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English Tagalog/Fil Literal NOTES

asking,
tanong inquiring
magtanon to ask infinite
g tense

verb prefix mag


(future)

can pwede

Can I ask pwedeng -ng is used


something magtanon to link 2
? g? verbs

Miss Ale
Miss, can I Ale,
ask pwedeng
something magtanon
? g?
Mister Mama
Yes Sir / oo + po =
Opo
Ma'am opo
It or That iyon
What ano
Yes sir, Opo, ano
what is it? iyon?
Yes Oo informal
Okay / sige
sure
slang:
emphasise
Yes, okay Oo, sige s
agreement
Okay, you sige,
can pwede

noun
forming
prefix that
denotes
from taga origin of
someone
or
something

where saan
where taga-saan?
from?
from
where are taga-saan where
you from? ka?
you?
he/she siya
where is taga-saan
he/she siya
from?

can be
used when
friend kaibigan speaking
to
strangers

where are taga-saan


you from ka
friend? kaibigan?

The United Estados


States Unidos

from the taga-


United Estados
States Unidos

I am from taga- predicate +


the United Estados topic
States Unidos ako sentence

rito - wheb
preceding
letter is a
vowel. dito
- when
preceding
here dito/rito letter is a
consonant
except w &
y. taga-dito
is
commonly
used

I am from taga-dito from here


here ako. ikaw? I. You?

To visit bisita

"um" is
inserted
beeteen
progressiv um 1st
e tense consonant
and 1st
vowel of
the verb
"um" is
inserted
beeteen
vist or 1st
bumibisita
visiting consonant
and 1st
vowel of
the verb

just lang

"at", "in",
"on" , etc
location on
sa
marker reference
to a
location

Philipines Pilipinas
in
Philipines sa Pilipinas

Bumibisita visiting just


I am just lang ako sa I in
visiting
Pilipinas Philippines

"-um-"
To tour pasyal verb

Progressiv
e tense:
"um" is
inserted
pumapasy beeteen
Touring al 1st
consonant
and 1st
vowel of
the verb

I am just pumapasy Touring


touring al lang ako just I

We Kami

We are pumapasy Touring


just al lang just we in
touring the kami sa the United
United Estados States
States Unidos

language salita noun


mag-
to speak magsalita infinite
tense
nag =
continuous
tense of
infinite
verb prefix
speaking nagsasalita mag-.
nag+syllabl
e+verb =
continuous
tense

you ka

ba comes
question after a one
ba
marker syllable
pronoun

do you nagsasalita speaking


speak? ka ba? you?

"ng" is a
marker
that
indicates
non topic ng that the
marker word after
is not the
sentence
topic

English Ingles
Do you nagsasalita speaking
speak ka ba ng you? [ ]
English? Ingles? English
Tagalog Tagalog

Do you nagsasalita speaking


speak ka ba ng you? [ ]
Tagalog? Tagalog? Tagalog

nagsasalita
I speak ako
Opo,
Yes sir, I nagsasalita
spesk ako ng
Tagalog Tagalog

Oo,
Yes, I nagsasalita
speak ako ng
English Ingles
no or not hindi
not speak hindi
nagsasalita

When the
phrase or
sentence is
negative
like "hindi"
or not, the
I do not hindi ako pronoun
speak nagsasalita comes
before the
verb
instead of
after the
verb

I do not hindi ako


speak nagsasalita
English ng Ingles

na is
added to
crrate a
Sorry Pasensya polite
na version of
the word
"Sorry"

Pasensya Sorry
Sorry, I do na, hindi (polite), no
not speak ako ng I speak [ ]
Tagalog Tagalog tagalog

-ng is
added
when an
object
noun suffix -ng pronoun
(object) that ends
with a
vowel
precedes a
verb