05

a. $__________ b. $__________

d. $__________

c. $__________

e. $__________ f. $__________

If you have 100 cents,

they are equal to a

dollar. 100 c = $1

= Total $3.20

a. $__________ b. $__________

c. $__________ d. $__________

40 cents = $0.40

Remember to put 0 in the dollars' place if there is

less than 100 cents. If there is less than 10 cents, 80 cents = $0.80

we also need a zero in the ten-cents' place.

5 cents = $0.05

4. Change the cent amounts to dollar amounts, or dollar amounts to cent amounts.

5. Add the money amounts. You can add the cents and dollars separately in your head.

The pictures show how much money you have. Write how much you will have left

if you buy the items listed.

6.

If I buy: I will have left:

7.

If I buy: I will have left:

$

a magazine for $1.50

$

paper cups for $2.05

8.

If I buy: I will have left:

$

paper for $0.90

Counting Change

When you buy an item, you might not have the exact coins and notes for the amount it costs.

However, you can pay with a larger note, and get back some change.

To give change, or to check the change you are given, count up from the price of the item

until you reach the amount the customer gave.

The change is

$0.35 Count up these coins.

from The change is

The customer gave $1 the price → $0.40 $0.60 $0.80 $1.00 65 cents.

The change is

Count up these coins.

The customer gave $1 from The change is

the price → $0.80 $0.90 $1.00 30 cents.

a.

Change: __________

Customer gave $1

b.

Change: __________

Customer gave $1

c. $0.45

Change: __________

Customer gave $1

d. $0.55

Change: __________

Customer gave $1

2. Draw the coins to illustrate the change.

a.

The customer gave $2 Change: __________

b. $2.30

The customer gave $2.50 Change: __________

c.

The customer gave $2 Change: __________

d. $2.30

The customer gave $3 Change: __________

3. Work out the change. You can draw coins or use real money to help.

$0.________ $0.________

$0.________ $0.________

$0.________ $0.________

Making Change

1. To give change, or to review the change you are given, you can count up from the price of the

item until you reach the amount the customer gives. First count up to the next whole dollar,

using the coins with cent amounts. Then use the whole dollar coins and dollars notes.

a.

Price: $0.75

The change is

The customer Count

gave $1. up → $0.80 $1.00 $0.________

b.

Price: $4.90

The change is

The customer Count

gave $10. up → $1.00 $10.00 $________

c.

Price: $2.35

The change is

The customer Count

gave $5. up → $________

d.

Price: $4.20

The change is

The customer Count

gave $10. up → $________

e.

Price: $8.15

The change is

The customer Count

gave $10. up → $________

2. Figure out the change. You can draw coins or use real money to help.

a.

Price: $3.55

The change is

The customer

gave $5. $________

b.

Price: $8.60

The change is

The customer

gave $10. $________

c.

Price: $4.70

The change is

The customer

gave $10. $________

d.

Price: $7.85

The change is

The customer

gave $10. $________

e.

Price: $3.25

The change is

The customer

gave $5. $________

f.

Price: $4.15

The change is

The customer

gave $10. $________

Working out the change is working out the difference. Example:

You can also work out the change by subtracting the item A book costs $6. You give $10.

price from the amount of money the customer gives. You

are just working out the difference between the price and Your change:

the money given. $10 − $6 = $4.

You can add up to work out the change. A toy costs $3.30. You give $10.

Another method is to first add up to the next whole dollar First find how many cents

to work out the cents. Then find the dollar-amount by there are to the next

subtracting. whole dollar: $3.30 + $0.70 = $4.

Again, you are working out the difference between the Then work out the difference

price and the money given, but you're doing that in two between $4 and $10, which is $6.

parts.

The total change is $6.70.

You gave $10. You gave $20. You gave $10.

You gave $10. You gave $10. You gave $5.

You gave $5. You gave $2. You gave $10.

4. Did these people receive the correct change? If not, correct it.

a. Margie bought a few items that cost $7.85. She paid with a 10 dollar note.

She got back two dollars, two 20-cents coins, and two 5 cent coins.

b. Fred bought a toy car for $2.75 and gave $5 for it. The shop worker handed

back to him a 20 cent coin and a two dollar coin .

Here's a little trick for finding two 2-digit numbers that add up to 100:

The tens add up to 9...

...plus there is one ten

that is “carried” from the ones —

the total is ten, tens or a hundred.

a. b. c. d. e.

55 15 75 45 35

+ + + + +

100 100 100 100 100

6. Fill in the missing cent amount. You can use the “trick” explained above.

a. b. c.

$0.55 + $_______ = $1 $0.35 + $_______ = $1 $0.20 + $_______ = $1

7. Work out the change. What coins and notes could be used to make the change?

a. A book cost $3.55. You gave $5. b. Pencils cost $2.80. You gave $5.

2 twenty cent coins, and 1 dollar coin.

c. A shirt cost $7.75. You gave $10. d. Sunglasses cost $8.95. You gave $10.

e. A sandwich cost $4.25. You gave $5. f. Flowers cost $6.20. You gave $10.

Mental Math and Money Problems

You can also add money

amounts in your head. $1.20 + $ 1.50 $0.15 + $1.20

Add the dollars and the cents = $2.70 = $1.35

separately.

cents, the 100 cents equal one

dollar. = 140 cents = $1.40 = 105 cents = $1.05

1. Work out the total cost of buying the items listed. Add them in your head, if you can.

$3.10

$1.50 $0.50

$1.00 $0.80

$1.90 $0.55

$2.20 $20 $35

and pencils

and a calculator and crayons

g. stapler and glue h. glue and a rubber eraser i. scissors and a stapler

crayons and a microscope rubber eraser

2. Add up to the next whole dollar.

a. b. c.

Add up to work out the change Price: $1.20. The customer gave $5.

To work out the change, work out the $1.20 $2.00 $5.00

difference between the price and the

money given.

differences → $0.80 $3

Start from the price and add till you

reach the amount the customer gave. Change: $3.80

First add up to the next whole ten-cents. Price: $3.35. The customer gave $5.

Then add up to the next whole dollar $3.35 $3.40 $ 4.00 $5.00

(if need be).

differences → $0.05 $0.60 $1

Then, add all of the differences

to work out the total change. Change: $1.65

a. Price: $1.80. The customer gave $5. b. Price: $3.30. The customer gave $4.

c. Price: $2.15. The customer gave $5. d. Price: $0.85. The customer gave $5.

4. Work out the change.

a. Price: $ 0.45. The customer gave $1. b. Price: $2.40. The customer gave $5.

Change: $_________ Change: $_________

c. Price: $3.15. The customer gave $3.50. d. Price: $4.35. The customer gave $5.

Change: $_________ Change: $_________

e. Price: $0.25. The customer gave $0.50. f. Price: $1.30. The customer gave $5.

Change: $_________ Change: $_________

g. Price: $2.20. The customer gave $2.50. h. Price: $3.55. The customer gave $3.75.

Change: $_________ Change: $_________

$0.70 for water. Work out the total cost

and her change from $3.

$1.15 each. Work out the total cost

and his change from $5.

of crayons for $1.40 each?

If not, how much more do you need?

If yes, work out your change if you buy them.

a stapler, and a pen (see problem 1)?

If not, work out how much more you would need.

If yes, work out your change if you buy them.

Solving Money Problems

dollars cents

1 1 1

$14 . 05 Add the dollar and cents amounts in columns the same way as

2 . 11 any other numbers. You can imagine that the decimal point is

+ 54 . 95 not there while calculating. Just remember to put it in the answer!

$71. 11

a. b. c. d. e.

$2.99 $20.46 $12.99

$ 5.69 5.79 2.79 25.59

$2.24 7.50 1.40 5.62 41.80

+ 4.69 + 22.25 + 6.72 + 6.68 + 26.70

$ 1.50 $4.80 $1.95

a. a skirt and a book bag b. a teddy bear, crayons, c. a pen and three

scissors, and two pens pairs of scissors

Subtract or add up to find the change.

To work out the change, you work out the difference of the price and from the money given.

To work out any difference, you can:

z subtract the price from the money given, or

z add up from the price to the money given.

Subtracting to work out the change often involves borrowing over many zeros.

A bag costs $11.25. A customer paid The price was $5.65. A customer

with $20. What was his change? paid with $20 and got back $14.55.

Was that correct change?

Add up: Subtract: Add the price and the change:

+ $0.75 + $8 9 9

1 1 1

1 10 10 10

$2 0 . 0 0 $ 5.6 5

$11.25 $12.00 $20.00 −1 1 . 2 5 +1 4 . 5 5

$ 8.7 5 $2 0 . 2 0

The difference is $8.75.

No, it was 20 cents too much.

a. + + b. + +

$10 – $2.65 $20 – $7.50

c. + + d. + +

$20 – $14.45 $50 – $28.35

4. Subtract.

a. b. c. d. e.

$5.50 $ 10 . 9 0 $20.00 $10.00 e. $50.00

– 2.39 – 4.45 – 7.29 – 6.44 – 34.56

5. Solve the problems.

$35.90

a. Mark bought two computer mice and paid b. Judy bought a book and a book bag.

with a $20-dollar note. She paid with $30. How many dollars

What was his change? and cents did she receive in change?

c. Mark bought a microscope and paid d. Mark has $5.50 saved, and he wants to

with a $50-dollar note. He received buy a calculator and a book.

$14.10 as change. Was that correct? What is the total cost?

buy with $10? How much more money does Mark need

to buy them?

the purchase?

6. Solve the word problems.

a. Dad bought a meal for $15.55 and a b. Dad paid with a $50 note.

drink for $2.35 at a restaurant. What was his change?

How much did he pay?

c. You have saved $15, and you want to buy d. Melissa bought a book for $4.55, a

a toy for $22.95. How much do you still magazine for $2.30, and a pencil

need to save? for $0.85. Find how much she paid.

fruit juice, and a sandwich. Fruit juice $1.45

How much did he pay? Fizzy drink $1.55

Sandwich $3.95

Coffee $1.55

f. Can Mum buy a jacket for $14.55 and a blouse for $23.95 with $40?

If no, how much is she missing?

Revision

1. How much money? Write the amount.

a. $__________ b. $__________

and one 50 c coin

a. Maria has saved $23.00, and she wants to b. Arnold bought a sandwich for $2.55,

buy a game for $42.95. How much does soup for $2.30, and juice for $1.85.

she still need to save? How much did he pay?

a. You bought smiley face stickers for $2.35 and a notebook for $1.20.

How much did you pay?

Math Mammoth Australian Money Answer Key

Five and Ten Cent Coins, p. 6

1. a. 25 cents b. 30 cents c. 20 cents

d. 35 cents e. 25 cents f. 35 cents

g. 40 cents h. 45 cents i. 50 cents

2. a. 40 c b. 45 c c. 50 c d. 65 c

3. a. 80 c = eight 10 c coins, or one 10 c coin plus fourteen 5 c coins, or two 10 c coins plus twelve 5 c coins,

or three 10 c coins plus ten 5 c coins, or four 10 c coins plus eight 5 c coins, or five 10 c coins plus six 5 c coins,

or six 10 c coins plus four 5 c coins, or seven 10 c coins plus two 5 c coins, or sixteen 5 c coins.

b. 60 c = six 10 c coins, or one 10 c coin plus ten 5 c coins, or two 10 c coins plus eight 5 c coins, or three 10 c

coins plus six 5 c coins, or four 10 c coins plus four 5 c coins, or seven 10 c coins plus two 5 c coins,

or twelve 5 c coins.

c. 100 c = ten 10 c coins, or one 10 c coin plus eighteen 5 c coins, or two 10 c coins plus sixteen 5 c coins,

or three 10 c coins plus fourteen 5 c coins, or four 10 c coins plus twelve 5 c coins, or five 10 c coins plus

ten 5 c coins, or six 10 c coins plus eight 5 c coins, or seven 10 c coins plus six 5 c coins, or eight 10 c coins

plus four 5 c coins, or nine 10 c coins plus two 5 c coins, or twenty 5 c coins.

d. 75 c = seven 10 c coins plus one 5 c coin, or six 10 c coins plus three 5 c coins, or five 10 c coins plus five

5 c coins, or four 10 c coins plus seven 5 c coins, or three 10 c coins plus nine 5 c coins, or two 10 c coins plus

eleven 5 c coins, or one 10 c coin plus thirteen 5 c coins, or fifteen 5 c coins.

e. 35 c = three 10 c coins plus one 5 c coin, or two 10 c coins plus three 5 c coins, or one 10 c coins plus five

5 c coins, or seven 5 c coins.

f. 55 c = five 10 c coins plus one 5 c coin, or four 10 c coins plus three 5 c coins, or three 10 c coins plus five

5 c coins, or two 10 c coins plus seven 5 c coins, or one 10 c coin plus nine 5 c coins or eleven 5 c coins.

1. a. 55 c b. 80 c c. 50 c d. 55 c e. 75 c

f. 75 c g. 70 c h. 80 c i. 65 c j. 35 c

2. a. 40 c b. 80 c c. 50 c d. 70 c e. 60 c f. 90 c

3. Revise the student’s work.

a. 25 c = one 20 c coin plus one 5 c coin

b. 25 c = two 10 c coins plus one 5 c coin

c. 25 c = five 5 c coins

d. 35 c = one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin

e. 35 c = one 20 c coin plus three 5 c coins

f. 35 c = three 10 c coins plus one 5 c coin

4. a. 25 c = one 20 c coin plus one 5 c coin b. 35 c = one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin

c. 55 c = one 50 c coin plus one 5 c coin d. 65 c = one 50 c coin plus one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin

e. 70 c = one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin f. 100 c = two 50 c coins

g. 80 c = one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one10 c coin h. 45 c = two 20 c coins plus one 5 c coin

i. 75 c = one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 5 c coin j. 30 c = one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin

Practising with Coins, p. 11

1. a.35 c b. 45 c c. 50 c d. 30 c e. 65 c f. 75 c

2. a. 40 c b. 40 c c. 50 c d. 20 c e. 25 c f. 75 c

3. a. 30 c b. 30 c c. 50 c d. 75 c

4. a. 25 c = one 20 c coin plus one 5 c coin

b. 40 c = two 20 c coins

c. 15 c = one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin

d. 55 c = one 50 c coin plus one 5 c coin

e. 60 c = one 50 c coin plus one 10 c coin

f. 35 c = one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin

g. 80 c = one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin

h. 45 c = two 20 c coins plus one 5 c coin

i. 90 c = one 50 c coin plus two 20 c coins

5.

a. b. c.

10 c + 10 c = 20 c 25 c + 5 c = 30 c 40 c + 20 c = 60 c

20 c + 10 c = 30 c 30 c + 5 c = 35 c 55 c + 10 c = 65 c

30 c + 10 c = 40 c 35 c + 5 c = 40 c 65 c + 5 c = 70 c

40 c + 10 c = 50 c 40 c + 5 c = 45 c 60 c + 20 c = 80 c

50 c + 10 c = 60 c 45 c + 5 c = 50 c 60 c + 30 c = 90 c

Practising Shopping, p. 13

1. a. 40 c = two 20 c coins

b. 35 c = one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin

c. 85 c = one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin

2. a. 45 c = two 20 c coins plus one 5 c coin

b. 65 c = three 20 c coins plus one 5 c coin

c. 90 c = one 50 c coin plus two 20 c coins

d. 20 c = one 20 c coin

e. 85 c = one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin

f. 55 c = one 50 c coin plus one 5 c coin

3. a. 55 c b. 60 c c. 70 c d. 75 c

4. a. used a 20 c coin and a 10 c coin and have 10 c left

b. used three 20 c coins and a 20 c coin and have 20 c left

c. used a 20 c coin, two 10 c coins, and two 5 c coins and have 5 c left

d. used three 20 c coins and a 5 c coin and have 20 c left

e. used a 50 c coin, two 20 c coins, and a 5 c coin and have 15 c left

f. used a 50 c coin and a 5 c coin and have 35 c left

g. used two 20 c coins, three 10 c coins, and a 5 c coin and have 15 c left

h. used a 20 c coin, two 10 c coins, and a 5 c coin and have 15 c left

i. used a 20 c coin and a 5 c coin and have 30 c left

Change, p. 15

1. a. 20 c, 5 c b. 40 c, 10 c c. 40 c, 5 c d. 20 c, 5 c e. 30 c, 5 c f. 20 c, 5 c g. 60 c, 10 c h. 80 c, 10 c

2. a. You pay with two 20 c coins and two 10 c coins, your change is 5 c.

b. You pay with two 20 c coins and one 10 c coin, your change is 5 c.

c. You pay with 50 c, your change is 10 c.

d. You pay with one 50 c coin and two 20 c coins, your change is 10 c.

e. You pay with one 50 c, one 20 c and one 10 c, your change is 5 c.

f. You pay with four 20 c coins, your change is 10 c.

3. a. 30 c b. 5 c c. 10 c d. 30 c e. 20 c f. 15 c

4. b. total 35 c; change 15 c c. total 10 c; change 10 c

d. total 15 c; change 5 c e. total 45 c; change 5 c

1. a. 25 c b. 50 c c. 50 c d. 35 c e. 55 c f. 50 c g. $1.25 h. 80 c

2. a. 50 c b. 70 c c. 60 c d. 30 c e. 85 c f. 80 c

3. Answers may vary, revise the student’s work.

a. You pay with two 10 cent coins and one 5 cent coin and have 20 c left.

b. You pay with four 20 cent coins and one 10 cent coin and have 15 c left.

c. You pay with one 20 cent coin, one 10 cent coin and one 5 cent coin and have 20 c left.

d. You pay with one 50 cent coin and one 10 cent coin and have 50 c left.

e. You pay with three 20 cent coins and one 5 cent coin and have 25 c left.

f. You pay with one 50 cent coin, two 20 cent coins and one 5 cent coin and have 25 c left.

4.

a. 25 c = 25 c = b. 35 c = 35 c =

c. 45 c = 45 c = d. 55 c = 55 c =

e. 60 c = 60 c = f. 90 c = 90 c =

5.

a. b. c.

90 c + 10 c = $1 60 c + 40 c = $1 40 c + 60 c = $1

80 c + 20 c = $1 75 c + 25 c = $1 35 c + 65 c = $1

70 c + 30 c = $1 65 c + 35 c = $1 45 c + 55 c = $1

50 c + 50 c = $1 55 c + 45 c = $1 30 c + 70 c = $1

Revision - Coins, p. 21

1. a. 15 c b. 30 c c. 50 c d. 35 c e. 45 c f. 80 c

2. Revise the student’s work. Answers may vary. There are other answers than the ones below.

a. 50 c = one 50 c coin, or two 20 c coins plus one 10 c coin, or five 10 c coins, or ten 5 c coins

b. 25 c = one 20 c coin plus one 5 c coin, or two 10 c coins plus one 5 c coin, or five 5 c coins

c. 60 c = one 50 c coin plus one 10 c coin, or three 20 c coins, or six 10 c coins, or twelve 5 c coins

d. 85 c = one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin

e. 75 c = one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 5 c coin

f. 35 c = one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin

3. a. 30 c b. 25 c

Dollars, p. 22

1. a. $ 1.20 b. $5.10 c. $5.35 d. $2.25 e. $1.45 f. $5.30 g. $2.25 h. $3.10

2. a. $ 4.15 b. $7.15 c. $2.35 d. $ 2.50 e. $7.80 f. $ 9.55

3. a. $ 0.30 b. $0.05 c. $ 0.15 d. $0.50 e. $ 0.10 f. $0.25

4. Answers may vary; revise the student’s work.

a. $1.35 = one 1 dollar plus one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin

b. $2.05 = one 2 dollar coin plus one 5 c coin

c. $0.30 = one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin

d. $3.80 = one 2 dollar coin plus one 1 dollar coin plus one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin

e. $0.05 = one 5 c coin

f. $2.50 = one 2 dollar coin plus one 50 c coin

g. $7.00 = one 5 dollar note plus one 2 dollar coin

h. $5.90 = one 5 dollar note plus one 50 c coin plus two 20 c coins

i. $6.80 = one 5 dollar note plus one 1 dollar coin plus one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin

j. $4.60 = two 2 dollar coins plus one 50 plus one 10 c coin

1. a. 150 cents or $1.50 b. 95 cents or $0.95

c. 160 cents or $ 1.60 d. 170 cents or $1.70

e. 130 cents or $ 1.30 f. 120 cents or $1.20

g. 120 cents or $1.20 h. 125 cents or $1.25

2. a. $0.85 b. $0.75 c. $1.80 d. $1.65

3. Answers may vary; revise the student’s work.

a. 170 cents = three 50 c coins plus one 20 c coin

b. 245 cents = four 50 c coins plus two 20 c coins plus one 5 c coin

c. 310 cents = six 50 c coins plus one 10 c coin

d. 455 cents = nine 50 c coins plus one 5 c coin

4.

b. $2.05 = 205 cents f. $2.00 = 200 cents

c. $8.10 = 810 cents g. $6.40 = 640 cents

d. $ 6.00 = 600 cents h. $0.05 = 5 cents

1. a. $0.80 b. $1.50 c. $4.80

2. a. $1.20 b. $1.25

3. a. $3.05 b. $3.80 c. $4.80 d. $3.60

4. a. Total cost: $4.95 Change: 5 cents b. Total cost: $2.10 Change: 90 cents

Dollars, Part 2 p. 29

1. a. $1.15 b. $5.15 c. $10.30 d. $6.20 e. $8.25 f. $13.25

2. a. $2.20 b. $5.00 c. $5.20 d. $1.10

3. a. $0.35 b. $0.05 c. $0.50

4. a. $0.55 b. $0.05 c. $4.25 d. $2.05 e. 75 cents f. 305 cents

5. a. $0.75 b. $5.25 c. $3.35 d. $6.60

6. a. $5.65 b. $3.50 c. $7.35

7. a. $1.45 b. $0.45 c. $1.05

8. a. $1.10 b. $1.00 c. $0.20

Counting Change, p. 32

1. a. $ 0.75 plus one 5 c coin plus one 20 c coin = $1

b. $0.65 plus one 5 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin = $1

c. $0.45 plus one 5 c coin plus one 50 c coin = $1

d. $0.55 plus one 5 c coin plus two 20 c coins = $1

2. Answers may vary, revise the student’s work.

a. $1.15 plus one 5 c coin plus four 20 c coins = $2

b. $2.30 plus one 20 c coin = $2.50

c. $1.80 plus one 20 c coin = $2

d. $2.30 plus four 20 c coins plus one 50 c coin = $3

3. a. $0.05 b. $0.10 c. $0.05 d. $0.20 e. $0.75 f. $0.15

Making Change, p. 34

1. a. $0.25 b. $5.10 c. $2.65 d. $5.80 e. $1.85

2. a. $1.45 b. $1.40 c. $5.30 d. $2.15 e. $1.75 f. $5.85

3. a. $3.00 b. $16.00 c. $4.50 d. $7.60 e. $2.40

f. $3.70 g. $1.20 h. $0.60 i. $2.80

4. a. No, the correct change is $2.15. She received 30 cents too much.

b. No, the correct change is $2.25. His change was 5 cents short.

5. a. 45 b. 85 c. 25 d. 55 e. 65

6. a. 45 cents, 25 cents, 75 cents b. 65 cents, 85 cents, 15 cents c. 80 cents, 60 cents, 90 cents

7. b. Change: $2.20. Use one 2 dollar coin plus one 20 c coin.

c. Change: $2.25. Use one 2 dollar coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 5 c coin.

d. Change: $1.05. Use one 1 dollar coin plus one 5 c coin.

e. Change: $0.75. Use one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 5 c coin.

f. Change: $3.70. Use one 2 dollar coin plus one 1 dollar coin plus one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin.

1. a. $4.10 b. $2.00 c. $2.30 d. $2.75 e. $38.10 f. $22.30

g. $2.40 h. $1.05 i. $5.00 j. $3.30 k. $38.70 l. $3.65

2. a. $0.70, $0.50, $0.30 b. $0.70, $0.80, $0.40 c. $0.90, $0.95, $0.85

3. a. $3.20 b. $0.70 c. $2.85 d. $4.15

4. a. $0.55 b. $2.60 c. $0.35 d. $0.65 e. $0.25 f. $3.70 g. $0.30 h. $0.20

5. a. $2.90; $0.10 b. $3.45; $1.55 c. Yes, I can, and my change is 20 cents. d. No, I cannot; I need 60 cents more.

1. a. $6.90 b. $35.40 c. $16.85 d. $35.40 e. $107.00

2. a. $27.40 b. $12.85 c. $10.80

4. a. $3.15 b. $6.45 c. $12.75 d. $3.55 e. $15.45

5. a. $6.20 b. $7.30 c. Yes d. $10.20 total, so he needs $4.70 more.

e. Ernest can buy 2 calculators, and his change will be $3.10.

6. a. $17.90 b. $32.10 c. I still need to save $7.95.

d. Melissa paid $7.70, and her change was $2.30.

e. John paid $9.70, and his change was $10.30.

f. Yes, she can, and her change was $1.50.

Revision, p. 45

1. a. $5.40 b. $5.80

2. a. $0.05 b. $1.65 c. $1.40

3. a. Maria still needs to save $19.95. b. Arnold paid $6.70, and his change was $3.30.

4. a. I paid $3.55. b. My change was $1.45.

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