Anda di halaman 1dari 4

-Ç-C-¢√®Ωç 11 -à-v°œ-™¸ 2010 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 2

Prasanth: Hi mate, what brings you here? not to


be seen around for quite some time?
(Åûªúø’ F Åçûª ÊÆo£æ«-Q™‰ é¬èπ◊çú≈ °j Ææç¶μ«-≠æù ¢Á·ûªhç
(àç N’vûª´÷, àçöÀ É™« -´-î√a´¤? éÌçûª- †©’í∫’JûÓ í∫úø-§ƒ-©-†’-èπ◊-ØË-¢√úø’. EØÌo-éπ- ÊÆo£æ«ç, Åçü¿’èπ◊ Ææç•ç-
é¬-©çí¬ éπE-°œç-îªúøç ™‰ü¿’?) ≤ƒJ éπ©’-Ææ’-èπ◊-†oç-ûªØË, Åûªúø’ véÀÈé-ö¸™ Cμç-*† N≠æ-ߪ÷-©†’
Chandan: (I’ve) been busy fund raising for the
áç°œ-éπ-®·† N≠æߪ’ç îÁ§ƒp-úøçõ‰, üΔE-´©x í∫’Jç* ûÁLÊ° ´÷ô-©E
charity show to help an orphanage.
Fèπ◊ -à-´’®Ωn-´’-´¤-ûÓç-C?) Å®Ωn-´’-´¤-ûÓçC éπüΔ.
Prasanth: I understand. I look forward to meet-
How are you getting on, buddy? Ç ´÷ô©Fo °j† ûÁL-°œ†
ing him often, if, as you say he is
expressions ™
(ÅØ√üμ¿ ¨¡®Ω-ù«-©ßª’ Eüμ¿’-©-éÓÆæç E®Ωy- that type. But you know I don’t like
£œ«-Ææ’h†o üμ¿®Ωt-v°æ-ü¿-®Ωz-†ûÓ é¬Ææh BJ-éπ-™‰-èπ◊çú≈ people who get too familiar after ÖØ√o®·. ¢√öÀE îª÷üΔlç. b) She is a warm and caring person and will
meeting just once. 1) and 2) Mate and buddy -
make a wonderful nurse =
ÖØ√o. †’¢Áy™« -ÖØ√o´¤?) Ñ È®çúø’ ´÷ô©÷ Ç¢Á’ î√™« -
Prasanth: Fine. Thank you. The other day I ran (Å®Ωn-´’-®·çC. ûª®Ω-îª’í¬ Åûª-úÕ-E éπ©’-Ææ’- ´’† ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’-©†’ °œL-îËç-ü¿’èπ◊ ¢√úøû√ç. ‘äéπ®Ω’
into your friend, what’s his name? ´’† ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’©’— ÅØËç-ü¿’èπ◊ èπÿú≈ ¢√úøû√ç. ÇÊ°éπ~, vÊ°´’ -Ö-†oC. ´’ç* †®˝q é¬í∫©ü¿’.
He told me he had been selected for
èπ◊çüΔ-´’E ÖçC, †’´y-†oô’x Åûªúø’ Ç Warm †’ warm welcome/ warm send off/
How long will you be here, mate? =
warm reception ™«çöÀ expressions ™
†’Ny-
the college cricket team, and that
®Ωéπ-¢Á’i-ûË. Fèπ◊ ûÁ©’-Ææ’í¬ Ø√ N≠æߪ’ç. äéπ-
you hadn’t been. He was very sorry
≤ƒJ °æJ-îª-ߪ’-¢Á’i-†çûª ´÷vû√ØË îÌ®Ω´ BÆæ’- éπ\-úø -áç-ûª-ÊÆ-°æ¤ç-ö«´¤ N’vûª´÷? èπÿú≈ ¢√úø’-ûª’çö«ç éπüΔ?
about it. éÓ-´úøç Ø√éÀ≠dçæ Öçúø-ü¿E.) °j sentence ™ mate •ü¿’©’ buddy ¢√-úÌ-a. 6) Amiable (à-ß˝’-N’-ߪ’-•’™¸) = î√-™« ÊÆo£æ«-°æ‹-®Ωy-
Chandan: He is not the type, let me assure you. We’ve been buddies since our school days.
(èπ◊™«-≤ƒØË. ¢Á·ØÁo-°æ¤púÓ F ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’úø’, éπçí¬, NÆæ’-éÓ\-èπ◊çú≈ ÖçúË.
a) for a boy his age he is amiable = Ç
ÅûªúÕ Ê°Í®çöÀ? ÅûªúÕE éπ©’-Ææ’-èπ◊Ø√o. (û√†’ Å™«çöÀ ®Ωéπç é¬ü¿’. ØË îÁ•’-ûª’- (´÷ Ææ÷\™¸-®Ó-V-©-†’ç* ¢Ë’ç ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’©ç.
û√†’ 鬙‰ñ ¸ véÀÈéö¸ öⲒèπ◊ áç°œ-éπ-®·- Ø√oí¬.) Buddies plural of buddy) ´ßª’-Ææ’™ Ö†o Ŷ«s®· Å™« ÊÆo£æ«-°æ‹-®Ωy-éπçí¬
†ô÷x, †’´¤y 鬆ô÷x îÁ§ƒpúø’. üΔEéÀ Prasanth: That suits me fine then. 3) see more of somebody - Ééπ\úø see Åçõ‰ éÓ°æç ®√èπ◊çú≈ Öçúøôç î√-™« -íÌÊ°p.
b) She is softspoken and amiable = Ç¢Á’
ûª†’ î√™« ¶«üμ¿-°æ-úø’-ûª’-Ø√oúø’.) (Å™« Å®·ûË ÆæÍ®.) éπ©’Ææ’éÓ-´-úøç, ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’-©’-í¬ØÓ, vÊ°N’-èπ◊-©’-í¬ØÓ.

How ar e you getting on, buddy?


î√™« EüΔ-†çí¬ ´÷ö«xúø’ûª÷ ÊÆo£æ«-°æ‹-®Ωy-éπçí¬
Öçô’çC.
Amiable = 8) affable - Å®·ûË affable (Å°∂æ-¶¸--™ ¸)
é¬Ææh ví¬çCμéπç.
Chandan: Oh, you mean Virat? I wish you a) Quite affable he can make friends easily =
a) They have been seeing each other
could see more of him. He is quite ¶«í¬ ÊÆo£æ«-QL 鬴-úøç-´©x ûªy®Ωí¬ ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’-©†’
quite often.
warm and likes company. The
-Ççí∫x-¶μ«-≠æ-ù 593
(¢√∞¡Ÿx éÌçûª-鬩çí¬ äéπ-J- îËÆæ’-éÓ-í∫-©úø’.
minute you meet him he makes you ØÌ-éπ®Ω’ éπ©’-Ææ’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o®Ω’– vÊ°N’-èπ◊-©’ b) He has no friends as he is not affable =
feel he is easy to get on. é¬-´îª’a) ÊÆo£æ«-QLé¬éπ-§Ú-´-úøçûÓ, Åûª-úÕéÀ ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’©’ ™‰®Ω’.
Note: fund raising = b) Father to daughter: I don’t like your
(Å--ûª-ú≈? N®√ö¸ éπüΔ †’´y-ØËC? ÅûªúÕûÓ Eüμ¿’© ÆæO’-éπ-®Ωù. 7) Hit it off = °æJ-îªßª’ç Å®·† ¢ÁçôØË ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’-
†’´¤y °æJ-îªßª’ç °ç-éÓ-¢√-©E Ø√ éÓJéπ. Charity show = üμ¿®Ωt-é¬-®√u-EéÀ Eüμ¿’-©- seeing him much (†’´yûªúÕE ©-®·-§Ú-´úøç.
M.SURESAN
î√™« ÊÆo£æ«-QL. ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’©çõ‰ É≠ædç. éÓÆæç E®Ωy-£œ«çîË v°æü¿-®Ωz†. áèπ◊\´í¬ éπ©’-Ææ’-éÓ-´úøç Ø√éÀ≠dçæ ™‰ü¿’) a) Even on their first day in class they hit it
Look at the following expressions from the 4) Easy to get on = ´u´-£æ«-Jç-îªúøç
off = class
ÅûªúÕE †’´¤y éπ©’-Ææ’-èπ◊†o éπ~ùç †’ç*, ¢Á·ü¿öÀ ™ØË ¢√J °æJ-îªßª’ç ÊÆo£æ…-
î√™« Ææ®Ω-üΔí¬ ÊÆo£æ«-°æ‹-®Ωy-éπçí¬ Ö†o-ôx-E- conversation above: ûËLéπ EéÀ üΔJ BÆœçC.
°œ-≤ƒhúø’.) 1) Hi mate... A: What sort is he? Will he make trouble for us?
b) I don’t hit it off with all and sundry = á´-JûÓ
Prasanth: Oh, is he? Is he as amiable as you 2) How are you getting on, buddy?
are? What makes you think that I
(Åûª-úË-®Ωéπç? ´’†-Íé-´’Ø√o É•sçC éπL-T-≤ƒhú≈?) Åçõ‰ ¢√∞¡xûÓ (with all and sundry) ؈’
3) I wish you could see more of him B: On the contrary. He is easy to get on. ÊÆo£æ…©’ ØÁ®Ω-°æ†’.
can hit it off with him? 4) He is easy to get on (üΔEéÀ ´uA-Í®éπç. ÅûªúÕûÓ ´u´-£æ«-Jç-îªúøç 9) familiar = °æJ-îªßª’ç Öçúø-ôç/ ûÁ-LÆœ Öçúøôç.
(Å-´¤-Ø√? F Åçûª ÊÆo£æ« Ææy¶μ«´çí¬ 5) He is quite warm
a) I am quite familiar with him though I can’t
ûËLéπ/ É•sçC °õ‰d ®Ωéπç é¬ü¿’)
Öçö«ú≈? ÅûªúÕûÓ Øˆ’ ÊÆo£æ«ç 6) Is he as amiable as you are? 5) Warm: Éûª-®Ω’-©çõ‰ ÅGμ-´÷†ç, -ÇÊ°éπ~ Ö†o¢√úø’. say we are friends = Åûªúø’ Ø√èπ◊ ¶«í¬ ûÁL-Æœ-
îË-ߪ’-í∫©-†E áçü¿’-éπ-†’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o´¤?) 7) What makes you think I can hit it off with Warm = Warm hearted = friendly/ affec-
him?
Chandan: He is as affable as you are, and
†-°æp-öÀéÃ, ¢Ë’ç Éü¿l®Ωç ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’©ç ņ-™‰†’.
tionate = (ÊÆo£æ«ç îª÷°œçîË) b) She is familiar with my sister as they often
quite outgoing. If he talked to you 8) He is as affable as you are and quite out
a) She is quite warm to guests = meet at the Gym =
going
about his selection just after meet-
-(-Å-A-ü∑¿’-©ç-õ‰ Ç¢Á’ ´÷ Åéπ\èπ◊
ing you once, what does that say 9) I don’t like people who get too familiar after- -Ç-¢Á ’ -¶«í¬ ÊÆo£æ«-°æ‹-®Ωyéπçí¬/ -ÇÊ°éπ~ ¶«í¬ ûÁ©’Ææ’, ¢√Rx-ü¿l®Ω÷ ûª®Ωîª÷ >-¢˛’™ éπ©’-Ææ’-
about him? meeting just once (Affectionate) í¬ Öçô’çC.) èπ◊ç-ö«®Ω’.
Gurram Shankar, Sankarapatnam. He has gone (verb - has gone - has +pp) B. Chennakesavulu, Anantapur
‘... ing’ form present participle
†’ Åçö«ç =
Q. I came across a sentence in VI standard going, coming, singing - verb
ÉC èπÿú≈ é¬ü¿’. You should have done it long ago Q. ûÁ©’-í∫’™ ´÷ö«x-úÕ-†õ‰x Ççí∫xç-™†÷ Ææ®Ω-∞¡çí¬ ´÷ö«x-
English medium text book “As I was eating, I (Verb: should have done - should have + PP)
Walking the distance is not easy = ú≈-©çõ‰ ᙫ v°œÊ°®˝ 鬢√L? ᙫ v§ƒ®Ωç-Gμç-î√L?
ordered for more”. Here ‘ordered’
Ç ü¿÷®Ωç
ii) Past participles ‘be’ forms
´·çü¿’ ´ÊÆh ®ÓVèπ◊ áçûª-ÊÆ°æ¤ English èπ◊ õ„j¢˛’ Íéö«-®·ç-î√L?
doesn’t take any preposition. How †úø-´-úøç ûËLéπ é¬ü¿’. †úø-´-úøç ™«çöÀ Å®ΩnçûÓ,
Present participle, infinitive äéπõ‰ Å´¤-ûª’çC. beforms verbs in the passive A. i) O’®Ω’ English ´÷ö«x-úø-í∫-©-í¬-©çõ‰, O’ ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’-
we take into consideration?
Å°æ¤-ú≈ ûÓ éπLÆœ
To smoke/ smoking is bad for health = Æœí∫-È®ö¸ voice
A. Yes. You are right. Order does-
Å´¤-û√®·. ©ûÓ, O’èπ◊ ¶«í¬ °æJ-îªßª’ç Ö†o-¢√-JûÓ (¢√∞¡xèπ◊
n’t take any preposition, so û√í∫-úøç, Ç®Ó-í¬u-EéÀ îÁúø’.- He is seen there often (verb: is seen - is (be èπÿú≈ é¬Ææh English Å®Ωnç ÅßË’uô’xçõ‰) English
‘order for more’ is wrong. Gerund: Present participle †’ noun ™« form) + seen (PP) - voice - passive - Åûª-úø-éπ\úø ´÷ö«x-úøôç ¢Á·ü¿-©’-°-ôdçúÕ. ¢√∞¡Ÿx †NyØ√, O’®Ω’
Perhaps it is a printer’s error. ¢√úÕûË, Åçõ‰, subject of a sentence í¬ØÓ, object ûª®Ωîª÷ îª÷úø-•-úø-û√úø’ – ´÷´‚©’ ûÁ©’í∫’ – Åûª-úø’ ûª°æ¤p©’ îË≤ƒh-ØË¢Á÷ ÅØË ¶μºßª’ç ™‰èπ◊çú≈
K. R. Reddy, Hyderabad of a verb/ preposition í¬ØÓ ¢√úÕûË ÅC Gerund ûª®Ωîª÷ Åéπ\úø éπ-E°œ-≤ƒhúø’) ´÷ö«xúø’ûª÷ ÖçúøçúÕ.
Å´¤-ûª’çC. Books are sold here (verb - are (be form) + ii) English ™ *†o *†o éπü∑¿©’, ¶Ô´’t© éπü∑¿©’
Q. Infinitives, Participles, Gerunds sold (P.P. of sell) - passive voice - Amar Chitrakatha -´ç-öÀ °æ¤Ææh-鬩’ N°æ-K-ûªçí¬
í∫’Jç* a) Reading is a good habit. Ñ sentence ™ °æ¤Ææh-é¬-L-éπ\úø
N´-®Ωçí¬ ûÁ©-°æ-í∫-©®Ω’. Reading †’ noun -™« Åçõ‰ Subject of the Å´’t-•-úø-û√®·. ´÷´‚©’ ûÁ©’í∫’: °æ¤Ææh-é¬-L-éπ\úø îªü¿-´çúÕ. Åçü¿’™ O’éπ-®Ωn-¢Á’i† °æüΔ-©†’ ¢√úÕ
A. To go, to come, to see etc. ™«çöÀ ¢√öÀE infini- English ´÷ö«x-úøçúÕ.
sentence í¬ ¢√ú≈ç 鬕öÀd, ‘reading’ Ééπ\úø Å´·t-û√®Ω’).
tives ´·êu-¢Á’i† N≠æߪ’ç: î√™« verbs èπ◊ past tense
gerund. iii) Spoken English books ´’ç*N market ™
Åçö«ç. DEéÀ ¢Á∞¡x-úøç, ®√´-úøç, îª÷úøôç –
É™« Å®√n©’ ´≤ƒh®·. ÉN Verbs éÀçü¿ ™„éπ\èπ◊ b) He likes watching movies = ÆœE-´÷©’ form, past participle form äéπõ‰. eg: talk - üÌ®Ω’-èπ◊-û√®·. ¢√öÀ™ àßË’ Ææçü¿-®√s¥™x àßË’
®√´¤. îª÷úøôç Åûª-úÕéÀ≠dçæ . Ééπ\úø èπÿú≈watching †’ talked (Past tense); talked (Past participle). ´÷ô©’ ¢√ú≈™ dialogue form ™ Öçö«®·.
To walk the distance is difficult = Ç ü¿÷®Ωç noun ™«, object of the verb likes í¬ ¢√ú≈ç Å™«ç-ô-°æ¤púø’ ‘be’ form ûª®√yûª ´îËaC past tense ¢√öÀE O’™«çöÀ éÓJéπ ÖçúË O’ friends, O’
†úø-´-úøç éπ≠dçæ . 鬕öÀd ‘watching’ gerund. form Å´¤-ûª’çüΔ, past participle Å´¤-ûª’çüΔ ÅØË members of the family ûÓ practise îËߪ’çúÕ.
Infinitive èπ◊ ÉçéÓ Å®Ωnç 'ÅE—. I wanted to É™« noun ™«í¬ Present participle (...ing ÆæçüË£æ«ç ®√´îª’a Ñ ÆæçüË£æ«ç ņ-´-Ææ®Ωç. ‘be’ ®ÓW Éçûª-ÊÆ°æ¤ îªü¿-¢√-©ØË Eߪ’´’ç à癉ü¿’.
meet him yesterday = Åûª-úÕ-E E†o éπ©-¢√-©E form) †’ ¢√úÕûË ÅC Gerund Å´¤-ûª’çC. form ûª®√yûª past tense form ®√ØË ®√ü¿’. ´îËaC English áèπ◊\-´í¬ N†-°æúË ¢√û√-´-®Ω-ùç™ ÖçúËç-
ņ’-èπ◊-Ø√o†’. Examples of past participles: past participle ´÷vûª¢Ë’. ü¿’èπ◊ v°æߪ’-Aoç-îªçúÕ. ÅçûË-é¬-èπ◊çú≈ English
Infinitive èπ◊ ´‚úÓ Å®Ωnç, îª÷ú≈f-EéÀ, A†-ú≈-EéÀ, gone (Past participle - P.P. of go); éÌEo verbs Öûªh past partici éÀ •úÕ† ÅØË Å®Ωnç newspaper Å®Ωnç Å®·Ø√ é¬éπ-§Ú-®·Ø√ îªü¿’-´¤ûª÷
¢Á∞¡x-ú≈-EéÀ ÅE ÖüËl¨¡ç ûÁ-©°æ-úøç. sung (P.P. of sing), beaten (PP of beat) ´Ææ’hçC. ÖçúøçúÕ. Dictionary îªC-¢Ë-ô°æ¤púø’ îª÷úø-éπçúÕ.
I am here to pay the fees = fees îÁLxç-îª-ú≈-EéÀ talked (PP of talk), liked (PP of like), smelt (PP The boy seen in the room is my student (Ç îªü¿-´-úøç °æ‹®Ωh-®·† ûª®√yûª, éπ≠d-¢æ Á’i† ´÷ô-™‰-´Ø√o
Ééπ\úø ÖØ√o†’. of smell) etc. í∫C™ -îª÷-úø•úÕ† Ŷ«s®· Ø√ NüΔuJn. Öçõ‰, ¢√öÀéÀ dictionary Ææ£æ…-ߪ’çûÓ Å®√n©’ ûÁ©’-
He wants that money to buy books = °æ¤Ææh-鬩’ ÉN èπÿú≈ verbs 鬴¤, Å®·ûË OöÀ-´·çü¿’i) The song sung by her at the party is from Ææ’-éÓçúÕ. TV English news îª÷úøçúÕ. Å®Ωnç é¬éπ-
éÌØËç-ü¿’èπ◊ Åûª-úÕéÀ úø•’s 鬢√L. have/ has/ had/ shall have/ should have/ will movie = party
Ç¢Á’îË ™ §ƒúø-•-úÕ† §ƒô àüÓ §Ú-®·Ø√ îª÷Ææ÷h ÖçúøçúÕ E®Ω’-û√q-£æ«-°æ-úø-èπ◊çú≈.
Participles: have/ would have, etc ¢√úÕûË, ¢√öÀûÓ éπ-LÆœ party
ÆœE´÷-™-EC. (´÷´‚©’ ûÁ©’í∫’: Ç¢Á’ ™ É™« îËÊÆh ´‚úø’ ØÁ©™x °∂æLûªç éπ-E°œÆæ’hç-C.
a) Present participle b) past participle. verbs Å´¤-û√®·. §ƒúÕ† §ƒô) Wish you all success!

Spoken English -§ƒ-ûª -¢√u≤ƒ-©éÓÆæç -éÀxé˙ -îË-ߪ’ç-úÕ.. URL: http://www.eenadu.net/spoken/spoken.htm


-Ç-C-¢√®Ωç 11 -à-v°œ-™¸ 2010 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 2

Prasanth: Hi mate, what brings you here? not to


be seen around for quite some time?
(Åûªúø’ F Åçûª ÊÆo£æ«-Q™‰ é¬èπ◊çú≈ °j Ææç¶μ«-≠æù ¢Á·ûªhç
(àç N’vûª´÷, àçöÀ É™« -´-î√a´¤? éÌçûª- †©’í∫’JûÓ í∫úø-§ƒ-©-†’-èπ◊-ØË-¢√úø’. EØÌo-éπ- ÊÆo£æ«ç, Åçü¿’èπ◊ Ææç•ç-
é¬-©çí¬ éπE-°œç-îªúøç ™‰ü¿’?) ≤ƒJ éπ©’-Ææ’-èπ◊-†oç-ûªØË, Åûªúø’ véÀÈé-ö¸™ Cμç-*† N≠æ-ߪ÷-©†’
Chandan: (I’ve) been busy fund raising for the
áç°œ-éπ-®·† N≠æߪ’ç îÁ§ƒp-úøçõ‰, üΔE-´©x í∫’Jç* ûÁLÊ° ´÷ô-©E
charity show to help an orphanage.
Fèπ◊ -à-´’®Ωn-´’-´¤-ûÓç-C?) Å®Ωn-´’-´¤-ûÓçC éπüΔ.
Prasanth: I understand. I look forward to meet-
How are you getting on, buddy? Ç ´÷ô©Fo °j† ûÁL-°œ†
ing him often, if, as you say he is
expressions ™
(ÅØ√üμ¿ ¨¡®Ω-ù«-©ßª’ Eüμ¿’-©-éÓÆæç E®Ωy- that type. But you know I don’t like
£œ«-Ææ’h†o üμ¿®Ωt-v°æ-ü¿-®Ωz-†ûÓ é¬Ææh BJ-éπ-™‰-èπ◊çú≈ people who get too familiar after ÖØ√o®·. ¢√öÀE îª÷üΔlç. b) She is a warm and caring person and will
meeting just once. 1) and 2) Mate and buddy -
make a wonderful nurse =
ÖØ√o. †’¢Áy™« -ÖØ√o´¤?) Ñ È®çúø’ ´÷ô©÷ Ç¢Á’ î√™« -
Prasanth: Fine. Thank you. The other day I ran (Å®Ωn-´’-®·çC. ûª®Ω-îª’í¬ Åûª-úÕ-E éπ©’-Ææ’- ´’† ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’-©†’ °œL-îËç-ü¿’èπ◊ ¢√úøû√ç. ‘äéπ®Ω’
into your friend, what’s his name? ´’† ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’©’— ÅØËç-ü¿’èπ◊ èπÿú≈ ¢√úøû√ç. ÇÊ°éπ~, vÊ°´’ -Ö-†oC. ´’ç* †®˝q é¬í∫©ü¿’.
He told me he had been selected for
èπ◊çüΔ-´’E ÖçC, †’´y-†oô’x Åûªúø’ Ç Warm †’ warm welcome/ warm send off/
How long will you be here, mate? =
warm reception ™«çöÀ expressions ™
†’Ny-
the college cricket team, and that
®Ωéπ-¢Á’i-ûË. Fèπ◊ ûÁ©’-Ææ’í¬ Ø√ N≠æߪ’ç. äéπ-
you hadn’t been. He was very sorry
≤ƒJ °æJ-îª-ߪ’-¢Á’i-†çûª ´÷vû√ØË îÌ®Ω´ BÆæ’- éπ\-úø -áç-ûª-ÊÆ-°æ¤ç-ö«´¤ N’vûª´÷? èπÿú≈ ¢√úø’-ûª’çö«ç éπüΔ?
about it. éÓ-´úøç Ø√éÀ≠dçæ Öçúø-ü¿E.) °j sentence ™ mate •ü¿’©’ buddy ¢√-úÌ-a. 6) Amiable (à-ß˝’-N’-ߪ’-•’™¸) = î√-™« ÊÆo£æ«-°æ‹-®Ωy-
Chandan: He is not the type, let me assure you. We’ve been buddies since our school days.
(èπ◊™«-≤ƒØË. ¢Á·ØÁo-°æ¤púÓ F ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’úø’, éπçí¬, NÆæ’-éÓ\-èπ◊çú≈ ÖçúË.
a) for a boy his age he is amiable = Ç
ÅûªúÕ Ê°Í®çöÀ? ÅûªúÕE éπ©’-Ææ’-èπ◊Ø√o. (û√†’ Å™«çöÀ ®Ωéπç é¬ü¿’. ØË îÁ•’-ûª’- (´÷ Ææ÷\™¸-®Ó-V-©-†’ç* ¢Ë’ç ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’©ç.
û√†’ 鬙‰ñ ¸ véÀÈéö¸ öⲒèπ◊ áç°œ-éπ-®·- Ø√oí¬.) Buddies plural of buddy) ´ßª’-Ææ’™ Ö†o Ŷ«s®· Å™« ÊÆo£æ«-°æ‹-®Ωy-éπçí¬
†ô÷x, †’´¤y 鬆ô÷x îÁ§ƒpúø’. üΔEéÀ Prasanth: That suits me fine then. 3) see more of somebody - Ééπ\úø see Åçõ‰ éÓ°æç ®√èπ◊çú≈ Öçúøôç î√-™« -íÌÊ°p.
b) She is softspoken and amiable = Ç¢Á’
ûª†’ î√™« ¶«üμ¿-°æ-úø’-ûª’-Ø√oúø’.) (Å™« Å®·ûË ÆæÍ®.) éπ©’Ææ’éÓ-´-úøç, ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’-©’-í¬ØÓ, vÊ°N’-èπ◊-©’-í¬ØÓ.

How ar e you getting on, buddy?


î√™« EüΔ-†çí¬ ´÷ö«xúø’ûª÷ ÊÆo£æ«-°æ‹-®Ωy-éπçí¬
Öçô’çC.
Amiable = 8) affable - Å®·ûË affable (Å°∂æ-¶¸--™ ¸)
é¬Ææh ví¬çCμéπç.
Chandan: Oh, you mean Virat? I wish you a) Quite affable he can make friends easily =
a) They have been seeing each other
could see more of him. He is quite ¶«í¬ ÊÆo£æ«-QL 鬴-úøç-´©x ûªy®Ωí¬ ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’-©†’
quite often.
warm and likes company. The
-Ççí∫x-¶μ«-≠æ-ù 593
(¢√∞¡Ÿx éÌçûª-鬩çí¬ äéπ-J- îËÆæ’-éÓ-í∫-©úø’.
minute you meet him he makes you ØÌ-éπ®Ω’ éπ©’-Ææ’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o®Ω’– vÊ°N’-èπ◊-©’ b) He has no friends as he is not affable =
feel he is easy to get on. é¬-´îª’a) ÊÆo£æ«-QLé¬éπ-§Ú-´-úøçûÓ, Åûª-úÕéÀ ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’©’ ™‰®Ω’.
Note: fund raising = b) Father to daughter: I don’t like your
(Å--ûª-ú≈? N®√ö¸ éπüΔ †’´y-ØËC? ÅûªúÕûÓ Eüμ¿’© ÆæO’-éπ-®Ωù. 7) Hit it off = °æJ-îªßª’ç Å®·† ¢ÁçôØË ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’-
†’´¤y °æJ-îªßª’ç °ç-éÓ-¢√-©E Ø√ éÓJéπ. Charity show = üμ¿®Ωt-é¬-®√u-EéÀ Eüμ¿’-©- seeing him much (†’´yûªúÕE ©-®·-§Ú-´úøç.
M.SURESAN
î√™« ÊÆo£æ«-QL. ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’©çõ‰ É≠ædç. éÓÆæç E®Ωy-£œ«çîË v°æü¿-®Ωz†. áèπ◊\´í¬ éπ©’-Ææ’-éÓ-´úøç Ø√éÀ≠dçæ ™‰ü¿’) a) Even on their first day in class they hit it
Look at the following expressions from the 4) Easy to get on = ´u´-£æ«-Jç-îªúøç
off = class
ÅûªúÕE †’´¤y éπ©’-Ææ’-èπ◊†o éπ~ùç †’ç*, ¢Á·ü¿öÀ ™ØË ¢√J °æJ-îªßª’ç ÊÆo£æ…-
î√™« Ææ®Ω-üΔí¬ ÊÆo£æ«-°æ‹-®Ωy-éπçí¬ Ö†o-ôx-E- conversation above: ûËLéπ EéÀ üΔJ BÆœçC.
°œ-≤ƒhúø’.) 1) Hi mate... A: What sort is he? Will he make trouble for us?
b) I don’t hit it off with all and sundry = á´-JûÓ
Prasanth: Oh, is he? Is he as amiable as you 2) How are you getting on, buddy?
are? What makes you think that I
(Åûª-úË-®Ωéπç? ´’†-Íé-´’Ø√o É•sçC éπL-T-≤ƒhú≈?) Åçõ‰ ¢√∞¡xûÓ (with all and sundry) ؈’
3) I wish you could see more of him B: On the contrary. He is easy to get on. ÊÆo£æ…©’ ØÁ®Ω-°æ†’.
can hit it off with him? 4) He is easy to get on (üΔEéÀ ´uA-Í®éπç. ÅûªúÕûÓ ´u´-£æ«-Jç-îªúøç 9) familiar = °æJ-îªßª’ç Öçúø-ôç/ ûÁ-LÆœ Öçúøôç.
(Å-´¤-Ø√? F Åçûª ÊÆo£æ« Ææy¶μ«´çí¬ 5) He is quite warm
a) I am quite familiar with him though I can’t
ûËLéπ/ É•sçC °õ‰d ®Ωéπç é¬ü¿’)
Öçö«ú≈? ÅûªúÕûÓ Øˆ’ ÊÆo£æ«ç 6) Is he as amiable as you are? 5) Warm: Éûª-®Ω’-©çõ‰ ÅGμ-´÷†ç, -ÇÊ°éπ~ Ö†o¢√úø’. say we are friends = Åûªúø’ Ø√èπ◊ ¶«í¬ ûÁL-Æœ-
îË-ߪ’-í∫©-†E áçü¿’-éπ-†’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o´¤?) 7) What makes you think I can hit it off with Warm = Warm hearted = friendly/ affec-
him?
Chandan: He is as affable as you are, and
†-°æp-öÀéÃ, ¢Ë’ç Éü¿l®Ωç ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’©ç ņ-™‰†’.
tionate = (ÊÆo£æ«ç îª÷°œçîË) b) She is familiar with my sister as they often
quite outgoing. If he talked to you 8) He is as affable as you are and quite out
a) She is quite warm to guests = meet at the Gym =
going
about his selection just after meet-
-(-Å-A-ü∑¿’-©ç-õ‰ Ç¢Á’ ´÷ Åéπ\èπ◊
ing you once, what does that say 9) I don’t like people who get too familiar after- -Ç-¢Á ’ -¶«í¬ ÊÆo£æ«-°æ‹-®Ωyéπçí¬/ -ÇÊ°éπ~ ¶«í¬ ûÁ©’Ææ’, ¢√Rx-ü¿l®Ω÷ ûª®Ωîª÷ >-¢˛’™ éπ©’-Ææ’-
about him? meeting just once (Affectionate) í¬ Öçô’çC.) èπ◊ç-ö«®Ω’.
Gurram Shankar, Sankarapatnam. He has gone (verb - has gone - has +pp) B. Chennakesavulu, Anantapur
‘... ing’ form present participle
†’ Åçö«ç =
Q. I came across a sentence in VI standard going, coming, singing - verb
ÉC èπÿú≈ é¬ü¿’. You should have done it long ago Q. ûÁ©’-í∫’™ ´÷ö«x-úÕ-†õ‰x Ççí∫xç-™†÷ Ææ®Ω-∞¡çí¬ ´÷ö«x-
English medium text book “As I was eating, I (Verb: should have done - should have + PP)
Walking the distance is not easy = ú≈-©çõ‰ ᙫ v°œÊ°®˝ 鬢√L? ᙫ v§ƒ®Ωç-Gμç-î√L?
ordered for more”. Here ‘ordered’
Ç ü¿÷®Ωç
ii) Past participles ‘be’ forms
´·çü¿’ ´ÊÆh ®ÓVèπ◊ áçûª-ÊÆ°æ¤ English èπ◊ õ„j¢˛’ Íéö«-®·ç-î√L?
doesn’t take any preposition. How †úø-´-úøç ûËLéπ é¬ü¿’. †úø-´-úøç ™«çöÀ Å®ΩnçûÓ,
Present participle, infinitive äéπõ‰ Å´¤-ûª’çC. beforms verbs in the passive A. i) O’®Ω’ English ´÷ö«x-úø-í∫-©-í¬-©çõ‰, O’ ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’-
we take into consideration?
Å°æ¤-ú≈ ûÓ éπLÆœ
To smoke/ smoking is bad for health = Æœí∫-È®ö¸ voice
A. Yes. You are right. Order does-
Å´¤-û√®·. ©ûÓ, O’èπ◊ ¶«í¬ °æJ-îªßª’ç Ö†o-¢√-JûÓ (¢√∞¡xèπ◊
n’t take any preposition, so û√í∫-úøç, Ç®Ó-í¬u-EéÀ îÁúø’.- He is seen there often (verb: is seen - is (be èπÿú≈ é¬Ææh English Å®Ωnç ÅßË’uô’xçõ‰) English
‘order for more’ is wrong. Gerund: Present participle †’ noun ™« form) + seen (PP) - voice - passive - Åûª-úø-éπ\úø ´÷ö«x-úøôç ¢Á·ü¿-©’-°-ôdçúÕ. ¢√∞¡Ÿx †NyØ√, O’®Ω’
Perhaps it is a printer’s error. ¢√úÕûË, Åçõ‰, subject of a sentence í¬ØÓ, object ûª®Ωîª÷ îª÷úø-•-úø-û√úø’ – ´÷´‚©’ ûÁ©’í∫’ – Åûª-úø’ ûª°æ¤p©’ îË≤ƒh-ØË¢Á÷ ÅØË ¶μºßª’ç ™‰èπ◊çú≈
K. R. Reddy, Hyderabad of a verb/ preposition í¬ØÓ ¢√úÕûË ÅC Gerund ûª®Ωîª÷ Åéπ\úø éπ-E°œ-≤ƒhúø’) ´÷ö«xúø’ûª÷ ÖçúøçúÕ.
Å´¤-ûª’çC. Books are sold here (verb - are (be form) + ii) English ™ *†o *†o éπü∑¿©’, ¶Ô´’t© éπü∑¿©’
Q. Infinitives, Participles, Gerunds sold (P.P. of sell) - passive voice - Amar Chitrakatha -´ç-öÀ °æ¤Ææh-鬩’ N°æ-K-ûªçí¬
í∫’Jç* a) Reading is a good habit. Ñ sentence ™ °æ¤Ææh-é¬-L-éπ\úø
N´-®Ωçí¬ ûÁ©-°æ-í∫-©®Ω’. Reading †’ noun -™« Åçõ‰ Subject of the Å´’t-•-úø-û√®·. ´÷´‚©’ ûÁ©’í∫’: °æ¤Ææh-é¬-L-éπ\úø îªü¿-´çúÕ. Åçü¿’™ O’éπ-®Ωn-¢Á’i† °æüΔ-©†’ ¢√úÕ
A. To go, to come, to see etc. ™«çöÀ ¢√öÀE infini- English ´÷ö«x-úøçúÕ.
sentence í¬ ¢√ú≈ç 鬕öÀd, ‘reading’ Ééπ\úø Å´·t-û√®Ω’).
tives ´·êu-¢Á’i† N≠æߪ’ç: î√™« verbs èπ◊ past tense
gerund. iii) Spoken English books ´’ç*N market ™
Åçö«ç. DEéÀ ¢Á∞¡x-úøç, ®√´-úøç, îª÷úøôç –
É™« Å®√n©’ ´≤ƒh®·. ÉN Verbs éÀçü¿ ™„éπ\èπ◊ b) He likes watching movies = ÆœE-´÷©’ form, past participle form äéπõ‰. eg: talk - üÌ®Ω’-èπ◊-û√®·. ¢√öÀ™ àßË’ Ææçü¿-®√s¥™x àßË’
®√´¤. îª÷úøôç Åûª-úÕéÀ≠dçæ . Ééπ\úø èπÿú≈watching †’ talked (Past tense); talked (Past participle). ´÷ô©’ ¢√ú≈™ dialogue form ™ Öçö«®·.
To walk the distance is difficult = Ç ü¿÷®Ωç noun ™«, object of the verb likes í¬ ¢√ú≈ç Å™«ç-ô-°æ¤púø’ ‘be’ form ûª®√yûª ´îËaC past tense ¢√öÀE O’™«çöÀ éÓJéπ ÖçúË O’ friends, O’
†úø-´-úøç éπ≠dçæ . 鬕öÀd ‘watching’ gerund. form Å´¤-ûª’çüΔ, past participle Å´¤-ûª’çüΔ ÅØË members of the family ûÓ practise îËߪ’çúÕ.
Infinitive èπ◊ ÉçéÓ Å®Ωnç 'ÅE—. I wanted to É™« noun ™«í¬ Present participle (...ing ÆæçüË£æ«ç ®√´îª’a Ñ ÆæçüË£æ«ç ņ-´-Ææ®Ωç. ‘be’ ®ÓW Éçûª-ÊÆ°æ¤ îªü¿-¢√-©ØË Eߪ’´’ç à癉ü¿’.
meet him yesterday = Åûª-úÕ-E E†o éπ©-¢√-©E form) †’ ¢√úÕûË ÅC Gerund Å´¤-ûª’çC. form ûª®√yûª past tense form ®√ØË ®√ü¿’. ´îËaC English áèπ◊\-´í¬ N†-°æúË ¢√û√-´-®Ω-ùç™ ÖçúËç-
ņ’-èπ◊-Ø√o†’. Examples of past participles: past participle ´÷vûª¢Ë’. ü¿’èπ◊ v°æߪ’-Aoç-îªçúÕ. ÅçûË-é¬-èπ◊çú≈ English
Infinitive èπ◊ ´‚úÓ Å®Ωnç, îª÷ú≈f-EéÀ, A†-ú≈-EéÀ, gone (Past participle - P.P. of go); éÌEo verbs Öûªh past partici éÀ •úÕ† ÅØË Å®Ωnç newspaper Å®Ωnç Å®·Ø√ é¬éπ-§Ú-®·Ø√ îªü¿’-´¤ûª÷
¢Á∞¡x-ú≈-EéÀ ÅE ÖüËl¨¡ç ûÁ-©°æ-úøç. sung (P.P. of sing), beaten (PP of beat) ´Ææ’hçC. ÖçúøçúÕ. Dictionary îªC-¢Ë-ô°æ¤púø’ îª÷úø-éπçúÕ.
I am here to pay the fees = fees îÁLxç-îª-ú≈-EéÀ talked (PP of talk), liked (PP of like), smelt (PP The boy seen in the room is my student (Ç îªü¿-´-úøç °æ‹®Ωh-®·† ûª®√yûª, éπ≠d-¢æ Á’i† ´÷ô-™‰-´Ø√o
Ééπ\úø ÖØ√o†’. of smell) etc. í∫C™ -îª÷-úø•úÕ† Ŷ«s®· Ø√ NüΔuJn. Öçõ‰, ¢√öÀéÀ dictionary Ææ£æ…-ߪ’çûÓ Å®√n©’ ûÁ©’-
He wants that money to buy books = °æ¤Ææh-鬩’ ÉN èπÿú≈ verbs 鬴¤, Å®·ûË OöÀ-´·çü¿’i) The song sung by her at the party is from Ææ’-éÓçúÕ. TV English news îª÷úøçúÕ. Å®Ωnç é¬éπ-
éÌØËç-ü¿’èπ◊ Åûª-úÕéÀ úø•’s 鬢√L. have/ has/ had/ shall have/ should have/ will movie = party
Ç¢Á’îË ™ §ƒúø-•-úÕ† §ƒô àüÓ §Ú-®·Ø√ îª÷Ææ÷h ÖçúøçúÕ E®Ω’-û√q-£æ«-°æ-úø-èπ◊çú≈.
Participles: have/ would have, etc ¢√úÕûË, ¢√öÀûÓ éπ-LÆœ party
ÆœE´÷-™-EC. (´÷´‚©’ ûÁ©’í∫’: Ç¢Á’ ™ É™« îËÊÆh ´‚úø’ ØÁ©™x °∂æLûªç éπ-E°œÆæ’hç-C.
a) Present participle b) past participle. verbs Å´¤-û√®·. §ƒúÕ† §ƒô) Wish you all success!

Spoken English -§ƒ-ûª -¢√u≤ƒ-©éÓÆæç -éÀxé˙ -îË-ߪ’ç-úÕ.. URL: http://www.eenadu.net/spoken/spoken.htm


-Ç-C-¢√®Ωç 18 -à-v°œ-™¸ 2010 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 2

R. Lakshmi, Chilakaluripet T. Siva, Nandikotkur. Q. à VerbsûÓ as/to be


Q. Sir, éÀçC ¢√é¬u-©èπ◊ ûÁ©’-í∫’™ Å®Ωnç ûÁ©-°æ-í∫-©®Ω’. Q. éÀçC¢√öÀéÀ ÆæÈ®j† ï¢√-•’-©†’ (a or b) Ææ÷*ç-îª- Ö°æ-ßÁ÷-T-≤ƒh®Ó ûÁL-ߪ’-
A. I accept this award on behalf of í∫-©®Ω’. ñ‰-ߪ’-í∫-©®Ω’.
a civil rights movement which is (a) What kind of a tree is this? A. Known, as/ known
moving with determination and
(b) What kind of tree is this? to be; judge as / to
majestic scorn for risk and dan-
A. What kind of tree is this?- Correct. What be, find to be; seen
ger to establish a reign of free-
kind of /sort of a/an as/ seen to be;
dom and rule of justice. ™«çöÀ ¢√öÀ ûª®Ω’-¢√ûª É™«
A. A. submitted - wrong; surrendered/ yielded -
v°æ´÷-üΔ-©†’, -Ç°æ-ü¿-©-†’ -<μ-ûª\-JÆæ÷h, ÊÆy-îªa ¥, ®√ü¿’. î√™« ÖØ√o®·.
Ø√uߪ’çûÓ èπÿúÕ† §ƒ©-††’ ≤ƒn°œç-î√-©ØË éπ%ûª-E-¨¡a- Q. (a) I myself joined duty as a teacher. Q. Rise, raise, arise, rouse, arouse © Å®√nEo, correct.
ߪ’çûÓ ´·çü¿’èπ◊ ≤ƒí∫’-ûª’†o §˘®Ω-£æ«-èπ◊\© Öü¿u´’ç (b) I myself joined duty as teacher. v°æßÁ÷-í¬Eo N´-Jç-îª-í∫-©®Ω’. Q. Technology is ‘making’ it’s presence felt’ an
ûª®Ω-°∂椆 ØËF °æ¤®Ω-≤ƒ\-®√Eo Åçü¿’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o†’. A. I joined duty as teacher - Correct. É™«çöÀ A. Rise = ™‰´úøç, E©-•-úøôç, (üμ¿®Ω©’ ™«çöÀN) °®Ω- examination.
Q. I must ask why this prize is awarded to a îÓôxMyself Joined, appointed, elect
ûª°æ¤p. í∫úøç. A. ≤ƒçÍé-Aéπ Nñ«c†ç °æK-éπ~© N≠æ-ߪ’ç™ ûª† ÖE-éÀE
movement which is beleaguered and com- a/ an
O-öÀ-ûª®Ω’-¢√-ûª ®√ü¿’. (Rise - rose - risen) = Arise (Å®·ûË DEéÀ îª÷°æ¤-èπ◊çC.
mitted to unrelenting struggle; to a move-
Q. (a) This house is to let. °®Ω-í∫-úøç ÅØË Å®Ωnç ™‰ü¿’.)= Q. It has ‘suffered a setback.’
ment which has not won the very peace and
brotherhood which is the essence of Nobel (b) This house is to be let. (Arise - arose - arisen) A. üΔEéÀ Å´-®Óüμ¿ç éπL-TçC.
prize. A. This house is to let, Correct. raise = lift = ™‰°æúøç, áûªhúøç. Q. Centre said that ‘action was set in motion’
A. Q. (a) The plants died from want of rain. for creation of Telangana State.
É•sç-ü¿’™x *èπ◊\-èπ◊E Öçô÷, Bv´ûª ûªí∫_-èπ◊çú≈ Rouse = (Evü¿-™ç*) ™‰°æúøç; ÖvüË-éπ-°æ-®Ω-îªúøç;
§Ú®√-úø’-ûª’†o Öü¿u´’ç ûª®Ω-°∂椆, ØÓ¶„™¸ •£æ›-´’-AéÀ (b) The plants died for want of rain. È®îªa-íÌ-ôdúøç. A. Ωu v§ƒ®Ωç-¶μº-¢Á’içC.
Åûªuçûª ´·êu-¢Á’i† ¨»çA, ≤˘v¶μ«-ûª%ûªyç (≤Úü¿®Ω A. The trees died for want of rain. - Correct. Rouse - roused - roused; Arouse - aroused Q. Centre allowed itself to be Virtually arm-
¶μ«´ç) Èí©-´-™‰éπ §Ú®·-†-ô’-´çöÀ Öü¿u-´÷-EéÀ Ñ phrase - for want of = twisted.
Ééπ\úø ÆæÈ®j† éÌ®Ω-ûª-´©x. - aroused.
A.
°æ¤®Ω-≤ƒ\®Ωç áçü¿’-éÀ-Ææ’h-Ø√o®Ó ÅØËC ؈’ v°æPoç-î√L. Íéçvü¿ç üΔüΔ°æ¤ ûª†-îË-AE ¢Á’L-éπ-¶„-ôd-E-*açC =

Ther e is tr uth in his comment


Íéçvü¿ç üΔüΔ°æ¤ •©-´ç-û√-EéÀ ™ØÁjçC.
Q. ‘Chiranjeevi’ has become a “house-hold
name”
A. house hold name = v°æA Éçö« NE-°œçîË Ê°®Ω’.
Q. I refuse to accept the cynical notion that Q. éÀçC¢√öÀE ≤ÚüΔ-£æ«-®Ω-ùçí¬ N´-Jç-îª- Q. IT has become a buzzword.
nation after nation must spiral down a mili- í∫-©®Ω’. A. IT
-Ççí∫x-¶μ«-≠æ-ù 594
ÅØËC î√-™« -îÓôx NE-°œçîË Ø√W-Èéj† ´÷ô.
taristic stairway into the hall of thermonu- 1) Verbs of incomplete predication (Buzz word).
clear destruction. 2) Anomalous finites- Auxiliary Verbs. Q.
Q. (a) She wants the wind blow
éÀçC °æüΔ-©†’/ °æü¿-•ç-üμΔ©†’ N¨¡-D-éπ-Jç-îª-í∫-©®Ω’
A.
A.
ñ«A ûª®√yûª ñ«A (ü˨»-©Fo äéπ-üΔE ¢Áçô äéπöÀ) her husband back to her. ÉN Éçûª-èπ◊-´·çü¿’ î√™« N´-®Ωçí¬ The youth have revelled.
ÂÆjEéπ ü¿’¨¡a-®Ωu© üΔy®√ Åù’-ߪ·ü¿l¥ NØ√-¨¡-Ø√-EéÀ
(b) She wants the wind to blow ÅØË-éπ-≤ƒ®Ω’x N´-Jçî√ç; ´’ç* gram- A. revel = î√© Ææ®Ω-üΔí¬ í∫úø-°æúøç.
mar book îª÷úøçúÕ; Å®·Ø√ English
°æ-ûª†-´’-´¤-ûª’-Ø√o-ߪ’ØË E®√-¨»-¢√-üΔEo ØËØÌ-°æ¤p-éÓ†’.
her husband back to her. M.SURESAN Q. Next Kin
Q. I believe that what self-centred men have
A. She wants the wind to blow her ¶«í¬ ´÷ö«x-úËç-ü¿’èπ◊ ÉN ûÁL-ߪ’-†-´-
A.
torn down, men other centred can build up. ÆæO’-°æ-•ç-üμ¿’´¤.
husband back to her - Correct. (Want + Ææ-®Ωç-™‰ü¿’ éπüΔ?
A. somebody + to do something) Q. Rhetoric
GG Rao, Visakhapatnam
≤ƒy®Ωn *çûª† Ö†o-¢√∞¡Ÿx A®Ω-Ææ \-Jç-*-†-üΔEo Éûª®Ω
´’ç* *çûª† Ö†o¢√∞¡Ÿx ®Ω÷§Òç-Cç-îª-í∫-©-®ΩE Ø√ Q. éÀçC ¢√éπuç™ Underline îËÆœ† °æüΔ©’ à A. Rhetoric = 1) Å©ç-é¬-®√-©ûÓ èπÿúÕ† ¶μ«≠æ;
Q. Sir, éÀçC ¢√é¬u-©èπ◊ Ææ´÷-Ø√-®√n-©†’ †’úÕ-é¬-®Ω°æ¤
†´’téπç. sense ™ Ö°æ-ßÁ÷-Tç-î √®Ó ûÁ©’-°æ-í∫-©®Ω’. 2) v°æï-©†’ È®îªa-íÌõ‰d Nüμ¿çí¬ v°æÆæç-í¬©’ îËߪ’úøç.
Q. When our days become dreary with low-
ûÁ©’-í∫’™ ņ’-´-Cç-îª-í∫-©®Ω’. Q. Tourist destination
He has been in Hyderabad for 5 years now. There is ‘truth’ in his comment.
hovering clouds and our nights become A.
A. For sometime now = for the past sometime There is ‘an element of truth’ in his comment.
°æ®√u-ô-èπ◊-©†’ Çéπ-J{çîË v°æü˨¡ç.
darker than midnights we will know that we / for the last time = Q. Overwhelming response
í∫ûª éÌçûª-é¬-©çí¬. A. Å-ûª-úÕ ¢√uêu™ Eïç ÖçC (There is truth...)
are living in the creative turmoil of a genuine
Q. Adjectivesí¬ Ö°æ-ßÁ÷-Tç-îª-•úø’ material ÅûªE ¢√uêu™ éÌçûª Eïç ÖçC (There is an A. ÅAN¨Ï≠æ Ææpçü¿† (overwhelm = -´·-ç-îÁ-ûËh-ôç-ûª).
civilisation struggling to be born.
nouns (eg. cotton clothes, paper boat) element of truth...) Q. Lingering fragrance
A. ¢Ë’°∂æ÷©’ ü¿ôdçí¬ éπ´·t-èπ◊†o °æí∫öÀ Åçüμ¿-é¬-®Ωç™, à´’E Åçö«®Ó ûÁ©’-°æ-í∫-©®Ω’. Q. Centre meekly ‘submitted’ to the demand of A. î√™«-ÊÆ°æ¤ í∫’¶«-RçîË Ææ’¢√-Ææ†.
A. Å™«çöÀ -Ö°ææßÁ÷í¬-EéÀ v°æûËu-éπ-¢Á’i† Ê°Í®O’ ™‰ü¿’ . a failed politician.
´’† ®√vûª’©’ †úÕ-®√vA éπçõ‰ Åçüμ¿-é¬-®Ω-•ç-üμ¿’-®Ω-¢Á’i-†-
Q. Internal turmoil.
used as an adjective; qualified by.... etc
°æ¤púø’ ´’†-éπ®Ωnç Å´¤-ûª’çC, äéπ ÆœÆæ-™„j† Ø√í∫-J-éπûª Centre meekly ‘yielded’ to the demand of a
A. Åçûª”-Ææç-é~Ó¶μºç/ Åçûª”-éπ-©£æ«ç.
ÇN-®√s¥´ Ææ´’-ߪ’ç™ ïJÍí Ææçé~Ó¶μºç ÅE. .
Öç-ö«®· failed politician.

M. Rakesh, Hyderabad CURRICULUM VITAE (CV-British/ RESUME’) Pronounced Rezumay- American)


°æéπ\-† É*a† CV™ Educational Qualifications
Sep 2 2009
Q. Éçô-®Ω÷yu-©èπ◊ ¢ÁRx-†-°æ¤púø’ tell me about your- ´·çü¿’, Jobs held ûª®Ω’-¢√ûª ÖØ√o®·. Å™« é¬èπ◊çú≈
Rakesh M (Expand M)
self Åçö«®Ω’ éπüΔ. So áö«x îÁ§ƒpL, à Door No. xxxxxx Jobs held ´·çü¿’, Educational qualifications ûª®Ω’-
Nüμ¿çí¬ îÁGûË ¢√∞¡Ÿx satisfy Å´¤-û√®Ó ûÁ©’-°æ-í∫- Road No:2, ¢√ûª ÖçúÌa. àüË-¢Á’iØ√ Highest qualifications
©®Ω’. Å™«Íí CV †´‚Ø√ îÁGûË áçûÓ Ö°æ- Banjara Hills, ¢Á·ü¿ô, Ç ûª®√yûª üΔE éÀçü¿ qualification Å™« X
ߪ·-éπhçí¬ Öçô’çC. Hyderabad 500028 Class ´®Ωèπÿ ®√ߪ÷L. Å™«Íí jobs, N≠æ-ߪ’ç™ èπÿú≈
A. Tell me about yourself. Phone: xxxxx ´·çü¿’ ´’†ç É°æ¤púø’ îËÆæ’h†o/ *´-®Ωí¬ îËÆœ† Job†÷,
I am Rakesh. I have done B.Tech with Mobile: xxxxx Åçûªèπ◊ ´·çü¿’ îËÆœ† job†’, É™« *´-®Ωí¬ ´’†ç ¢Á·ôd-
ECE. Iam from (your town/ city/ village) Email: xxxxx
Nationality: Indian (If it’s a job in a Foreign Company)
¢Á·-ü¿ô îËÆœ† job†÷ ûÁ©-§ƒL. Éçé¬ Éçü¿’™ ´’†ç
Mine is a rural/ urban background. My special training programme™ à¢ÁjØ√ §ƒ™Ô_E Öçõ‰
Date of Birth: xxxxx
father is (Profession). My Mother is a ¢√öÀE, Edl. qualifications èπÿ, jobèπÿ ´’üμ¿u ®√ߪ’-´îª’a.
Profile (British)/ Objectives (American): Highly motivated Software Technologist seeking A chal-
Home maker/ House Worker/ Housewife; lenging position in a high profile company, willing to learn CV™ Profile Åçõ‰ ´’† ´uéÀhûªy Ææy®Ω÷°æç objective
If employed, how employed. while eager to contribute to the growth of the Company. Åçõ‰ ´’†ç ≤ƒCμç-î√-©-†’-èπ◊-ØËN. Éçü¿’™ @N-ûªç™
Mention next your siblings (Brothers and Education: 2002-2006 B.Tech (ECE) Aprl 2006 JNTU xx%
1999-2001 Intermediate Mar 2001 Board of Intermediate Edn. AP xx%
´’†ç àç ≤ƒCμç-î√-©-†’-èπ◊-†oD, Åçü¿’-´©x îË®Ω-¶ßË’
Sisters) and what they are .
1998-1999 X Class Mar 1999 Board of Secondary Edn. AP xx%
ÆæçÆænèπ◊ ´’†-´©x àç ´’ç* ï®Ω’-í∫’-ûª’-†oD îÁ°æp-´îª’a.
Then you talk about your interests. Next,
Jobs Held (British)/ Experience (US): 2006 till date SWE, xxxx Company, Bangalore. CV™ References -áç-ü¿’éπç-õ‰, ´’†èπ◊ ¶«í¬ ûÁL-Æ œ†
Mention your personal interests/ hobbies.
Q. Ø√ Bio-data -N-´®√-©’ -Ééπ\-úø -ÉÆæ’h-Ø√o-†’.-D-Eo Skills: RDBMS: Oracle 7/8i/9i, SQL Server 2000, ¢√J N´-®√-©†’ CV™ ®√ÊÆh, ´’†ç ÖüÓuí∫ç îËߪ’-¶ßË’
MS Access, ÆæçÆæn¢√®Ω’, referenceí¬ É*a† ´uèπ◊h© †’ç* ´’† í∫’Jç-
Comp Languages: Java, J2EE, C, C++, C# VB.Net.
-á-™« ®√-ߪ÷-™ -N-´-Jç-îªí∫-©®Ω’. *† Ææ´÷-î√®Ωç, ≤ƒ´’-®√n u©’, •©-£‘«-†-ûª©’ ûÁ©’-Ææ’-èπ◊-ç-
My name is M. Rakesh.... Languages Known: Fluent in Telugu & English: Familiar with Hindi ö«®Ω’.
A. Biodate/ curriculam vitae/ Resume Personal Interests: Interested in Music & Photography
(È®Wu¢Á’– Wu, size ™ z ™«) -ÑNüμ¿çí¬ References: 1) xxxxx 2) yyyyy ÉD Biodata Ñ °æü¿ç §ƒûª-•-úÕ-§Ú-®·çC –
ÖçúÌa. Ééπ\úø -N-´-Jç-*ç-C †´‚Ø√ CV Enclosures: Photocopies of Certificates. É°æ¤púøçûªí¬¢√úø-úøç-™‰ü¿’. CV/ Resume ®√ߪ÷-Lq†
´÷vûª¢Ë’. ¢Á·ûªhç É™«ØË Öçú≈-©ØËç ™‰ü¿’. The particulars mentioned above are true and correct to the best of my Knowledge. If B®Ω’. ´·êu N≠æߪ’ç CV/ Resume áçûª ÆæçéÀ~-°æhçí¬
Å´-Ææ-®√© v°æ鬮Ωç ´÷®Ω’p©’ îËÆæ’-éÓ-´îª’a. appointed, I will do my best to rise to my Employers satisfaction. Öçõ‰ Åçûª ´’ç*C.
(Signature of the Applicant)

Spoken English -§ƒ-ûª -¢√u≤ƒ-©éÓÆæç -éÀxé˙ -îË-ߪ’ç-úÕ.. URL: http://www.eenadu.net/spoken/spoken.htm


-Ç-C-¢√®Ωç 25 -à-v°œ-™¸ 2010 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 2

P. Ramakrishna, Rajahmundry. c) Success and happiness (is/ are) the goal A. Catlike, childlike -
of every student
Q. Sir, 'Last but not least' ÅØË É™«çöÀ °æüΔ™x
d) The acoustics of the large hall (is/ are) 'like'†’ suffix
´÷ô†’ Ñ ´’üμ¿u Ææ´÷-¢Ë-¨»™x Åçö«ç. suffix Åçõ‰
áèπ◊\-´í¬ ¢√úø’-ûª’-Ø√o®Ω’. ´·êuçí¬ very poor.
´·êu ÅA-C∑E ¢ËC-éπ-O’-ü¿èπ◊ °œL-îË-ô- Please clarify that which verb is suitable
äéπ °æü¿ç ûª®√yûª üΔE
part of speechE
°æ¤púø’ Ñ ´÷ô†’ ¢√úø’-ûª’-Ø√o®Ω’. here?
Ñ usage ÅÆæ©’ à ü˨»-EC? É™« A. a) Team is a collective noun (the name of a
´÷Í®aç-ü¿’èπ◊ îËÍ®a
¨¡•lç. suffix °æü¿ç
group of persons) and can be used both
ņúøç ÆæÈ®jç-üËØ√? é¬ü¿’. Boldly™ '-ly'
A. f) haven’t got friends (British) = B.
as a singular and plural. government™ '-ment' É™«çöÀ ´Fo suffixes.
éÌçûª-´’çC ´uèπ◊h-©†÷, éÌEo N≠æ-ߪ÷-©†÷ äéπ
´®Ω’-Ææ™ îÁÊ°p-ô-°æ¤púø’, last but not least Åçõ‰, Q. B), D), F) ©èπ◊ •ü¿’©’ I have no friends
Our team has won/ have won.... both cor- Å™«Íí catlike, childlike ™«çöÀ ´÷ô™x '-like' ņ-´î√a?
É™« îÁ°æp-úøç™ á´-J-ØÁjØ√, üËØÁj oØ√ í∫’Jç* *´®Ω
rect. (Å™«çöÀ ÅE Å®Ωnç ´îËa) suffix. DEo nounèπ◊
A. ņ-´îª’a - correct
îÁ•’-ûª’-†o-°æp-öÀéÃ, v§ƒ´·êuç N≠æ-ߪ’ç™, íÌ°æp-
ûª†ç™ ûªèπ◊\-¢Ëç-é¬-ü¿E. ´®Ω’-Ææ-véπ-´’ç™ *´-®Ω-®·-†- b) She and children - refers to more than
îËJÊÆh Å°æ¤p-úøC objective Å´¤-ûª’çC.
°æp-öÀéÃ, v§ƒ´·-êuç™ é¬ü¿E. Ñ usage correct. and is therefore plural - are waiting - cor- Cat (°œLx) – noun; Catlike °œLx-™«çöÀ) - objec- V.L.G. Raju, Srikrishnapatnam
tive.
é¬F Ñexpressionî√™«-é¬-©çí¬ î√©-´’çC ¢√úø- rect. Q. Sir, Ñ éÀçC-¢√-öÀE N´-Jç-îªçúÕ.
ôç-´©x, Åçûª ÇÆæéÀh éπL-Tç-îªü¿’. É™« áèπ◊\-´í¬ c) Success and happiness (two things- so T. Satyanarayana, Vempadu Chairman, Precident, M.D., C.M.D., G.M.,
î√™«-é¬-©çí¬ ¢√úø-ôç-´©x '§ƒûª-§ƒõ‰— Å®·-§Ú-®·† plural) are the goal of life. D.G.
Q. Past was doing,
Å©-¢√-ô’†’ ûÁL-ߪ’-ñ‰-ߪ’-ú≈-EéÀ
É™«çöÀ expression †’ cliche (éÃxÂ≠ß˝’) d) Acoustics- plural. So 'Accoustics are....' used to do, would be doing ©™ üËEo A. É´Fo °æü¿-´¤© Ê°®Ω’x.
Åçö«ç. is correct. ¢√ú≈L? a) Chairman - Ææ¶μºèπ◊, ¨»Ææ-†-´’ç-úø-LéÀ, ®√ïu-Ææ-¶μºèπ◊
Åüμ¿u-èπ~◊©’.
b) ã Ææ-´÷-¢Ë-¨»-EéÀ -Å-üμ¿uéπ~-ûª -´£œ«ç-îË-¢√-∞¡Ÿ-x

May bullies be buttered on toast


c) ´·êuçí¬ ã °æGxé˙ LN’-õ„ú˛ éπç°F †úÕÊ° ÅCμ-
é¬-®Ω’© Ææç°∂æ’ç (Board of Directors) ™
´·ë«u-Cμ-é¬J. éπç°F ´u´-£æ…-®√-©-Eoç-öÀF °æ®Ωu-¢Ë-
éÀ~çîË ÅCμ-鬮Ωç ÖçúË °æü¿-N™ ÖçúË¢√®Ω’.
President (Precident é¬ü¿’).
Gurram Shankar, Shankarapatnam. A. used to áèπ◊\-´í¬ ¢√úøû√ç, past a) îÁj®ΩtØ˛™«Íí Ææ¶μº-©èπ◊ Åüμ¿u-èπ~◊-©†’ éÌEo≤ƒ®Ω’x
Q. Sir, please clarify these words indetail: habit was doing =
-Ççí∫x-¶μ«-≠æ-ù 595
èπ◊. ´’†ç ņ’- v°Ɯ-úÁçö¸ Åçö«®Ω’.
a) Suprasegmental, b) Falling - Rising tone, èπ◊†o Æ洒ߪ’ç (í∫ûªç™) á´-È®jØ√ b) ü˨»-üμ¿u-èπ~◊©’ (v°æA-¶μ«-§ƒ-öÀ™ ¸, •®√é˙ 䶫´÷
c) Apposition àüÁjØ√ îËÆæ’hçõ‰ was doing ¢√úøû√ç. ™«.)
A. a) Suprasegmental: ÉC ¶μ«≥ƒüμ¿u-ߪ’-Ø√-EéÀ K. Srikumar, Bapatla. When I went to him he was doing it c) éπç°FE, ü˨»Eo •öÀd éπç°F©èπ◊ ´·ë«u-Cμ-°æ-AE
(linguistics) èπ◊ Ææç•ç-Cμç-*† ´÷ô. äéπ- Q. Would, should ©†’ present ™ (؈-ûªúÕ ü¿í∫_-®Ωèπ◊ ¢ÁRx-†-°æ¤púø’ Åûª-ØÁ-´-J-ûÓØÓ v°Ɯ-úÁçö¸ Åçö«®Ω’, îÁj®ΩtØ˛èπ◊ •ü¿’©’. Åçõ‰
M.SURESAN
´÷ô™ ™‰üΔ ¢√éπuç™ ¶μ«í∫ç é¬èπ◊çú≈, Ç àßË’ Ææçü¿-®√s¥™x ¢√úø-´îÓa ûÁ©-°æ- ´÷ö«x-úø’h-Ø√oúø’.) É°æ¤p-úÕC îª÷úøçúÕ. éÌEo éπç°F© ´·ë«u-Cμ-é¬-®Ω’-©†’ îÁj®ΩtØ˛
´÷ô/ ¢√éπuç-™E ¨¡¶«l©’ °æL-Íé-B®Ω’.. à í∫-©®Ω’. Whenever I went there he would be Åçö«®Ω’, ´’J-éÌEo éπç°F™x v°Ɯ-úÁçö¸í¬ ´u´-
¨¡¶«lEo ØÌéÀ\ °æ©’-èπ◊-ûª’Ø√oç, à ¨¡¶«lEo ûªèπ◊\- A. Would is used in the present doing it = ØËØÁ-°æ¤púøûªúÕ ü¿í∫_-®Ωèπ◊ ¢ÁRxØ√ Åûª-úøC £æ«-J-≤ƒh®Ω’, ´·êuçí¬ Å¢Á’-J-鬙.
´í¬ °æ©’-èπ◊-ûª’Ø√oç (Stress and pitch E) MD - Managing Director; CMD = Chief
1) to express a wish; îËÆæ’hç-úË-¢√úø’.
ûÁLÊ° Å稻-©†’ suprasegmental aspects Q. Íé´©ç be E Ö°æ-ßÁ÷-Tç-*-†-°æ¤púø’ à Å®Ωnç Managing Director = ÆæçÆæn©/ éπç°F© ´·êu
I wish you would help me.
of a language Åçö«ç. Denoting the
(†’´¤y ≤ƒßª’ç- ÅCμ-é¬-JE É™« èπÿú≈ éÌEo éπç°F©’ °œ©’--èπ◊ç-
´Ææ’hçC?
aspects of a sound or sequence of îË-ߪ÷-©E éÓ®Ω’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o†’)
Losses be won.
ö«®·. éÌEo éπç°F™x, îÁj®ΩtØ˛ Åçú˛ ¢Ë’ØË->çí˚
sounds which accompany the consecu- 2) To say what you like, love, have, hate, úÁjÈ®-éπd®˝ ÅE èπÿú≈ Åçö«®Ω’. CMD - Chief
prefer etc., in expressions like, Bullies be buttered on toast.
tive segments (parts) of a word/ sen- Managing Director - éπç°F™E NNüμ¿ N¶μ«-
tence, rather than form part of it. A. ‘be’ form ¢√úøôç áèπ◊\´ éπNûªyç™ (poet-
I'd (I would) like/ love/ have/ hate/ ´’† É™« í¬©/ äÍé ÆæçÆæn †úÕÊ° NNüμ¿ éπç°-F© ¢Ë’ØË->çí˚
ic) ï®Ω’-í∫’-ûª’çC. ÅçûË-é¬-èπ◊çú≈ may losses be úÁjÈ®-éπd®Ωx°j† Åï-´÷-®·≠‘ îËÊÆ-¢√∞¡Ÿx. DG = Director
When we speak, depending on the con- É≥ƒd©÷, ÅGμ-´’-û√©÷ ûÁL-Ê°ç-ü¿’èπ◊ prefer
won (ãúÕ-†-´Fo Èí©’îª’ éÓ¢√L) ÅE ‘may’ E General - äéπ ÆæçÆæn ´·êu EÍ®l-¨¡-èπ◊©’.
text we stress
(Ææçü¿-®√s¥-Eo-•öÀd), (ØÌéÀ\ °æ©’- some coffee rightnow.
wishes express îËÆœ-†-°æ¤púø’, may E ´C-™‰Æœ
èπ◊û√ç) certain sounds/ words, more than 3) In the question form to express polite Q. §Úöà °æK-éπ~™ x ûª®Ωîª÷ ´îËa Cloze test, para-
certain others in a sentence. requests, like, would you wait for some
É™« Åçö«ç. graph v°æ¨¡o-©†’ ¶«í¬ îËߪ’-ú≈-EéÀ O’JîËa Ææ©£æ…
e.g. : Why is he here? - suppose you ask May bullies be buttered on toast= Éûª-®Ω’-©†’
time?
àN’öÀ?
this question, with stress on 'he' your idea ¢ËCμçîË ¢√∞¡x†’ °†ç O’ü¿ 鬙«aL (éÓJéπ). A. English newspaper îªü¿-´úøç áçûÓ Ö°æ-ßÁ÷-í∫-
4) To express preference Q. A) It has stopped raining.
is: He should not have been here, but he
(´’† áç°œéπ éπ®Ωç.
in expressions like B) Raining has stopped
is here. Suppose you stress 'here'- you
ûÁLÊ°çü¿’èπ◊)
want to know why 'he' is here and not I'd (I would) rather walk than go by bus OöÀ™ àC éπÈ®é˙d?
somewhere else. Suppose you stress (= I prefer walking to going by bus) A. It has stopped raining/ Rain has stopped -
'why',- you want to know the reason. This 5) To express something imaginary (what Correct
kind of the raising of voice when you say
áØ˛-âöà ´®Ωç-í∫™¸
you imagine might happen) Q. Let me do ††’o îÁߪ’u-E´¤y.
certain sounds and lowering of it. When Let him do
If I had a lakh rupees, I would travel to all Åûª-úÕE îÁߪ’u-E´¤y.
you say certain other sounds (Rising into-
important cities in India. Let them do ¢√JE îÁߪ’u-E´¤y. ØË≠æ-†™¸ ÉØ˛-Æœd-ô÷uö¸ Ç°∂ˇ õ„é¬o-©@ (´®Ωçí∫™¸) Éç>-
nation and falling intonation) is the
suprasegmental aspects of a word/ sen- (Ø√Íé-í∫-†éπ ©éπ~ ®Ω÷§ƒ-ߪ’-©’çõ‰– ´’† Ü£æ« – Ñ véπ´’ç™ Let us do Åçõ‰ 'îËüΔlç— ÅØË Å®Ωnç F-Jçí˚, ÂÆjØÁqÆˇ, ¢Ë’ØË-ñ ¸-¢Á’çö¸ N¶μ«-í¬™x áç.á-ÆˇÆœ.,
´Ææ’hçC. ´’J, '´’´’tLo îÁߪ’u-E-´yçúÕ/ îÁߪ’u- °œÂ£«-î˝.úÕ. v§Úví¬-´·™x v°æ¢Ë-¨»-EéÀ Å®Ω’|-™„j† Ŷμºu-
tence. ¶μ«®Ω-ûª-üË-¨¡ç™ ÅEo ´·êu †í∫-®√-©èπÿ ¢Á∞«h.) ®Ω’n© †’ç* ü¿®Ω-ë«-Ææ’h-©†’ Ç£æ…y-E-≤ÚhçC. °‘£«-
E´¤y— ÅE ÉçTx-≠ˇ™ ᙫ îÁ§ƒpL?
b) Falling tone and rising tone: The low- Q. Our school is in one of the best localities in
A. us = ´’†--Lo/-´’-´’t-Lo. î˝.úÕ.™ îËJ† ¢√JéÀ Ææd®·-°ç-ú˛èπ◊ Å®Ω|ûª
ering and raising of your voice when you our town. Ñ ¢√éπuç-™E ûª°æ¤p†’ ûÁ©-°æ-í∫-©®Ω’. Let us do = ´’†ç îËüΔlç (us = ´’†-Lo Å®·ûË, Öçô’çC.
utter certain sounds, as in the above A. Éçü¿’™ à ûª°æ‹p ™‰ü¿’.
examples are called the falling tone and Let us do = ´’´’tLo îËߪ’-E´¤y (us = '´’´’t-Lo— ü¿®Ω-ë«Ææ’h†’ ¢Á¶¸-ÂÆjö¸ †’ç* úˆØ˛-™ú˛ îËÆæ’-éÓ-´îª’a.
rising tone respectively.
Q. English ™ errors and rectification èπ◊ Å®·ûË.) *®Ω’-Ø√´÷: Admissions officer,
Ææç•ç-Cμç*, explanation ûÓ Ö†o °æ¤Ææh-é¬Eo Q. A) I have friends National Institute of Technology,
c) Apposition: In grammar which refers to
B) I don’t have friends Warangal- 506021
a noun/ noun phrase, another noun/ noun
ûÁ©-°æ-í∫-©®Ω’.
phrase, before it, is put in apposition to A. Common Mistakes in english by FITIKIDES C) I have friends ü¿®Ω-ë«Ææ’h Æ‘yéπ-®Ω-ùèπ◊ *´-J-ûËD: ¢Ë’ 24
that noun/ noun phrase. (Published by orient langmans/ langmans D) I haven’t friends N´-®√-©èπ◊.. ¢Á¶¸-ÂÆjö¸: www.nitw.ac.in
e.g: Mr Manmohansingh, Prime Minister
of India - the phrase, Prime minister, used
Blackswan) E) I have got friends úμÕMx õ„éπo-™«->-éπ™¸ ßª‚E-´-JqöÃ
Q. I have been living in Hyderabad for a year. F) I haven’t got friends
after the noun Mr. Manmohan Singh, Ñ ¢√éπuç™ been à part of speech. OöÀ í∫’Jç* N´-Jç-îª-í∫-©®Ω’. -úMμÕ x õ„éπo-™«->-éπ™¸ ßª‚E-´-Jqöà (í∫ûªç™ úμÕMx 鬙‰ñ ¸
refers to Mr. Manmohan Singh. So, A. A) I have friends = Ø√èπ◊ ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’-©’-Ø√o®Ω’ X
Ç°∂ˇ Éç>-F-Jçí˚) 14 Hõ„é˙ v§Úví¬-´·™x v°æ¢Ë¨»EéÀ
A. Ñ Sentence ™ 'have been living' ¢Á·ûªhç
'Prime minister of India' is put in apposi- éıØÁq-Lçí˚ E®Ωy-£œ«ç-îª-†’çC. Éçü¿’™ §ƒ™Ô_-Ø√-©-†’-
verb. 'been' verb™ ¶μ«í∫ç. ÉC à part of I don’t have friends = Ø√èπ◊ ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’-©’-™‰®Ω’.
tion to Manmohan Singh. èπ◊ØË Å¶μºu-®Ω’n© †’ç* ü¿®Ω-ë«-Ææ’h©’ éÓ®Ω’-ûÓçC.
speech éÀçCéà ®√ü¿’. ÉC 'be'éÀ part participle. = I haven’t friends (rare - British)
Q. a) The team (has/ have) won fifteen games áç°œéπ: àâ-Ñ-ÑÑ ®√uçèπ◊© ÇüμΔ-®Ωçí¬
Q. Anna, in a spurt of Cat like temper left Ñ e) I have got friends British = A) I have
b) She and the children (is/ are) waiting for friends X
ü¿®Ω-ë«Ææ’h©†’ ¢Ë’ ¢Á·ü¿-öÀ-¢√-®Ωç™ ñ«K îËߪ’-†’çC.
Daddy to come home ¢√éπuç™ like à part of speech? N´-®√-©èπ◊.. ¢Á¶¸-ÂÆjö¸: www.dce.edu

Spoken English -§ƒ-ûª -¢√u≤ƒ-©éÓÆæç -éÀxé˙ -îË-ߪ’ç-úÕ.. URL: http://www.eenadu.net/spoken/spoken.htm