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# 2014 GRADE 5 SOLUTIONS: INDIVIDUAL ROUND 1A

1. Marissa worked 1 hour 50 minutes in the morning and 2 hours 40 minutes in the afternoon.
This is a total of 4 hours 30 minutes ( hours). Marissa earned
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2. Method 1: The family drinks 8 cups per day, which is the same as
4 pints or 2 quarts or gallon per day.

## Method 2: Scale down

The Swanson family drinks cups of milk in 30 days.

## Method 3: Use dimensional analysis:

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3. Method 1: Students might know that, unless it is extremely cold, the temperature in degrees
Fahrenheit will have a higher number than the same temperature in degrees Celsius.
That eliminates both C and D.
The choice for A is 10 , which is cool (only 50 ), so the only choice left is B.

Method 2:
Use the formula:

## Now divide both sides by 1.8.

so B or

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4.

## – of ribbon left over.

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2014 GRADE 5 SOLUTIONS: INDIVIDUAL ROUND 1A

## 5. Mr. Jackson can make 6 trucks in twelve days.

Mr. Dickson can make 4 trucks in twelve days.
Altogether, they can make 10 trucks in twelve days.
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6. Method 1: Scale up
BETH: GEORGIA:
50 meters in 9 seconds 20 meters in 4 seconds
100 meters in 18 seconds 100 meters in 20 seconds
1000 meters in 180 seconds 1000 meters in 200 seconds
It will take Georgia seconds longer to finish the race.

Method 2:
There are 1000 meters in one kilometer.
Beth runs 50 meters in 9 seconds. There are groups of 50 meters in one kilometer.
Beth can run the 1 km race in
Georgia runs 20 meters in 4 seconds.
There are groups of 20 meters in one kilometer.
Georgia can run the 1 km race in seconds.
It will take Georgia seconds longer to finish the race.

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## 7. The perimeter of the rectangle is

Tom’s square with the same perimeter has a side of length
The area of the square is square cm.
The area of the rectangle is square cm.
The difference in the areas is square cm.
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## 8. First, list the two-digit numbers that are multiples of 6:

12 18 24 30 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96
Next, find those numbers where the sum of the digits is 12: 48 66 and 84

Choose the number whose tens digit is greater than the ones digit: 84

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2014 GRADE 5 SOLUTIONS: INDIVIDUAL ROUND 2A

## 1. 125 nickels have a value of cents = 625 cents

60 dimes have a value of cents = 600 cents.
24 quarters have a value of cents = 600 cents
623 pennies have a value of cent = 623 cents

## Let represent the number of females in the 3 males : 4 females

school choir. Set up a proportion between the 6 males : 8 females
number of males and number of females in the 12 males : 16 females.
choir.
There are singers
in the choir.

Solving, females.
There are singers in the choir.

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Method 3: Part-to-whole proportion

## Let represent the total number of singers in the

school choir. Set up a proportion between the
number of males and the total number of singers
in the choir.

Solving, singers

3. Calls 1-50:
Calls 51-73:
Nicholas’s monthly charge for April was

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2014 GRADE 5 SOLUTIONS: INDIVIDUAL ROUND 2A

4. Method 1:
Anja sold of her tomatoes, so remained unsold.

Method 2:
Anja has of the remaining half of her tomatoes left. , so remained unsold.

Method 3:
Anja sold of the tomatoes before lunch, and of the tomatoes after lunch.
of the tomatoes remained unsold.

lunch tomatoes

sold after
lunch

## 5. ounces of red tint.

6. or

7. The smallest two-digit prime number is 11 and the largest two-digit perfect square number is 81.

## 8. There are bears.

There are lions.
There are ( ) rabbits.

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2014 GRADE 5 SOLUTIONS: INDIVIDUAL ROUND 3A

## 1. Total score for 31 students is points.

Total score for 30 students is points
Lowest score is points.

## 2. The scores are sorted from smallest to largest.

The median score is the mean of the 5th and 6th scores.
So (

## 3. If the mode is 13, then and .

Since the scores are in ascending order, .

## 4. Total of the 10 numbers is points.

Total of the 7 numbers given is points.
Therefore, points.
Their mean is points.

5. The sum of the measures of the central angles of all the red sectors is degrees.
The sum of the measures of the central angles of all the white sectors is 100 degrees.
The sum of the measures of the central angles of all the blue sectors is degrees.
The probability that the arrow will stop in a blue sector is

6. 6 students owned 10-19 CDs, 7 owned 20-29 CDs, and 10 owned 30-39 CDs.
students owned more than 9 and fewer than 40 CDs.

## 7. out of students owned fewer than 30 CDs.

This corresponds to 67.5%.

## 8. 6 of 40 students owned 10 to 19 CDs.

The central angle of this sector is

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2014 GRADE 5 SOLUTIONS: TIEBREAKER ROUND

1. There is a 20% difference between the C’s and the A’s. This accounts for 8 students.
We need to answer the question: 8 is 20% of what number?
Method 1:
Set up a proportion, letting represent the number of students in Mr. Swanson’s class:
Solve ( ) to obtain
There are 40 students in Mr. Swanson’s math class.

Method 2: Scale up
8 is 20% of the number of students.
Now multiply by 5 to get 100%.
40 is 100% of the number of students

## 2. The question is: is what fraction of

Method 1:
Suppose the large rectangle to the right represents one cup of sugar. X
The shaded portion represents cup of sugar, the amount needed for
the recipe.
The box marked with an X represents cup of sugar, the amount that Robin has.
We can see that Robin has 1 part out of 3 parts needed to make the batch of cookies.

Method 2:

## 3. There are 250 fifth-grade students. 40% of these are boys. .

Since 20% of the boys earned an A, and there are 100 boys, 20 boys earned an A.

## If 40% of the class is boys, then 60% of the class is girls.

(or 250 students – 100 boys 150 girls).
Since 22% of the girls earned an A, find 22% of 150.
( )( ) , so 33 girls earned A’s.
Total number of A’s:

## 4. Change 9.5 inches to cm: cm.

Since 1 cm 10 mm, multiply the number of centimeters by 10.
mm

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2014 GRADE 5 SOLUTIONS: TIEBREAKER ROUND
5. Method 1:
 One-digit numbers: 3 choices, since there are 3 different digits.
 Two-digit numbers: different numbers, since you have 3 choices for the first digit
and 2 choices for the second digit.
 Three-digit numbers: different numbers, since you have 3 choices for the
first digit, 2 choices for the second digit, and 1 choice for the third digit.
different one-, two-, or three-digit numbers.

## Method 2: List the different numbers satisfying the stated conditions:

 One-digit numbers: 1, 4, 7
 Two-digit numbers: 14, 17, 47, 41, 71, 74
 Three-digit numbers: 147, 174, 417, 471, 714, 741
There are 15 different numbers.
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6. Since the triangles are isosceles, we know two lengths for each triangle.
The perimeter of the larger triangle is 40 cm, so the missing side
measures .
16 cm 16 cm
Set up a proportion between the corresponding sides 12 cm 12 cm
of similar triangles:

Solving, = 6 8 cm
c

## The length of the side marked X is 6 cm.

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7. Method 1: Method 2:

## 50 feet 9 inches is the same as feet. Use decimals instead of fractions.

To find the width of the garden, divide the area by

## The width is 24 feet.

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## 8. Since ABCD is a rectangle, angle ADC measures

The measure of angle EDC is A E B
The measure of angle BCD is 90 .
The measure of ECD is
The sum of the measures of the three angles in 31
triangle DEC is 180
58
The measure of angle DEC is
D C

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2014 GRADE 5 SOLUTIONS: TEAM ROUND 1

## 1. All numbers divisible by 2, 3 and 4 are divisible by 12.

Eight of the first 100 counting numbers are divisible by 12: 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, and 96
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## 2. There are 90 minutes between 1:40 p.m. and 3:10 p.m.

Halfway between would be 45 minutes after 1:40 p.m.
The time they went to the zoo would be 2:25 p.m.
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3. The positions of the houses with a black roof are: 2nd, 5th, 8th, 11th, 14th, 17th, 20th , 23rd , 26th, 29th
The positions of the white houses are: 4th, 9th, 14th, 19th, 24th, and 29th
There are two white houses with black roofs: the 14th and the 29th houses
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4. Method 1: Scale up
2 blue marbles, 3 green marbles, 5 yellow marbles (multiply by 10 to get 20 blue marbles)
20 blue marbles, 30 green marbles, 50 yellow marbles
There are marbles.

Method 2:
Out of every 10 marbles, 2 are blue, 3 are green, and 5 are yellow.
Thus, of the marbles are blue.
Let represent the number of marbles in the bag.
Since , then Solving, = 100.
There are 100 marbles in the bag.
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## 5. List the first 6 prime numbers: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13

Nine greater than 13 is 22.
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## 6. If the train took 7 hours and traveled at an average rate of 60 mph,

the train traveled miles.
The train took 8 hours 24 minutes to travel the 420 miles back.
8 hours 24 minutes is 8.4 hours.
miles per hour on the return trip.
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## 7. Each second, Jerry goes feet.

1 mile is 5280 feet, so Jerry takes seconds to jog one mile.
Change 660 seconds to minutes: minutes.

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2014 GRADE 5 SOLUTIONS: TEAM ROUND 1

8. List the possibilities that have 5 as one of the three consecutive numbers.
Then find their sums and their products.
The product of 4, 5, and 6 is 8 times as great as the sum. Their sum is 15.
3 consecutive numbers sum product
3, 4, 5 12 60
4, 5, 6 15 120
5, 6, 7 18 210

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## 9. Method 1: Use the diagram

When the square is folded, the perimeter is 3 times the length of one side.
Let represent the length of the side of the square. 𝑠
𝑠 𝑠
If , then
𝑠
The area of the original sheet of paper is square cm.

## Length Width ( ) Perimeter

10 5 30
12 6 36
14 7 42 ( )

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## 10. Method 1: Make a table for the ages of the girls.

Since Sally is older than only one other girl, she must be 7. (*)
Since Cindy is the only girl older than June, Cindy must be 10 and June must be 9. (**)
There are only two ages left to decide, 6 and 8 years old.
Since Mary is older than Beth, Mary must be 8.

## SALLY * JUNE ** CINDY **

6 years old 7 years old 8 years old 9 years old 10 years old

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2014 GRADE 5 SOLUTIONS: TEAM ROUND 1

## 10 (continued) Method 2: Make a table with all possibilities.

Mary Beth Cindy June Sally Second Clue: Mary is older than Beth. This means
6 6 6 6 6 that Mary is not the youngest (6) and Beth is not
7 7 7 7 7 the oldest (10). Cross those out.

8 8 8 8 8
9 9 9 9 9
10 10 10 10 10

Mary Beth Cindy June Sally Next clue: Cindy is the only girl older than June.
6 6 6 6 6
This means that Cindy is the oldest (10) and June
7 7 7 7 7
is next oldest (9). Circle these and cross out
8 8 8 8 8 wrong ages for Cindy and June. Cross out 9 and
9 9 9 9 9 10 for the other girls.
10 10 10 10 10

## Mary Beth Cindy June Sally

Next clue: Sally is older than only one of the other
6 6 6 6 6
girls. This means that Sally is 7. Cross out 7 for
7 7 7 7 7 everyone else and cross out 6 and 8 for Sally. This
8 8 8 8 8 leaves only Beth to be 6, which means that Mary
is 8.
9 9 9 9 9
10 10 10 10 10 Answer: Mary is 8.

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2014 GRADE 5 SOLUTIONS: TEAM ROUND 2

1.

## 2. 60 cents can be formed with 2 quarters and 2 nickels.

65 cents can be formed with 2 quarters, 1 dime and 1 nickel.
70 cents can be formed with 2 quarters and 2 dimes.
75 cents cannot be formed with these 4 coins.
80 cents can be formed with 3 quarters and 1 nickel.

## 3. of the students chose either vanilla or chocolate.

This means that the 4 students who chose strawberry represent of the class.
4 students of the class.

## Altogether, Keri and Jonas picked strawberries.

5. Jaci made of her free throws. Rounded to the nearest percent, Jaci made 58%
of her free throws.

129 is divisible by 3, so is not prime.
128 is divisible by 2, so is not prime.
127 is not divisible by 2, 3, 5, 7, or 11, so is a prime number. We can stop checking at 11 because
it is the largest prime that is less than the square root of 127.

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2014 GRADE 5 SOLUTIONS: TEAM ROUND 2

7. Change all numbers to decimals, and write out to four decimal places.

A. middle number

B. smallest

C. second largest

D. next smallest

E. largest

Try 42.00 : ( )
Try 42.50 : ( )

## 10. The first 8 runners ran for a total of seconds.

The next 4 runners ran for a total of seconds.
These 12 runners ran for a total of 181.2 seconds, so their average time was seconds.

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2014 GRADE 5 SOLUTIONS: TEAM ROUND 3

1. 7 of the 20 students in Class 1 preferred Sue when Mary was listed first.
This represents 35 percent of the students in Class 1.

## 2. 13 Class 1 students preferred Mary and 19 Class 2 students preferred Sue

when those girls were listed first.
This means that students preferred the girl who was listed first.
32 out of 50 or 64 percent of the students preferred the girl who was listed first.

3. The median weight of the 8 men corresponds to the mean of the 4th and 5th data points.
Thus the median weight is pounds.

## 5. The total weight of the new team is pounds.

The total weight of the other 7 members is
pounds.
Eric’s weight is pounds.

## 6. Probability (selecting a green chip) is .

Probability (selecting a red chip) is .
So of the chips are red. Since there are 15 red chips, there must be 20 chips in all.
Thus there are 5 green chips.

## 7. Probability (selecting a green chip) is .

Probability (selecting a red chip) is .
There are 15 red chips in the bag.
This means that there are now chips in the bag.

## 8. The mode is the score(s) that occur most often.

Since 8 students owned 5 stuffed toys each, the mode is 5 stuffed toys.

9. Make a frequency table showing the number of toys and the corresponding number of students.

Number of toys 1 2 3 4 5
Number of students 6 6 1 2 8
Total 6 12 3 8 40

## The total number of stuffed toys is .

The mean number of stuffed toys is .

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