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Ideal gas Law

Ideal gas law, which relates the pressure, volume, and temperature of an ideal gas in one compact
equation,

Conversion factor (Standard Pressure)


1 atm = 29.92 mmHg
101. 32 Kpa
Three names in particular are associated with gas laws, those being Robert Boyle (1627 - 1691),
Jacques Charles (1746-1823), and J.L. Gay-Lussac (1778-1850).

Boyle’s Law: Pressure and Volume

1. Boyle showed that for a fixed amount of gas at constant temperature, the pressure and volume are
directly proportional to one another. In other words: PV = constant.

The cylinder of a bicycle pump has a volume of 1131 cm3 and is filled with air at a pressure of 1.02 atm.
The outlet valve is sealed shut, and the pump handle is pushed down until the volume of the air is 517 cm3.
The temperature of the air trapped inside does not change. Compute the pressure inside the pump.

2. Charles' law, it is the pressure that is kept constant. Under this constraint, the volume is inversely
proportional to the temperature. Charles' law: V1 / T1 = V2 / T2

A 600 mL sample of nitrogen is heated from 27 °C to 77 °C at constant pressure. What is the final
volume?

3. When the volume is kept constant, it is the pressure of the gas that is inversely proportional to
temperature: Gay-Lussac's law: P1 / T1 = P2 / T2

A 20 L cylinder containing 6 atm of gas at 27 °C. What would the pressure of the gas be if the gas was
heated to 77 °C?
4. Combined gas law

P1V1 / T1 = P2V2 / T2

2.00 L of a gas is collected at 25.0°C and 745.0 mmHg. What is the volume at STP? STP is a common
abbreviation for "standard temperature and pressure." T= 273 K and P = 760 mmHg

Seat work

1. 8.00 L of a gas is collected at 60.0°C. What will be its volume upon cooling to 30.0°C? Charles law
2. 4.73 L of a gas is collected at 32.0°C and 625.0 mmHg. When the temperature is changed to standard
conditions, what is the new pressure? Gay-Lussac’s law
3. 4.40 L of a gas is collected at 50.0°C. What will be its volume upon cooling to 25.0°C? Charles law
4. 10.0 L of a gas is found to exert 97.0 kPa at 25.0°C. What would be the required temperature (in
Celsius) to change the pressure to standard pressure? Combined
5. A cylinder contain a gas of volume 10L at a pressure of 80 kPa and a temperature of 200 k. find the
temperature of the gas which has a volume 20L at a temperature of 220 K. Combined
6. A balloon contains 7.2 L of He. The pressure is reduced to 2.00 atm and the balloon expands to occupy a volume
of 25.1 L. What was the initial pressure exerted on the balloon? Boyles law
7. A sample of neon occupies a volume of 461 mL at STP. What will be the volume of the neon when the pressure
is reduced to 93.3 kPa? Boyles law
8. A cylinder contains a gas which has a pressure of 125 kPa at a temperature of 200K. find the temperature of the
gas which has a pressure of 100 kPa. Gay-Lussac’s law