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Palawan State University

South Campuses
P.S Chan Memorial Campus
Inogbong, Bataraza, Palawan
Introduction to Philosophy and Logic

Midterm Exam

Multiple-choices
Directions: Analyse the statements carefully. Choose the best answer from the options given and encircle the
correct answer.
1. Philosophy is literally referred to as the love of wisdom. How does the study of philosophy related to
our future career?
A. It encourages dogmatic approach to issues about life and other religion and other things.
B. It discourages the Socratic methods because philosophers believe that there is an ultimate truth
C. The Study of Philosophy conditions the mind of a student to look at things in different perspectives.
D. Philosophy is thinking without considering any evidence.
2. Philosophy is ______.
a. Science b. art c. Both A and B d. neither A and B
3. Which is not a concern of Philosophy?
a. Justice and goodness of God c. Knowledge
b. Reality d. None of the above
4. Which of the following does not refer to Philosophy as a field of Science
a. Philosophy is a systematic body of knowledge brought in by inquiry.
b. Philosophy is just some field of study that is nuisance to human existence
c. Philosophy is dogmatic in nature
d. All of the above
5. ______ is a philosophical field that is concerned about the nature of reality.
a. Epistemology b. Theodicy c. Ethics d. metaphysics
6. ______ is a field of Philosophy that is concerned about the nature of knowledge.
a. Epistemology b. Theodicy c. Ethics d. Metaphysics
7. This field of Philosophy is aiming to pose questions about justice and goodness of God.
a. Epistemology b. Theodicy c. Ethics d. Metaphysics
8. For an act to be good, what are the things to be considered? The aforementioned question is asked by
those who specialize on what field of Philosophy?
a. Epistemology b. Theodicy c. Ethics d. Metaphysics
9. There is a positive relationship between the blind obedience to religion and theodicy.
a. True because the all logic of God is impossible to be comprehended by man.
b. True because faith requires obedience, not reason.
c. False because theodicy is called rational theology. In all aspects blind obedience and theodicy will
always disagree with each other.
d. False because asking question will mean doubt.
10. What is not true about Philosophy?
a. It is literally the love of wisdom ultimate being
b. It is an academic discipline whose inquiry is on the
c. The discipline who has a strong belief that they know the truth
d. It is a discipline using inquiry and finding answers to series of never ending questions
11. If you are concerned with beauty, on what field of Philosophy would you resort to?
a. Aesthetics b. Axiology c. Ethics d. All of the above
12. If you study cosmology, you are studying living things on what reasons?
i. To know and understand the structure of the universe

ii. to understand how the universe exists, maintains and operates

iii. to understand the behaviour of man in relation to its mental processes.


a. I only b. ii only c. I and ii d. I, ii and iii
13. Which field of philosophy laid the foundation of modern astronomy?
a. Epistemology b. Psychology c. cosmology d. none of the above
14. Thinking starts with ___________
a. Faith b. Love c. Doubt d. Survival
15. If you are concerned with beauty, on what field of Philosophy would you resort to?
a. Aesthetics b. Axiology c. Ethics d. All of the above
16. For an act to be good, what are the things to be considered? The aforementioned question is asked by
those who specialize on what field of Philosophy?
a. Epistemology b. Theodicy c. Ethics d. Metaphysics
17. It is the oldest question in western Philosophy. It refers to the distinguishing characteristics including
ways of thinking, feeling and acting that humans tend to have naturally.
a. Nature of man b. Nature of goodness c. Nature of reality d. Nature of beauty
18. It is the belief that man is made up of matter or body and nothing else.
a. Monism b. dualism c. tripartite d. none of the above
19. This belief about the composition of man states that man is composed of two irreducible elements,
which are called matter and spirit respectively.
a. Monism b. dualism c. Tripartite d. B and C
20. As to the composition of man what is the belief of Aristotle?
a. Man is a spirit c. Man is a body and spirit
b. Man is a body d. Man is a body and a soul
21. What is truth for Plato?
a. Truth are the things that are eternal and everything that is spiritual
b. Truth does not exist everything is illusion and there are many truths.
c. Everything in this world is an imperfect representation of a perfect thing
d. What we see in this world is all there is, there is no truth beyond the physical world
22. He is a Chinese Philosopher who believes to the basic goodness of man.
a. Mencius b. Plato c. Aristotle d. Either of the three
23. I you believe that man is created by God? On which statement would you agree?
a. Man is created by God and his fate is predestined by the will of his creator.
b. Man is the highest form of animal, capable of cognitive abilities.
c. Man is the product of mutation brought forth by a great amount of time
d. Man is an animal, just smarter and cultured.
24. Understanding the human nature has particular implications on which of the following fields?
a. Ethics b. Politics c. theology d. all of these
25. According to Aristotle, “Man is by nature a political animal.” Why?
a. He can make laws and abide on it c. He can appreciate arts
b. He can use language d. He is inventive
26. The ability to use language, being inventive, being social and political, conscious of history, and
cumulative cultural tradition, aesthetic appreciation, sense of right and wrong, and being religious is a
manifestation that _______.
a. Man is distinct to animals c. Man is a living organism
b. Man is completely similar to animals d. Man is a rational being
27. According to the tripartite belief on the composition of man, man is composed of _______.
a. Body, soul and spirit c. Spirit alone
b. Body soul and intelligence d. Body alone
28. Man and animal is completely the same in all aspects.
a. True because human is also an animal
b. True but false
c. False because man has distinct traits compared to animals. One example is its ability to reason.
d. Man is by nature a living organism
29. On what area would Philosophy and religion agree with each other?
a. The subject of inquiry c. The nature of truth
b. The method of arriving to the truth d. The belief in faith
30. On what are would Philosophy agree in the sciences?
a. The subject of inquiry c. The nature of truth
b. The method of arriving to the truth d. The belief in faith
31. What is the lesson behind the allegory of the cave?
a. A cave is a place of wisdom because it is holy
b. Killing the slave who was able to go out of the cave is acceptable
c. There is the possibility that our perception of truth may actually be false
d. There is no doubt that our perception of truth is completely dependent on our senses
32. A truly rational and intelligent person is the one who _______.
a. Satisfied with mere beliefs and opinions handed down by the society.
b. Is not quite certain of what he knows
c. Is not satisfied with opinions instead he himself make inquiry to verify every information he
comes to interact.
d. Is not sure of what he know
33. What is logic?
a. The science of correct reasoning c. The science of Knowledge
b. The science of reality d. The science of numbers
34. What is the formal logic?
a. The branch of logic who concerns itself on the forms and linguistic pattern rather that its
adherence to reality.
b. The branch of logic that focuses on the adherence to reality rather than on the truth.
c. The branch of logic that focus on formal jobs such as teachers
d. The branch of logic that concerns itself to food.
35. Why is it dangerous to rely on opinions?
a. Because you can always be sure with opinions c. Either A and B
b. Because opinions sometimes have no reliable basis. d. Both a and B
36. For thinking to occur, what conditions needed to be met?
a. We are thinking when we use what we know as a tool for gaining more knowledge
b. A conscious thought of having the necessity to arrive to a certain truth
c. Doing any of all the mental acts because all of it is thinking
d. Doing both A and B
37. For Socrates what is meant by living a virtuous life?
a. Searching for truth
b. Living young and wild and free
c. Doing good things and avoiding vices such as liquors
d. Fighting wars for the sake of the state and the integrity of ones ruler
38. Sartre: Freedom= St. Thomas Aquinas:___________
a. Argument of Motion b. Summa Theologia c. Evolution d. Thermodynamics
39. Which of the following does not belong to group in reference to the era appearance of their
philosophical thought?
a. Anaximander b. St. Augustine c. Protagoras d. Thales
40. . Which of the following does not belong to group in reference to the era appearance of their
philosophical thought?
a. Roseau b. Pythagoras c. Kant d. Montesquieu
41. He believe that man is made up of numbers.
a. Roseau b. Pythagoras c. Kant d. Montesquieu
42. He presented five arguments supporting the existence of God to support his claim that man is made by
God.
a. Anaximander b. St. Augustine c. Protagoras d. St. Thomas Aquinas
43. Always believe on what you hear or what you see.
a. True b. False c. Either true or false d. none of the above
44. Always act according to your impulse for there is no chance in it being right.
a. True b. False c. Either true or false d. none of the above
45. It denotes something’s degree of importance.
a. Value c. term
b. Theory d. proposition
46. You can say that you value something when _______.
a. When it means nothing on you. C. When you know nothing about its
existence.
b. When it is worth something. D. All of the above.
47. It is the study of controversial ethics brought about by the advances in biology and medicine.
a. Business ethics b. Bioethics c. Geoethics d. Machine ethics.
48. This is a form of applied ethics that examines ethical principles and moral ethical problems that arise in
a business environment.
a. Business ethics b. Bioethics c. Geoethics d. Machine ethics.
49. It is the study of the rightness and wrongness of an act.
a. Ethics b. metaphysics c. theology d. Logic
50. According to Plato, which field of philosophy is to be placed on the apex in the hierarchy of human
values?
a. Metaphysics b. Logic c. Aesthetics d. ethics

II. True or False

Directions: Write T if the statement is true and F if not. Not doing likewise would be considered false. Answer
only if you are sure of your answer because wrong answer will be deducted from your scores.

1. All acts of the mind is thinking.


2. Philosophy and Religion is the same in reference to the methodology in arriving to the truth
3. All interrogative sentences are logical propositions.
4. A proposition is a sentence that is affirming or denying something that is either true or false.
5. A supposition is a sentence that gets is meaning on how it is being used in a specific sentence.
6. A term is a concept that is in the mind.
7. A concept is a mental representation of the external world.
8. A concept is an expressed term.
9. Truth is correctness of reason.
10. Correctness is the adherence to reality.
11. According to Anaximander man is made of fire.
12. According to Sartre the true manifestation of human freedom is doing good things.
13. According to St. Augustine love is happiness.
14. Ethics concerns itself to the value of things.
15. Philosophy is explanation of things that are immediate using faith.
16. Philosophy is the mother of all the sciences.
17. For Socrates a life that is virtuous is living with complete adherence to the law of a specific state.
18. According to Aristotle man is made up of spirit and body.
19. A logical proposition is composed of subject verb and predicate.
20. Jerone Cansino is handsome.

“Two things are infinite: the universe and human stupidity; and I'm not sure about the universe.”
― Albert Einstein

“Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed, citizens can change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing
that ever has.”
― Margaret Mead

“You talk when you cease to be at peace with your thoughts.”


― Kahlil Gibran

“Man is the only creature who refuses to be what he is.”


― Albert Camus

Mga buang kayo ayusin niyo mag sagot.

-Jerone Cansino