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CPP: MAGNETIC MOMENT & TORQUE

SINGLE - CORRECT

1. A conducting ring of mass 2 kg and radius 0.5 m is placed on a smooth horizontal


plane. The ring carries a current i = 4A. A horizontal magnetic field B = 10T is
switched on at time t = 0 as shown in figure. The initial angular acceleration of
the ring will be
(A) 40 S rad/s2 (B) 20 S rad/s2 (C) 5 S rad/s2 (D) 15 S rad/s2

2. In the figure shown a coil of single turn is wound on a sphere of radius R and mass
m. The plane of the coil is parallel to the plane and lies in the equatorial plane of
the sphere. Current in the coil is i. The value of B if the sphere is in equilibrium is
mg cos T mg mg tan T mg sin T
(A) (B) (C) (D)
SiR SiR SiR SiR

3. The magnetic moment of a circular orbit of radius ‘r’ carrying a charge ‘q’ and rotating with velocity v is
given by
qvr qvr
(A) (B) (C) qvSr (D) qvSr2
2S 2
E 2P 0 H 0
4. The dimensional formula for the physical quantity is
B2
(E = electric field and B = magnetic field)
(A) L0M0T0 (B) L1M0T–1 (C) L–1M0T1 (D) L1/2M0T–1/2

5. A thin non conducting disc of radius R is rotating clockwise (see figure) with an angular velocity w about
its central axis, which is perpendicular to its plane. Both its surfaces carry +ve charges of uniform surface
density. Half the disc is in a region of a uniform, unidirectional magnetic field B parallel to the plane of the
disc, as shown. Then,
(A) The net torque on the disc is zero.
(B) The net torque vector on the disc is directed leftwards.
(C) The net torque vector on the disc is directed rightwards.
(D) The net torque vector on the disc is parallel to B.

6. A rectangular coil PQ has 2n turns, an area 2a and carries a current 2I, (refer
figure). The plane of the coil is at 60° to a horizontal uniform magnetic field of
flux density B. The torque on the coil due to magnetic force is
(A) BnaI sin60° (B) 8BnaI cos60° (C) 4naI Bsin60° (D) none

7. Figure shows a square current carrying loop ABCD of side 10 cm and


G
current i = 10A. The magnetic moment M of the loop is
(A) (0.05) î  3k̂ A  m 2 (B) (0.05) ˆj  k̂ A  m 2
(C) (0.05) 3î  k̂ A  m 2 (D) î  k̂ A  m 2
MAGNETIC MOMENT & TORQUE Page 2

8. A uniform ring of mass m and radius R carrying current I0 is lying in the x-y plane in vaccum in gravity free
G
space with centre at origin. A uniform external magnetic field of strength B B0 2î  2ˆj  5k̂ is switched on
at t = 0 (here B0 = constant). If the ring can freely rotate. Initial angular acceleration of ring
4 2 I 0 B0 S 10 2I 0 B0 S
(A) (B)
m m
2 2 I 0 B0 S
(C) (D) None of these
m

9.

Figure represents four positions of a current carrying coil is a magnetic field directed towards right. n̂ represent
the direction of area of vector of the coil. The correct order of potential energy is :
(A) I > III > II > IV (B) I < III < II < IV
(C) IV < I < II < II (D) II > II > IV > I

MULTI - CORRECT

10. A square loop of side A is placed in the neighbourhood of an infinitely long straight wire carrying a current
I1. The loop carries a current I2 as shown in figure
G
(A) The magnetic moment of the loop is p m l 2 I 2k̂
G
(B) The magnetic moment of the loop is p m l 2 I 2 k̂
(C) The potential energy of the loop is minimum
(D) The torque experienced by the loop is maximum

G
11. The magnetic dipole p m is placed parallel to an infinitely long straight wire as
shown in figure
(A) the potential energy of the dipole is minimum
(B) the torque acting on the dipole is zero
(C) the force acting on the dipole is zero
(D) none of these

12. An infinite current carrying wire passes through point O and in


perpendicular to the plane containing a current carrying loop
ABCD as shown in the figure. Choose the correct option (s).
(A) Net force on the loop is zero.
(B) Net torque on the loop is zero.
(C) As seen from O, the loop rotates clockwise.
(D) As seen from O, the loop rotates anticlockwise
MAGNETIC MOMENT & TORQUE Page 3

SUBJECTIVE

13. A square current carrying loop made of thin wire and having a mass m =10g can
rotate without friction with respect to the vertical axis OO1, passing through the centre
of the loop at right angles to two opposite sides of the loop. The loop is placed in
a homogeneous magnetic field with an induction B = 10-1 T directed at right angles
to the plane of the drawing. A current I = 2A is flowing in the loop. Find the period
of small oscillations that the loop performs about its position of stable equilibrium.

14. A square cardboard of side l and mass m is suspended from a horizontal axis XY as
shown in figure. A single wire is wound along the periphery of board and carrying a
clockwise current I. At t = 0, a vertical downward magnetic field of induction B is
switched on. Find the minimum value of B so that the board will be able to rotate up
to horizontal level.

15. (a) A rigid circular loop of radius r & mass m lies in the xy plane on a flat table and has a current
G G G
I flowing in it. At this particular place , the earth's magnetic field is B Bx i  By j . How large must
I be before one edge of the loop will lift from table ?
G G G
(b) Repeat if, B Bx i  Bz k .

16. An electron in the ground state of hydrogen atom is revolving in anticlock-wise


direction in a circular orbit of radius R .
(i) Obtain an expression for the orbital magnetic dipole moment of the electron
G
(ii) The atom is placed in a uniform magnetic. Induction B such that the plane normal
of the electron orbit makes an angle of 300 with the magnetic induction. Find
the torque experienced by the orbiting electron.

G
17. A uniform, constant magnetic field B is directed at an angle of 45º to the x-axis
in the xy-plane, PQRS is a rigid square wire frame carrying a steady current
I0(clockwise), with its centre at the origin O. At time t = 0, the frame is at
rest in the position shown in the figure, with its sides parallel to the x & y axes.
Each side of the frame is of mass M & length L.
G
(a) What is the torque W about O acting on the frame due to the magnetic field ?
(b) Find the angle by which the frame rotates under the action of this torque in a short interval of time
't, & the axis about which this rotation occurs ('t is so short that any variation in the torque during
this interval may be neglected) Given the moment of inertia of the frame about an axis through its
centre perpendicular to its plane is 4/3 ML2.

18. A wheel of radius R having charge Q, uniformly distributed on the rim of the
wheel is free to rotate about a light horizontal rod. The rod is suspended by light
inextensible stringe and a magnetic field B is applied as shown in the figure. The
3T
initial tensions in the strings are T0. If the breaking tension of the strings are 0 ,
2
find the maximum angular velocity Z0 with which the wheel can be rotate.
MAGNETIC MOMENT & TORQUE Page 4

19. In a moving coil galvanometer, torque on the coil can be expressed as W = ki, where i is current through
the wire and k is constant. The rectangular coil of the galvanometer having numbers of turns N, area A
and moment of inertia I is placed in magnetic field B. Find
(a) k in terms of given parameters N, I, A and B.
(b) the torsional constant of the spring, if a current i0 produces a deflection of S/2 in the coil in reaching
equilibrium position.
(c) the maximum angle through which coil is deflected, id charge Q is passed through the coil almost
instantaneously. (Ignore the damping in mechanical oscillations)

ANSWER KEY

1. A 2. B 3. B 4. A 5. B

6.B 7. A 8. A 9. A 10. A

m
11. C 12.A,C 13. T0 = 2 S = 0.57 s
6IB

mg mg mg eh G ehB
14. 15. I = (b) I = 16. (i) m = ; W
2 Il S r B2x  B2y
1/ 2
S r Bx 4Sm 8Sm

G BI 0 L2 3 BI 0 d T0
17. (a) W = î ˆj (b) T = 't2 18. Z=
2 4 M QR 2 B

2i 0 NAB NABS
19. (a) k = NAB, (b) C = , (c) Q ×
S 2li 0