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# MATH 8: PRE- ALGEBRA

2018 – 2019
Course Syllabus

## Teacher: Mrs. Herma Ynah Watkins Email: hwatkins@lambertschool.net

Course Length: Two (2) Semesters Class Period: 4 & 8
Website: ynahwatkins.weebly.com Free Time: 1

Course Description: Math 8 is designed to give the students the fundamental skills necessary to succeed in Algebra 1 course taken the
following year. Instructional time will focus on three critical areas:
1) Formulating and reasoning about expressions and equations, including modeling an association in bivariate data with a linear equation,
and solving linear equations and systems of linear equations
2) Grasping the concept of a function and using functions to describe quantitative relationships
3) Analyzing two- and three- dimensional space and figures using distance, angle, similarity, and congruence, and understanding and
applying the Pythagorean Theorem
(Prerequisites: Students require the minimum of middle school math knowledge within number sense. Students will draw upon their
knowledge of the rational numbers system which requires comfort with negative numbers, fractions, and decimals)

Existing Objectives:
The main purpose of this class is to make sure that each students will learn the Montana State Standards. This class will provide
whatever time or extra help needed to learn all the following standards:
 Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
 Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
 Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
 Model with mathematics.
 Use appropriate tools strategically.
 Attend precision.
 Look for and make use of structure.
 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.

 GRADING STANDARD: The grades in this course will be weighted based on the following required components:
Midterm and Quarter
PRACTICE SET/ EXTRA PRACTICE 20 % 15 %
QUIZZES & TEST 80 % 70 %
FINAL EXAM & PROJECT 15 %

A = 90-100% B = 89-80% C = 79-70% D = 69-60% F=59% or below

 PRACTICE SET/ EXTRA PRACTICE: The best way to learn Math is by doing. Although topic may be clear in the class,
you will have difficulties when examination time comes if you do not do your practice set. You will be given time to do the practice in
the class. No credit is given for practice set with answer only. The student must show their complete solution. Students with
EXCUSED absence will be expected to turn in the practice set upon return, with full credit

 QUIZ/ TEST: Quizzes will be given on a regular basis. Quizzes may or may not be announced, so be prepared by asking
questions if you do not understand something. You must show all your work on quizzes to receive full credit.
Tests will be cumulative in nature so be sure that you keep reviewing prior topics that have been covered. Tests will be announced
at least two days prior to the day that it is given. You will receive review questions prior to each test in order to prepare you for the
test. You will be expected to complete these problems and ask any questions prior to the test. Failure means you have to retake the
quiz or test.

 EXTRA REQUIREMENTS: Students are required to have a Math binder and to keep all notes, quizzes, corrected practice set
and test will be filed together in Chronological Order. This will serve as project in every term to be pass a week before end of each
Semester. Notes will be checked during class or before/ after school hours.
 ATTENDANCE: Attendance is expected because this is for the most part a lecture class. Excessive absence will likely lead
to a poor academic performance. Late student will not be tolerated. Poor attendance is the greatest detriment to success in this
class. If the student missed a class, student will be responsible for any announcement made or material covered.
Daily Classroom Procedures

## When You First Enter the

Before Entering the Classroom When You Leave the Classroom
Classroom

Use the restroom. Students will not be Turn in your practice set and When You Leave the Classroom:
allowed to use the restroom while the cellphone. Make sure you have a copy of the
lesson is being given (unless there is Sit in your assigned seat. practice set.
an emergency). Place everything but the instructional Leave your desk area clean.
Make sure you have your textbook, materials on the floor.
Return any supplies that you used
binder, pencil, calculator, and Begin "warm up" problems as part of
completed practice set. the next practice set while attendance to the teacher.
is being taken.

 MATERIALS NEEDED:
Pencils with erasers (NO Ball pen) 3-Ring Binder with lined and graph papers Calculator

 CALCULATOR POLICY: We will be using both scientific and graphing calculator for this class. I have a set of both types of
calculators that must remain in my classroom. You may want to have calculator of your own, and if you purchase a calculator I
strongly recommend the TI-Nspire. You may check out a calculator hence you have to fill out the check- out form.

 COURTESY and DISHONESTY: A high degree of civility is expected in this class. Students are expected to be respectful of
all members of the class. PLEASE, stay in your seat, no cell phones, no listening to I-Pods, no sudden departures and no incidental
chit- chat. You may not answer the phone or initiate a call in the classroom during class time. Cheating of any sort will be addressed
as described in the student hand book at a minimum. Most instances of academic dishonesty will result in a failure for the entire
class.

 STUDENT DISABILITIES: Student with special needs should inform the teacher within the first week of the class to ensure that
their needs are met in a timely manner. It is the student’s responsibility to inform the teacher of his/ her needs and to provide.

 MISCELLANY: A student who misses an exam will make up the exam before the next major exam; a grade of zero (0) will
be entered if not made up by that time. Late practice set will not be accepted after the graded version is returned.

 Finally, please consider your ownership of this class. You can master this material. You can come to class, ask questions, and be
prepared to learn new material. You can do the practice set in a timely manner. You can come to test days fully prepared to show
the awesome amount you have learned. You can succeed in this class, and continue the habits you learn in this class to ensure

## August 21, 2018

Please read, sign, and return this to verify that you have read and understand the Math syllabus for the 2018 – 2019 school
year.

________________________________ ________________________________
Student’s Name over Signature Parent’s Name over Signature
MATHEMATICS 8 2018-2019
Mathematics Course 3 by Holt McDougal

CHAPTER 1
C1.1: Evaluating Algebraic Expressions
Objective: Evaluate algebraic expressions
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 8 Numbers 1-67
C1.2: Writing algebraic Expressions
Objective: Translate between algebraic expressions and word phrases
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 12 Numbers 1-48
C1.3: Properties of Numbers
Objective: Apply properties of numbers and find counterexamples
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 16 Numbers 1-38
C1.4: Integers and Absolute Value
Objective: Compare and order integers and evaluate expressions containing absolute values
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 20 Numbers 1-63
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 24 Numbers 1-56
C1.6: Subtracting Integers
Objective: Subtract Integers
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 28 Numbers 1-42
C1.7: Multiplying and dividing integers
Objective: Multiply and divide integers
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 32 Numbers 1-49
C1.8: Solving Equations by adding or subtracting
Objective: Solve equations by addition or subtraction
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 41 Numbers 1-56
C1.9: Solving Equations by Multiplying or Dividing
Objective: Solve equations by multiplication or division
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 45 Numbers 1-77
C1.10: Introduction to Inequalities
Objective: Solve and Graph inequalities
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 50 Numbers 1-65
CHAPTER 2
C2.1: Rational Numbers
Objective: Write rational numbers in equivalent form
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 70 Numbers 1-79
C2.2: Comparing and ordering rational numbers
Objective: Compare and order positive and negative rational numbers written as fractions, decimals, and integers
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 74 Numbers 1-53
C2.3: Adding and Subtracting Rational Numbers
Objective: Add and subtract decimals and rational numbers with like denominators
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 78 Numbers 1-51
C2.4: Multiplying Rational Numbers
Objective: Multiply mixed numbers, and decimals
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 52 Numbers 1-57
C2.5: Dividing Rational Numbers
Objective: Divide fractions and decimals
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 87 Numbers 1-63
C2.6: Adding and Subtracting with Unlike Denominators
Objective: Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 91 Numbers 1-42
C2.7: Solving Equations with Rational Numbers
Objective: Solve equations with rational numbers
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 98 Numbers 1-58
C2.8: Solving Two- Step Equations
Objective: Solve two- step equations
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 104 Numbers 1-52
CHAPTER 3
C3.1: Ordered pairs
Objective: Write solutions of equations in two variables as ordered pairs
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 122 Numbers 1-44
C3.2: Graphing on a Coordinate Plane
Objective: Graph points on a coordinate plane
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 126 Numbers 1- 53
C3.3: Interpreting Graphs
Objective: Interpret information given in a graph and make a graph to model a situation.
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 131 Numbers 1-30
C3.4: Functions
Objective: Represent functions with tables, graphs, or equations.
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 13 Numbers 1-35
C3.5: Equations, Tables, and Graphs
Objective: Generate different representations of the same data.
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 142 Numbers 1-22
CHAPTER 4
C4.1: Exponents
Objective: Evaluate expressions with exponents
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 164 Numbers 1-62
C4.2: Integer Exponents
Objective: Evaluate expressions with negative exponents and evaluate the zero exponent
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 168 Numbers 1-58
C4.3: Properties of Exponents
Objective: Apply the properties of exponents.
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 172 Numbers 1-60
C4.4: Scientific Notation
Objective: Express large and small numbers in scientific notation and compare two numbers written in scientific
notation.
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 176 Numbers 1-55
C4.5: Squares and Square Roots
Objective: Find the square roots
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 184 Numbers 1-60
C4.6A: Estimating square roots
Objective: Estimate square roots to a given number of decimal places and solve problems using square roots.
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 188 Numbers 1-59
C4.6B: Simplifying square roots
Objective: Simplify square roots.
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 191 Numbers 1-19
C4.7: The Real Numbers
Objective: Determine if a number is rational or irrational
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 197 Numbers 1-72
C4.8: The Pythagorean Theorem
Objective: Use the Pythagorean Theorem to solve problems
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 202 Numbers 1-42
C4.9: Applying the Pythagorean Theorem and its Converse
Objective: Use the distance formula and the Pythagorean Theorem and its converse to solve problems
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 206 Numbers 1-40
CHAPTER 5
C5.1: Ratios and Proportions
Objective: Find equivalent ratios to create proportions.
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 224 Numbers 1-47
C5.2: Ratios, Rates, and Unit Rates
Objective: Work with rates and ratios
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 228 Numbers 1-33
C5.3: Dimensional Analysis
Objective: Use one or more conversion factors to solve problems.
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 232 Numbers 1-45
C5.4: Solving Proportions
Objective: Solve proportions
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 239 Numbers 1-39
C5.5: Similar Figures
Objective: Determine whether figures are similar and find missing dimensions in similar figures
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 248 Numbers 1-25
C5.6: Dilation
Objective: Identify Dilations of a plane figures
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 254 Numbers 1-21
C5.7: Indirect Measurement
Objective: Find measures indirectly by applying the properties of similar figures
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 258 Numbers 1-24
C5.8: Scale Drawings and Scale Models
Objective: Make comparison between and find dimensions of scale drawings, models, and actual objects
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 262 Numbers 1-37
CHAPTER 6
C6.1: Decimals, Fractions, and Percents
Objective: Compare and order decimals, fractions, and percents
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 284 Numbers 1-40
C6.2: Estimating Percents
Objective: Estimate with percents
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 288 Numbers 1-42
C6.3: Finding Percents
Objective: Find percents
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 293 Numbers 1-47
C6.4: Finding the numbers when the percent is known
Objective: Find a number when the percent is known
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 298 Numbers 1-44
C6.5: Percent Increase and Decrease
Objective: Find percent of increase and decrease
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 304 Numbers 1-37
C6.6: Application of Percents
Objective: Find commissions, sales tax, and percent of earnings
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 308 Numbers 1-26
C6.7: Simple Interest
Objective: Compute simple interest
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 312 Numbers 1-30
CHAPTER 7
C7.1: Angle Relationships
Objective: Classify angles and find their measures
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 332 Numbers 1-36
C7.2: Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
Objective: Identify Parallel and Perpendicular lines and angles formed by transversal
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 338 Numbers 1-30
C7.3: Triangles
Objective: Find unknown angles and Identify possible side lengths in triangles
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 344 Numbers 1-45
C7.4: Polygons
Objective: Classify and find angles in polygons
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 349 Numbers 1-48
C7.5: Coordinate Geometry
Objective: Identify polygons and midpoints of segments in the coordinate plane.
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 355 Numbers 1-34
C7.6: Congruence
Objective: Use properties of congruent figures to solve problems
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 362 Numbers 1-29
C7.7A: Transformations
Objective: Transform plane figures using translations, rotations, and reflections
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 366 Numbers 1-37
C7.7B: Tessellations
Objective: Create tessellations
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 371 Numbers 1-7
C7.8: Symmetry
Objective: Identify symmetry in figures
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 374 Numbers 1-36
CHAPTER 8
C8.1: Perimeter and Area of Rectangles and Parallelograms
Objective: Find perimeter and area of rectangles and parallelograms
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 395 Numbers 1-39
C8.2: Perimeter and area of Triangles and trapezoids
Objective: Find the perimeter and area of triangles and trapezoid
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 400 Numbers 1-43
C8.3: Circles
Objective: Find the circumference and are of circles
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 406 Numbers 1-37
C8.4: Three Dimensional Figures
Objective: Draw and Identify parts of three- dimensional figures.
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 414 Numbers 1-27
C8.5: Volume of Prisms and Cylinders
Objective: Find the volume of prisms and cylinders.
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 420 Numbers 1-25
C8.6: Volume of Pyramids and Cones
Objective: Find the volume of pyramids and cones
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 426 Numbers 1-36
C8.7: Surface Area of Prisms and Cylinders
Objective: Find the surface area of prisms and cylinders
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 433 Numbers 1-29
C8.8: Surface Area of Pyramids and Cones
Objective: Find surface area of pyramids and cones
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 438 Numbers 1-26
C8.9: Spheres
Objective: Find the volume and surface area of sphere
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 442 Numbers 1-36
C8.10: Scaling Three- Dimensional Figures
Objective: Make scale model of solid figures
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 446 Numbers 1-34
CHAPTER 9
C9.1: Samples and Survey
Objective: Identify and analyze sampling methods
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 464 Numbers 1-21
C9.2: Identify Sampling Errors and Bias
Objective: Identify Bias in samples and surveys and evaluate survey claims
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 469 Numbers 1-23
C9.3: Organizing Data
Objective: Organize data in line plots, Stem & leaf plots and Venn diagrams
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 473 Numbers 1-30
C9.4A: Measures of Central Tendency
Objective: Find appropriate measures of central tendency
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 479 Numbers 1-22
C9.5: Variability
Objective: Find measures of variability
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 484 Numbers 1-35
C9.6: Displaying Data
Objective: Display data in bar graphs, histograms, and line graphs
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 493 Numbers 1-19
C9.7: Analyzing Data Displays
Objective: Analyze and make predictions from data displays
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 498 Numbers 1-19
Objective: Recognize misleading graphs and statistics
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 502 Numbers 1-503
C9.9: Scatter Plots
Objective: Create and interpret scatter plots
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 506 Numbers 1-16
C9.10: Choosing the Best Representation of Data
Objective: Select the best representation for a set of data
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 512 Numbers 1-18
CHAPTER 10
C10.1: Probability
Objective: Find the probability of an event by using the definition of probability
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 535 Numbers 1-27
C10.2: Experimental Probability
Objective: Estimate probability using experimental methods
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 539 Numbers 1-28
C10.3: Theoretical Probability
Objective: Estimate probability using theoretical methods
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 547 Numbers 1-34
C10.4A: Independent and Dependent Events
Objective: Find the probabilities of independent and dependent events
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 552 Numbers 1-24
C10.4B: Odds
Objective: Convert between probabilities and odds
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 555 Numbers 1-12
C10.5: Making decisions and predictions
Objective: Use probability to make decisions and predictions
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 560 Numbers 1-27
C10.6: The Fundamental Counting Principle
Objective: Find the number of possible outcomes in an experiment.
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 566 Numbers 1-32
C10.7: Permutations and Combinations
Objective: Find permutations and combinations
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 572 Numbers 1-45
CHAPTER 11
C11.1: Simplifying Algebraic Expressions
Objective: Combine like terms in an expression.
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 590 Numbers 1-65
C11.2: Solving Multi- Step Equations
Objective: Solve multi- step equations.
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 594 Numbers 1-45
C11.3: Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides
Objective: Solve equations with variables on both sides
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 600 Numbers 1-38
C11.4: Solving Inequalities by Multiplying or Dividing
Objective: Solve and graph inequalities by using multiplication or division
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 606 Numbers 1-43
C11.5: Solving Multi- Step Inequalities
Objective: Solve multi- step inequalities and graph the solutions of an inequality on a numbers line.
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 610 Numbers 1-54
C11.6: Systems of Equations
Objective: Solve systems of equations
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 614 Numbers 1-49
CHAPTER 12
C12.1: Graphing Linear Equations
Objective: Identify and Graph linear equations
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 635 Numbers 1-40
C12.2: Slope of a Line
Objective: Find the Slope of a line and use slope to understand and draw graphs
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 639 Numbers 1-37
C12.3: Using Slopes and Intercepts
Objective: Use slopes and intercepts to graph linear equations
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 645 Numbers 1-41
C12.4: Point- Slope Form
Objective: Find the equation of a line given one point and the slope
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 650 Numbers 1-36
C12.5: Direct Variation
Objective: Recognize direct variation by graphing tables of data and checking for constant ratios
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 657 Numbers 1-32
C12.6: Graphing inequalities in two variables
Objective: Graph inequalities on the coordinate plane
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 662 Numbers 1-36
C12.7: Solving systems of Linear Equations by Graphing
Objective: Graph and solve systems of linear equations
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 666 Numbers 1-33
CHAPTER 13
C13.1: Terms of Arithmetic Sequences
Objective: Identify and find the terms in a arithmetic sequence
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 685 Numbers 1-49
C13.2: Terms of Geometric Sequences
Objective: Identify and find terms in a geometric sequence
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 689 Numbers 1-51
C13.3: Other Sequences
Objective: Find patterns in sequences
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 695 Numbers 1-39
C13.4: Linear Functions
Objective: Identify and write linear functions
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 702 Numbers 1-29
C13.5: Exponential Functions
Objective: Identify and graph exponential functions.
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 706 Numbers 1-38
Objective: Identify and graph quadratic functions
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 710 Numbers 1-35
C13.7: Inverse Variation
Objective: Recognize inverse variation
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 716 Numbers 1-32
CHAPTER 14
C14.1: Polynomials
Objective: Classify polynomials by degree and by the number of terms
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 736 Numbers 1-57
C14.2: Simplifying Polynomials
Objective: Simplify polynomials
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 742 Numbers 1-34
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 749 Numbers 1-36
C14.4: Subtracting Polynomials
Objective: Subtract polynomials
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 754 Numbers 1-44
C14.5A: Multiplying Polynomials by Monomials
Objective: Multiply polynomials by monomials
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 758 Numbers 1-48
C14.5B: Dividing Polynomials by Monomials
Objective: Divide polynomials by monomials
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 761 Numbers 1-21
C14.6: Multiplying Binomials
Objective: Multiply binomials
Strategy: Exposition, Discussion
PS: Page 766 Numbers 1-53