Anda di halaman 1dari 7

Resistance calc.

Mean soil resistance ohm Mean soil resistance oh-m


ERT-1 ERT-2 ERT-1
20.7 19.43 65
9.87 9.55 62
6.9 6.58 65
4.86 5.1 61
4.01 3.57 63
3.08 2.92 58

in this sheet resistivity in meter


l means length of rod in Cm= 300
Pie= 3.14
d means diameter of rod in cm=

Page 1
Resistance calc.

R=(100ρ/2πl)*log0(4l/d)
Mean soil resistance oh-m R
ERT-2
61 19.67 17.74
60 16.92 16.37
62 17.74 16.92
64 16.65 17.47
56 17.19 15.28
55 15.83 15.01

MAX 19.67

diameter = 40 mm, R= 20
et resistivity in meter
ngth of rod in Cm= 300 Diameter = 50mm, R= 18.90

iameter of rod in cm= Diameter = 70mm, R= 17.740

Diameter = 100 mm, R= 16.51

Page 2
electrode calc.

Equivalent Equivalent
resistance resistance
Equivalent resistance of Earthing of Earthing of Earthing
No of Electrode Grid Grid Grid
1 17 18 19
2 8.5 9 9.5
3 5.67 6 6.33
4 4.25 4.5 4.75
5 3.4 3.6 3.8
6 2.83 3 3.17
7 2.43 2.57 2.71
8 2.13 2.25 2.38
9 1.89 2 2.11
10 1.7 1.8 1.9
11 1.55 1.64 1.73
12 1.42 1.5 1.58
13 1.31 1.38 1.46
14 1.21 1.29 1.36
15 1.13 1.2 1.27
16 1.06 1.13 1.19
17 1 1.06 1.12
18 0.94 1 1.06
19 0.89 0.95 1
20 0.85 0.9 0.95
21 0.81 0.86 0.9
22 0.77 0.82 0.86
23 0.74 0.78 0.83
24 0.71 0.75 0.79
25 0.68 0.72 0.76
26 0.65 0.69 0.73
27 0.63 0.67 0.7
28 0.61 0.64 0.68
29 0.59 0.62 0.66
30 0.57 0.6 0.63
31 0.55 0.58 0.61
32 0.53 0.56 0.59
33 0.52 0.55 0.58
34 0.5 0.53 0.56
35 0.49 0.51 0.54
36 0.47 0.5 0.53
37 0.46 0.49 0.51
38 0.45 0.47 0.5
39 0.44 0.46 0.49

Page 3
electrode calc.

40 0.43 0.45 0.48

Page 4
electrode calc.

Distance between electrodes


considering 550 meter
Equivalent resistance of perimeter
Earthing Grid
20 550
10 275
10
6.67 183.33
5 137.5
4 110
3.33 91.67 8
2.86 78.57
2.5 68.75
2.22 61.11
2 55 6
1.82 50
1.67 45.83
1.54 42.31
1.43 39.29 4
1.33 36.67
1.25 34.38
1.18 32.35
2
1.11 30.56
1.05 28.95
1 27.5
0.95 26.19 0
0.91 25 0 8 16
0.87 23.91
0.83 22.92
0.8 22
0.77 21.15
0.74 20.37
0.71 19.64
0.69 18.97
0.67 18.33
0.65 17.74
0.63 17.19
0.61 16.67
0.59 16.18
0.57 15.71
0.56 15.28
0.54 14.86
0.53 14.47
0.51 14.1

Page 5
electrode calc.

0.5 13.75

Page 6
electrode calc.

Equivalent resistance of Earthing


Grid
Equivalent resistance of Earthing
Grid
Equivalent resistance of Earthing
Grid
Equivalent resistance of Earthing
Grid

8 16 24 32 40

100 mm pipe Diameter = 17 ohm resistance

70 mm pipe Diameter = 18 ohm resistance

50 mm pipe Diameter = 19 ohm resistance

40 mm pipe Diameter = 20 ohm resistance

Page 7