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Open Mind

Unit 7: Grammar and vocabulary test A advanced

Grammar B Complete the second sentence in each pair


with a reduced adverb cause-effect clause so
A Tick (✓) the sentences that can be rewritten
that they have the same meaning.
using a reduced adverb time clause and then
rewrite them. 0 Because I am worried about the environment, I try
to buy as few disposable products as possible.
0 I understood why he was so angry with his Being worried about the environment ,
tutor after I spoke with him. ✓
I try to buy as few disposable products as possible.
I understood why he was so angry with his tutor
after speaking with him. 8 Since we’ve created so much waste, we now need
to find ways to deal with it.
1 I always make sure I eat before I go shopping ,
for food. we now need to find ways to deal with it.

9 She had recently been made redundant, so she
couldn’t afford a new car.
2 While I was looking at the product’s label,
,
I noticed that there was nut oil in it.
she couldn’t afford a new car.

10 Because I didn’t want to create any more waste,
3 When they design packaging for products, I washed the old plates and reused them.
responsible companies take into account the ,
environmental impact. I washed the old plates and reused them.

11 Because I was told not to eat these products,
4 While I was writing the shopping list, Dan was I naturally avoided them.
checking our cupboards to see what we had. ,
I naturally avoided them.

12 I had just seen a programme on landfill, so I knew


5 If I chat with people while I am eating, I find
a bit about the subject.
I eat less.
,
I knew a bit about the subject.

6 I always check the list of ingredients before 13 I bought the cheaper, disposable cups because
I give any food to my son. I couldn’t afford the more expensive, biodegradable
ones.
I bought the cheaper, disposable cups,
7 After I saw how many calories were in the bar, .
I put it back on the shelf.
14 Because I didn’t want to do any impulse buying,

I took a list with me.
,
I took a list with me.

15 Since it is not biodegradable, plastic is more harmful


to the environment.
,
plastic is more harmful to the environment.

LE
P IAB
© Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015. This page may be photocopied and used within the class. 1 O CO
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Open Mind advanced

C Correct the sentences with reduced adverb D Order the words to make statements that
clauses which have mistakes. Sometimes it start with a reduced adverb clause. Use the
will be necessary to write a sentence with correct form of any verbs.
a full adverbial clause. Tick (✓) the correct
0 subject / I / more / knowledgeable / after /
sentences.
research (v) / feel / much / the
0 Wanting not to be late, we dashed to the restaurant. After researching the subject, I feel / felt much
Not wanting to be late, we dashed to the restaurant. more knowledgeable.

16 Being a conscientious student, she researched the 24 pass / study (v) / have / exams / hard / she / her
subject thoroughly.

17 After figuring out the best route, we set off. 25 she / fall / watch / TV / while / asleep


18 Having recycled all the paper and glass, I felt
very virtuous. 26 he / after / newspaper / industry / leave / university /
enter / the

19 Not having read the book, I can’t say how the

film compared.
27 quite / for / have / sleep / eleven hours / I /
refreshed / feel
20 While strolling down the street, a car knocked

him down.

28 walk / around / I / bump into / while / town /


21 Speaking so quietly, I was unable to hear him.
an old friend



22 Suddenly feeling tired, I lay down on the sofa for
a nap.
29 have / eat / since / I / starving / not / this morning /

be

23 Having noticed not the time, I was shocked when
Hannah said it was midnight.


30 I / before / leave / always close / the house /
the windows

Score / 30

LE
P IAB
© Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015. This page may be photocopied and used within the class. 2 O CO
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Open Mind advanced

Vocabulary 14 The best way to save money is to make a shopping


list and only buy what’s on it. Never, ever give in to
A Complete the sentences with adjectives buying.
formed from the verbs in the box.
15 We can’t afford to live like this any longer.
account   ​
biodegrade   ​
recycle   ​
reuse   ​ We’re going to have to down on
afford   ​perish   ​dispose   ​
eat our expenses.

0 The idea of a bag for life is that it is reusable .


C Choose the correct option to complete
the sentences.
1 The food at the conference was so bad, it was barely 0 Something that is affordable is .
. A easy to sell because many people want it
B cheap because it is of low quality
2 The fact is that house prices in the capital are so high;
C cheap enough for ordinary people to buy
they’re simply not for most people.

3 We must stop using plastic bags 16 Something that is biodegradable .


that end up in landfill sites. A is suitable for eating
B can be separated into very small parts by bacteria
4 Freezing is a very effective way to make C can be used again, sometimes for a
items last longer. different purpose

5 The great thing is that the packaging is made of card 17 Someone who is accountable .
or glass so it’s all . A is willing to agree with someone
B is in a position where people have the right to
6 All politicians are to the public that
criticise them
elected them and they have to explain their actions.
C is friendly and easy to talk to

7 When items like these are


18 Examples of perishable foods are .
disposed of, they will decay over time.
A cheese, fresh fish and fresh fruit

B Complete the sentences using the correct B dried goods, such as rice and pasta

form of the words in the box. Use one C tins of vegetables

word twice.
19 A product that is disposable is designed so that .
A you can use it again and again
stick  ​stretch  ​pay  ​
afford to  ​cut  ​
impulse  ​broke  ​sale  ​
B it will decay into a form that you can add to soil
in order to improve it
0 Normally, a shirt like this is nearly two hundred C you can throw it away once you have used it
dollars but I bought it on sale for a hundred.
20 Something that is recyclable .
8 By the end of the month, I don’t have any money –
A can be changed so that it can be used again
I’m completely .
B can be used again, in exactly the same form

9 I set myself a budget and I make sure I C will decay into a form that you can add to soil

to it. in order to improve it

10 This book certainly wasn’t on my shopping list when 21 Someone who has no money can be described
I set out. I’m afraid I just bought it on . informally as being .
A broken
11 I don’t even have the money to my bills. B broke
C broken down
12 Here are ten money-saving tips to help you to
your income.

13 How can he rent such an expensive


apartment? Where does he get his money from?

LE
P IAB
© Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015. This page may be photocopied and used within the class. 3 O CO
OT
PH
Open Mind advanced

22 The definition of ‘edible’ is .


A tasting delicious
B good for your health
C safe or good enough to eat

23 The adjective ‘reusable’ .


A means ‘able to be used multiple times’
B means the same as ‘recyclable’
C means ‘able to decay into a form that you can
then add to soil’

24 An item such as a bottle or box that you can give


back to the company that provided it is described
as .
A refundable
B retrievable
C returnable

D Choose the correct options to complete


the text.
Alex really gets on my nerves. I feel like saying to
him, don’t moan and whinge about being (0) broke /
shattered / in pieces! We’re all students – none of us
has any money. No one I know can (25) affect / attain /
afford to eat out or to buy the sort of clothes we’d like
to wear, but we all just get on with it. There’s no magic
formula! All you have to do is set a budget for yourself
and then make sure you (26) remain / stick / bond to it.
Alex has a basic income like all the rest of us – he just
has to make sure he (27) spreads / stretches / pulls it.
And I’m fairly certain he could (28) go / clamp / cut down
on some of his expenses. For example, his wardrobe.
I’ve been in town with him several times when he’s
bought something he really didn’t need completely on
(29) desire / wish / impulse. And I know for a fact that
he never waits till a big item is (30) on / in / under sale
before he buys it.

Score / 30

Total score / 60

LE
P IAB
© Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015. This page may be photocopied and used within the class. 4 O CO
OT
PH