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A.

Edward Samuel International Journal of Engineering Research and Application


www.ijera.com ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 8, Issue 6 (Part -I) June 2018, pp 26-29

RESEARCH ARTICLE OPEN ACCESS

Cosine Exponential Distance of Single valued neutrosophic multi


sets in medical diagnosis
A.Edward Samuel *, R.Narmadhagnanam **
*Ramanujan Research Centre, P.G. & Research Department of Mathematics, GAC(A),Kumbakonam,TN,India.
Email:aedward74_thrc@yahoo.co.in

** (Ramanujan Research Centre, P.G. & Research Department of Mathematics, GAC(A), Kumbakonam, TN,
India.

Email:narmadhagnanam03@gmail.com

Corresponding Author : A.Edward Samuel

ABSTRACT
In this paper, cosine exponential distance among single valued neutrosophic multi sets is proposed and some of
its properties are discussed herein. The concept of the above method is an essential tool for dealing with
uncertainties and shortcomings that affect the existing methods. Implementation of medical diagnosis is
presented to find out the disease impacting the patient.
Keywords - Single valued neutrosophic set, Single valued neutrosophic multi sets, cosine exponential distance,
medical diagnosis.
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Date of Submission: 25-05-2018 Date of acceptance:10-06-2018
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biological systems as well as in their
I. INTRODUCTION characterization. To model an expert doctor it is
A number of real life problems in imperative that it should not disallow uncertainty as
engineering, medical sciences, social sciences, it would be then inapt to capture fuzzy or incomplete
economics etc., involve imprecise data and their knowledge that might lead to the danger of fallacies
solution involves the use of mathematical principles due to misplaced precision.
based on uncertainty and imprecision. Such As medical diagnosis contains lots of
uncertainties are being dealt with the help of topics uncertainties and increased volume of information,
like probability theory, fuzzy set theory [15], rough available to physicians from new medical
set theory [8] etc., Healthcare industry has been technologies, the process of classifying different set
trying to complement the services offered by of symptoms under a single name of disease
conventional clinical decision making systems with becomes difficult. In some practical situations, there
the integration of fuzzy logic techniques in them. As is the possibility of each element having different
it is not an easy task for a clinician to derive a fool truth membership, indeterminate and false
proof diagnosis it is advantageous to automate few membership functions. The unique feature of single
initial steps of diagnosis which would not require valued neutrosophic multi set is that it contains multi
intervention from an expert doctor. Neutrosophic set truth membership, indeterminate and false
which is a generalized set possesses all attributes membership. By taking one time inspection, there
necessary to encode medical knowledge base and may be error in diagnosis. Hence, multi time
capture medical inputs. inspection, by taking the samples of the same patient
As medical diagnosis demands large at different times gives the best diagnosis. So, single
amount of information processing, large portion of valued neutrosophic multi sets and their applications
which is quantifiable, also intuitive thought process play a vital role in medical diagnosis.
involve rapid unconscious data processing and In 1965, Fuzzy set theory was initially
combines available information by law of average, given by Zadeh[1] which is applied in many real
the whole process offers low intra and inter person applications to handle uncertainty. Sometimes
consistency. So contradictions, inconsistency, membership function itself is uncertain and hard to
indeterminacy and fuzziness should be accepted as be defined by a crisp value. So the concept of
unavoidable as it is integrated in the behavior of interval valued fuzzy sets was proposed to capture

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A.Edward Samuel International Journal of Engineering Research and Application
www.ijera.com ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 8, Issue 6 (Part -I) June 2018, pp 26-29

the uncertainty of membership grade. In 1982, Let X be a nonempty set with generic
Pawlak [2] introduced the concept of rough set, as a elements in X denoted by x . A single valued
formal tool for modeling and processing incomplete neutrosophic multi sets(SVNM) A drawn from X is
information in information systems. In 1986, characterized by the three functions: count truth-
Atanassov [3] introduced the intuitionistic fuzzy sets membership of CTA , count indeterminacy-
which consider both truth-membership and falsity-
membership. Later on, intuitionistic fuzzy sets were membership of CI A and count falsity-membership
extended to the interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy of CFA such that
sets. Intuitionistic fuzzy sets and interval valued CTA ( x) : X  R , CI A ( x) : X  R ,
intuitionistic fuzzy sets can only handle incomplete
CFA ( x) : X  R for x  X , where R is the set of all
information not the indeterminate information and
inconsistent information which exists commonly in real number multi sets in the real unit interval [0,1].
belief systems. Neutrosophic set (generalization of Then a SVNM A is denoted by
fuzzy sets, intuitionistic fuzzy sets and so on)  x, (T A1 ( x), (T A2 ( x),...T Aq ( x)), ( I 1A ( x), ( I A2 ( x),...I Aq ( x)), 
 
defined by Florentin Smarandache [4] has capability A   FA1 ( x), ( FA2 ( x),...FAq ( x)) 
to deal with uncertainty, imprecise, incomplete and  
/ x  X 
inconsistent information which exists in real world
where the truth-membership sequence
from philosophical point of view. Wang et al[5]
proposed the single valued neutrosophic set. Pinaki ((TA1 ( x), (TA2 ( x),...TAq ( x)) , the indeterminacy-
Majumdar and S.K. Samanta [6] proposed the membership sequence (( I 1A ( x), ( I A2 ( x),...I Aq ( x)) and the
similarity and entropy of neutrosophic sets. Jun Ye
falsity-membership sequence (( FA1 ( x), ( FA2 ( x),...FAq ( x))
and Jing Fu [7] proposed the tangent similarity
measure of single valued neutrosophic sets. Jun Ye may be in decreasing or increasing order, and the
[8] proposed the cotangent similarity measure of sum of TAi (x), I Ai (x), FAi ( x)  [0,1] satisfies the
single valued neutrosophic sets. Shan Ye and Jun Ye condition 0  sup TAi ( x)  sup I Ai ( x)  sup FAi ( x)  3 for
[9] introduced the concept of single valued x  X and i  1,2,, q.
neutrosophic multi sets.
In this paper, by using the notion of single For convenience, a SVNM can be denoted by
the simplified form:
 x,T (x), I 
valued neutrosophic multi set, it was provided an
exemplary for medical diagnosis. In order to make A i
A
i i
A ( x), FA ( x) x  X , i  1,2,, q
this a new method was executed.
Rest of the article was structured as
follows. In Section 2, the basic definitions were
III. PROPOSED DEFINITION
3.1 Definition
briefly presented. Section 3 deals with proposed
Let
definitions and some of its properties. Sections 4, 5
A
& 6 contain methodology, algorithm and case study
related to medical diagnosis respectively.  x , T ( x ), I
j
i
A j
i
A
( x j ), FAi ( x j ) | x j  X , i  1,2, , q 
Conclusion was given in Section 7. and
B
II. PRELIMINARIES
2.1 Definition [5]
 x , T ( x ), I
j B
i
j
i
B
( x j ),FBi ( x j ) | x j  X , i  1,2, , q 
Let X be a space of points (objects) with a be any two SVNMs in X  x1 , x2 , xn  .
generic element in X denoted by x . A single valued Then the cosine exponential distance is defined as
neutrosophic set A in X is characterized by truth 1
CEDSVNMS ( A, B) 
membership function TA , indeterminacy function 3n  1
q  n i ( x )  F i ( x )  F i ( x )  (1)
I A and falsity membership function FA .For each   T i ( x j ) TBi ( x j )  I i ( x j )  I B B j  
  cos e 
A A j A j

point x in X , 

i 1 j 1

TA x , I A x , FA x   0,1 When X is Proposition 1
continuous, a SVNS A can be written as (i) CEDSVNMS ( A, B)  0
A   T x , I x , F x  / x, x  X When X is discrete, a (ii) CEDSVNMS ( A, B)  CEDSVNMS ( B, A)
x
SVNS A can be written as If A  B  C then
n CED SVNMS ( A, C )  CED SVNMS ( A, B) &
A   T xi , I xi , F xi  /xi , xi  X
i 1 CED SVNMS ( A, C )  CED SVNMS ( B, C )
2.2 Definition [9] Proof
(i) The proof is straightforward

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A.Edward Samuel International Journal of Engineering Research and Application
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(ii) We know that, symptoms to the diseases i.e., R(S  D) and then
       
T iA x j  T iB x j  T iB x j  T iA x j the methodology involves three main jobs:
I iA x j   I iB x j   I iB x j   I iA x j 
1. Determination of symptoms
2. Formulation of medical knowledge based on
F iA x j   F iB x j   F iB x j   F iA x j  single valued neutrosophic multi sets & single
valued neutrosophic sets
CEDSVNMS ( A, B)  CEDSVNMS ( B, A) 3. Determination of diagnosis on the basis of new
(iii)We know that, computation technique of single valued
     
T iA x j  T iB x j  T iC x j neutrosophic multi sets
I iAx j   I iB x j   I iC x j  V. ALGORITHM
Step 1: The Symptoms of the patients are given
F iA x j   F iB x j   F iC x j  to obtain the patient-symptom relation
 A  B  C  Q and are noted in Table 1
Hence, Step 2: The medical knowledge relating the
symptoms with the set of diseases under
TAi ( x j )  TBi ( x j )  TAi ( x j )  TCi ( x j ) consideration are given to obtain the
symptom-disease relation R and are
TBi ( x j )  TCi ( x j )  TAi ( x j )  TCi ( x j ) noted in Table 2.
I Ai ( x j )  I Bi ( x j )  I Ai ( x j )  I Ci ( x j ) Step3: The computation T of the relation of
patients and diseases is found using (1)
I Bi ( x j )  I Ci ( x j )  I Ai ( x j )  I Ci ( x j ) and are noted in Table 3.
Step 4: Finally, minimum value from Table 3 of
FAi ( x j )  FBi ( x j )  FAi ( x j )  FCi ( x j ) each row were selected to find the
possibility of the patient affected with the
FBi ( x j )  FCi ( x j )  FAi ( x j )  FCi ( x j ) respective disease and then it was
concluded that the patient
Here, our cosine exponential distance is
an increasing function Pk (k  1,2,3 & 4) was suffering from the
CED SVNMS ( A, C )  CED SVNMS ( A, B) & disease Dr (r  1,2,3 & 4).
 VI. CASE STUDY [9]
CED SVNMS ( A, C )  CED SVNMS ( B, C ) Let there be four patients P  P1 , P2 , P3 , P4 
and the set of symptoms S ={Temperature, Cough,
IV. METHODOLOGY
Throat pain, Headache, Body pain }.The Single
In this section, we present an application of
single valued neutrosophic multi set in medical valued neutrosophic multi relation Q( P  S ) is
diagnosis. In a given pathology, suppose S is a set of given as in Table 1.Let the set of diseases
symptoms, D is a set of diseases and P is a set of D = {Viral fever, Tuberculosis, Typhoid, Throat
patients and let Q be a single valued neutrosophic disease}.The Single valued neutrosophic relation
multi relation from the set of patients to the R(S  D) is given as in Table 2.
symptoms. i.e., Q( P  S ) and R be a single
valued neutrosophic relation from the set of

Table 1: Patient-Symptom relation


Q Temperature Cough Throat pain Headache Body pain
(0.8,0.6,0.5) (0.5,0.4,0.3) (0.2,0.1,0.0) (0.7,0.6,0.5) (0.4,0.3,0.2)
P1 (0.3,0.2,0.1) (0.4,0.4,0.3) (0.3,0.2,0.2) (0.3,0.2,0.1) (0.6,0.5,0.5)
(0.4,0.2,0.1) (0.6,0.3,0.4) (0.8,0.7,0.7) (0.4,0.3,0.2) (0.6,0.4,0.4)
(0.5,0.4,0.3) (0.9,0.8,0.7) (0.6,0.5,0.4) (0.6,0.4,0.3) (0.8,0.7,0.5)
P2 (0.3,0.3,0.2) (0.2,0.1,0.1) (0.3,0.2,0.2) (0.4,0.1,0.1) (0.4,0.3,0.1)
(0.5,0.4,0.4) (0.2,0.1,0.0) (0.4,0.3,0.3) (0.7,0.7,0.3) (0.7,0.2,0.1)
(0.2,0.1,0.1) (0.3,0.2,0.2) (0.8,0.8,0.7) (0.3,0.2,0.2) (0.4,0.4,0.3)
P3 (0.3,0.2,0.2) (0.4,0.2,0.2) (0.2,0.2,0.2) (0.3,0.3,0.3) (0.4,0.3,0.2)
(0.8,0.7,0.6) (0.7,0.6,0.5) (0.1,0.1,0.0) (0.7,0.6,0.6) (0.7,0.7,0.5)
(0.5,0.5,0.4) (0.4,0.3,0.1) (0.7,0.1,0.0) (0.6,0.5,0.3) (0.5,0.1,0.1)
P4 (0.3,0.2,0.2) (0.8,0.3,0.1) (0.7,0.2,0.3) (0.6,0.2,0.1) (0.3,0.3,0.2)
(0.4,0.4,0.3) (0.7,0.5,0.3) (0.7,0.7,0.6) (0.6,0.4,0.3) (0.6,0.5,0.4)

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A.Edward Samuel International Journal of Engineering Research and Application
www.ijera.com ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 8, Issue 6 (Part -I) June 2018, pp 26-29

Table 2: Symptom-Disease relation


R Viral fever Tuberculosis Typhoid Throat disease
Temperature (0.8,0.1,0.1) (0.2,0.7,0.1) (0.5,0.3,0.2) (0.1,0.7,0.2)
Headache (0.2,0.7,0.1) (0.9,0.0,0.1) (0.3,0.5,0.2) (0.3,0.6,0.1)
Stomach pain (0.3,0.5,0.2) (0.7,0.2,0.1) (0.2,0.7,0.1) (0.8,0.1,0.1)
Cough (0.5,0.3,0.2) (0.6,0.3,0.1) (0.2,0.6,0.2) (0.1,0.8,0.1)
Chest pain (0.5,0.4,0.1) (0.7,0.2,0.1) (0.4,0.4,0.2) (0.1,0.8,0.1)
[3] Krassimir,T.Atanassov, Intuitionistic fuzzy
sets, Fuzzy Sets and Systems, 20 (1),
Table 3: Cosine exponential distance 1986,87-96.
Viral Tuberculo Typhoi Throat [4] Florentin Smarandache, A unifying field in
T logics, Neutrosophy: Neutrosophic
fever sis d disease
P1 0.9059 0.9376 0.8845 0.9766 probability, set& logic, Rehoboth : American
Research Press, 1998.
P2 0.8975 0.9225 0.9016 0.9750 [5] Haibin Wang, Florentin Smarandache, Yan
P3 0.9161 0.9507 0.8850 0.9770 Qing Zhang & Rajshekar Sunderraman,.
P4 0.9145 0.8693 0.8873 0.9470 Single valued neutrosophic sets, Multi space
and Multistructure,4, 2010,410-413..
[6] Pinaki Majumdar and S.K. Samanta, On
From Table 3, it is obvious that, if the
similarity and entropy of neutrosophic sets.
doctor agrees, then both P1 & P3 is suffering from
Journal of intelligent and fuzzy systems, 26,
Typhoid, P2 is suffering from Viral fever and P4 is 2014, 1245-1252.
suffering from Tuberculosis. [7] Jun Ye and Jing Fu, “Multi-period medical
diagnosis method using a single valued
VII. CONCLUSION neutrosophic similarity measure based on
Our propounded technique is most reliable tangent function, Computer Methods and
to handle medical diagnosis problems quiet Programs in Biomedicine, 123, 2016, 142-
comfortably. The recommended method can invade 149.
in other areas such as clustering, image processing [8] Jun Ye, Single valued neutrosophic similarity
etc., In future, we will enhance this method to other measures based on cotangent function and
types of neutrosophic sets their application in the fault diagnosis of
steam turbine, Soft computing,21(3)
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