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Grade 9 Research

Name: __________________________ Grade & Section: _________

Part A.
Direction: Each sentence below describes a step of the scientific method. Match
each sentence with a step of the scientific method listed below.
A. Recognize a problem C. Test the hypothesis with an
B. Form a hypothesis D. Draw conclusions

_______ 1. Stephen predicted that seeds would start to grow faster if an electric
current travelled
through the soil in which they were planted.
_______ _2. Susan said, “If I fertilize my geranium plants, they will blossom.”
_______ _3. Jonathan’s data showed that household cockroaches moved away from
raw cucumber
________ 4. Rene grew bacteria from the mouth on special plates in the laboratory.
She placed drops
of different mouthwashes on bacteria on each plate.
_______ 5. Kathy used a survey to determine how many of her classmates were left-
handed and how
many were right-handed.
_______ 6. Dana wanted to know how synthetic fibers were different from natural
_______ 7. Jose saw bats catching insects after dark. He asked, “How do bats find
insects in the dark?”
_______ 8. Justin wondered if dyes could be taken out of plant leaves, flowers, and
_______ 9. Arjulia soaked six different kinds of seeds in water for 24 hours. Then she
planted the seeds
in soil at a depth of 1cm.She used the same amount of water, light, and heat
for each kind of seed.
_______ 10. Bob read about growing plants in water. He wanted to know how plants
grow without soil.
_______ 11. Kevin said, “If I grow five seedlings in red light. I think the plants will
grow faster than the
five plants grown in white light.”
_______ 12. Angela’s experiment proved that earthworms move away from light.
_______ 13. Scott said, “If acid rain affects plants in a particular lake, it might affect
small animals such
as crayfish, that live in the same water.”
_______ 14. Michael fed different diets to three groups of guinea pigs. His experiment
showed that
guinea pigs need vitamin C and protein in their diets.
_______ 15. Kim’s experiment showed that chicken egg shells were stronger when
she gave the hen
food to which extra calcium had been added.
Part II.
Directions: Supply the following table.
Research Problem Independent Variable Dependent Variable
1. Longer school days
will result in
improved student
2. Does the type of oil
affect the size of

3. Which paint resists

weathering more
4. Listening to Jazz
music will increase
science test grades.
5. How stress affects
heart rate in

Part III.
Directions: Identify whether the following statements is true or false. Write the word
___________ Testable questions contain a cause and effect relationship.
___________ Most people use the scientific method in their everyday lives.
___________ The purpose of an experiment is to prove the hypothesis.
___________ There should only be two variables in an experiment.
___________ A scientist counting the number of plant growth in a garden is collecting
qualitative data.

Part IV.
Directions: Look at the picture below, then read each statement and circle
observation OR inference.

1. There are 5 fish in the picture. Observation Inference

2. There are 2 snails at the bottom of the aquarium. Observation Inference

3. The small fish are the babies of the big fish. Observation Inference

4. The big fish are looking for food. Observation Inference

5. Three fish are facing the same direction (to the right) Observation Inference

6. There are 2 plants in the aquarium. Observation Inference

7. The snails like to eat seaweed. Observation Inference

8. You observe that someone is sweating, what could you infer from this observation?
____________________________________________________ _________________
9. Look at the picture below and write 3 good observations about it.

1. __________________________________

2. __________________________________

3. __________________________________