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LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

HIGH PRECISION HIGH VOLTAGE REGULATOR


• INPUT VOLTAGE UP TO 80V
• OUTPUT VOLTAGE ADJUSTABLE FROM 2 TO 77V
• POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE SUPPLY OPERATION
• SERIES. SHUNT, SWITCHING OR FLOATING OPERATION
• OUTPUT CURRENT UP TO 150 mA WITHOUT EXTERNAL PASS TRANSISTOR
• ADJUSTABLE CURRENT LIMITING
• THERMAL PROTECTION

The L 146 is a monolithic integrated programmable voltage regulator in 14-lead dual in-line plastic
package and 10-lead Metal Can (TO-l00 type). It is made with high voltage technology and provides
internal current limiting and thermal shut down protection; when current exceeds 150 mA an external
NPN or PNP pass element may be used. Provisions are made for adjustable current limiting and remote
shut down. The L 146 is intended to widen the application range of L 123 up to 80V.

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS

VI Input voltage 80 V
Vi-V o Voltage drop 78 V
10 Output current 150 mA
I ref Current from V ref 8 mA
Ptot Power dissipation (at T amb = 70°C) Plastic DIP 1 W
TO-l00 520 mW
Operating junction temperature L 146 -25 to + 85°C
L146C o to +70 °C
T stg Storage temperature -65 to + 150°C

MECHANICAL DATA Dimensions in mm

57 6/82
CONNECTION DIAGRAMS
(top view)
NC NC

CURRENT FREQUENCY
CURRENT
LlM1T
LIMIT
" COMP

CURRENT .v,
SENSE
"
INVERT
INVERTING Vc
INPUT
INPUT
NON~
NON- INVERT W V,
INVERTING 3 INPUT
INPUT
Vre! V,

-v, NC

Type TO-100 Plastic DIP

L146 L 146 T

L146 C L 146 CT L 146 CB

BLOCK DIAGRAM

INVERT. FREQUENCY
INPUT COMPENS. Vc

SERIES PASS
TRANSISTORS

.....----+<J'Vo

5-366411
NON-INVERT. CURRENT CURRENT Vz
INPUT LIMIT SENSE

THERMAL DATA TO-100 Plastic DIP

Rth j-amb Thermal resistance junction-ambient max 155°C/W 80°C/W

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I'N
i~,:

I
Ii

SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM (pin number relative to the plastic package) I


I

~--~-------.--------~ -------~------------~-------------~------~120·V5

Rl R3 Rll R14

01 Q2 ~~~Q~3--~------~--------+-------~~0~9-----------~ Q12

04
R2

05

R6

L-----------'"O Vz *
02
Cl
R7
R5
CURRENT
x---c..---1------U LIM IT
R8

LS_-36-65--------~30 ~~~~~NT
* ONLY IN PLASTIC DIP
NON -INVERT -Vs INVERT.
INPUT INPUT

TEST CIRCUIT

12
",0 Vo
9 V.L
CL i RSC
L146 2--~-c:=:J
3 CS ____

41n~ ____ ~
:l+-0 REGULAT~D
OUTPUT

~OPF R35_3666/1
Vi = 12V
Vo= 5V 10= 1 mA
R1 //R 2 <; 10 Kn

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ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (Refer to the test circuit, T arnb = 25°C unless otherwise
specified)
L146 C L146
Parameter Test conditions Unit
Min. Typ. Max. Min. Typ. Max.

f,vo Line regulation V i =12to15V 0.05 0.15 0.05 0.15


Vo V i =12t040V 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.2 %
Vi =40 to 80V 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.2

/,,vo Load regulation VI = 12V Vo=5V


0.03
-v;;- 10 = 1 to 50 rnA
0.2 0.03 0.15 %

Vi =40V Vo = 37V
0.1 0.5 0.1 0.3 %
10 = 1 to 10 rnA

Vi = 80V Vo = 77V
0.12 0.8 0.12 0.5 %
10 = 1 to 10 mA

V ref Reference voltage I ref= 160 ~A 7.75 8.15 8.55 7.9 8.15 8.4 V

A V ref I ref= 160 ~A to 5 mA 4 14 4 14 mV

SVR Ripple rejection f = 100 Hz to 10 KHz


Cref= 0 60 60 dB
C ref= 5 ~F 88 88

AVo
--;:;:=r Output voltage drift 150 150 I~
°C

Ise Short circuit current Rse= 10n Vo=O 50 60 70 50 60 70 mA


limiting

Vi Input voltage range 10 80 10 80 V

Vo Output voltage range 2 77 2 77 V

VI-V o Voltage drop· 3 78 3 78 V


I
Id· Quiescent drain current 10=0 Vo=5V
(including I ref= 160 ~AI
Vi = 12V 4 5.5 4 5.5
Vi = 40V 5.6 7 5.6 7 mA
VI = 80V 6 7.5 6 7.5

Aid Quiescent drain current 10= 1 mA Vi = 12 to 40V 2.2 1.6 mA


change Vo=5V
Vi = 12 to 80V 2.6 2 mA

%
Long term .stability 0.1 0.1 TOOo
hrs

eN Output noise voltage BW = 100 Hz to 10 KHz


C ref = 0 300 300 ~V
Cref= 5 ~F - 30 30

Vz Output zener voltage I z= 1 mA 6.9 7.7 V


(for plastic package only)

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Fig. 1 - Maximum output Fig. 2 - Load regulation vs. Fig. 3 - Load regulation vs.
current vs. voltage drop output current (with cur- output current (with current
rent limiting) limiting)
G-1,34411 G-l87~

~~m
0

Vo=5V
I
VI ='2V
..... ~ Rse'O.n
-
t--
1-
IRsc: 1O

~~ 1- - .... -..;::r:::::
~
t-- i""o
,'\~ i ~I::::- '<ll)')b:o'
I

m
j ;-...
\ '\ I\, ~1'ftl-5S'C
- t--
,

\ -OJ 70'C
I '
\- -\;T~mb'ls.c -f--
-0.3

-0.4
20
I \
60
Tamb" 125'C

BO lo(mAl
-0.2
o
-f- -,
10
.i-,~ttt= 20

Fig. 4 - Load regulation vs. Fig. 5 - Current limiting Fig. 6 .. Current limiting
output current (without characteristics characteristics vs. junction
current limiting) G-367~
temperature G-3817
v
vo
(V') "'- I
1
( rnA)

1+.I
(v)

F::::::, lamb" O'C

r::::: ::::-- ""- 25'~ - 7

t--
"Cy;;; ~"'-
~G-
Ni~SC"S~
+ ,60

,0., ~~ Tamb=70"C 6 ~ ,
25'0 0'0 I I""""t--- .......
C-
I i'-,
'0
~~Oil
0.5
........
-0. 2
Vi,,12V
I- RSC=1O 04
1 I --j-..
I

-0 .3 3
i
20 '0 60 100 lo{.mA} ·20 20 6C 100 TJ{'C}
20
'" 60 80

Fig. 7 Line transient Fig. 8 - Load transient Fig. 9 - Output impedance


response response vs. frequency
G-3678!l
"0
(mV) INPUT VOLTAGE
'V,
(V) "0 LOAD CURRENT (
(mV ) , -

I II
II [ 1\ , I'
I -s
II
'/ r-- t-
1 \
~PUT lTAGE
'--
I :--, OUTPUT VOLTAGE
'- 10-~
Vi=12V
Vo"5V
' 2 r - i "lmA
o f--
Vj,,12V
"'OOISY
lo,,40m
IV
R~r."O RSC= 0

., i ., 10-2 Y-'-l.-'l.'l'.L-,f-'-l.-'l.'l'.L..-,f-'-l."".'f.I.....,f-'-l-'fj'
10 20 30 t(,us)
25 35t{psetl '0' 103 10' 105 t(Hz)

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Table I -- Resistor values (Kn) for standard output voltage

Fixed output Fixed output


Positive Negative ± 5%
Applicable ± 5% Applicable
output output
figures figures
voltage voltage
R, R2 R, R2

+6 10,13,14 2.4 6.8 -9 2.2 2.7


18,20
-12 1.5 3
+12 3.2 6.8
12
+30 15 5.6 -30 4.7 30
11,13,14,
15,18,20
+50 24 47 -50 2.7 30
+70 30 39
-100 2 47
+100 2.7 68 17
16 -250 2 120
+250 4.7 120

Table II - Formulae for intermediate output voltages

Outputs from +2 to +7 volts Outputs from +4 to +250 volts Current Limiting


Fig. 10. 13, 14, 15,18,20 Fig. 16
VOUT~ R_2__ 1
[VREFX ___ VOUT~
V REF
[--2--- X
R2-Rl
--R-,---1; R3~ R4 ILiMIT = _ VSENSE
RI + R2 R"

Outputs from +7 to +77 volts Output from -6 to -250 volts Foldback Current Limiting
Fig.ll, 13, 14, 15, 18, 20
Al + R2
Fig. 12, 17
V REF RI +R2 IKNEE ~ I V OUT R3 + ~"'-"~ (R 3 + R4 1 1
VOUT~ [VREFX ~~ VOUT~ [2--X--ff;--1;R3~R4 Rsc R4 Rsc R4
VSENSE R3 + R4
ISHORT CKT~ [~X ---R-4---J

62
APPLICATION CI RCUITS (continued)

Fig. 10 - Basic low voltage regulator Fig. 11 - Basic high voltage regulator
(V OUT = 2 to 7V) (V OUT = 7 to 77V)

NOTE: R3 ~,-,R-,-l'-,R",2=-- for minimum NOTE: R3 ~--'l~ for minimum


Rl + R2 temperature drift. Rl + R2 temperature drift.

R3 may be eliminated for minimum com~ R3 may be eliminated for minimum com-
ponent count. ponent count.

Typical performance Typical performance


Regulated Output Voltage .... 5V Regulated Output Voltage .... 15V
Line Regulation (eN; = 3V) ... .0.5 mV Line Regulation (LiV; = 3V) ... ..1.5 mV
Load Regulation (Lilo = 50 mAl .1.5 mV Load Regulation (Lilo = 50 mAl . .4.5 mV

Fig. 12 - Negative voltage regulator Fig. 13 - Positive voltage regulator (External


NPN Pass Transistor)

~~,;~~"c,
O
"l~
: ,,. 6 ~o~: . tV'\ BFXJ9
~
3Kfi, it' CL
L146: c,s_ i

r~·LL_i-___
t'" '" '~~'~O'CII .1
____________________________ -"
!

s- ,lDO
_}'6~~~~\CO 'dl •
SCOpf

Typical performance Typical performance


Regulated Output Voltage .. +15V Regulated Output Voltage .. 15V
Line Regulation (LiV; = 3V) . . 1.5 mV Line Regulation (LiV; = 3V) .... .1 mV
Load Regulation (Lilo = 1 A) .15 mV Load Regulation (Lilo = 100 mAl .2 mV

63
APPLICATION CI RCUITS (continued)

Fig. 14 - Positive voltage regulator (External Fig. 15 - Foldback current limiting


PNP Pass Transistor)

1'' "'6'2
i
CreI R2
R"
~~--+~:65~~C~TED

Typical performance Typical performance


Regulated Output Voltage ... +5V Regulated Output Voltage ... +5V
Line Regulation (LlYi = 3V) . .0.5 mV Line Regulation ("'Vi = 3V) ... .0.5 mV
Load Regulation ("'1 0 = 1A) . .. 5 mV Load Regulation ("'1 0 = 10 mAl .. 1 mV
Current Limit Knee . . . . . . . . . .20 mA

Fig. 16 - Positive floating regulator Fig. 17 - Negative floating regulator

3:V R KG
"t',
L
~"
: 2 R3

_
"
R2

Typical performance Typical performance


Regulated Output Voltage . +100V Regulated Output Voltage . -100V
Line Regulation ("'Vi = 20V) .. .15 mV Line Regulation ("'Vi = 20V) ... .30 mV
Load Regulation ("'1 0 = 50 mAl .20 mV Load Regulation ("'1 0 = 100 mAl .20 mV

64
APPLICATION CIRCUITS (continued)

Fig. 18 - Positive switching regulator Fig. 19 - Remote shutdown regulator with


current limiting

1.2mH
p.-E}-'-l::::::f-1-r-+--_~~~g~~TED

Typical performance Typical performance


Regulated Output Voltage ... +5V Regulated Output Voltage ....5V
Line Regulation (6V j = 30V) .10 mV Line Regulation (6V j = 3V) ... .. 0.5V
Load Regulation (610 = 2A) . .80mA Load Regulation (61 0 = 50 mAl .1.5 mV

NOTE: Current limit transistor may be used for


shutdown if current limiting is not required.

Fig. 20 - Shunt regulator

-0 "
lCO;,

R3

100
@
_
r"__REGUlATED
---"--O~TPUT
BFY
56
.J..;

Typical performance
Regulated Output Voltage .. +5V
Line Regulation (6V j = 10V) .2 mV
Load Regulation (610 = 100 mAl .5mV

65
APPLICATION CIRCUITS (continued)

Fig.21 - 60V voltage regulator with foldback characteristic Fig. 22


6-'115
Y,
(V )
+ 70V

I,
6.
)
.,
3.

15
V
II V
/
0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 10(A)

R4
Vo - - + V2 - 3 R .
12 = ___R....:5';:-_ _ __ ~
(1+~; V2 - 3 O.7V
Rsc

Fig. 23 - Motor speed control

~.=~-~-----.----~·~s
Vc

L146 10~vo~-+1C
M = BK 6901.36 LENCO
6 5 4 7 13
Vref N.I.I 1.1. -Vs V.F.C.

0.22nF

2.2Kil
M
1'"

A: 3000 RPM
B : 4000 RPM
5- 3669

66
APPLICATION CI RCU ITS (continued)
Fig.24-Step-down switching regulator for 12V car radio Performance:
Output voltage . . . 13.5V
_1...~ij" Max output current. . . . . . 3A
Vo =13,5V
Vi --- Input voltage range. .20 to 30V
Line regulation . 50 dB 0 0 = 2A) t,vj= 10V
Load regulation. 0.1%(1',10= 3A)
L 146
Ripple . . . . . . . . 100 mVpp
Efficiency . . . . .75% 0 0 = 3A)

SI 6
VrE'f
5 10
Vo
Switching frequency . . . . 25 KHz

1KQ loon
680KIl

L..7KIl

R1
R2 6.BKll

S - 1.185/3

Fig. 25 - 30W motor speed regulator with tacho adjustment and speed change-over switch

o~~~__________~
..J.. • 80710

12

L 146 10 I-'vO"---_~

,
,,--- - - - - - - - - ~ - - - - - - - S - t..1 BSI1

NOTE - For a more detailed description of the L 146 and its applications, refer to SGS-
TECHNICAL NOTE TN. 150.

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