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Grades

1-3
Australian
Money

Topics Include:
Counting coins
Counting bills
Making change
Adding money amounts
Money problems

by Maria Miller
www.k5learning.com
Australian Money
Grades 1 - 3 Workbook

AUTHOR: Maria Miller

Distributed by K5 Learning

Copyright 2006-2016 Maria Miller

EDITION 10/2016

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means,
electronic or mechanical, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in
writing from the author.

Copying permission: Permission IS granted to reproduce this material to be used with one (1) teacher's
students by virtue of the purchase of this book. In other words, one (1) teacher MAY make copies of
these worksheets to be used with his/her students. Permission is not given to reproduce the material for
resale. Making the file(s) available on any website for the purpose of sharing is strictly prohibited. If you
have other needs, such as licensing for a school or tutoring center, contact the author at
http://www.MathMammoth.com/contact.php

____________________________________________

Please visit store.k5learning.com for more e-books recommended by K5 Learning.


Welcome to Math Mammoth’s Blue Series
K5 Learning is proud to offer its customers Math Mammoth’s Blue Series of math workbooks for
grades 1-7.

We believe the Blue Series is ideal for independent or parent-guided study. Conceptual
understanding of math concepts is emphasised with simple but rigorous explanations and visual
models. Each topic begins with a bite-sized introduction and an example, followed by practice
exercises including word problems.

The Blue Series has 46 workbooks in the following subject areas:

Addition & subtraction Time Ratios and proportions


Place value Money Integers
Multiplication & division Geometry Percents
Fractions Measurement Statistics & probability
Decimals Data & graphs Expressions & equations
Percents Linear equations Rational numbers

The Blue Series workbooks can be purchased from K5’s online bookstore store.k5learning.com.

About the Author

Maria Miller is a math teacher turned housewife and homeschooler. She has a master’s degree
in mathematics with minors in physics and statistics and has been developing math educational
materials since the early 2000s. Maria is the founder of the MathMammoth website.

About K5 Learning

K5 Learning offers an online reading and math program for children in kindergarten through
grade 5 at www.k5learning.com. Our aim is to help parents help their kids develop their
reading, math and study skills. A 14 day free trial is available.

Questions & Feedback


If you have any questions or feedback for us, please contact us at customer-
service@k5learning.com.

© Maria Miller k5learning.com


Contents
Introduction ......................................................................... 4

Money Games on the Internet ........................................... 5


Five and Ten Cent Coins .................................................. 6
Twenty and Fifty Cent Coins ............................................ 8
Practising with Coins ......................................................... 11
Practising Shopping ........................................................... 13
Change ................................................................................. 15
Counting Coins Revision ................................................... 18
Revision - Coins ................................................................. 21
Dollars ................................................................................. 22
Cent and Dollar Amounts ................................................ 25
Adding Money Amounts ................................................... 27
Dollars, Part 2 ................................................................... 29
Counting Change ............................................................... 32
Making Change ................................................................. 34
Mental Math and Money Problems ................................ 38
Solving Money Problems .................................................. 41

Revision ............................................................................. 45

Answers .............................................................................. 46

© Maria Miller 3 k5learning.com


Introduction
Math Mammoth Australian Money is a worktext that covers money-related topics usually encountered
during years 1-3. The book contains both textbook explanations and exercises, and is designed to be very
easy to teach from, requiring very little teacher preparation (you do need to find practise coins before the
lessons).
The book starts with year 1 topics such as counting coins with cent-amounts and easy problems about
change. For the most part, these lessons use “c” as a symbol for cent.
While these initial lessons use pictures for the coins, practising with real coins is even better, and you
should have real money on hand to practise with.
From there, the lessons advance toward year 2 and finally to year 3 topics, such as practising with dollar
amounts, and working out total amounts owed and change. Therefore, you can also let your child work the
pages of this book in different time periods, and not go through it all at once, depending on your child's
current level.
Making Change explains two basic ways of working out the change: counting up, and subtracting
(working out the difference). This is all done with mental maths. The next lesson also practises money
problems using mental maths.
In the last lesson we solve money problems by adding and subtracting money amounts vertically (in
columns).
On the next page you will find a list of money activities and games on the Internet.

I wish you success with teaching maths!


Maria Miller

© Maria Miller 4 k5learning.com


Australian Money Resources on the Internet
Use these games and resources to supplement the bookwork as you see fit.

Counting coins worksheets


Create free worksheets for counting all Australian coins and some banknotes. You can choose the number
of coins, the maximum total amount, and the number of problems.
http://www.homeschoolmath.net/worksheets/australian-money.php

Change Maker
Get as much money in your piggy bank as possible by working out the correct change.
Easy, Medium, hard, and super brain levels. Playable in five currencies, including Australian.
http://www.funbrain.com/cashreg/

Count Money Worksheets


Choose either notes or coins, the number of coins, the number of problems, and more options. Worksheets
are randomly generated.
http://www.theteacherscorner.net/printable-worksheets/make-your-own/money-worksheets/

Money Memory Game


Match coins/notes with money amounts. You can choose your currency and the size of the memory game.

http://www.dr-mikes-math-games-for-kids.com/money-memory-game.html?cur=aud

© Maria Miller 5 k5learning.com


Five and Ten Cent Coins

This is a five cent coin. It can This is a ten cent coin. It can be
be written “5 c”. written “10 c”.

In the exercises we use small pictures of these coins. The 5 c coin is the
smallest, and the 10 c coin is largest. They are both silver coloured.

To find the total value, add


the cent values. It's called
counting up. Start counting
with the coins of the largest
value.
Count
up → 10 c 20 c 25 c 30 c 35 c 40 c The total on the left is 40 c.

1. Count and write the total amount in cents.

a. b. c.

_______ cents _______cents _______cents

d. e. f.

_______ cents _______ cents _______cents

g. h. i.

_______ cents _______ cents _______ cents

© Maria Miller 6 k5learning.com


You can count
each set of two
fives as a ten.
10 c 20 c 30 c 40 c 40 c

2. Count and write the total amount in cents; especially notice all of the fives.

a. b.

_______ cents _______ cents

c. d.

_______ cents _______ cents

3. Make these amounts of money in different ways using five cent, and ten cent
coins. You can use real money or draw silver circles with 5, and 10 on them.

a. 80 cents b. 60 cents c. 100 cents

d. 75 cents e. 35 cents f. 55 cents

© Maria Miller 7 k5learning.com


Twenty and Fifty Cent Coins

This coin is This coin is


worth twenty worth fifty
cents or 20 c. cents or 50 c.

Don't confuse these coins! They are all silver coloured.


To be sure, look at the numbers on them.

Count
up → 50 70 80 85 90
Count up to find the total value of the cents. Start counting with the coins
with the largest value. Here we have 90 cents.

1. Work out the coin value in cents.

a. b.
______ cents ______ cents

c. d.

______ cents ______ cents

e. f.

_______ cents ______ cents

g. h.

______ cents ______ cents

i. j.
______ cents ______ cents

© Maria Miller 8 k5learning.com


You can count
each set of two
fives as a ten.
70 c 80 c 90 c 95 c

2. Add up the value of the coins. Write the total amount. Count two fives as a ten.

a. b.
_______ c
_______ c

c. d.
_______ c
________ c

e. f.

_______ c _______ c

3. Make these money amounts in three different ways. Either use real money or silver
circles with “5”, “10”, “20” and “50”.

a. 25 cents - one way d. 35 cents - one way

b. 25 cents - another way e. 35 cents - another way

c. 25 cents - another way f. 35 cents - another way

© Maria Miller 9 k5learning.com


Similarly, when the cents-amount is more than
20 cents, it is good to use the twenty-cents coin.
= 70 c
It is not wrong to use lots of tens, but using
twenties is more efficient.

4. Make these money amounts. Try to use the least amount of coins possible. Think!

a. 25 cents b. 35 cents

c. 55 cents d. 65 cents

e. 70 cents f. 100 cents

g. 80 cents h. 45 cents

i. 75 cents j. 30 cents

© Maria Miller 10 k5learning.com


Practising with Coins
1. Write the total amount in cents.

a. b.
_______ c _______ c

c. d.
_______ c _______ c

e. f.
_______ c _______ c

2. First draw a five cent coin more. How much money is there now?

_______ c b.
a.
_______ c

c. d.
_______ c
_______ c

f.
e.
_______ c ______ c

3. First draw a ten cent coin more. How much money is there now?

a. b.
_______ c _______ c

c. d.
_______ c _______ c

© Maria Miller 11 k5learning.com


4. Make these money amounts. Use either real money, or draw circles with numbers
for the various coins.

a. 25 c b. 40 c c. 15 c

d. 55 c e. 60 c f. 35 c

g. 80 c h. 45 c i. 90 c

5. You have some money, and you get some more. Use real money or draw pictures to help.

a. b. c.

10 c + 10 c = ______ c 25 c + 5 c = ______ c 40 c + 20 c = ______ c

20 c + 10 c = ______ c 30 c + 5 c = ______ c 55 c + 10 c = ______ c

30 c + 10 c = ______ c 35 c + 5 c = ______ c 65 c + 5 c = ______ c

40 c + 10 c = ______ c 40 c + 5 c = ______ c 60 c + 20 c = ______ c

50 c + 10 c = ______ c 45 c + 5 c = ______ c 60 c + 30 c = ______ c

© Maria Miller 12 k5learning.com


Practising Shopping
1. Make these amounts of money. You can use real money, or draw the coins.

a. 40 cents b. 35 cents c. 85 cents

2. You have:
Draw the coins you would use to pay for an item that costs:

a. 45 cents b. 65 cents c. 90 cents

d. 20 cents e. 85 cents f. 55 cents

3. Write the total amount in cents, if you have:


a. two 20 c coins and three 5 c coins b. four 10 c coins and four 5 c coins

c. a 20 c coin and five 10 c coins d. three 20 c coins and three 5 c coins,

© Maria Miller 13 k5learning.com


4. Cross out the coins you need to buy the item. Write how many cents you have left.

a.

30 c c. 50 c
b. 80 c

Left _________ c Left _________ c


Left _________ c

d. 65 c e. 95 c f. 55 c

Left _________ c Left _________ c Left _________ c

i.

h. 45 c 25 c
g. 75 c

Left _________ c Left _________ c Left _________ c

© Maria Miller 14 k5learning.com


Change
When you buy something in a shop, you often do not have the exact amount of money to pay
for it. Instead, you give the shop keeper more money than what the item costs. The shop
keeper then gives you some money back. This is called your change.
A pen costs 55 cents. You don't have the coins to make exactly 55 cents, so you give the shop
keeper 60 cents. That is 5 cents too much! But then the shop keeper gives you back 5 cents,
which is your change.

You have: Your change:

Price: 55 c
60 c 5c

The shop keeper gives you back the difference between the price and what you paid.

In the problems below, work out the change you get back. Think of the DIFFERENCE between
the price and what you pay; or, think how many cents you paid “too much”. That's your change.
You can set up a “play shop” to do these problems, using real money, one person as a shop
keeper, and one person as a customer.

1. Write how many cents you give, and how many cents you get back in change.

You have: Your


a. You have: Your change: b.
change:

Price: 15 c
_______ c _______ c Price: 30 c
_______ c _______ c

c. You have: Your change:


d. You have: Your change:

Price: 15 c
Price: 35 c _______ c _______ c
_______ c _______ c

© Maria Miller 15 k5learning.com


e. You have: Your change: f. You have: Your change:

Price: 25 c Price: 15 c
_______ c _______ c _______ c _______ c

You have: Your You have: Your


g. h.
change: change:

Price: 50 c Price: 70 c
_______ c _______ c _______ c _______ c

2. Circle the coins you use to pay. Write how many cents is your change.

a. You bought a
Change: _________ c
drink for 55 c.
You have:

b. You bought
Change: _________ c
raisins for 35 c.
You have:

c. You bought a
Change: _________ c
toy for 40 c.
You have:

d. You bought a
Change: _________ c
book for 80 c.
You have:

e. You bought a
Change: _________ c
basket for 75 c.
You have:

f. You bought
Change: _________ c
crayons for 70 c.
You have:

© Maria Miller 16 k5learning.com


3. Practice some more! Work out the change.

a. Paper costs 70 c. b. A banana costs 45 c. c. A book costs 90 c.


You give $1 . You give 50 c. You give $1.

Change: ________ c Change: ________ c Change: _________ c

d. A toy costs 20 c. e. A drink costs 80 c. f. A towel costs 65 c.


You give 50 c. You give $1. You give 80 c.

Change: ________ c Change: _________ c Change: ________ c

4. Now you buy many items. First add their prices to work out the total.
Then work out the change. Draw the coins that could be your change.

a. A magazine costs 25 c. You bought three of them. You gave $1.

Total cost: 75 c

Change: 25 c

b. A toy costs 15 c and another toy 20 c. You give 50 c.


Total cost: ________ c

Change: _________ c

c. A lollipop costs 5 c. You buy two of them. You give 20 c.


Total cost: ________ c

Change: ________ c

d. A pencil costs 5 c. You buy three of them. You give 20 c.


Total cost: ________ c

Change: c

e. A rubber eraser costs 35 c and a pencil 10 c. You give 50 c.


Total cost: ________ c

Change: _________ c

© Maria Miller 17 k5learning.com


Counting Coins Revision

50 cents 20 cents 10 cents 5 cents 100 cents = $1

Count two
fives as a
Count
ten.
up → 20 c 25 c 30 c 35 c 10 c 20 c 25 c

20 c 30 c 40 c 45 c 50 c 60 c 65 c 70 c

1. How much money is there? Write the amount in cents.

a.
b.

c. d.

e. f.

g. h.

© Maria Miller 18 k5learning.com


2. How much is the total if you have:

a. twenty cents and three ten-cent coins b. three twenty-cent and one ten-cent coin

c. four five-cent and four ten-cent coins d. a twenty-cent coin and a ten-cent coin,

e. one five-cent coin, one twenty-cent coin f. three twenty-cent coins and two
and six ten-cent coins ten-cent coins

3. Cross out the coins you need to buy the item. Write how many cents you have left.

b. 90 c
a. 25 c c. 35 c

Left __________ Left __________ Left __________

d. 60 c e. 65 c f. 95 c

Left ___________ Left ___________ Left ___________

© Maria Miller 19 k5learning.com


Often you have several ways to make a given amount. For example, to make 60 cents,
you can use two 20-cent, one 10-cent and two 5-cent coins. Or, you may use a 50 cent
coin and one 10-cent coin. Are there any other ways to do it?

4. Work out two ways to make these amounts. Use either real money, or draw coins.

a. 25 c 25 c b. 35 c 35 c

c. 45 c 45 c d. 55 c 55 c

e. 60 c 60 c f. 90 c 90 c

5. Remember $1 means 1 dollar, which is 100 cents. How much more is needed to make $1?
a. b. c.

90 c + _______ = $1 60 c + _______ = $1 40 c + _______ = $1

80 c + _______ = $1 75 c + _______ = $1 35 c + _______ = $1

70 c + _______ = $1 65 c + _______ = $1 45 c + _______ = $1

50 c + _______ = $1 55 c + _______ = $1 30 c + _______ = $1

© Maria Miller 20 k5learning.com


Revision - Coins
1. How much money? Write the amount in cents.

a.
b.
c.

d. e. f.

2. Draw coins to illustrate these amounts of money.

a. 50 cents b. 25 cents c. 60 cents

d. 85 cents e. 75 cents f. 35 cents

3. Bob and Sue each bought something. How much money do they each have left?

a. Bob had: Bob bought a comb b. Sue had: Sue bought hairpins
for 30 cents. for 65 cents.
How much is left? How much is left?

© Maria Miller 21 k5learning.com


Dollars

$1 or $1.00 $2 or $2.00
$5 or $5.00
This is one dollar. This is two dollars. This is a five dollar note.
It is equal to 100 cents. It is worth 200 cents. It equals 500 cents.

Use the “$” symbol in front of dollar amounts. The whole dollars and the cents are separated
by a decimal point.

= $1.20 (one dollar and 20 cents) = $7.20 (seven dollars and 20 cents)

1. How much money? Write the amount.

a. $________ b. $________

d. $________
c. $________

e. $________ f. $________

g. h.
$________ $________

© Maria Miller 22 k5learning.com


2. Write the dollar amount.

a. $4.15
b. $__________

c. $__________ d. $__________

e. $__________ f. $__________

If you don't have any dollars, put a zero in the whole dollars' place.
Notice also how one 5 cent coin is written $0.05.

$0.05 $0.10
$0.30

3. Write the cents amounts using the dollar symbol and a decimal point. Remember the zero.

a. b. c.

$0.________ $__________ $__________

d. e. f.

$__________ $__________
$__________

© Maria Miller 23 k5learning.com


4. Draw dollar notes and coins to illustrate these amounts. Or, use real money.

a. $1.35 b. $2.05

c. $0.30 d. $3.80

e. $0.05 f. $2.50

g. $7.00 h. $5.90

i. $6.80 j. $4.60

© Maria Miller 24 k5learning.com


Cents and Dollar Amounts
Sometimes you have more than 100 cents from the smaller coins.
Each 100 cents makes a whole dollar.

105 cents or $1.05 150 cents or $1.50 330 cents or $3.30

1. Write the total as cents amounts and as dollar amounts.

a. b.

_______ cents or $___________ _______ cents or $___________

c. d.

cents or $ cents or $

e. f.

_______ cents or $___________ _______ cents or $___________

g. h.

_______ cents or $___________ _______ cents or $___________

© Maria Miller 25 k5learning.com


2. Write the total amount.

a. $__________ b. $__________

c. $__________ d. $__________

3. Make these amounts using only 50-cents and smaller coins.

a. 170 cents b. 245 cents

c. 310 cents d. 455 cents

4. Change the cent amounts into dollar amounts, and vice versa.

a. $0.95 = __________ cents e. $__________ = 80 cents

b. $2.05 = __________ cents f. $__________ = 200 cents

c. $8.10 = __________ cents g. $__________ = 640 cents

d. $ 6.00 = __________ cents h. $__________ = 5 cents

© Maria Miller 26 k5learning.com


Adding Money Amounts
Align the decimal points! Align the decimal points!
You can add money amounts in columns. ↓ 1
Make sure the decimal points are aligned.
$1 . 7 0 $0 . 5 5
Add. Then put the decimal point in the answer + 2.2 0 + 2.2 5
in the same place. $3 . 9 0 $2 . 8 0
Carrying happens the same way as if ↑ ↑
there was no decimal point. Add a decimal point Add a decimal point
to the answer to the answer

1 1
1 1
$0 . 4 5
$0.35 $0 . 3 5 $0.45 $0.45 0.4 5
+ 0.6 5 + 0.3 5
$1.0 0 $1.2 5
$0.35
Total cost $1.00. Total cost $1.25.

1. Add in columns.
a. $0.25 + $0.55 b. $1.45 + $0.05 c. $0.75 + $2.25 + $1.80

$ . $ . $ .
+ . + . .
$ . $ . + .
$ .

2. Find the total cost of the items listed.

$0.65 a. a pair of scissors b. two rubber erasers


and a pen and a pen

$0.35

© Maria Miller 27 k5learning.com


Cafeteria Menu

$0.85 $1.55 $2.20 $2.75 $1.05 $0.65

3. Find the total cost in each case.

a. Mark bought a sandwich, an apple, b. Judy bought coffee


and a bottle of water. and a slice of pizza.

c. Edward bought soup, d. Alaina bought three apples


a sandwich, and coffee. and a bottle of water.

4. First find the total cost, and then the change. You can use real money or draw pictures to help.

a. Mum bought soup and pizza.


She paid with $5.

b. Jack bought two cups of coffee


and paid with $3.

© Maria Miller 28 k5learning.com


Dollars, Part 2
One dollar. Two dollars.

$1 or $1.00 $2 or $2.00 Five dollars: $5 or $ 5.00. Ten dollars: $10 or $10.00.

Write the “$” symbol in


front of dollar amounts.

Write first the dollars,


then a decimal point, and
then the cents.
$6.50 $12.05

1. How much money is there? Write the amount in dollars.

a. $__________ b. $__________

d. $__________
c. $__________

e. $__________ f. $__________

© Maria Miller 29 k5learning.com


If you have 100 cents,
they are equal to a
dollar. 100 c = $1
= Total $3.20

2. How much money? Write the amount.

a. $__________ b. $__________

c. $__________ d. $__________

40 cents = $0.40
Remember to put 0 in the dollars' place if there is
less than 100 cents. If there is less than 10 cents, 80 cents = $0.80
we also need a zero in the ten-cents' place.
5 cents = $0.05

3. Write as dollar amounts.

a. $__________ b. $__________ c. $__________

4. Change the cent amounts to dollar amounts, or dollar amounts to cent amounts.

a. 55 cents = $_________ c. 425 cents = $_________ e. _______ cents = $0.75

b. 5 cents = $_________ d. 205 cents = $_________ f. _______ cents = $3.05

© Maria Miller 30 k5learning.com


5. Add the money amounts. You can add the cents and dollars separately in your head.

a. $0.35 + $0.40 = $__________ b. $1.25 + $4.00 = $__________

c. $1.30 + $2.05 = $__________ d. $5.40 + $1.20 = $__________

The pictures show how much money you have. Write how much you will have left
if you buy the items listed.

6.
If I buy: I will have left:

a. a puzzle for $5.20 $

b. a book for $7.35 $

c. a pineapple for $3.50 $

7.
If I buy: I will have left:

a. a book for $4.20 and


$
a magazine for $1.50

b. two brushes for $3.35 each $

c. candles for $4.05 and


$
paper cups for $2.05

8.
If I buy: I will have left:

a. a pen ($0.60) and an eraser ($0.50) $

b. three pencils for $0.40 each $

c. a notebook for $1.10 and


$
paper for $0.90

© Maria Miller 31 k5learning.com


Counting Change
When you buy an item, you might not have the exact coins and notes for the amount it costs.
However, you can pay with a larger note, and get back some change.
To give change, or to check the change you are given, count up from the price of the item
until you reach the amount the customer gave.

The change is
$0.35 Count up these coins.
from The change is
The customer gave $1 the price → $0.40 $0.60 $0.80 $1.00 65 cents.

The change is
Count up these coins.
The customer gave $1 from The change is
the price → $0.80 $0.90 $1.00 30 cents.

1. Draw the coins for the change.

a.
Change: __________
Customer gave $1

b.
Change: __________
Customer gave $1

c. $0.45
Change: __________
Customer gave $1

d. $0.55
Change: __________
Customer gave $1

© Maria Miller 32 k5learning.com


2. Draw the coins to illustrate the change.

a.
The customer gave $2 Change: __________

b. $2.30
The customer gave $2.50 Change: __________

c.
The customer gave $2 Change: __________

d. $2.30
The customer gave $3 Change: __________

3. Work out the change. You can draw coins or use real money to help.

a. A toy: $1.45 b. A drink: $0.90

The customer gave $1.50 The customer gave $1

$0.________ $0.________

c. A coffee: $0.95 d. A pencil set: $1.55

The customer gave $ 1.00 The customer gave $1.75

$0.________ $0.________

e. A book: $3.25 f. A postcard: $0.35

The customer gave $ 4 The customer gave $0.50

$0.________ $0.________

© Maria Miller 33 k5learning.com


Making Change
1. To give change, or to review the change you are given, you can count up from the price of the
item until you reach the amount the customer gives. First count up to the next whole dollar,
using the coins with cent amounts. Then use the whole dollar coins and dollars notes.

a.
Price: $0.75
The change is
The customer Count
gave $1. up → $0.80 $1.00 $0.________

b.
Price: $4.90
The change is
The customer Count
gave $10. up → $1.00 $10.00 $________

c.
Price: $2.35
The change is
The customer Count
gave $5. up → $________

d.
Price: $4.20
The change is
The customer Count
gave $10. up → $________

e.
Price: $8.15
The change is
The customer Count
gave $10. up → $________

© Maria Miller 34 k5learning.com


2. Figure out the change. You can draw coins or use real money to help.

a.
Price: $3.55
The change is
The customer
gave $5. $________

b.
Price: $8.60
The change is
The customer
gave $10. $________

c.
Price: $4.70
The change is
The customer
gave $10. $________

d.
Price: $7.85
The change is
The customer
gave $10. $________

e.
Price: $3.25
The change is
The customer
gave $5. $________

f.
Price: $4.15
The change is
The customer
gave $10. $________

© Maria Miller 35 k5learning.com


Working out the change is working out the difference. Example:
You can also work out the change by subtracting the item A book costs $6. You give $10.
price from the amount of money the customer gives. You
are just working out the difference between the price and Your change:
the money given. $10 − $6 = $4.

You can add up to work out the change. A toy costs $3.30. You give $10.
Another method is to first add up to the next whole dollar First find how many cents
to work out the cents. Then find the dollar-amount by there are to the next
subtracting. whole dollar: $3.30 + $0.70 = $4.
Again, you are working out the difference between the Then work out the difference
price and the money given, but you're doing that in two between $4 and $10, which is $6.
parts.
The total change is $6.70.

3. Work out the change.

a. A book cost $7. b. A basket cost $4. c. A train cost $5.50.


You gave $10. You gave $20. You gave $10.

Change: $________ Change: $________ Change: $________

d. A magazine cost $2.40. e. A meal cost $7.60. f. A drink cost $1.30.


You gave $10. You gave $10. You gave $5.

Change: $________ Change: $________ Change: $________

g. Crayons cost $3.80. h. Staples cost $1.40. i. Paper cost $7.20.


You gave $5. You gave $2. You gave $10.

Change: $________ Change: $________ Change: $________

4. Did these people receive the correct change? If not, correct it.

a. Margie bought a few items that cost $7.85. She paid with a 10 dollar note.
She got back two dollars, two 20-cents coins, and two 5 cent coins.

b. Fred bought a toy car for $2.75 and gave $5 for it. The shop worker handed
back to him a 20 cent coin and a two dollar coin .

© Maria Miller 36 k5learning.com


Here's a little trick for finding two 2-digit numbers that add up to 100:

The ones add up to 10.


The tens add up to 9...
...plus there is one ten
that is “carried” from the ones —
the total is ten, tens or a hundred.

5. Try it yourself! Find a two-digit number so the sum is 100.


a. b. c. d. e.
55 15 75 45 35
+ + + + +
100 100 100 100 100

6. Fill in the missing cent amount. You can use the “trick” explained above.

a. b. c.
$0.55 + $_______ = $1 $0.35 + $_______ = $1 $0.20 + $_______ = $1

$0.75 + $_______ = $1 $1.15 + $_______ = $2 $4.40 + $_______ = $5

$0.25 + $_______ = $1 $3.85 + $_______ = $4 $9.10 + $_______ = $10

7. Work out the change. What coins and notes could be used to make the change?

a. A book cost $3.55. You gave $5. b. Pencils cost $2.80. You gave $5.

Change: $1.45. Use a 5-cent coin,


2 twenty cent coins, and 1 dollar coin.

c. A shirt cost $7.75. You gave $10. d. Sunglasses cost $8.95. You gave $10.

e. A sandwich cost $4.25. You gave $5. f. Flowers cost $6.20. You gave $10.

© Maria Miller 37 k5learning.com


Mental Math and Money Problems
You can also add money
amounts in your head. $1.20 + $ 1.50 $0.15 + $1.20
Add the dollars and the cents = $2.70 = $1.35
separately.

If it adds up to more than 100 $0.70 + $0.70 $0.95 + $0.10


cents, the 100 cents equal one
dollar. = 140 cents = $1.40 = 105 cents = $1.05

1. Work out the total cost of buying the items listed. Add them in your head, if you can.

$3.10
$1.50 $0.50
$1.00 $0.80

$1.90 $0.55
$2.20 $20 $35

a. scissors and pencils b. pen and glue c. crayons, glue,


and pencils

d. a rubber eraser e. microscope and scissors f. book bag, a pen,


and a calculator and crayons

g. stapler and glue h. glue and a rubber eraser i. scissors and a stapler

j. a pen, a pencil, and k. a calculator, a pen, l. scissors and a


crayons and a microscope rubber eraser

© Maria Miller 38 k5learning.com


2. Add up to the next whole dollar.

a. b. c.

$0.30 + _________ = $1.00 $3.30 + _________ = $4.00 $1.10 + _________ = $2.00

$0.50 + _________ = $1.00 $2.20 + _________ = $3.00 $1.05 + _________ = $2.00

$0.70 + _________ = $ 1.00 $5.60 + _________ = $6.00 $1.15 + _________ = $2.00

Add up to work out the change Price: $1.20. The customer gave $5.
To work out the change, work out the $1.20 $2.00 $5.00
difference between the price and the
money given.
differences → $0.80 $3
Start from the price and add till you
reach the amount the customer gave. Change: $3.80

First add up to the next whole ten-cents. Price: $3.35. The customer gave $5.

Then add up to the next whole dollar $3.35 $3.40 $ 4.00 $5.00
(if need be).
differences → $0.05 $0.60 $1
Then, add all of the differences
to work out the total change. Change: $1.65

3. Work out the total change.

a. Price: $1.80. The customer gave $5. b. Price: $3.30. The customer gave $4.

$1.80 $2.00 $5.00 $3.30 $3.50 $4.00

Change: $_________ Change: $_________

c. Price: $2.15. The customer gave $5. d. Price: $0.85. The customer gave $5.

$2.15 $2.20 $3.00 $5.00 $0.85 $0.90 $1.00 $5.00

Change: $_________ Change: $_________

© Maria Miller 39 k5learning.com


4. Work out the change.

a. Price: $ 0.45. The customer gave $1. b. Price: $2.40. The customer gave $5.
Change: $_________ Change: $_________

c. Price: $3.15. The customer gave $3.50. d. Price: $4.35. The customer gave $5.
Change: $_________ Change: $_________

e. Price: $0.25. The customer gave $0.50. f. Price: $1.30. The customer gave $5.
Change: $_________ Change: $_________

g. Price: $2.20. The customer gave $2.50. h. Price: $3.55. The customer gave $3.75.
Change: $_________ Change: $_________

5. Solve the word problems.

a. Mary paid $2.20 for ice cream and


$0.70 for water. Work out the total cost
and her change from $3.

b. John bought three slices of pizza for


$1.15 each. Work out the total cost
and his change from $5.

c. If you have $3, can you buy two boxes


of crayons for $1.40 each?
If not, how much more do you need?
If yes, work out your change if you buy them.

d. If you have $5, can you buy a calculator,


a stapler, and a pen (see problem 1)?
If not, work out how much more you would need.
If yes, work out your change if you buy them.

© Maria Miller 40 k5learning.com


Solving Money Problems
dollars cents
1 1 1
$14 . 05 Add the dollar and cents amounts in columns the same way as
2 . 11 any other numbers. You can imagine that the decimal point is
+ 54 . 95 not there while calculating. Just remember to put it in the answer!
$71. 11

1. Add the dollar amounts.


a. b. c. d. e.
$2.99 $20.46 $12.99
$ 5.69 5.79 2.79 25.59
$2.24 7.50 1.40 5.62 41.80
+ 4.69 + 22.25 + 6.72 + 6.68 + 26.70

2. Work out the total cost of buying the items listed.

$3.10 $11.45 $15.95


$ 1.50 $4.80 $1.95

a. a skirt and a book bag b. a teddy bear, crayons, c. a pen and three
scissors, and two pens pairs of scissors

© Maria Miller 41 k5learning.com


Subtract or add up to find the change.
To work out the change, you work out the difference of the price and from the money given.
To work out any difference, you can:
z subtract the price from the money given, or
z add up from the price to the money given.
Subtracting to work out the change often involves borrowing over many zeros.

A bag costs $11.25. A customer paid The price was $5.65. A customer
with $20. What was his change? paid with $20 and got back $14.55.
Was that correct change?
Add up: Subtract: Add the price and the change:
+ $0.75 + $8 9 9
1 1 1
1 10 10 10
$2 0 . 0 0 $ 5.6 5
$11.25 $12.00 $20.00 −1 1 . 2 5 +1 4 . 5 5

$ 8.7 5 $2 0 . 2 0
The difference is $8.75.
No, it was 20 cents too much.

3. Work out the difference by counting up.

a. + + b. + +
$10 – $2.65 $20 – $7.50

= $______ $2.65 $3.00 $10.00 = $______ $7.50 $8.00 $20.00

c. + + d. + +
$20 – $14.45 $50 – $28.35

= $______ _____ _____ _____ = $______ _____ _____ _____

4. Subtract.
a. b. c. d. e.
$5.50 $ 10 . 9 0 $20.00 $10.00 e. $50.00
– 2.39 – 4.45 – 7.29 – 6.44 – 34.56

© Maria Miller 42 k5learning.com


5. Solve the problems.

$6.90 $6.75 $3.45 $15.95


$35.90

a. Mark bought two computer mice and paid b. Judy bought a book and a book bag.
with a $20-dollar note. She paid with $30. How many dollars
What was his change? and cents did she receive in change?

c. Mark bought a microscope and paid d. Mark has $5.50 saved, and he wants to
with a $50-dollar note. He received buy a calculator and a book.
$14.10 as change. Was that correct? What is the total cost?

e. How many calculators can Ernest


buy with $10? How much more money does Mark need
to buy them?

What will his change be after


the purchase?

© Maria Miller 43 k5learning.com


6. Solve the word problems.

a. Dad bought a meal for $15.55 and a b. Dad paid with a $50 note.
drink for $2.35 at a restaurant. What was his change?
How much did he pay?

c. You have saved $15, and you want to buy d. Melissa bought a book for $4.55, a
a toy for $22.95. How much do you still magazine for $2.30, and a pencil
need to save? for $0.85. Find how much she paid.

What was her change from $10?

e. John bought two servings of ice cream, Ice cream $2.15


fruit juice, and a sandwich. Fruit juice $1.45
How much did he pay? Fizzy drink $1.55
Sandwich $3.95
Coffee $1.55

What was John's change from $20?

f. Can Mum buy a jacket for $14.55 and a blouse for $23.95 with $40?

If yes, what is her change from that?


If no, how much is she missing?

© Maria Miller 44 k5learning.com


Revision
1. How much money? Write the amount.

a. $__________ b. $__________

2. Write as dollar amounts.

three 50 c, three 5 c four 20 c, two 5 c,


and one 50 c coin

a. $__________ b. $__________ c. $__________

3. Solve the problems.

a. Maria has saved $23.00, and she wants to b. Arnold bought a sandwich for $2.55,
buy a game for $42.95. How much does soup for $2.30, and juice for $1.85.
she still need to save? How much did he pay?

What was his change from $10?

4. Solve using mental math.

a. You bought smiley face stickers for $2.35 and a notebook for $1.20.
How much did you pay?

b. What was your change from $5?

© Maria Miller 45 k5learning.com


Math Mammoth Australian Money Answer Key
Five and Ten Cent Coins, p. 6
1. a. 25 cents b. 30 cents c. 20 cents
d. 35 cents e. 25 cents f. 35 cents
g. 40 cents h. 45 cents i. 50 cents
2. a. 40 c b. 45 c c. 50 c d. 65 c
3. a. 80 c = eight 10 c coins, or one 10 c coin plus fourteen 5 c coins, or two 10 c coins plus twelve 5 c coins,
or three 10 c coins plus ten 5 c coins, or four 10 c coins plus eight 5 c coins, or five 10 c coins plus six 5 c coins,
or six 10 c coins plus four 5 c coins, or seven 10 c coins plus two 5 c coins, or sixteen 5 c coins.
b. 60 c = six 10 c coins, or one 10 c coin plus ten 5 c coins, or two 10 c coins plus eight 5 c coins, or three 10 c
coins plus six 5 c coins, or four 10 c coins plus four 5 c coins, or seven 10 c coins plus two 5 c coins,
or twelve 5 c coins.
c. 100 c = ten 10 c coins, or one 10 c coin plus eighteen 5 c coins, or two 10 c coins plus sixteen 5 c coins,
or three 10 c coins plus fourteen 5 c coins, or four 10 c coins plus twelve 5 c coins, or five 10 c coins plus
ten 5 c coins, or six 10 c coins plus eight 5 c coins, or seven 10 c coins plus six 5 c coins, or eight 10 c coins
plus four 5 c coins, or nine 10 c coins plus two 5 c coins, or twenty 5 c coins.
d. 75 c = seven 10 c coins plus one 5 c coin, or six 10 c coins plus three 5 c coins, or five 10 c coins plus five
5 c coins, or four 10 c coins plus seven 5 c coins, or three 10 c coins plus nine 5 c coins, or two 10 c coins plus
eleven 5 c coins, or one 10 c coin plus thirteen 5 c coins, or fifteen 5 c coins.
e. 35 c = three 10 c coins plus one 5 c coin, or two 10 c coins plus three 5 c coins, or one 10 c coins plus five
5 c coins, or seven 5 c coins.
f. 55 c = five 10 c coins plus one 5 c coin, or four 10 c coins plus three 5 c coins, or three 10 c coins plus five
5 c coins, or two 10 c coins plus seven 5 c coins, or one 10 c coin plus nine 5 c coins or eleven 5 c coins.

Twenty and Fifty Cent Coins, p. 8


1. a. 55 c b. 80 c c. 50 c d. 55 c e. 75 c
f. 75 c g. 70 c h. 80 c i. 65 c j. 35 c
2. a. 40 c b. 80 c c. 50 c d. 70 c e. 60 c f. 90 c
3. Revise the student’s work.
a. 25 c = one 20 c coin plus one 5 c coin
b. 25 c = two 10 c coins plus one 5 c coin
c. 25 c = five 5 c coins
d. 35 c = one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin
e. 35 c = one 20 c coin plus three 5 c coins
f. 35 c = three 10 c coins plus one 5 c coin
4. a. 25 c = one 20 c coin plus one 5 c coin b. 35 c = one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin
c. 55 c = one 50 c coin plus one 5 c coin d. 65 c = one 50 c coin plus one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin
e. 70 c = one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin f. 100 c = two 50 c coins
g. 80 c = one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one10 c coin h. 45 c = two 20 c coins plus one 5 c coin
i. 75 c = one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 5 c coin j. 30 c = one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin

© Maria Miller 46 k5learning.com


Practising with Coins, p. 11
1. a.35 c b. 45 c c. 50 c d. 30 c e. 65 c f. 75 c
2. a. 40 c b. 40 c c. 50 c d. 20 c e. 25 c f. 75 c
3. a. 30 c b. 30 c c. 50 c d. 75 c
4. a. 25 c = one 20 c coin plus one 5 c coin
b. 40 c = two 20 c coins
c. 15 c = one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin
d. 55 c = one 50 c coin plus one 5 c coin
e. 60 c = one 50 c coin plus one 10 c coin
f. 35 c = one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin
g. 80 c = one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin
h. 45 c = two 20 c coins plus one 5 c coin
i. 90 c = one 50 c coin plus two 20 c coins
5.
a. b. c.
10 c + 10 c = 20 c 25 c + 5 c = 30 c 40 c + 20 c = 60 c

20 c + 10 c = 30 c 30 c + 5 c = 35 c 55 c + 10 c = 65 c

30 c + 10 c = 40 c 35 c + 5 c = 40 c 65 c + 5 c = 70 c
40 c + 10 c = 50 c 40 c + 5 c = 45 c 60 c + 20 c = 80 c

50 c + 10 c = 60 c 45 c + 5 c = 50 c 60 c + 30 c = 90 c

Practising Shopping, p. 13
1. a. 40 c = two 20 c coins
b. 35 c = one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin
c. 85 c = one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin
2. a. 45 c = two 20 c coins plus one 5 c coin
b. 65 c = three 20 c coins plus one 5 c coin
c. 90 c = one 50 c coin plus two 20 c coins
d. 20 c = one 20 c coin
e. 85 c = one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin
f. 55 c = one 50 c coin plus one 5 c coin
3. a. 55 c b. 60 c c. 70 c d. 75 c
4. a. used a 20 c coin and a 10 c coin and have 10 c left
b. used three 20 c coins and a 20 c coin and have 20 c left
c. used a 20 c coin, two 10 c coins, and two 5 c coins and have 5 c left
d. used three 20 c coins and a 5 c coin and have 20 c left
e. used a 50 c coin, two 20 c coins, and a 5 c coin and have 15 c left
f. used a 50 c coin and a 5 c coin and have 35 c left
g. used two 20 c coins, three 10 c coins, and a 5 c coin and have 15 c left
h. used a 20 c coin, two 10 c coins, and a 5 c coin and have 15 c left
i. used a 20 c coin and a 5 c coin and have 30 c left

© Maria Miller 47 k5learning.com


Change, p. 15
1. a. 20 c, 5 c b. 40 c, 10 c c. 40 c, 5 c d. 20 c, 5 c e. 30 c, 5 c f. 20 c, 5 c g. 60 c, 10 c h. 80 c, 10 c
2. a. You pay with two 20 c coins and two 10 c coins, your change is 5 c.
b. You pay with two 20 c coins and one 10 c coin, your change is 5 c.
c. You pay with 50 c, your change is 10 c.
d. You pay with one 50 c coin and two 20 c coins, your change is 10 c.
e. You pay with one 50 c, one 20 c and one 10 c, your change is 5 c.
f. You pay with four 20 c coins, your change is 10 c.
3. a. 30 c b. 5 c c. 10 c d. 30 c e. 20 c f. 15 c
4. b. total 35 c; change 15 c c. total 10 c; change 10 c
d. total 15 c; change 5 c e. total 45 c; change 5 c

Counting Coins Revision, p. 18


1. a. 25 c b. 50 c c. 50 c d. 35 c e. 55 c f. 50 c g. $1.25 h. 80 c
2. a. 50 c b. 70 c c. 60 c d. 30 c e. 85 c f. 80 c
3. Answers may vary, revise the student’s work.
a. You pay with two 10 cent coins and one 5 cent coin and have 20 c left.
b. You pay with four 20 cent coins and one 10 cent coin and have 15 c left.
c. You pay with one 20 cent coin, one 10 cent coin and one 5 cent coin and have 20 c left.
d. You pay with one 50 cent coin and one 10 cent coin and have 50 c left.
e. You pay with three 20 cent coins and one 5 cent coin and have 25 c left.
f. You pay with one 50 cent coin, two 20 cent coins and one 5 cent coin and have 25 c left.
4.
a. 25 c = 25 c = b. 35 c = 35 c =

c. 45 c = 45 c = d. 55 c = 55 c =

e. 60 c = 60 c = f. 90 c = 90 c =

© Maria Miller 48 k5learning.com


5.
a. b. c.
90 c + 10 c = $1 60 c + 40 c = $1 40 c + 60 c = $1

80 c + 20 c = $1 75 c + 25 c = $1 35 c + 65 c = $1

70 c + 30 c = $1 65 c + 35 c = $1 45 c + 55 c = $1

50 c + 50 c = $1 55 c + 45 c = $1 30 c + 70 c = $1

Revision - Coins, p. 21
1. a. 15 c b. 30 c c. 50 c d. 35 c e. 45 c f. 80 c
2. Revise the student’s work. Answers may vary. There are other answers than the ones below.
a. 50 c = one 50 c coin, or two 20 c coins plus one 10 c coin, or five 10 c coins, or ten 5 c coins
b. 25 c = one 20 c coin plus one 5 c coin, or two 10 c coins plus one 5 c coin, or five 5 c coins
c. 60 c = one 50 c coin plus one 10 c coin, or three 20 c coins, or six 10 c coins, or twelve 5 c coins
d. 85 c = one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin
e. 75 c = one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 5 c coin
f. 35 c = one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin
3. a. 30 c b. 25 c

Dollars, p. 22
1. a. $ 1.20 b. $5.10 c. $5.35 d. $2.25 e. $1.45 f. $5.30 g. $2.25 h. $3.10
2. a. $ 4.15 b. $7.15 c. $2.35 d. $ 2.50 e. $7.80 f. $ 9.55
3. a. $ 0.30 b. $0.05 c. $ 0.15 d. $0.50 e. $ 0.10 f. $0.25
4. Answers may vary; revise the student’s work.
a. $1.35 = one 1 dollar plus one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin plus one 5 c coin
b. $2.05 = one 2 dollar coin plus one 5 c coin
c. $0.30 = one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin
d. $3.80 = one 2 dollar coin plus one 1 dollar coin plus one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin
e. $0.05 = one 5 c coin
f. $2.50 = one 2 dollar coin plus one 50 c coin
g. $7.00 = one 5 dollar note plus one 2 dollar coin
h. $5.90 = one 5 dollar note plus one 50 c coin plus two 20 c coins
i. $6.80 = one 5 dollar note plus one 1 dollar coin plus one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin
j. $4.60 = two 2 dollar coins plus one 50 plus one 10 c coin

Cents and Dollar Amounts, p. 25


1. a. 150 cents or $1.50 b. 95 cents or $0.95
c. 160 cents or $ 1.60 d. 170 cents or $1.70
e. 130 cents or $ 1.30 f. 120 cents or $1.20
g. 120 cents or $1.20 h. 125 cents or $1.25
2. a. $0.85 b. $0.75 c. $1.80 d. $1.65

© Maria Miller 49 k5learning.com


3. Answers may vary; revise the student’s work.
a. 170 cents = three 50 c coins plus one 20 c coin
b. 245 cents = four 50 c coins plus two 20 c coins plus one 5 c coin
c. 310 cents = six 50 c coins plus one 10 c coin
d. 455 cents = nine 50 c coins plus one 5 c coin
4.

a. $0.95 = 95 cents e. $0.80 = 80 cents


b. $2.05 = 205 cents f. $2.00 = 200 cents
c. $8.10 = 810 cents g. $6.40 = 640 cents
d. $ 6.00 = 600 cents h. $0.05 = 5 cents

Adding Money Amounts, p. 27


1. a. $0.80 b. $1.50 c. $4.80
2. a. $1.20 b. $1.25
3. a. $3.05 b. $3.80 c. $4.80 d. $3.60
4. a. Total cost: $4.95 Change: 5 cents b. Total cost: $2.10 Change: 90 cents

Dollars, Part 2 p. 29
1. a. $1.15 b. $5.15 c. $10.30 d. $6.20 e. $8.25 f. $13.25
2. a. $2.20 b. $5.00 c. $5.20 d. $1.10
3. a. $0.35 b. $0.05 c. $0.50
4. a. $0.55 b. $0.05 c. $4.25 d. $2.05 e. 75 cents f. 305 cents
5. a. $0.75 b. $5.25 c. $3.35 d. $6.60
6. a. $5.65 b. $3.50 c. $7.35
7. a. $1.45 b. $0.45 c. $1.05
8. a. $1.10 b. $1.00 c. $0.20

Counting Change, p. 32
1. a. $ 0.75 plus one 5 c coin plus one 20 c coin = $1
b. $0.65 plus one 5 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 10 c coin = $1
c. $0.45 plus one 5 c coin plus one 50 c coin = $1
d. $0.55 plus one 5 c coin plus two 20 c coins = $1
2. Answers may vary, revise the student’s work.
a. $1.15 plus one 5 c coin plus four 20 c coins = $2
b. $2.30 plus one 20 c coin = $2.50
c. $1.80 plus one 20 c coin = $2
d. $2.30 plus four 20 c coins plus one 50 c coin = $3
3. a. $0.05 b. $0.10 c. $0.05 d. $0.20 e. $0.75 f. $0.15

© Maria Miller 50 k5learning.com


Making Change, p. 34
1. a. $0.25 b. $5.10 c. $2.65 d. $5.80 e. $1.85
2. a. $1.45 b. $1.40 c. $5.30 d. $2.15 e. $1.75 f. $5.85
3. a. $3.00 b. $16.00 c. $4.50 d. $7.60 e. $2.40
f. $3.70 g. $1.20 h. $0.60 i. $2.80
4. a. No, the correct change is $2.15. She received 30 cents too much.
b. No, the correct change is $2.25. His change was 5 cents short.
5. a. 45 b. 85 c. 25 d. 55 e. 65
6. a. 45 cents, 25 cents, 75 cents b. 65 cents, 85 cents, 15 cents c. 80 cents, 60 cents, 90 cents
7. b. Change: $2.20. Use one 2 dollar coin plus one 20 c coin.
c. Change: $2.25. Use one 2 dollar coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 5 c coin.
d. Change: $1.05. Use one 1 dollar coin plus one 5 c coin.
e. Change: $0.75. Use one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin plus one 5 c coin.
f. Change: $3.70. Use one 2 dollar coin plus one 1 dollar coin plus one 50 c coin plus one 20 c coin.

Mental Math and Money Problems, p. 38


1. a. $4.10 b. $2.00 c. $2.30 d. $2.75 e. $38.10 f. $22.30
g. $2.40 h. $1.05 i. $5.00 j. $3.30 k. $38.70 l. $3.65
2. a. $0.70, $0.50, $0.30 b. $0.70, $0.80, $0.40 c. $0.90, $0.95, $0.85
3. a. $3.20 b. $0.70 c. $2.85 d. $4.15
4. a. $0.55 b. $2.60 c. $0.35 d. $0.65 e. $0.25 f. $3.70 g. $0.30 h. $0.20
5. a. $2.90; $0.10 b. $3.45; $1.55 c. Yes, I can, and my change is 20 cents. d. No, I cannot; I need 60 cents more.

Solving Money Problems, p. 41


1. a. $6.90 b. $35.40 c. $16.85 d. $35.40 e. $107.00
2. a. $27.40 b. $12.85 c. $10.80

3. a. $7.35 b. $12.50 c. $5.55 d. $21.65


4. a. $3.15 b. $6.45 c. $12.75 d. $3.55 e. $15.45
5. a. $6.20 b. $7.30 c. Yes d. $10.20 total, so he needs $4.70 more.
e. Ernest can buy 2 calculators, and his change will be $3.10.
6. a. $17.90 b. $32.10 c. I still need to save $7.95.
d. Melissa paid $7.70, and her change was $2.30.
e. John paid $9.70, and his change was $10.30.
f. Yes, she can, and her change was $1.50.

Revision, p. 45
1. a. $5.40 b. $5.80
2. a. $0.05 b. $1.65 c. $1.40
3. a. Maria still needs to save $19.95. b. Arnold paid $6.70, and his change was $3.30.
4. a. I paid $3.55. b. My change was $1.45.

© Maria Miller 51 k5learning.com


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