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# 20/08/2018 Electrical and Electronic Measurements | Electrical Engineering | EE | GATE Syllabus, Paper Solution, Question Answer

## Topics of Electrical and Electronic Measurements

Bridges and Potentiometers (Electrical-
41 Question(s) | Weightage 05 (Marks)
Electronic-Measurements/Bridges-Potentiometers) , Measurement of Voltage, Current, Power,
Energy and Power Factor (Electrical-Electronic-Measurements/Measurement-Voltage-Current-
Power-Energy-Power-Factor) , Instrument Transformers , Digital Voltmeters and Multimeters
(Electrical-Electronic-Measurements/Digital-Voltmeters-Multimeters) , Phase, Time and
Frequency Measurement , Oscilloscopes (Electrical-Electronic-Measurements/Oscilloscopes) ,
Error Analysis

GATE - 2016 02
Question No. 164 (../../EEE-GATE-2016-Question-164)

## An energy meter, having meter constant of 1200 revolutions/kWh, makes 20 revolutions in 30

GATE - 2015 01
Question No. 15 (../../EEE-GATE-2015-Question-15)

When the Wheatstone bridge shown is used to nd value of resistance RX ,  the Galvanometer G
indicates zero current when R1 = 50Ω , R2 = 65Ω and R3 = 100Ω . If R3  is known with ±5%

## (D)  [120.25, 139.75]

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GATE - 2015 01
Question No. 16 (../../EEE-GATE-2015-Question-16)

A (0-50  A) moving coil ammeter has a voltage drop of 0.1 V across its terminals at full scale
de ection. The external shunt resistance (in milliohms) needed to extend its range to (0-500 A) is
________.

GATE - 2015 02
Question No. 40 (../../EEE-GATE-2015-Question-40)

An unbalanced DC Wheatstone bridge is shown in the gure. At what value of p will the magnitude
of V0 be maximum?

## −−−−−− −−−−−− −−−−−−

(A)  √(1 + x)  (B)  (1 + x)  (C)  1/√(1 − x)  (D)  √(1 − x)

GATE - 2015 01
Question No. 115 (../../EEE-GATE-2015-Question-115)

## Instrument Type Used for

P. Permanent magnet moving coil 1. DC only
Q. Moving iron connected through current transformer2. AC only
R. Recti er 3.AC and DC
S. Electrodynamometer

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## (A)   (B)   (C)   (D)

P-1 P-1 P-1 P-3
Q-2 Q-3 Q-2 Q-1
R-1 R-1 R-3 R-2
S-3 S-2 S-3 S-1

GATE - 2015 01
Question No. 116 (../../EEE-GATE-2015-Question-116)

A 3-phase balanced load which has a power factor of 0.707 is connected to balanced supply. The
power consumed by the load is 5 kW. The power is measured by the two wattmeter method. The
readings of the two wattmeters are

(A)  3.94 kW and 1.06 kW  (B)  2.50 kW and 2.50 kW  (C)  5.00 kW and 0.00 kW

## (D)  2.96 kW and 2.04 kW

GATE - 2015 01
Question No. 117 (../../EEE-GATE-2015-Question-117)

A capacitive voltage divider is used to measure the bus voltage Vbus in a high-voltage 50 Hz AC
system as shown in the gure. The measurement capacitor C1 and C2 have tolerances of ±10 %
on their normal capacitance values. If the bus voltage Vbus  is 100 kV rms, the maximum rms output
voltage Vout (in kV), considering toleance , is _____________.

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## Question No. 140 (../../EEE-GATE-2015-Question-140) GATE - 2015 02

The coils of a wattmeter have resistances 0.01Ω and 1000Ω; their inductances may be neglected.
The wattmeter is connected as shown in the gure, to measure the power consumed by a load,
which draws 25A at power factor 0.8. The voltage across the load terminals is 30V. The percentage
error on the wattmeter reading is _________.

GATE - 2014 01
Question No. 29 (../../EEE-GATE-2014-Question-29)

Power consumed by a balanced 3-phase, 3-wire load is measured by the two wattmeter method.
The rst wattmeter reads twice that of the second. Then the load impedance angle in radians is

## (A) π/2  (B) π/8  (C) π/6  (D) π/3

GATE - 2014 01
Question No. 30 (../../EEE-GATE-2014-Question-30)

## In an oscilloscope screen, linear sweep is applied at the

(A) vertical axis  (B) horizontal axis  (C) origin  (D) both horizontal and vertical axis

GATE - 2014 02
Question No. 57 (../../EEE-GATE-2014-Question-57)

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The reading of the voltmeter (rms) in volts, for the circuit shown in the gure is __________

## Question No. 58 (../../EEE-GATE-2014-Question-58) GATE - 2014 02

The dc current owing in a circuit is measured by two ammeters, one PMMC and another
electrodynamometer type, connected in series. The PMMC meter contains 100 turns in the coil, the
ux density in the air gap is 0.2 Wb/m2, and the area of the coil is 80 mm2. The
electrodynamometer ammeter has a change in mutual inductance with respect to de ection of 0.5
mH/deg. The spring constants of both the meters are equal. The value of current, at which the
de ections of the two meters are same, is ________

## Question No. 129 (../../EEE-GATE-2014-Question-129) GATE - 2014 01

The saw-tooth voltage waveform shown in the gure is fed to a moving iron voltmeter. Its reading
would be close to _____________

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GATE - 2014 01
Question No. 130 (../../EEE-GATE-2014-Question-130)

While measuring power of a three-phase balanced load by the two-wattmeter method, the
readings are 100 W and 250 W. The power factor of the load is _________.

GATE - 2014 02
Question No. 157 (../../EEE-GATE-2014-Question-157)

Suppose that resistors R1 and R2 are connected in parallel to give an equivalent resistor R. If
resistors R1 and R2 have tolerance of 1% each, the equivalent resistor R for resistors R1 =300 Ω and
R2= 200 Ω will have tolerance of

## (A) 0.5%  (B) 1%  (C) 1.2%  (D) 2%

GATE - 2014 02
Question No. 158 (../../EEE-GATE-2014-Question-158)

Two ammeters X and Y have resistances of 1.2 Ω and 1.5 Ω respectively and they give full-scale
de ection with 150 mA and 250 mA respectively. The ranges have been extended by connecting
shunts so as to give full scale de ection with 15 A. The ammeters along with shunts are connected
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in parallel and then placed in a circuit in which the total current owing is 15A. The current in
amperes indicated in ammeter X is __________.

GATE - 2014 01
Question No. 229 (../../EEE-GATE-2014-Question-229)

An LPF wattmeter of power factor 0.2 is having three voltage settings 300 V, 150 V and 75 V, and
two current settings 5 A and 10 A. The full scale reading is 150. If the wattmeter is used with 150 V
voltage setting and 10 A current setting, the multiplying factor of the wattmeter is _________.

## Question No. 230 (../../EEE-GATE-2014-Question-230) GATE - 2014 01

The two signals S1 and S2, shown in gure, are applied to Y and X de ection plates of an
oscilloscope

## The waveform displayed on the screen is

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(A)   (B)

(C)   (D)

## A periodic waveform observed across a load is represented by

1 + sin ωt 0 ≤ ωt < 6π
V (t) = {
−1 + sin ωt 6π ≤ ωt < 12π

The measured value, using moving iron voltmeter connected across the load, is

## (A) √ 2  (B) √ 23  (C)  2  (D)  23

3 3

GATE - 2014 02
Question No. 258 (../../EEE-GATE-2014-Question-258)

In the bridge circuit shown, the capacitors are loss free. At balance, the value of capacitance C1 in

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GATE - 2013 01
Question No. 14 (../../EEE-GATE-2013-Question-14)

The input impedance of the permanent magnet moving coil (PMMC) voltmeter is in nite. Assuming
that the diode shown in the gure below is ideal, the reading of the voltmeter in Volts is

## (A) 4.46  (B) 3.15  (C) 2.23  (D) 0

GATE - 2013 02
Question No. 26 (../../EEE-GATE-2013-Question-26)

A strain gauge forms one arm of the bridge shown in the gure below and has a nominal
resistance without any load as Rs = 300 Ω. Other bridge resistances are R1 = R2 = R3 = 300 Ω. The
maximum permissible current through the strain gauge is 20 mA. During certain measurement
when the bridge is excited by maximum permissible voltage and the strain gauge resistance is
increased by 1% over the nominal value, the output voltage V0 in mV is

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## (A) 56.02  (B) 40.83  (C) 29.85  (D) 10.02

GATE - 2012 01
Question No. 12 (../../EEE-GATE-2012-Question-12)

## (A) 4 V  (B) 5 V  (C) 8 V  (D) 10 V

GATE - 2012 01
Question No. 13 (../../EEE-GATE-2012-Question-13)

## (A) Heaviside Campbell bridge  (B) Schering bridge  (C) De Sauty bridge

(D) Wien bridge

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GATE - 2012 01
Question No. 25 (../../EEE-GATE-2012-Question-25)

For the circuit shown in the gure, the voltage and current expressions are

## v (t) = E1 sin (ωt) + E3 sin (3ωt) and

i (t) = I1 sin (ωt − Φ1 ) + I3 sin (3ωt − Φ3 ) + I5 sin (5ωt)

## (A)  2 E1 I1 cos Φ1  (B)  2

1 1
[E1 I1 cos Φ1 + E1 I3 cos Φ3 +E1 I5 ]

(C)  2  (D)  2
1 1
[E1 I1 cos Φ1 + E3 I3 cos Φ3 ] [E1 I1 cos Φ1 + E3 I1 cos Φ1 ]

GATE - 2012 02
Question No. 45 (../../EEE-GATE-2012-Question-45)

An analog voltmeter uses external multiplier settings. With a multiplier setting of 20 kΩ, it reads
440 V and with a multiplier setting of 80 kΩ, it reads 352 V. For a multiplier setting of 40 kΩ, the

## (A) 371 V  (B) 383 V  (C) 394 V  (D) 406 V

GATE - 2011 01
Question No. 10 (../../EEE-GATE-2011-Question-10)

## Consider the following statement

(i) The compensating coil of a low power factor wattmeter compensates the e ect of the
impedance of the current coil.
(ii) The compensating coil of a low power factor wattmeter compensates the e ect of the
impedance of the voltage coil circuit.

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(A) (i) is true but (ii) is false  (B) (i) is false but (ii) is true  (C) both (i) and (ii) are true

## (D) both (i) and (ii) are false

GATE - 2011 01
Question No. 22 (../../EEE-GATE-2011-Question-22)

The bridge circuit shown in the gure below is used for the measurement of an unknown element
ZX. The bridge circuit is best suited when ZX is a

## (A) low resistance  (B) high resistance  (C) low Q inductor  (D) lossy capacitor

GATE - 2011 01
Question No. 23 (../../EEE-GATE-2011-Question-23)

A dual trace oscilloscope is set to operate in the ALTernate mode. The control input of the
multiplexer used in the y-circuit is fed with a signal having a frequency equal to

## (D) haif the frequency of the time base (sweep) oscillator

GATE - 2011 02
Question No. 43 (../../EEE-GATE-2011-Question-43)

A 4 1/2 digit DMM has the error speci cation as: 0.2% of reading + 10 counts. If a dc voltage of 100
V is read on its 200 V full scale, the maximum error that can be expected in the reading is

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## (A) ±0.1%  (B) ±0.2%  (C) ±0.3%  (D) ±0.4%

GATE - 2010 01
Question No. 8 (../../EEE-GATE-2010-Question-8)

## (A) Zero always  (B) Total power consumed by Z1 and Z2  (C) Power consumed by Z1

(D) Power consumed by Z2

GATE - 2010 01
Question No. 9 (../../EEE-GATE-2010-Question-9)

An ammeter has a current range of 0 - 5 A, and its internal resistance is 0.2Ω. In order to change
the range to 0 - 25 A, we need to add a resistance of

(A) 0.8Ω in series with the meter  (B) 1.0Ω in series with the meter

(C) 0.04Ω in parallel with the meter  (D) 0.05Ω in parallel with the meter

GATE - 2010 02
Question No. 35 (../../EEE-GATE-2010-Question-35)

The Maxwell's bridge shown in the gure is at balance. The parameters of the inductive coil are

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(A) R =R2R3 / R4, L = C4R2R3  (B) L =R2R3 / R4, R = C4R2R3  (C) R =R4 / R2R3, L = 1/(C4R2R3)

## (A) highly inductive  (B) highly resistive  (C) purely resistive  (D) purely inductive

GATE - 2009 01
Question No. 4 (../../EEE-GATE-2009-Question-4)

The two inputs of a CRO are fed with two stationary periodic signals. In the X-Y mode, the screen
shows a gure which changes from ellipse to circle and back to ellipse with its major axis changing
orientation slowly and repeatedly. The following inference can be made from this.

## (A) The signals are not sinusoidal

(B) The amplitudes of the signals are very close but not equal

(C) The signals are sinusoidal with their frequencies very close but not equal

## (D) There is a constant but small phase di erence between the signals

GATE - 2009 02
Question No. 48 (../../EEE-GATE-2009-Question-48)

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The gure shows a three-phase delta connected load supplied from a 400V, 50 Hz, 3-phase
balanced source. The pressure coil (PC) and current coil (CC) of a wattmeter are connected to the
load as shown, with the coil polarities suitably selected to ensure a positive de ection. The

## (A) 0  (B) 1600 Watt  (C) 800 Watt  (D) 400 Watt

GATE - 2009 02
Question No. 49 (../../EEE-GATE-2009-Question-49)

## (A) 20/√3  (B) 10/√3  (C) 20√3  (D) 10√3

GATE - 2008 01
Question No. 9 (../../EEE-GATE-2008-Question-9)

Two 8-bit ADCs, one of single slope integrating type and other of successive approximation type,
take TA  and TB times to convert 5 V analog input signal to equivalent digital output. If the input
analog signal is reduced to 2.5 V, the approximate time taken by the two ADCs will respectively, be

## (A) TA,TB  (B) TA/2,TB  (C) TA,TB/2  (D) TA/2,TB/2

GATE - 2008 02
Question No. 69 (../../EEE-GATE-2008-Question-69)
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Two sinusoidal signals p(ω1t) = A sinω1t and q(ω2t) are applied to X and Y inputs of a dual channel
CRO. The Lissajous gure displayed on the screen shown below :

## (C) q(ω2t) = A cosω2t, ω2 = 2ω1  (D) q(ω2t) = A cosω2t, ω2 = ω1/2

GATE - 2008 02
Question No. 70 (../../EEE-GATE-2008-Question-70)

## The ac bridge shown in the gure is used to measure the impedance Z .

If the bridge is balanced for oscillator frequency f = 2 kHz, then the impedance Z will be

## (A) (260 + j0)Ω  (B) (0 + j200)Ω  (C) (260 − j200)Ω  (D) (260 + j200)Ω

GATE - 2007 01
Question No. 17 (../../EEE-GATE-2007-Question-17)

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The probes of a non-isolated, two channel oscillocope are clipped to points A, B and C in the circuit
of the adjacent gure. Vin is a square wave of a suitable low frequency. The display on Ch1 and Ch2
are as shown on the right. Then the “Signal” and “Ground” probes S1, G1 and S2, G2 of Ch1 and Ch2
respectively are connected to points:

## Power Electronics and Drives (Power-Electronics-Drives)

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