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1. Rajah 2 menunjukkan seorang ibu menolak kereta sorong bayi berjisim 8 kg dengan daya 20 N.
Diagram 2 shows a mother pushing a baby stroller of mass 8 kg with a constant force 20 N.

(a) Apakah maksud daya?


What is meant by force?

……………………………………………………………………………....…
[1 mark/ markah]
(b) Berdasarkan Rajah 2,
Based on Diagram 2,

i) Tandakan (√ )terhadap arah komponen daya F, yang menyebabkan kereta sorong


bayi tersebut bergerak ke hadapan.

Tick (√) the direction of the component force F, that causes the baby
stroller to move forward.

[1mark/markah]

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ii) Daya yang bertindak ke atas kereta sorong bayi adalah 60° dari permukaan mendatar.
The force acting on the stroller is 60° from the horizontal surface.

Kira nilai daya F di (b) (i)


Calculate the value of the force, F in (b) (i)

[1mark/markah]
c) Lengkapkan ayat berikut dengan menggariskan perkataan yang betul.
Complete the following sentence by underlining the correct word.

Apabila objek bergerak pada permukaan kasar, daya paduanyang bertindak ke atas objek
akan (meningkat, berkurang, tidak berubah)
When the object moves on the rough surface, the net force acting on the object will be
(increased, decreased, unchanged)

[1 mark/ markah]

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2 Rajah 2 menunjukkan sebiji pear dan sebiji nenas jatuh serentak pada ketinggian yang sama iaitu
. 10 meter dari permukaan lantai
Diagram 2 shows a pear and a pineapple falling simultaneously on the same height of 10 meters
from the surface of the floor.

a) i) Nyatakan jenis gerakan kedua-dua buah itu semasa jatuh ke bawah.


State the type of motion when those fruits are falling down.

……………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark/[1 markah]

(ii) Apakah perubahan tenaga yang di alami oleh kedua-dua buah itu?
What is the energy transformation experienced by both fruits?

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark/[1 markah]

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b) Hitung halaju buah pear sejurus ia mencecah permukaan lantai.


Calculate the velocity of the pear as it reached the surface of the floor.

[2 marks/[2 markah]
c) The pineapple is replaced by a lump of paper.Predict the change in type of motion.
Buah nenas itu diganti dengan segumpal kertas.Ramalkan perubahan dalam jenis gerakan.

…………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark/1 markah]

3. Rajah 4 menunjukkan seorang pelajar sedang terjun dari tembok berketinggian 6 m


Diagram 4 shows a student jumping from a wall of 6 m high.

a) i) Nyatakan perubahan tenaga yang berlaku


State the energy change occurs

……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark / 1 markah]
ii) Namakan kuantiti fizikal yang tidak berubah semasa jatuhan.
Name the physical quantity that remain constant during the fall

…………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark / 1 markah]

b) Kirakan halaju pelajar itu sejurus sebelum ia sampai ke lantai.


Calculate the velocity of the student just before he reach the floor

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[2marks /2 markah]
c) i) Jisim pelajar tersebut ialah 60 kg. Sekiranya beliau berhenti dalam masa
0.2 s setelah sampai ke lantai. Apakah daya impuls yang bertindak ke atas
pelajar tersebut.
The mass of the student is 60 kg. If he stops in 0.2 s as he reach the floor.
What is the impulsive force on him

[2marks /2 markah]
ii) Cadangkan satu cara untuk mengurangkan daya impuls yang bertindak ke
atasnya.
Suggest 1 ways to reduce the impulsive force on him.

………………………………………………………………………………..
[2marks / 2 markah

6 Rajah 6.1 menunjukkan seorang budak perempuan berdiri di atas penimbang berat di
. dalam lif yang pegun . Rajah 6.2 menunjukkan budak yang sama berada di dalam lif yang bergerak
ke atas dengan pecutan 2 ms-2.

Diagram 6.1 shows a girl standing on a weighing scale in a stationary lift. Diagram
6.2 shows the same girl in a lift which is accelerating upwards at 2 ms-2.

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a) Manakah di antara dua penimbang menunjukkan bacaan yang lebih besar?


Which of the two weighing scales shows the bigger reading?

………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark/markah]
b) Namakan dan labelkan dua daya yang bertindak keatas budak itu dalam Rajah 6.1
Name and label the two forces acting on the girl in Diagram 6.1

[2 marks/markah]
c) Jika jisim budak itu ialah 60 kg, berapakah bacaan penimbang berat dalam Rajah 6.1?
If the mass of the girl is 60 kg, what is the reading of the weighing scale in Diagram
6.1?

[1 mark/markah]
d) Hitungkan bacaan penimbang dalam Rajah 6.2.
Calculate the reading of the weighing scale in Diagram 6.2.

[2 marks/markah]

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e) Jika kabel lif dalam Rajah 6(b) putus, berapakah bacaan yang akan ditunjukkan pada
penimbang tersebut?
If the cable of the lift in Diagram 6(b) snaps, what will be the reading of the
weighing scale?

………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark/markah]

6. Rajah 6.1 menunjukkan satu spring dengan satu hujungnya ditetapkan pada satu blok kayu.
Rajah 6.2 menunjukkan spring itu dimampatkan oleh sebiji bola keluli berjisim 0.62 kg
dengan suatu daya F.
Rajah 6.3 menunjukkan bola keluli itu bergerak selepas daya dialihkan.
[Pemalar spring = 60 N m-1]
Diagram 6.1 shows one end of a spring is fixed to a wooden block.
Diagram 6.2 shows the spring is compressed by a steel ball of mass 0.62 kg using a force
F. Diagram 6.3 shows the steel ball moves after the force, F is removed.
[The spring constant = 60 N m-1]

a) Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan daya?


What is meant by force?
……………………………………………………………………......
.....................................................................................................................................
[1 markah]
b) Menggunakan maklumat dalam Rajah 4.1, 4.2 dan 4.3
Using the information in Diagram 4.1 , 4.2 and 4.3,

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Hitungkan,
Calculate,
i) Pemampatan, x spring tersebut.
The compression, x of the spring.

[1 markah/marks]
ii) Tenaga keupayaan kenyal tersimpan ketika spring itu dimampatkan.
The elastic potential energy stored in the spring when the spring is compressed.

[2marks/markah]
iii) Halaju, v bola keluli itu apabila daya F dialihkan.
The velocity, v of the steel ball when the force F is removed

[2marks/markah]
c Apakah prinsip yang digunakan bagi jawapan anda di 4(b)(iii).
What is the principle used for your answer in 4(b)(iii).

...................................................................................................................................
[1 markah]

6. Rajah 6.1 menunjukkan sebuah kapal terbang bergerak pada halaju dan ketinggian yang malar.
Rajah 6.2 menunjukkan sebuah bongkah pegun apabila tali dipegang oleh seorang pelajar.
Daya-daya yang bertindak ke atas kepal terbang dan bongkah ditunjukkan pada rajah.

Diagram 6.1 shows an aeroplane moving with constant velocity and altitude.
Diagram 6.2 shows a stationary block when the string is being held by a student.
The forces acting on both the aeroplane and the block are shown in the diagrams.

Rajah 6.1/Diagram 6.1

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Rajah 6.2/Diagram 6.2

a) Apakah maksud daya?


What is the meaning of force?
......................................................................................................................................................
[1markah.mark]
b) Berdasarkan rajah 6.1,
i) Bandingkan daya tujahan enjin, Fe, dengan daya seretan, Fd .
Compare the engine thrust, Fe, with the dragging force, Fd.

…………………………………………………………………………………..
[1markah.mark]
ii) Nyatakan daya bersih
State the net force.
……………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1markah.mark]

c) Perhatikan Rajah 6.2

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Observed Diagram 6.2

i) Bandingkan daya tegangan tali, T, dengan berat bongkah, W.


Compare the tension of the string, T, with the weight of the block, W

........................................................................................................................................
[1markah.mark]

ii) Nyatakan daya bersih


State the net force.

…………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1markah.mark]
d) Based on Diagram 6.1, Diagram 6.2 and answers in 6(b)(ii) and 6(c)(ii)).
i) Hubungkaitkan jenis gerakan objek dengan daya bersih
Relate the type of motion of the object with the net force.

………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1markah.mark]
ii) Nyatakan konsep fizik yang terlibat
State the physics concept involved.

……………………………………………………………………………………………
[1markah.mark]
e) Berdasarkan Rajah 6.1, apakah yang berlaku kepada kapal terbang apabila daya tujah
enjin, Fe lebih besar daripada daya seretan ,Fd
Based on Diagram 6.1, what happen to the aeroplane when the engine thrust, Fe is
greater than dragging force, Fd.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1markah.mark]

7 Rajah 7.1 menunjukkan bola logam berjisim 0.4 kg digantung dengan suatu tali. Bola logam itu

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. berada dalam keseimbangan daya-daya X dan Y.

Diagram 7.1 shows 0.4 kg mass of metal ball is hung using a string. The metal ball is in equilibrium
of forces X and Y .

.
a) Apakah maksud keseimbangan daya?
What is the meaning of equilibrium of force?

.....................................................................................................................................
[1 mark/ markah]
b) Pada Rajah 7.1, namakan daya-daya X dan Y yang bertindak ke atas tali dan bola logam itu.
On Diagram 7.1, name the forces X and Y that acting on the string and the metal ball.

[2 marks/ markah]
c) Bola logam itu kemudian ditarik oleh suatu daya tarikan, F, pada sudut ϴ 30 o dari garis tegak
seperti ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 7.2 sehingga bola itu berada dalam keseimbangan tiga daya.
The metal ball then is pulled by a pulling force, F, at angle, ϴ of 30o from vertical line as
shown in Diagram 7.2 until the ball is in equilibrium of three forces.

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Using Diagram 7.2,


Menggunakan Rajah 7.2 ,

i) lukis satu segitiga daya yang berlabel .


draw a labeled triangle of forces.

[1 mark/ markah]
ii) hitung magnitud daya tarikan, F.
calculate the magnitude of the pulling force, F.

[2 marks/markah]
d) Cadangkan pengubahsuaian yang perlu dilakukan ke atas sistem pada Rajah 7.2 untuk
mengelakkan daripada putus
Suggest the modifications should be done on the system in Diagram 7.2 to avoid the string
from being broken.

Jenis bahan tali


The type material of string.

.................................................................................................................................
Sebab /Reason

.............................................................................................................................. …
[2mark/ markah]

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ii) Sudut daya tarikan, F daripada garis tegak, Ɵ


The angle of pulling force, F from vertical line, Ɵ .

..............................................................................................................................
[1mark/[1 markah]
Sebab /Reason

..............................................................................................................................
[1mark/ markah]

8. Rajah 8.1 menunjukan tiga orang atlet sedang berlatih dalam latihan memanjat tali. Hanya
seorang atlet yang akan dipilih untuk bertanding dalam “Pertandingan Pahlawan Ninja”.
Diagram 8.1 shows three athletes in a rope climbing exercise. Only one athlete
will be chosen to compete in the “Ninja Warrior Competition”.

Jadual 8 menunjukkan maklumat untuk tiga orang atlet. Tiga atlet tersebut berlatih memanjat di
tempat yang berbeza.
Table 8 shows information for the three athletes. These three athletes practise rope
climbing at different venues.

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(a) (i) Nyatakan perubahan tenaga yang berlaku semasa atlet P memanjat ke atas
State the energy changes that occur as athlete P climbs upwards.

.................................................................................................................
[1 mark] / [1 markah]
ii) Hitungkan tenaga bagi atlet P apabila dia sampai di hujung atas tali 8 m.
Calculate the energy of athlete P when he reaches the end of the 8 m rope.

[2 marks/markah]
b) Calculate the power used to climb the rope for each athlete.
Hitungkan kuasa yang digunakan untuk memanjat tali bagi setiap atlet.

(i) Athlete P
Atlet P

[2 marks/markah]
ii) Athlete Q
Atlet Q

[2 marks/markah]
iii) Athlete R
Atlet R

[2 marks/markah]
(c) Berdasarkan jawapan di 8(b), atlet manakah yang paling sesuai untuk dipilih
sebagai wakil dalam pertandingan itu?Terangkan jawapan anda.

Based on the answer in 8(b), which athlete is the most suitable to be chosen as
representative in that competition?Explain why.

.................................................................................................................
[2 mark/markah]

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d) Rajah 8.2 menunjukkan seorang budak lelaki mengangkat sebuah pemberat besi. Pemberat
besi tersebut diimbangkan dengan menggunakan batang besi.
Diagram 8.2 shows a boy lifting an iron weight. The iron weights are balanced on an iron
rod.

The total weight of the iron weights is 200 N. T1 is the pushing force exerted
by the boy’s hands in balancing the iron rod.
Jumlah jisim bagi pemberat besi ialah 200 N. T1 adalah daya tolakan dikenakan oleh
tangan
budak lelaki untuk mengimbangi batang besi tersebut

In the space below, draw the scale drawing of the triangle of forces to
determine the value of T1. (Use the scale 1 cm : 60 N)
Pada ruang di bawah, lukis lukisan berskala segitiga keseimbangan daya untuk menentukan
nilai T1. (Gunakan skala 1 cm : 60 N)

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[3markah/mark]
9. Rajah 9.1 (a) dan 9.1 (b) menunjukkan dua jenis lastik.
Diagram 9.1 (a) and 9.1 (b) shows two types of catapult.

Diagram 9.1 (a)/Rajah 9.1(a) Diagram 9.1 (b)/ Rajah 9.1 (b)

Before After
Sebelum Selepas
Diagram
9.2 (a) x
Rajah
9.2(a) Stone
Batu
D

Diagram
9.2(b)
Rajah
9.2(b)

a) Apakah jenis tenaga yang tersimpan apabila getah ditarik?


What type of energy is stored when the rubber is pulled?
[ 1 mark/markah]

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b) i) Berdasarkan Rajah 9.1, bandingkan ketebalan getah yang digunakan


Based on Diagram 9.1, compare the thickness of the rubber used.

ii) Berdasarkan Rajah 9.1, bandingkan ketebalan getah yang digunakan


Based on Diagram 9.1, compare the thickness of the rubber used.

iii) Nyatakan perubahan tenaga yang berlaku dan nyatakan satu konsep fizik yang sesuai.
State the energy change and deduce a relevant physics concept.

[4mark/markah]

c) Dengan menggunakan lastik, terangkan bagaimana sebiji batu boleh digerakkan pada satu
jarak yang lebih jauh.
Using a catapult, explain how to enable a stone to travel a longer distance.
[ 4 marks/ markah]

d) Rajah 9.3 di bawah menunjukkan seorang atlet sedang melontar lembing.


Diagram 9.3 below shows an athlete throwing a javelin.

Track
Landasan

Menggunakan konsep fizik yang sesuai, terangkan kegunaan peralatan dan teknik yang
sesuai untuk memperbaiki pencapaian lontaran lembing.
Jawapan anda hendaklah merangkumi aspek-aspek berikut:

Using appropriate physics concepts, explain the use of suitable equipment and techniques to
improve his performance.
Your answer should include the following aspects:

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(i) Bahan yang digunakan untuk membuat lembing


Materials used for javelin
[ 2 marks/ markah]

(ii) Ketumpatan lembing


Density of javelin
[ 2 marks/ markah]

(iii) Bentuk lembing


Shape of javelin
[ 2 marks/ markah]
(iv) Gerakan atlit
Motion of the athlete

[ 2 marks/ markah]
(v) Bagaimana lembing perlu dilontar
How the javelin should be thrown
[ 2 marks/ markah]

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10 Rajah 10.1 menunjukkan sebuah kapal kargo yang telah ditarik oleh dua bot tunda, A dan B dengan
menggenakan daya yang sama iaitu 1600N setiap satu.Daya paduan yang terhasil menyebabkan
kapal kargo tersebut bergerak ke hadapan.

Diagram 10.1shows a cargo barge being towed by two identical towing boats, A and B, using

the same force of 1600 N each. The resultant force from the two boats causes the cargo barge

to move forward.

a Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan daya paduan.


) What is the meaning of resultant force?
[1mark/markah]
b Berdasarkan rajah 10.1
) Based on Diagram 10.1

i) Lakarkan leraian untuk daya 1600N kepada komponennya untuk bot tunda A.
Sketch the resolution of force 1600 N to its components for towing boat A.
[1 mark]
ii) Hitungkan komponen mengufuk bagi daya yang dikenakan oleh bot tunda A keatas kapal
kargo tersebut jika sudut di antara rod kabel tersebut ialah = 60o.

Calculate the horizontal component of force acting on the cargo barge by

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towing boat A if the angle between the cable rod, = 60o.


[2 marks]
iii Hitungkan daya paduan yang di kenakan keatas kapal kargo tersebut oleh kedua –dua bot
) tunda tersebut.
Calculate the resultant force acting on the cargo barge by the two towing
boats.
[2 marks]
c Jadual 10.2 menunjukkan empat kaedah untuk menunda kapal kargo tersebut ke pelabuhan.Anda
) diminta untuk menentukan kaedah yang paling sesuai untuk menunda kapal kargo tersebut secara
lebih berkesan.

Table 11 shows four methods of towing the cargo barge in Diagram 11.1 to the harbour.
You are required to determine the most suitable method to tow the cargo bage effectively.

Kaji spesifikasi untuk kaedah tersebut berasarkan aspek-aspek yang berikut.

i) Sudut diantara kedua-dua bot penunda tersebut.


ii) Jenis tali
iii) Bahan untuk tali
iv) Bentuk bot penunda.

Terangkan kesesuaian setiap aspek dan tentukan kaedah yang paling sesuai. Berikan alasan

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untuk pilihan anda.

Study the specifications of the four methods based on the following aspects:
(i) Angle between the two towing boats
(ii) Type of rope
(iii) Material of the rope
(iv) The shape of the towing boat
Explain the suitability of each aspect and determine the most suitable method.
Give a reason for your choice.

d Rajah 10.3 menunjukkan sebuak kereta tolak.


) Diagram 10.3 shows a wheelbarrow.

Terangkan mengapa lebih senang menarik berbanding menolak kereta sorong apabila bergerak
pada kawasan tanah yang lembut.
Explain why it is easier to pull a wheelbarrow than to push the wheelbarrow when
moving on a soft ground.
[6 marks]

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1 a) Physical quantity that can change the state of motion, shape,direction and velocity of
a body.

b) i)

ii) F=(20cos 40º) =15.32 N.

c) decreased

2 Uniform acceleration / Velocity increases uniformly


Reject: acceleration / velocity increase

Gravitational potential energy--> Kinetic energy

mgh = ½ mv2

mgh = ½ mv2

(m) (10)(10)= ½ (m)v2

v = 16.16 m s-1

no change

3 Gravitional potential energy Kinetik energy

Weight / accelaration / mass

Bend the knee / use pillow / thick shoes

4 When the lift accelerate upwards // Diagram 6(b)

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1. Weight acting downwards


2. Normal force, R acting upwards

600 N // 690 N

1. R = mg + ma // R = 600 + 100
2. R = 600 N

zero

5 Daya ditakrifkan sebagai sesuatu yang dapat mengubah


keadaan pegun atau keadaan gerakan seragam sesuatu
objek.
The force is defined as something that can change the
state of rest or uniform motion of an object.

Pemampatan, x spring = Li- Lf = 0.2 – 0.16 m = 0.06 m

Prinsip keabadian tenaga/


Principle of conservation of energy

6 a) Daya ditakrifkan sebagai sesuatu yang dapat mengubah keadaan pegun atau keadaan
gerakan seragam sesuatu objek.
The force is defined as something that can change the state of rest or uniform
motion of an object
b) i) Fe, = Fd.
iii) Net force =0N
c) i) T=W
iv) Net force=0N

d) i) When net force=0N,the object is at rest.


ii) Forces in equilibrium.

e) The aeroplane will accelerate //move will move with increasing velocity.
7 Diagram 7.1 shows 0.4 kg mass of metal ball is hung using a string. The metal ball is in
equilibrium of forces X and Y
Rajah 7.1 menunjukkan bola logam berjisim 0.4 kg digantung dengan suatu tali. Bola logam

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itu berada dalam keseimbangan daya-daya X dan Y.

8
9 Potential energy / Tenaga keupayaan 1
(i) Rubber in Diagram (a) is thinner than rubber in Diagram (b) // 1
Rubber in Diagram (b) is thicker than rubber in Diagram (a).

(ii) D in Diagram 9.2(b) is longer than D in Diagram 9.2(a). 2

(iii) Potential energy → kinetic energy 1


Principle of conservation of energy 1

- Use a thicker rubber - to increase the elastic potential energy 2


Stretch the rubber longer – to increase the elastic potential energy
Use a stone with smaller mass – to increase the acceleration of stone 2
- Use a strong material for the handle of the catapult – do not break easily
2
- Note – choose any 2 points.
2
-
Suggestion Explanation
Strong material Do not break easily 2

Low density Light 2

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Streamline/ aerodynamic To reduce air resistance 2


javelin
The athlete has to increase To increase energy/ force 2
his speed / accelerate
- Throw at angle of 46 oC To get maximum 2
- Throw with a great horizontal distance of
force throwing

Any five suggestions and explanations


10 a) Resultant force is a single force that represents the combine effect of two or more forces in 1
magnitude and direction

b)
i)
1

Fx– horizontal component of F


Fy– vertical component of F
ii) Horizontal component of force = 1 600 cos 20o = 1 609.6 N
iii)Resultant force = 2 (1600 cos 20o) = 2 (1 609.6) = 2 819 N 2

2
c)

10

d) When pushed, vertical component of force is acting downward Resultant downward force
is greater, wheelbarrow sinks more in soft ground When pulled, vertical component of force
is acting upward Resultant downward force is smaller, wheelbarrow sinks less in soft ground 6

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