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0 tayangan4 halamanIn this paper, cosine exponential distance among single valued neutrosophic multi sets is proposed and some of its properties are discussed herein. The concept of the above method is an essential tool for dealing with uncertainties and shortcomings that affect the existing methods. Implementation of medical diagnosis is presented to find out the disease impacting the patient.

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In this paper, cosine exponential distance among single valued neutrosophic multi sets is proposed and some of its properties are discussed herein. The concept of the above method is an essential tool for dealing with uncertainties and shortcomings that affect the existing methods. Implementation of medical diagnosis is presented to find out the disease impacting the patient.

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In this paper, cosine exponential distance among single valued neutrosophic multi sets is proposed and some of its properties are discussed herein. The concept of the above method is an essential tool for dealing with uncertainties and shortcomings that affect the existing methods. Implementation of medical diagnosis is presented to find out the disease impacting the patient.

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www.ijera.com ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 8, Issue 6 (Part -I) June 2018, pp 26-29

sets in medical diagnosis

A.Edward Samuel *, R.Narmadhagnanam **

*Ramanujan Research Centre, P.G. & Research Department of Mathematics, GAC(A),Kumbakonam,TN,India.

Email:aedward74_thrc@yahoo.co.in

** (Ramanujan Research Centre, P.G. & Research Department of Mathematics, GAC(A), Kumbakonam, TN,

India.

Email:narmadhagnanam03@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

In this paper, cosine exponential distance among single valued neutrosophic multi sets is proposed and some of

its properties are discussed herein. The concept of the above method is an essential tool for dealing with

uncertainties and shortcomings that affect the existing methods. Implementation of medical diagnosis is

presented to find out the disease impacting the patient.

Keywords - Single valued neutrosophic set, Single valued neutrosophic multi sets, cosine exponential distance,

medical diagnosis.

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Date of Submission: 25-05-2018 Date of acceptance:10-06-2018

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

biological systems as well as in their

I. INTRODUCTION characterization. To model an expert doctor it is

A number of real life problems in imperative that it should not disallow uncertainty as

engineering, medical sciences, social sciences, it would be then inapt to capture fuzzy or incomplete

economics etc., involve imprecise data and their knowledge that might lead to the danger of fallacies

solution involves the use of mathematical principles due to misplaced precision.

based on uncertainty and imprecision. Such As medical diagnosis contains lots of

uncertainties are being dealt with the help of topics uncertainties and increased volume of information,

like probability theory, fuzzy set theory [15], rough available to physicians from new medical

set theory [8] etc., Healthcare industry has been technologies, the process of classifying different set

trying to complement the services offered by of symptoms under a single name of disease

conventional clinical decision making systems with becomes difficult. In some practical situations, there

the integration of fuzzy logic techniques in them. As is the possibility of each element having different

it is not an easy task for a clinician to derive a fool truth membership, indeterminate and false

proof diagnosis it is advantageous to automate few membership functions. The unique feature of single

initial steps of diagnosis which would not require valued neutrosophic multi set is that it contains multi

intervention from an expert doctor. Neutrosophic set truth membership, indeterminate and false

which is a generalized set possesses all attributes membership. By taking one time inspection, there

necessary to encode medical knowledge base and may be error in diagnosis. Hence, multi time

capture medical inputs. inspection, by taking the samples of the same patient

As medical diagnosis demands large at different times gives the best diagnosis. So, single

amount of information processing, large portion of valued neutrosophic multi sets and their applications

which is quantifiable, also intuitive thought process play a vital role in medical diagnosis.

involve rapid unconscious data processing and In 1965, Fuzzy set theory was initially

combines available information by law of average, given by Zadeh[1] which is applied in many real

the whole process offers low intra and inter person applications to handle uncertainty. Sometimes

consistency. So contradictions, inconsistency, membership function itself is uncertain and hard to

indeterminacy and fuzziness should be accepted as be defined by a crisp value. So the concept of

unavoidable as it is integrated in the behavior of interval valued fuzzy sets was proposed to capture

A.Edward Samuel International Journal of Engineering Research and Application

www.ijera.com ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 8, Issue 6 (Part -I) June 2018, pp 26-29

the uncertainty of membership grade. In 1982, Let X be a nonempty set with generic

Pawlak [2] introduced the concept of rough set, as a elements in X denoted by x . A single valued

formal tool for modeling and processing incomplete neutrosophic multi sets(SVNM) A drawn from X is

information in information systems. In 1986, characterized by the three functions: count truth-

Atanassov [3] introduced the intuitionistic fuzzy sets membership of CTA , count indeterminacy-

which consider both truth-membership and falsity-

membership. Later on, intuitionistic fuzzy sets were membership of CI A and count falsity-membership

extended to the interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy of CFA such that

sets. Intuitionistic fuzzy sets and interval valued CTA ( x) : X R , CI A ( x) : X R ,

intuitionistic fuzzy sets can only handle incomplete

CFA ( x) : X R for x X , where R is the set of all

information not the indeterminate information and

inconsistent information which exists commonly in real number multi sets in the real unit interval [0,1].

belief systems. Neutrosophic set (generalization of Then a SVNM A is denoted by

fuzzy sets, intuitionistic fuzzy sets and so on) x, (T A1 ( x), (T A2 ( x),...T Aq ( x)), ( I 1A ( x), ( I A2 ( x),...I Aq ( x)),

defined by Florentin Smarandache [4] has capability A FA1 ( x), ( FA2 ( x),...FAq ( x))

to deal with uncertainty, imprecise, incomplete and

/ x X

inconsistent information which exists in real world

where the truth-membership sequence

from philosophical point of view. Wang et al[5]

proposed the single valued neutrosophic set. Pinaki ((TA1 ( x), (TA2 ( x),...TAq ( x)) , the indeterminacy-

Majumdar and S.K. Samanta [6] proposed the membership sequence (( I 1A ( x), ( I A2 ( x),...I Aq ( x)) and the

similarity and entropy of neutrosophic sets. Jun Ye

falsity-membership sequence (( FA1 ( x), ( FA2 ( x),...FAq ( x))

and Jing Fu [7] proposed the tangent similarity

measure of single valued neutrosophic sets. Jun Ye may be in decreasing or increasing order, and the

[8] proposed the cotangent similarity measure of sum of TAi (x), I Ai (x), FAi ( x) [0,1] satisfies the

single valued neutrosophic sets. Shan Ye and Jun Ye condition 0 sup TAi ( x) sup I Ai ( x) sup FAi ( x) 3 for

[9] introduced the concept of single valued x X and i 1,2,, q.

neutrosophic multi sets.

In this paper, by using the notion of single For convenience, a SVNM can be denoted by

the simplified form:

x,T (x), I

valued neutrosophic multi set, it was provided an

exemplary for medical diagnosis. In order to make A i

A

i i

A ( x), FA ( x) x X , i 1,2,, q

this a new method was executed.

Rest of the article was structured as

follows. In Section 2, the basic definitions were

III. PROPOSED DEFINITION

3.1 Definition

briefly presented. Section 3 deals with proposed

Let

definitions and some of its properties. Sections 4, 5

A

& 6 contain methodology, algorithm and case study

related to medical diagnosis respectively. x , T ( x ), I

j

i

A j

i

A

( x j ), FAi ( x j ) | x j X , i 1,2, , q

Conclusion was given in Section 7. and

B

II. PRELIMINARIES

2.1 Definition [5]

x , T ( x ), I

j B

i

j

i

B

( x j ),FBi ( x j ) | x j X , i 1,2, , q

Let X be a space of points (objects) with a be any two SVNMs in X x1 , x2 , xn .

generic element in X denoted by x . A single valued Then the cosine exponential distance is defined as

neutrosophic set A in X is characterized by truth 1

CEDSVNMS ( A, B)

membership function TA , indeterminacy function 3n 1

q n i ( x ) F i ( x ) F i ( x ) (1)

I A and falsity membership function FA .For each T i ( x j ) TBi ( x j ) I i ( x j ) I B B j

cos e

A A j A j

point x in X ,

i 1 j 1

TA x , I A x , FA x 0,1 When X is Proposition 1

continuous, a SVNS A can be written as (i) CEDSVNMS ( A, B) 0

A T x , I x , F x / x, x X When X is discrete, a (ii) CEDSVNMS ( A, B) CEDSVNMS ( B, A)

x

SVNS A can be written as If A B C then

n CED SVNMS ( A, C ) CED SVNMS ( A, B) &

A T xi , I xi , F xi /xi , xi X

i 1 CED SVNMS ( A, C ) CED SVNMS ( B, C )

2.2 Definition [9] Proof

(i) The proof is straightforward

A.Edward Samuel International Journal of Engineering Research and Application

www.ijera.com ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 8, Issue 6 (Part -I) June 2018, pp 26-29

(ii) We know that, symptoms to the diseases i.e., R(S D) and then

T iA x j T iB x j T iB x j T iA x j the methodology involves three main jobs:

I iA x j I iB x j I iB x j I iA x j

1. Determination of symptoms

2. Formulation of medical knowledge based on

F iA x j F iB x j F iB x j F iA x j single valued neutrosophic multi sets & single

valued neutrosophic sets

CEDSVNMS ( A, B) CEDSVNMS ( B, A) 3. Determination of diagnosis on the basis of new

(iii)We know that, computation technique of single valued

T iA x j T iB x j T iC x j neutrosophic multi sets

I iAx j I iB x j I iC x j V. ALGORITHM

Step 1: The Symptoms of the patients are given

F iA x j F iB x j F iC x j to obtain the patient-symptom relation

A B C Q and are noted in Table 1

Hence, Step 2: The medical knowledge relating the

symptoms with the set of diseases under

TAi ( x j ) TBi ( x j ) TAi ( x j ) TCi ( x j ) consideration are given to obtain the

symptom-disease relation R and are

TBi ( x j ) TCi ( x j ) TAi ( x j ) TCi ( x j ) noted in Table 2.

I Ai ( x j ) I Bi ( x j ) I Ai ( x j ) I Ci ( x j ) Step3: The computation T of the relation of

patients and diseases is found using (1)

I Bi ( x j ) I Ci ( x j ) I Ai ( x j ) I Ci ( x j ) and are noted in Table 3.

Step 4: Finally, minimum value from Table 3 of

FAi ( x j ) FBi ( x j ) FAi ( x j ) FCi ( x j ) each row were selected to find the

possibility of the patient affected with the

FBi ( x j ) FCi ( x j ) FAi ( x j ) FCi ( x j ) respective disease and then it was

concluded that the patient

Here, our cosine exponential distance is

an increasing function Pk (k 1,2,3 & 4) was suffering from the

CED SVNMS ( A, C ) CED SVNMS ( A, B) & disease Dr (r 1,2,3 & 4).

VI. CASE STUDY [9]

CED SVNMS ( A, C ) CED SVNMS ( B, C ) Let there be four patients P P1 , P2 , P3 , P4

and the set of symptoms S ={Temperature, Cough,

IV. METHODOLOGY

Throat pain, Headache, Body pain }.The Single

In this section, we present an application of

single valued neutrosophic multi set in medical valued neutrosophic multi relation Q( P S ) is

diagnosis. In a given pathology, suppose S is a set of given as in Table 1.Let the set of diseases

symptoms, D is a set of diseases and P is a set of D = {Viral fever, Tuberculosis, Typhoid, Throat

patients and let Q be a single valued neutrosophic disease}.The Single valued neutrosophic relation

multi relation from the set of patients to the R(S D) is given as in Table 2.

symptoms. i.e., Q( P S ) and R be a single

valued neutrosophic relation from the set of

Q Temperature Cough Throat pain Headache Body pain

(0.8,0.6,0.5) (0.5,0.4,0.3) (0.2,0.1,0.0) (0.7,0.6,0.5) (0.4,0.3,0.2)

P1 (0.3,0.2,0.1) (0.4,0.4,0.3) (0.3,0.2,0.2) (0.3,0.2,0.1) (0.6,0.5,0.5)

(0.4,0.2,0.1) (0.6,0.3,0.4) (0.8,0.7,0.7) (0.4,0.3,0.2) (0.6,0.4,0.4)

(0.5,0.4,0.3) (0.9,0.8,0.7) (0.6,0.5,0.4) (0.6,0.4,0.3) (0.8,0.7,0.5)

P2 (0.3,0.3,0.2) (0.2,0.1,0.1) (0.3,0.2,0.2) (0.4,0.1,0.1) (0.4,0.3,0.1)

(0.5,0.4,0.4) (0.2,0.1,0.0) (0.4,0.3,0.3) (0.7,0.7,0.3) (0.7,0.2,0.1)

(0.2,0.1,0.1) (0.3,0.2,0.2) (0.8,0.8,0.7) (0.3,0.2,0.2) (0.4,0.4,0.3)

P3 (0.3,0.2,0.2) (0.4,0.2,0.2) (0.2,0.2,0.2) (0.3,0.3,0.3) (0.4,0.3,0.2)

(0.8,0.7,0.6) (0.7,0.6,0.5) (0.1,0.1,0.0) (0.7,0.6,0.6) (0.7,0.7,0.5)

(0.5,0.5,0.4) (0.4,0.3,0.1) (0.7,0.1,0.0) (0.6,0.5,0.3) (0.5,0.1,0.1)

P4 (0.3,0.2,0.2) (0.8,0.3,0.1) (0.7,0.2,0.3) (0.6,0.2,0.1) (0.3,0.3,0.2)

(0.4,0.4,0.3) (0.7,0.5,0.3) (0.7,0.7,0.6) (0.6,0.4,0.3) (0.6,0.5,0.4)

A.Edward Samuel International Journal of Engineering Research and Application

www.ijera.com ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 8, Issue 6 (Part -I) June 2018, pp 26-29

R Viral fever Tuberculosis Typhoid Throat disease

Temperature (0.8,0.1,0.1) (0.2,0.7,0.1) (0.5,0.3,0.2) (0.1,0.7,0.2)

Headache (0.2,0.7,0.1) (0.9,0.0,0.1) (0.3,0.5,0.2) (0.3,0.6,0.1)

Stomach pain (0.3,0.5,0.2) (0.7,0.2,0.1) (0.2,0.7,0.1) (0.8,0.1,0.1)

Cough (0.5,0.3,0.2) (0.6,0.3,0.1) (0.2,0.6,0.2) (0.1,0.8,0.1)

Chest pain (0.5,0.4,0.1) (0.7,0.2,0.1) (0.4,0.4,0.2) (0.1,0.8,0.1)

[3] Krassimir,T.Atanassov, Intuitionistic fuzzy

sets, Fuzzy Sets and Systems, 20 (1),

Table 3: Cosine exponential distance 1986,87-96.

Viral Tuberculo Typhoi Throat [4] Florentin Smarandache, A unifying field in

T logics, Neutrosophy: Neutrosophic

fever sis d disease

P1 0.9059 0.9376 0.8845 0.9766 probability, set& logic, Rehoboth : American

Research Press, 1998.

P2 0.8975 0.9225 0.9016 0.9750 [5] Haibin Wang, Florentin Smarandache, Yan

P3 0.9161 0.9507 0.8850 0.9770 Qing Zhang & Rajshekar Sunderraman,.

P4 0.9145 0.8693 0.8873 0.9470 Single valued neutrosophic sets, Multi space

and Multistructure,4, 2010,410-413..

[6] Pinaki Majumdar and S.K. Samanta, On

From Table 3, it is obvious that, if the

similarity and entropy of neutrosophic sets.

doctor agrees, then both P1 & P3 is suffering from

Journal of intelligent and fuzzy systems, 26,

Typhoid, P2 is suffering from Viral fever and P4 is 2014, 1245-1252.

suffering from Tuberculosis. [7] Jun Ye and Jing Fu, “Multi-period medical

diagnosis method using a single valued

VII. CONCLUSION neutrosophic similarity measure based on

Our propounded technique is most reliable tangent function, Computer Methods and

to handle medical diagnosis problems quiet Programs in Biomedicine, 123, 2016, 142-

comfortably. The recommended method can invade 149.

in other areas such as clustering, image processing [8] Jun Ye, Single valued neutrosophic similarity

etc., In future, we will enhance this method to other measures based on cotangent function and

types of neutrosophic sets their application in the fault diagnosis of

steam turbine, Soft computing,21(3)

REFERENCES ,2017,817-825.

[1] Zadeh. L.A, Fuzzy sets, Information and [9] Shan Ye and Jun Ye, Dice similarity measure

Control, 8, 1965, 338-353. between single valued neutrosophic multi sets

[2] Pawlak.Z,Rough sets, International Journal of and its application in medical diagnosis,

Information and Computer Sciences, 11,1982, Neutrosophic sets and systems,6, 2014, 48-53

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