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AGMA 922- A96

AMERICAN GEAR MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION

Load Classification and Service


Factors for Flexible Couplings
AGMA 922- A96

AGMA INFORMATION SHEET


(This Information Sheet is NOT an AGMA Standard)
American Load Classification and Service Factors for Flexible Couplings
AGMA 922--A96
Gear
Manufacturers CAUTION NOTICE: AGMA technical publications are subject to constant improvement,
revision, or withdrawal as dictated by experience. Any person who refers to any AGMA
Association technical publication should be sure that the publication is the latest available from the As-
sociation on the subject matter.
[Tables or other self--supporting sections may be quoted or extracted in their entirety.
Credit lines should read: extracted from AGMA 922--A96, Load Classification and Service
Factors for Flexible Couplings, with the permission of the publisher, the American Gear
Manufacturers Association, 1500 King Street, Suite 201, Alexandria, Virginia 22314.]

Approved September 18, 1996

ABSTRACT
This information sheet provides suggested load classifications and related service factors that are most fre-
quently used for various flexible coupling applications. Typical applications using smooth prime movers are
listed. Special considerations which may involve unusual or severe loading are also discussed.

Published by

American Gear Manufacturers Association


1500 King Street, Suite 201, Alexandria, Virginia 22314
Copyright  1996 by American Gear Manufacturers Association
All rights reserved.

No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form, in an electronic


retrieval system or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher.

Printed in the United States of America

ISBN: 1--55589--680--4

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AGMA 922--A96

Contents
Page

Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
1 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
2 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
3 Responsibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
4 Load classification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
5 Service factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Tables

1 Load classification and service factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2


2 Load classifications and typical service factors for flexible coupling
applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

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AGMA 922--A96

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AGMA 922--A96

Foreword
[The foreword is provided for informational purposes only and should not be construed as a
part of AGMA 922--A96, Load Classification and Service Factors for Flexible Couplings.]
This document was developed originally as standard AGMA 514.01 by the Flexible
Coupling Product Group of AGMA to show some of the applications for flexible couplings
and to serve as a guide to the character of the loads found in these applications. It made no
attempt to include all possible applications for flexible couplings, but a sufficient number and
variety were covered to serve as a guide for proper application.
The load classification and service factors shown in this document vary for some types of
equipment from identical or similar equipment as shown in other AGMA Standards. Such
variations are not errors or discrepancies, but have been determined based on design,
construction and limitations of the flexible coupling.
The first draft of AGMA 514.01 was prepared by the Flexible Coupling Technical Committee
in January 1968. It was approved by Flexible Coupling Product Group 7 on October 20,
1968. AGMA 514.01 became an official AGMA standard on May 27, 1969. AGMA 514.02
was a revision of AGMA 514.01. The major change was the addition of Service Factors to
table 2. AGMA 514.02 was approved by the AGMA Membership on October 22, 1971.
The Flexible Couplings Committee voted to change the standard to an information sheet.
The only changes made were editorial, necessary to reflect an information sheet.
Suggestions for the improvement of this information sheet will be welcome. They should be
sent to the American Gear Manufacturers Association, 1500 King Street, Suite 201,
Alexandria, Virginia, 22314.

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AGMA 922--A96

PERSONNEL of the AGMA Flexible Couplings Committee

Chairman: Donald B. Cutler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rexnord Corporation


Vice Chairman: Glenn Pokrandt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Falk Corporation

ACTIVE MEMBERS

T.G. Fromknecht . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Zurn Industries, Inc.


J.R. Mancuso . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kop--Flex, Inc.
J.O. Tennies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Renold, Inc.
R.G. Thompson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Deck Manufacturing Corporation

ASSOCIATE MEMBERS

S. Chen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kop--Flex, Inc.


P. Dixon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Metal Improvement Company
T. Hewitt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rexnord Corporation
D.W. Hindman . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rexnord Corporation
V. Ivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Xtek, Inc.
E.C. Kus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Deck Manufacturing Corporation
D. Lindsay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Emerson Power Transmission
J.W. Mahan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lovejoy, Inc.
J.O. Mays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rexnord Corporation
R.E. Munyon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kop--Flex, Inc.
J. Paluh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Zurn Industries, Inc.
S.L. Pearson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mobil Oil Corporation
A. E. Phillips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dodge/Rockwell Automation
W. Pizzichil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Philadelphia Gear Corporation
R. Post . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Renold, Inc.
D. Reynolds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dodge/Rockwell Automation
E.I. Rivin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wayne State University
T.M. Schatzka . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lovejoy, Inc.
J.F. Slusarick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Huffman Corporation
R. Whitney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Emerson Power Transmission

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AMERICAN GEAR MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION AGMA 922--A96

American Gear Manufacturers 3 Responsibility


Association -- 3.1 Applications
The manufacturer’s published warranty applies to
Load Classification and the flexible couplings described in this publication.
The following conditions are typical and are beyond
Service Factors for the manufacturer’s responsibility.

Flexible Couplings -- The flexible coupling is protected as pre-


scribed by the manufacturer, in either inside or
outside storage, between the interval of its receipt
by the buyer and actual installation;
-- The flexible coupling is properly installed
1 Scope and maintained in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions;
The purpose of this information sheet is to list and -- The system of connected rotating parts is
classify the character of the load, and the suggested compatible, free from critical speed, torsional and
service factor for various applications, so that proper other type vibration within the specified operating
flexible coupling selection can be made for a given speed range, no matter how induced;
service.
-- The imposed torsional load, speed and
1.1 Applicability misalignment are within the capacity limits for
which the units were sold, or as specified in the
This information sheet is applicable to standard
purchase contract.
couplings as defined in AGMA 510.03.
3.2 Systems analysis
1.2 Exceptions
Responsibility for system analysis in compliance
It is recognized that there are couplings for which the
with these requirements rests with the purchaser of
service factor values shown in this information sheet
the flexible coupling.
are not necessarily applicable. For specific applica-
tion information, refer to the manufacturer’s catalog 3.3 Exceptions
or recommendations. AGMA acknowledges the
right of any manufacturer to use different selection Exceptions to any of the foregoing provisions are a
methods, or service factors, or both for their specific matter of specific contractual agreements.
product. NOTE: Service factors and load classifications for any
equipment used to move or convey people is beyond
the intent of this information sheet. Consult the
manufacturer for recommendations.
2 References

The following documents contain provisions which,


through reference in this text, constitute provisions of 4 Load classification
the information sheet. At the time of publication, the
The broad categories of load classification are
editions were valid. All publications are subject to
shown in table 1. They are classified in the three
revision, and the users of this information sheet are
commonly recognized load classes: Uniform (U),
encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying
Moderate Shock (M), and Heavy Shock (H). These
the most recent editions of the publications listed.
load classifications are based on normal operation of
AGMA 510.03, Nomenclature for Flexible Cou- the drive system. Load classification for various
plings (1984). applications are given in table 2.

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AGMA 922--A96

Table 1 -- Load classification and service factors

Load classification Normal service factor range1)


Uniform (U) 1.0 -- 1.5
Moderate Shock (M) 1.5 -- 2.5
Heavy Shock (H) 2.5 and over
NOTE:
1) The range of values signifies increasing reliability, longer life or more severe duty requirements. See 5.1.

Table 2 -- Load classifications and typical service factors for flexible coupling applications

Load classification Typical service factor


Application (see 5.1 and table 1) (see 5.2)
Agitators
Pure liquids U 1.00
Liquids and solids U 1.25
Liquids -- variable density U 1.25
Blowers
Centrifugal U 1.00
Lobe U 1.50
Vane U 1.25
Brewing and distilling
Bottling machinery U 1.00
Lauter tub U 1.25
Briquetter machines M 2.00
Can filling machines U 1.00
Cane knives M 2.00
Car dumpers M 2.50
Car pullers -- intermittent duty U 1.50
Clay working machinery M 1.75
Compressors
Centrifugal U 1.25
Lobe U 1.50
Reciprocating -- multi--cylinder M 2.00
Conveyors -- uniformly loaded or fed
Apron U 1.25
Assembly U 1.00
Belt U 1.00
Bucket U 1.25
Chain U 1.25
Flight U 1.25
Oven U 1.50
Screw U 1.25
Conveyors -- heavy duty not uniformly fed
Apron M 1.50
Assembly U 1.25
Belt U 1.25
Bucket U 1.50
Chain U 1.50
Flight U 1.50
Oven U 1.50

(continued)

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AGMA 922--A96

Table 2 (continued)

Load classification Typical service factor


Application (see 5.1 and table 1) (see 5.2)
Conveyors -- heavy duty (continued)
Reciprocating M 2.50
Screw M 1.50
Shaker H 2.50
Cranes and hoists
Main hoists M 2.00
Reversing M 2.00
Skip hoists M 1.75
Trolley drive M 1.75
Bridge drive M 1.75
Slope M 1.50
Crushers
Ore H 2.75
Stone H 2.75
Dredges
Cable reels M 1.75
Conveyors U 1.50
Cutter head drives M 2.25
Jig drives M 2.25
Maneuvering winches M 1.75
Pumps M 1.75
Screen drive M 1.75
Stackers M 1.75
Utility winches M 1.50
Elevators
Bucket M 1.75
Centrifugal discharge M 1.50
Freight M 2.00
Gravity discharge U 1.50
Fans
Centrifugal U 1.00
Cooling towers M 2.00
Forced draft U 1.50
Induced draft without damper control M 2.00
Feeders
Apron U 1.25
Belt U 1.25
Disc U 1.25
Reciprocating H 2.50
Screw U 1.25
Food industry
Beet slicer M 1.75
Cereal cooker U 1.25
Dough mixer M 1.75
Meat grinders M 1.75
Bottling, can filling machine U 1.00
Generators (not welding) U 1.00
Hammer mills M 2.00
Laundry washers
Reversing M 2.00
Laundry tumblers M 2.00

(continued)

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AGMA 922--A96

Table 2 (continued)

Load classification Typical service factor


Application (see 5.1 and table 1) (see 5.2)
Lumber industry
Barkers -- drum type M 2.00
Edger feed M 2.00
Live rolls M 2.00
Log haul -- incline M 2.00
Log haul -- well type M 2.00
Off bearing rolls M 2.00
Planer feed chains M 1.75
Planer floor chains M 1.75
Planer tilting hoist M 1.75
Slab conveyor M 1.50
Sorting table U 1.50
Trimmer feed M 1.75
Machine tools
Bending roll M 2.00
Plate planer M 1.50
Punch press -- gear driven M 2.00
Tapping machines M 2.50
Other machine tools
Main drives M 1.50
Auxiliary drives U 1.25
Metal mills
Draw bench -- carriage M 2.00
Draw bench -- main drive M 2.00
Forming machines M 2.00
Slitters U 1.50
Table conveyors
Non--reversing M 2.25
Reversing H 2.50
Wire drawing & flattening machine M 2.00
Wire winding machine M 1.75
Mills, rotary type
Ball M 2.25
Cement kilns M 2.00
Dryers & coolers M 2.00
Kilns M 2.00
Pebble M 2.00
Rod M 2.00
Tumbling barrels M 2.00
Mixers
Concrete mixers M 1.75
Drum type M 1.50
Oil industry
Chillers U 1.25
Oil well pumping M 2.00
Paraffin filter press M 1.75
Rotary kilns M 2.00
Paper mills
Barker auxiliaries, hydraulic M 2.00
Barker, mechanical M 2.00
Barking drum (spur gear only) M 2.25
Beater & pulper M 1.75

(continued)

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AGMA 922--A96

Table 2 (continued)

Load classification Typical service factor


Application (see 5.1 and table 1) (see 5.2)
Paper mills (continued)
Bleacher U 1.00
Calenders M 2.00
Converting machines, except cutters, platers U 1.50
Couch M 1.75
Cutters, platers M 2.00
Cylinders M 1.75
Dryers M 1.75
Felt stretcher U 1.25
Felt whipper M 2.00
Jordans M 1.75
Log haul M 2.00
Presses M 2.00
Reel U 1.50
Stock chests U 1.50
Suction roll M 1.75
Washers and thickeners U 1.50
Winders M 1.50
Printing presses M 1.50
Pullers
Barge haul M 2.00
Pumps
Centrifugal U 1.00
Reciprocating
Double acting M 2.00
Single acting
1 or 2 cylinders M 2.25
3 or more cylinders M 1.75
Rotary -- gear, lobe, vane U 1.50
Rubber industry
Mixer -- Banbury M 2.50
Rubber calender M 2.00
Rubber mill (2 or more) M 2.25
Sheeter M 2.00
Tire building machines M 2.50
Tire & tube press openers U 1.00
Tubers and strainers M 2.00
Screens
Air washing U 1.00
Rotary -- stone or gravel M 1.50
Travel water intake U 1.25
Sewage disposal equipment
Bar screens U 1.25
Chemical feeders U 1.25
Collectors, circular or straight line U 1.25
Dewatering screens U 1.25
Grit collectors U 1.25
Scum breakers U 1.25
Slow or rapid mixers U 1.25
Sludge collectors U 1.25
Thickeners U 1.25
Vacuum filters U 1.25

(continued)

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AGMA 922--A96

Table 2 (concluded)
Load classification Typical service factor
Application (see 5.1 and table 1) (see 5.2)
Steering gear U 1.00
Stokers U 1.00
Textile industry
Batchers U 1.25
Calenders M 1.75
Card machines M 1.50
Cloth finishing machines
(washers, pads, tenters) U 1.50
(dryers, calenders, etc.) M 1.75
Dry cans
Dryers M 1.50
Dyeing machinery U 1.25
Looms M 1.50
Mangles U 1.25
Nappers U 1.25
Soapers U 1.25
Spinners M 1.50
Tenter frames U 1.50
Winders (other than batchers) M 1.50
Windlass M 1.75

5 Service factors depending upon the degree of reliability desired or


upon how the specific system may differ from
Normal service factor range for each load “normal” or “average” conditions for the type
classification, table 1, is given as a range of values to application.
indicate the scope of the load classification
designation and in recognition that different types of 5.2 Special applications
flexible couplings may be affected differently by Service factors listed in tables 1 and 2 represent the
loading. It is recognized that precise definition of normal relationship between flexible coupling design
load classification cannot be made for many power rating and prime mover continuous power
applications, as evidenced by the listing of the rating as listed on its nameplate. Applications
service factor value 1.5 in both the Uniform and involving unusual or severe loading should be
Moderate Shock classifications, and the service carefully reviewed with the coupling manufacturer
factor value 2.5 in both the Moderate Shock and before a service factor is applied.
Heavy Shock classifications. Selection of a service
factor value within -- or beyond -- the range should be 5.2.1 Shock loading
based upon the degree of reliability desired or upon
Applications with high--torque motors and motors for
how the specific system may differ from “normal” or
intermittent operations, and applications where
“average” conditions for the type of application.
extreme repetitive shock occurs or where high--
5.1 Typical applications energy loads must be absorbed, as when stalling,
require special considerations and may not be
The service factors listed in tables 1 and 2 are covered by the load classifications or service factors
intended as a general guide for applications with given in tables 1 and 2.
smooth prime movers such as electric or hydraulic
motors and steam turbines. 5.2.2 Systems with brakes

Service factors listed in table 2 are the values most When prime movers are equipped with brakes, and
frequently used for the various applications listed. the torque rating of the brakes exceeds the rating of
They are based on normal operation of the drive the prime mover, the rating of the brake dictates the
system. Higher or lower values may be used selection of the flexible coupling.

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PUBLISHED BY
AMERICAN GEAR MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION
1500 KING STREET, ALEXANDRIA, VIRGINIA 22314