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Daftar Isi

Perancangan Struktur Baja


1. Pendahuluan ................................................................................................................................... 4
1.1 Peraturan umum ..................................................................................................................... 4
1.2 Ketentuan umum .................................................................................................................... 4
2. Perencanaan Gording ...................................................................................................................... 5
2.1 Pembebanan gording .............................................................................................................. 5
2.1.1 Beban mati ...................................................................................................................... 5
2.1.2 Beban hidup .................................................................................................................... 5
2.1.3 Beban angin ..................................................................................................................... 5
2.2 Analisis pembebanan .............................................................................................................. 5
2.2.1 Akibat beban mati ........................................................................................................... 5
2.2.2 Akibat beban hidup ......................................................................................................... 5
2.2.3 Akibat beban angin .......................................................................................................... 6
2.3 Kombinasi pembebanan .......................................................................................................... 6
2.4 Cek profil gording .................................................................................................................... 7
2.4.1 Tinjauan terhadap tekuk lokal pelat sayap ..................................................................... 7
2.4.2 Tinjauan terhadap tekuk lokal pelat badan..................................................................... 8
2.4.3
Tinjauan terhadap tekuk lateral
...................................................................................... 8
2.4.4 Kombinasi antara geser dan lentur ................................................................................. 9
Kontrol kuat geser nominal gording tanpa pengaku lateral: .......................................................... 9
Kuat geser badan tanpa adanya pengaku: ...................................................................................... 9
2.4.5 Kontrol lendutan ............................................................................................................. 9
3. Perhitungan batang tarik (Trackstang) .......................................................................................... 11
4. Perhitungan Ikatan Angin .............................................................................................................. 12
5. Perhitungan Kuda-kuda (Gable) .................................................................................................... 13
5.1 Pembebanan pada balok gable ............................................................................................. 13
5.1.1 Beban gording ............................................................................................................... 14
5.1.2 Tekanan angin pada bidang atap .................................................................................. 15
5.1.3 Tekanan angin pada bidang dinding ............................................................................. 15
5.1.4 Gambar skema pembebanan ........................................................................................ 16
5.2 Kontrol profil kuda-kuda gable .............................................................................................. 17
5.2.1 Rafter ............................................................................................................................. 17
5.2.2 Kolom ............................................................................................................................ 21
5.3 Perencanaan peletakan ......................................................................................................... 26
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Perancangan Struktur Baja
5.3.1 Kontrol tegangan yang timbul: ...................................................................................... 26
5.3.2
Penentuan jumlah angkur
............................................................................................. 26
5.4 Perencanaan sambungan rafter puncak ............................................................................... 27
5.4.1 Data baut ....................................................................................................................... 27
5.4.2 Data plat ujung baut ...................................................................................................... 27
5.4.3 Beban rencana ............................................................................................................... 27
5.4.4 Menentukan letak garis netral ...................................................................................... 27
5.4.5 Menentukan tegangan lentur yang terjadi ................................................................... 28
5.4.6 Menentukan gaya-gaya yang terjadi ............................................................................. 28
5.4.7 Perencanaan pengaku penumpu beban ....................................................................... 30
5.5 Perencanaan sambungan rafter dengan kolom .................................................................... 31
5.5.1 Data baut ....................................................................................................................... 32
5.5.2 Data plat ujung baut ...................................................................................................... 32
5.5.3 Beban rencana ............................................................................................................... 32
5.5.4 Menentukan letak garis netral ...................................................................................... 32
5.5.5 Menentukan tegangan lentur yang terjadi ................................................................... 33
5.5.6 Menentukan gaya-gaya yang terjadi ............................................................................. 33
5.5.7 Perencanaan pengaku penumpu beban ....................................................................... 35
6. Perhitungan Pondasi ..................................................................................................................... 38
6.1 Data Perencanaan ................................................................................................................. 38
6.2 Rencana pondasi ................................................................................................................... 38
6.3 Dimensi pondasi .................................................................................................................... 38
6.4 Kuat lentur pondasi ............................................................................................................... 38
6.5 Kuat geser pondasi ................................................................................................................ 40
6.5.1 Geser satu arah ............................................................................................................. 40
6.5.2 Geser pons ..................................................................................................................... 41
7. Kesimpulan .................................................................................................................................... 43
1. Pendahuluan
Perancangan Struktur Baja

1.1 Peraturan umum

1. Rangkuman PPIUG 1983


2. SK SNI 03-1729-2002 tentang Perencanaan Struktur Baja untuk Bangunan
Gedung
3. Tabel profil PT. GUNUNG GARUDA STEEL

1.2 Ketentuan umum


1. Mutu baja yang digunakan adalah BJ 37
- fy = = 240 Mpa
- fu = = 370 Mpa
2. Alat sambung yang digunakan : Baut HTB
3. Jenis bangunan : bangunan industri
- Jarak antar kuda-kuda : = 6m
- Bentang kuda-kuda : = 24 m
- Tinggi Kolom : = 7m
- Jarak antar gording (horizontal) :
- Kemiringan atap : 10° = 10 °
4. Bentuk atap : atap pelana
5. Profil kuda-kuda : Gable IWF
6. Profil gording : Lipped channel
7. Berat penutup atap : = 0.2 kN/m
8. Beban angin : = 0.3 kN/m
9. Beban orang : = 1 kN/m

7m

12 m 12 m

Figure 1 Layout kuda-kuda gable


2. Perencanaan Gording

2.1.1 Beban mati


- Profil yang digunakan adalah Lipped Channel 125x50x20 (3.2)
- Berat sendiri gording = 0.068 kN/m
- Berat penutup atap = q atap x jarak miring gording = 0.2 kN/m
Perancangan Struktur Baja
x 1.015 m =
0.203 kN/m
- Total beban mati = 0.068 + 0.203 = 0.271 kN/m
2.1.2 Beban hidup
Err:509
ql = 40 – 0.8 α ≥ 0.2kN/m
2
= 40 – 0.8 (10) = 0.32 kN/m

qah = ql x jarak antar gording = 0.32 kN/m


2
x 1.015 m = 0.325 kN/m
- Beban orang + peralatan = 1.00 kN
2.1.3 Beban angin
- Beban angin, P = 0.30 kN/m
2
2
(nilai minimum untuk bangunan yang jauh dari
tepi laut)
- Beban angin tekan, Wt = 0.1 x 0.30 kN/m
2
x 1.015 m = 0.030 kN/m
- Beban angin hisap, Wh = -0.4 x 0.30 kN/m
2.2 Analisis pembebanan
2.2.1 Akibat beban mati
- M1 = 0.07 x qd x l
- M2 = 0.125 x qd x l
2
= 0.07 x 0.271 kN/m x 6
2
= 0.125 x 0.271 kN/m x 6
2
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2
x 1.015 m = -0.122 kN/m
2
m = 0.682 kNm
2
m = 1.218 kNm
- V1 = 0.375 x qd x l = 0.375 x 0.271 kN/m x 6

m = 0.609 kN
- V2 = 0.625 x qd x l = 0.625 x 0.271 kN/m x 6
2.2.2 Akibat beban hidup
a. Beban air hujan
- M1 = 0.07 x qah x l
2
= 0.07 x 0.325 kN/m x 6

m = 1.015 kN
2
m = 0.819 kNm
- M2 = 0.125 x qah x l
2
= 0.125 x 0.325 kN/m x 6
2
m = 1.462 kNm
- V1 = 0.375 x qah x l = 0.375 x 0.325 kN/m x 6

m = 0.731 kN
- V2 = 0.625 x qah x l = 0.625 x 0.325 kN/m x 6

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m = 1.219 kN