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Midterm Examination – Sikolohiyang Pilipino



A. Ano ano ang mga Katutubong Paraan ng Pananaliksik?

1. Pakapa-kapa – an exploration into cultural, social or psychological data without

the chains of overriding theoretical frameworks borrowed from observations
outside the focus of investigation. Also called “groping” method, this approach
searches into an unsystematized mass of cultural and social data to be able to
obtain order, meaning, and directions for research.

2. Pagtatanung-tanong – Gonzales (1977) considers it a time tested method in

which emphasis is given not only on how it is carried out but also on the qualities
of the interviewer as well as the interviewees, the purpose, the place, the
situation, the time, and the method of asking questions. Beside s\knowing
external conditions, it also aims to delve into the innermost thoughts and feelings
of the respondents. It may involve pag-uusisa, the perseverance to solicit
information on minute details of an event or phenomenon. Compared to explain
interview, this method is a more rigorous and complex method of obtaining

3. Pagmamasid - is a visual method of monitoring or examining actions of a

person, events or other phenomena in a particular place. It may involve pag-
uusyoso, observing an event that has happened or is still happening, whether
conspicuous or puzzling. Pakikiramdam implies sensitivity to what is going on or
what is being studied or observed.

4. Pakikipanayam - involves asking questions from or conversing with experts or

authorities on a topic under investigation.

5. Pagdalaw-dalaw- entails frequent visits to participants which enable the

researcher to gain the confidence of the community and to allow more freedom of
expressing the respondents’ innermost feelings which they are apt to hold back.

B. Pumili ng isang Katutubong Paraan at ilathala kung paano ito ginagawa.

Pagtatanong-tanong Method

Major Characteristics
• Participatory in nature

• Equality of status

• Appropriate and adaptive

• Integrated with other indigenous methods

– Preparation: pagtatanong-tanong is part of everyday casual interaction,

researcher must plan very well for certain conditions, consider convenience and
comfort of informants, their language, norms, values, and background (history,
within/between group differences, activities, policies).
Procedure of pagtatanong-tanong
1. Get to know the people, place, lifestyle
2. Greet informants, give credentials (name the go-between)
3. Go tell them the purpose of the study
4. Give an estimate of the expected length of the session
5. Guide questions are used when necessary
6. Goodbye and thank you is not abrupt

Principles of pagtatanong-tanong
The level of the relationship that exists between the researcher and the
informant significantly influences the quality of data obtained (Santiago-Enriquez
The language of the respondent is used in the conduct of pagtatanong-