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LEMBAR KERJA MAHASISWA DI LABORATORIUM (LKM)

MODUL VII
KALOR LEBUR ES
Nama :
No. Stambuk :
Tanggal Percobaan :
Kelompok :
Tanda tangan Mahasiswa :

Nama Asisten :
Tanda tangan Asisten :

Penilaian Asisten :

1. Hasil Pengamatan
m1 = m2 = massa es = …..
m3 = massa kalorimeter + pengaduk = …..
m4 = massa air = …..
mgelas =…
suhu kamar = ….
NST termometer = …..
NST neraca = …..
T1 = ….
T2 = ....
C1 = C2 = kalor jenis es = …..
C3 = kalor jenis kalorimeter = ….
C4 = kalor jenis air = …..

2. Menentukan besarnya Kalor Lebur Es


𝑚3 𝐶3 (𝑇1 −𝑇2 )+𝑚4 𝐶4 (𝑇1 −𝑇2 )−𝑚2 𝐶2 𝑇2
L =
𝑚1
=

=
PERTANYAAN-PERTANYAAN
1. Jelaskan definisi dari kalor lebur es!
Jawab :
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2. Mengapa pada percobaan ini harus digunakan kalorimeter?
Jawab :
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3. Hitunglah ketelitian (ΔL) dari perhitungan kalor lebur es!
Jawab :
𝑐 (𝑇 − 𝑇2 ) 𝑐 (𝑇 − 𝑇2) 𝑐 𝑇
∆𝐿 = | 4 1 | |∆𝑚4 | + | 3 1 | |∆𝑚3 | + | 2 2 | |∆𝑚2 | +
𝑚1 𝑚1 𝑚1
𝑚 𝐶 (𝑇 −𝑇 )+𝑚4 𝐶4 (𝑇1 −𝑇2 )−𝑚2 𝐶2 𝑇2 𝑚 𝐶 +𝑚 𝐶
| 3 3 1 2 2 | |∆𝑚1 | + | 3 3 4 4 | |∆𝑇1 | +
𝑚1 𝑚1
𝑚 𝐶 +𝑚 𝐶 +𝑚 𝐶
| 3 3 4 4 2 2 | |∆𝑇2 |
𝑚1
dengan
∆𝑚4 = ∆𝑚3 = ∆𝑚2 = ∆𝑚1 = NST Neraca digital = ………. Gram
1
∆𝑇2 = ∆𝑇1 = 2 NST Termometer = …… oC
Maka,
∆𝐿 =
KTPm = ΔL = ……
∆𝐿
KTPr = x 100% = x 100% = … %
𝐿
∆𝐿 ……..
AB = 1 – log ( ) = 1 – log ( ) = 1 – log (………….) = 1 - ………….. = ………. AB
𝐿 ……..
Pelaporan = (L ± ∆L ) = ……………± ……………..

4. Bandingkan hasil perhitungan Anda dengan kalor lebur es yang ada di dalam literatur. Berilah
pembahasan tentang sumber-sumber kesalahannya
Jawab :
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5. Tuliskan bunyi asas black


Jawab :
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6. Dalam percobaan ini, jelaskan apa yang dimaksud dengan kalor yang diterima dan kalor yang
dilepaskan
Jawab :
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7. Yang manakah benda yang melepas kalor dan benda yang menerima kalor? Jelaksan alasanmu!
Jawab :
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Kesimpulan :
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