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Arizona Department of Agriculture - ASD Newsletter August 2018

Livestock AZDA Stray Sale

The Arizona Department of
Reminders Agriculture has recovered five
stray horses from the Sahuar-
• Self-inspection certificates ita area. These horses do not
must be completed prior to appear to have had much or
the livestock leaving your any handling in the past. They continued on page 2
premise. will be up for auction to the
highest bidder on 08/04/18 at In This Issue
• You can order a new 12:00 noon. The auction will
self-inspection book when be held at Arizona Livestock Livestock Self-Inspection
you are down to your last 5 Auction at 23300 West Broad- Reminders 1
certificates. way Road in Buckeye, AZ. The
horses will be sold after all Office of Special
Please call (602) 542-6407 with other livestock and usually Investigations Update 1
any questions. will not start until 3:00pm or
4:00pm. If there is a smaller AZDA Stray Sale 1
amount of livestock, the auc-
Office of Special tion may start sooner so be Livestock Heat Stress 2
Investigations there early.
Update Egg Program Presents at
the Women in
The Office of Special Investiga- Agriculture Conference 3
tion (OSI) assisted Scottsdale
Police with a neglect case Keeping industry
which involved two neglected running: Dairy Program’s
horses and resulted in one industry sealer
arrest with multiple felony certification. 4
charges. OSI also continued to
assist a Federal agency with its Food Safety Verification
ongoing investigation. Process 4
AZDA Stray Sale body temperature becoming The period when environ-
too high, mechanisms kick mental and temperature
continued from page 1 in to help promote heat loss. triggers initiate heat dissipa-
These mechanisms include tion mechanisms can best be
things like increased blood thought of as the period of
flow to the skin and surface of heat stress since a stress is
the animal to promote con- placed upon the animal and
ductive heat loss, sweating it is attempting to compen-
and panting (respiratory rate sate. This heat stress period
over 32 breaths per minute) can be considered to occur
to promote evaporative heat between body temperatures
loss and behavioral respons- of 102-105 F. Once the com-
es such as decreased athletic pensatory efforts begin to fail,
exertion to minimize heat the stages of heat exhaustion
production, shade seeking and heat stroke are entered.
behavior and increased water Signs of heat exhaustion and
intake. If these mechanisms heat stroke include lethargy,
are insufficient to control the dizziness, excessive sweating
body temperature within the followed by lack of sweating,
normal range (99-101 F for recumbency and unrespon-
horses), heat exhaustion and siveness. In this state, organ
heat stroke can occur. Hot and dysfunction occurs due to
humid weather (for example dehydration and electrolyte
the Arizona monsoon sea- imbalance and loss, and the
son) significantly reduces the inability of the heart to pump
effectiveness of evaporative enough blood around the
mechanisms for heat loss. Par- body to meet the demands
ticularly in horses, this kind of of organs. If the animal can-
environment contributes to a not be sufficiently cooled
condition known as anhidrosis and medical intervention is
Livestock Heat Stress whereby the ability to sweat is not sought, death will rapidly
essentially lost. ensue.
It’s that time of year again
where triple digits are upon us Being aware of the signs of
and heat stress to our horses heat stress and the normal
and other livestock is a legit- behavior of your horse will
imate concern. There are a help you to help them. Av-
number of factors that con- erage water consumption in
tribute to an animal’s ability cool environments will vary
to regulate their body tem- between 8-10 gallons per day,
perature. Firstly, a physiologic but in hot climates or with
fact is that given the smaller exertional activity, this can
surface area to body mass approach upwards of 20-25
ratio of livestock species, they gallons per day!!! Always make
are more capable of storing sure your animals have un-
core body heat and reducing encumbered access to plenty
external losses. This is a great of clean, fresh water. Electro-
adaptation for living in colder lytes lost through sweat can
climates, but not so great here be replaced or supplemented
in Arizona. In response to core continued on page 3
Egg Program
Presents at the
Women in
The Egg and Egg Products
Control Program was re-
quested to participate in
the presentation of Arizona
Department of Agriculture’s
regulatory programs at the
Women in Agriculture Con-
ference held in Tucson, AZ on
July 13th. Along with the Live-
stock Inspection Program and
Livestock Heat Stress idly. If you do plan on working
the Weights and Measures
your horse or moving livestock
Services Division, the Egg
continued from page 2 around, try and do that in the
Program were represented
early morning hours and avoid
by Licensed USDA Graders:
with electrolyte pastes, pow- working animals in the hot-
Teresa Ruiz, Destination In-
dered electrolyte feed supple- test part of the day between
spector; Stephanie McHaffey,
ments, salt blocks or having 11AM and 5PM. Sun burn is
NPIP Representative; and
a separate water bucket with also a risk for horses or live-
Jenny Pack, AZDA/USDA Coor-
electrolytes added to it (sort stock with unpigmented (pink)
dinator and Shell Egg Grading
of like Gatorade). If possible, skin around their eyes, nose
Supervisor. Included in the
supplying shade/shelter to or mouth. Application of sun
attendance at the Women in
your animals can help signifi- screen lotion (careful not to
Agriculture Conference were
cantly lower their tempera- get in the animal’s eyes) or
Licensed Graders Mindy Scott,
ture in addition to a breeze or having the horse wear a fly
Tabita Mader, and Joselyn
hanging some fans in front of mask can help protect skin
their stalls. Misters can also be from harmful UV light. Finally,
considered to help lower sur- seek veterinary treatment for
The Egg Team set up three
rounding air temperature and any concurrent diseases or
candling stations where each
promote evaporative cooling. conditions such as anhidrosis
station had a dozen of grade
Horses and livestock except or Cushing’s disease in older
AA eggs to candle. The par-
for swine can be hosed down horses which may impair the
ticipants were shown how to
to help cool them off as well. animal’s ability to handle heat.
check the air cell using the air
Ventilation is an important You would be surprised how
factor to consider especially much better many horses will
when transporting horses. do coping with the heat when
Make sure windows are down the underlying disease or
and roof vents are up when condition is treated and un-
hauling horses or other live- der control. In the end, if you
stock and avoid stopping for feel hot, your horse or other
lunch when you have animals livestock feels hotter! Do what
in the trailer. Without that air- you can to make them more
flow moving through the trail- comfortable.
er, temperatures will rise rap- continued on page 4
Egg Program function and all of the public • Have a certified industry
health controls have to be sealer on staff? - This may
Presents at the sealed by a dairy inspector to be the best option for a
Women in prevent changes to the set- dairy processing plant.
Agriculture tings. Without the regulatory There is no need to hold
seals in place, the pasteurizer product and business is
Conference may not be used. This is an not impeded.
important step in maintaining
continued from page 3
a safe milk supply for every- A certified industry sealer
one. is an employee of the plant
that attended a training class
Pasteurizers are complex at the Department and was
machines with several failsafe evaluated by a dairy inspector
systems, but like many ma- to properly perform a series of
chines, they may break down required pasteurizer tests.
or require unexpected mainte- This option is available to a
nance. What can a dairy plant dairy plant and allows them to
do if a pasteurizer breaks and test and temporarily seal their
a dairy inspector is unavail- own equipment after it was
able? repaired or adjusted. A dairy
inspector will visit the plant
cell gauge. To make it interac-
• Not produce any product? within 10 days and retest the
tive, we replaced 1 egg with a
- This is not a good option equipment and reseal with
lesser grade quality and the
for most dairy processors. the official seal of the Arizona
participant who determined
Department of Agriculture.
the correct grade won a prize.
• Repair the pasteurizer,
We were able to explain car-
resume production, and
ton labeling, julian dating,
hold the product until the
different grades of eggs based
pasteurizer is properly test-
Food Safety
on air cell, and what we look
for when grading eggs. This
ed and sealed? - Also not Verification Practices
a good option for a dairy
presentation allowed us an
processing plant. The AZDA Meat and Poultry
opportunity to showcase what
Inspection (MPI) program in-
we really do to protect and
spectors make unannounced
deliver a quality agricultural
daily visits at all 24 official
product to the community.
state inspected establish-
ments. The inspectors per-
Keeping industry form direct observation and
records reviews to verify the
running: Dairy establishment is in regulatory
Program’s industry compliance with all Sanitation
sealer certification. Standard Operating Proce-
dures (SSOP) and Hazard
Pasteurizers are essential to Analysis and Critical Control
dairy processing plants and Points (HACCP).
without them no product, with
a few exceptions, can be pro- In addition to the hands on
cessed. Milk and milk inspections performed by the
product pasteurizers are re- Sealed thermometer of a inspection staff, is the micro-
quired to be tested for proper HTST pasteurizer continued on page 5
Food Safety of product was shipped and
is in commerce a recall would
Verification Practices be initiated for the affected
continued from page 4 product.

biological testing performed If the pathogen is not consid-

by the establishment and the ered an adulterant, the facility
Meat and Poultry Inspection will address the cause of the
program to confirm the food positive test result and per-
safety system is working as form corrective actions along
designed - producing a safe, with follow up testing to verify
wholesome meat product for they are back in control of
the consumers of Arizona. their food safety system.
for Salmonella each day they
Establishments perform test- grind until 11 samples have
ing of product and Food Con- been tested each year. Plants
tact Surfaces (FCS) in Ready that produce beef trim that
To Eat (RTE) facilities for Liste- is destined for grinding are
ria Monocytogenes (LM) or tested twice a year for E coli
Listeria Species. Ground beef 0157:H7, unless they slaugh- Contact Us
establishments perform rou- ter the animals that the trim
tine testing for E coli 0157:H7. comes from in which case
Slaughter plants are required Dairy:
they are tested 3 times per
to test carcasses of slaugh- year for E coli 0157:H7 and (602) 542-4189
tered animals for a 13 week non 0157 STEC’s. Finally, ani-
period beginning the first full mals at slaughter facilities are
week of June each year for Dispatch:
screened for Violative Residue
generic ecoli. Additionally, (drugs) when a suspect animal (623) 445-0281
AZDA takes samples as re- is slaughtered or for surveil-
quested and submits them lance. In fiscal year 2018, 705
to the Arizona Department of Egg:
samples were submitted to
Agriculture Laboratory (SAL) the SAL by MPI with all results (602) 542-0884
for testing. being negative.

MPI inspectors take RTE prod- Licensing:

What happens if we receive
uct samples bi-monthly to test a positive test result? If the (602) 542-3578
for Listeria Monocytogenes pathogen is considered an
and Salmonella. Increased adulterant per regulation, the
testing is performed every 4 Meat & Poultry:
affected product lot is treated
years at RTE establishments with a lethality step to kill the (602) 542-6398
by submitting 5 product sam- pathogen or it is destroyed for
ples, 10 FCS and 5 Non FCS to human food purposes. Correc-
be tested for LM from each Self-Inspection:
tive actions are performed by
establishment. Ground beef the establishment and follow (602) 542-6407
establishments are also tested up sampling is performed by
bi-monthly for E coli 0157:H7 the Department to verify the
and Salmonella. High volume State Vet’s Office:
establishment is back in com-
ground beef grinders, those pliance, has control of its food (602) 542-4293
that produce 1000 lbs or safety system, and can pro-
more per day, are also tested duce a safe product. If the lot