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Many people have fixed ideas about groups of people who are different
from themselves. If we aren't careful, this can lead us to discriminate against
people who belong to those groups.
Discrimination occurs when someone is treated unfairly because they belong to
a particular group of people or have a particular characteristic.
In NSW many types of discrimination are against the law. The laws dealing with
discrimination help give everyone an equal chance.


Direct discrimination
Lists the physical and personal characteristics
which are protected by law and explains that you
are not allowed to be treated differently from other
people because of those characteristics.

Indirect discrimination
Explains what is meant by indirect discrimination,
when a practice, policy, or rule applied to
everyone puts certain groups of people at a

Comparators in direct discrimination cases

Explains what is meant by comparators in
discrimation cases - proving someone with a
protected characteristic has not been treated
worse than someone without that characteristic.

Pregnancy and maternity discrimination

Pregnancy and maternity discrimination at work and
outside work, and what counts as unfavorable

Absence from work because of gender reassignment

Explains how you are protected from discrimination if
you need to take time off work because of gender
reassignment (sex change).
Discrimination connected to your disability
Explains how you might be treated unfairly because of
something connected to a disability, such as special
equipment or adaptations, rather than the disability

Duty to make reasonable adjustments for disabled

Explains the duty of employers, and providers of
education, housing and other facilities, to make
reasonable adjustments to allow disabled users to
access premises and services.

Explains what kinds of behavior count as harassment
and the action you can take about it.

Sexual harassment
Explains what kinds of behavior count as sexual
harassment and the action you can take about it.

Making or telling someone to discriminate

Explains that it is illegal to make someone
discriminate against, harass or victimize a certain
individual or group and action you can take if it

Explains what is meant by victimization - when you
have raised concerns about discrimination against
you, or someone else, and you are treated badly
because of this.

Justifying discrimination
Explains the reasons why discrimination might be justified in some
situations, according to the Equality Act 2010.

Don’t Pretend That It Isn’t Happening

Discrimination is unlikely to go away if you ignore it. In fact, discriminatory
behavior may escalate when people feel they can get away with it.

Seek Advice
Talk to people who can, because of their position or expertise, provide
you with constructive advice and support. Speak with your supervisor, the
Administrative Head of your unit, or call Equity Services (613) 520-5622 for
information and advice. If you believe you or others are in physical danger,
immediately contact University Safety at 4444 if you are on campus. Safety can
also discuss ongoing safety concerns with you, including the need to go to the
police, and help you develop a safety plan if necessary.

Take Action
The most effective way to stop discrimination is to confront it immediately
and directly. If it is safe to do so, clearly and firmly tell the person who is
discriminating against you that their actions are inappropriate/unacceptable,
and that you will not accept it. This communication can take a variety of forms
including the most common such as advising the offender in person, or through
a letter. If confronting the offensive behavior does not end it, or if you cannot
confront the person because you fear the consequences (for your grades,
references, a promotion), it is time to seek help. Call Equity Services at (613) 520-

Keep Records
Don’t rely on your memory. Carefully record the details of the
discrimination as soon as it occurs (dates, times, locations, witnesses and what
was said or done, including your responses and reactions). Record all attempts
to tell the person that the behavior is unacceptable. Keep all letters, emails,
answering machine messages etc. that you receive.


 Objecting to discrimination when you see or experience it. Don’t ignore or
condone discriminatory behaviour in others;
 Refusing to go along with discrimination disguised as humour or academic
 Choosing not to share jokes or make comments of a discriminatory nature;
 Encouraging diversity and inclusivity in work and study environments;
 Being aware that cultures different from your own may interpret actions
differently than you do; and
 Offering support and resources to anyone experiencing discrimination, including
referring them to Equity Services or other individuals trained to provide assistance
Ipinasa kay :

Liezel Burce

Ipinasa ni:

Marielle Nicole Volante

Mag - aaral