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Student’s Name:

Student’s Number:
Group:

Lab:
Museum:

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Pathology Department
Student’s Guide and Activity Book

Faculty of Medicine
Ain Shams University

2011 - 2012

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‫كلية الطب – جامعة عين شمس‬
‫‪Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University‬‬

‫الرؤيــــة‬

‫تصبو كلية الطب جامعة عين شمس إلى أن تكون األولى بمنطقة الشرق‬
‫األوسط لتخريج أطباء ذوى قدرات تنافسية وأن تقود اإلصالح فى التعليم‬
‫الطبى‪.‬‬
‫‪Vision Statement‬‬
‫‪To be the first in the Middle East in providing graduates‬‬
‫‪with a competitive edge and to lead reform of medical‬‬
‫‪education.‬‬

‫الرسالـــــة‬
‫تهدف كلية الطب جامعة عين شمس إلى إعداد خريج مدرب ذى مهارة تنافسية‬
‫على المستوى المحلى واإلقليمى‪ ،‬وقادر على التعليم والتعلم والتدرب مدى‬
‫الحياة وملتزم بمعايير الخدمة الطبية واألخالق المهنية‪.‬‬
‫وتسعى الكلية إلى التطوير المستمر للبرامج والمقررات ودعم وتطوير البحث‬
‫العلمى مع التوسع فى األبحاث العلمية التطبيقية وبرامج الرعاية الصحية‬
‫لخدمة احتياجات المجتمع وتنمية البيئة‪.‬‬
‫كما تهدف الكلية إلى توفير كوادر متميزة أكاديميا وبحثيا من أعضاء هيئة‬
‫التدريس ودعم الجهاز اإلدارى واالرتقاء بالنظم المؤسسية وتوفير الموارد‬
‫الذاتية لتحقيق الغايات واألهداف‪.‬‬

‫‪Mission Statement‬‬
‫‪The preparation of a competent graduate, who is able to‬‬
‫‪compete on both national and regional levels, capable of‬‬
‫‪lifelong learning, training and tutoring, while adhering to‬‬
‫‪the codes of practice of medical health services and ethics.‬‬

‫‪3‬‬
The college as well, seeks continuous development of
programs and courses. It also enhances expansion of
applied scientific research and health programs for
community services and environmental development.
Moreover, through providing distinguished academic and
research cadres of teaching staff, supporting the
administrative system and sustainability of own resources,
the college is able to achieve goals and objectives.

‫القيـــــم‬
‫ ونمارس الصدق فى كل‬،‫نحن نمارس عملنا بقصد التميز وليس لمجرد األداء‬
‫ ونسعى دائما لتحقيق المساواة فى الحقوق والتوازن بين الحق‬،‫ما نفعل‬
‫ ونحن نعمل معا لمصلحة الفرد والمجموع‬،‫والواجب مع االحترام المتبادل‬

Value Statement
We carry out our job aiming at excellence and not just
performance, we practice honesty in everything we do, we
always strive to achieve equality and the balance between
right and duty, with mutual respect and we work together
for the benefit of one and all.

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Introduction

Pathology is the bridge between the basic science and


clinical medicine. The main aim of Pathology course is to
provide the third year medical student with adequate and
applicable knowledge and skills to recognize common
pathologic conditions and diseases and life threatening
illnesses affecting body organs and system. It helps the
student to understand the causes (aetiology) of disease, the
mechanisms of its development (pathogenesis) and the
associated alterations of structure (morphologic changes)
and function (clinical manifestations and complications)
to be able to determine the most likely diagnosis of the
disease and management of the patient when provided with
the clinical history, the anatomical, histopathological lesions,
and the laboratory data.

1. Overall Aims of the Pathology Course

Adequate, recognizable and applicable knowledge for common


Aim 1
pathologic conditions and diseases affecting body organs.

Aim 2 Ability to identify and describe gross and microscopic


pathological structural changes.
Integration of pathological findings, clinical data and other
Aim 3 investigations to determine the most likely diagnosis of the
disease and management of the patient.

Aim 4 Motivation and readiness to continuous and lifelong learning for


evolving medical information and skills.

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2. Intended Learning Outcomes of Course (ILOs)

A. Recall of Knowledge and Understanding:


By the end of the course, students will be able to:

Course ILO
Define and describe the basic pathologic processes that disturb
the structure and function of the body including cell injury, tissue
a1 response to injury (inflammation, healing and repair),
haemodynamic disturbances, neoplasia, infections and parasitic
diseases.
List the causes of common pathologic conditions and diseases
a2
affecting organs or systems.
Explain the pathogenesis of common pathologic conditions and
a3
diseases affecting organs or systems.
Describe the basic pathologic features (morphologic alterations)
a4 including the gross and microscopic pictures of various common
pathologic conditions and diseases affecting organs and systems
Describe how the pathological processes affect the structure and
a5
function of the organ systems of the human body
List the clinical manifestations and complications of common
a6
pathologic conditions and diseases.
Compare the pathological features of different pathological
a7
conditions and diseases that share common clinical features
Identify the terminology used in the classification and
investigations of common pathologic conditions and diseases,
a8
enabling effective communication with professional colleagues
and patients

B. Intellectual Skills
By the end of the course, students will be able to:

Course ILO
Correlate the pathologic features (morphologic alterations) of
b1 common pathologic conditions and diseases with their clinical
presentation, laboratory investigations and complications
Analyze basic pathologic and clinical data to solve clinical
b2
problems and diagnose human disease

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C. Professional and Practical Skills
By the end of the course, students will be able to:

Course ILO
Identify and describe gross pathological lesion in a gross
c1 specimen of common pathologic conditions and diseases with
correlation to relevant clinical data
Identify and describe microscopic findings of common pathologic
c2 conditions and diseases using a light microscope with correlation to
relevant clinical data.
Apply safety measures during learning in laboratory and museum
c3
sessions

D. General and Transferable Skills


By the end of the course, students will be able to:

Course ILO
Respect and communicate appropriately with staff members,
d1 department employees and colleagues in laboratory and museum
sessions.
Gather, organize and appraise information from various resources
d2
including the use of information technology where applicable.
Work constructively and cooperatively within a team of his / her
d3
colleagues to prepare a presentation on a given subject.
Present the collected material (medical information) in written,
d4
oral, and electronic forms.
Communicate ideas and arguments effectively during interactive
d5
teaching and learning
Be prepared for the lifelong learning needs of the medical
d6
profession.
d7 Manage time effectively.
d8 Practice critical self evaluation through formative assessment.

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3. Course Content

The study of pathology is divided into general and systemic


pathology. The former is concerned with the basic reactions of cells
and tissues to abnormal stimuli that underlie all pathologic conditions
and diseases. The later examines the specific responses of
specialized organs and tissues to more or less well defined stimuli.

Teaching and Learning Methods


Topics
% L P T SDL EL O
General Pathology

Introduction 1 1

Acute and Chronic 8


4 4
Inflammation (4%)
6
Tissue Repair and Healing 2 4
(3%)
2
Bacterial Infections 2
(1%)
Cell Injury Adaptation and 8
4 4
Death (4%)
5
Pathological Calcification
(2.4% 1 4
and Pigmentation
)
10
Haemodynamic
(4.8% 4 6
Disturbances
)
13
Granulomas (6%) 4 4

8
Parasitic Diseases 7 6
(4%)
Disorders of Cellular
Growth, Differentiation and 28
8 20
Maturation (13%)
Neoplasia

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Revisions 4
Systemic Pathology
11
Cardiovascular System 7 4
(5%)
11
Respiratory System 7 4
(5%)
2
Blood (1%) 2

Lymphatic System and 7


3 4
Spleen (3%)
11
Gastrointestinal Tract 7 4
(5%)
Liver, Gall Bladder and 12
8 4
Pancreas (5.7%)
7
Endocrine System 3 4
(3%)
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Kidneys 7 4
(5%)
Urinary Bladder & Male 7
3 4
Genital System (3%)
10
Female Genital System 6 4
(4.8%)
6
Diseases of Breast 2 4
(2.8%)
7
Central Nervous System 3 4
(3%)
7
Bones and Joints 3 4
(3%)
Revisions 8

Total 210 98 112


L: lecture, P: Practical, T: Tutorial, SDL: Self Directed Learning, EL: e-
learning, O: Others

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4. Teaching and Learning Methods

Teaching
Recall of
/ Intellectual Professional/
Knowledge/ GTS
Learning skills Practical
Understanding
Methods
4.1-
a1 - a8
Lectures

4.2-
Tutorial

4.3-
b1, b2 c1 – c3 d1–d8
Practical

*4.4-
E- c1 – c3
learning
**4.5-
Self
c1 – c3 dl –d8
directed
learning

GTS: general transferable skills


* Teaching Pathology laboratory and museum
**Projects and homework assignments

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5. Student Assessment Methods
Methods:

Type Time Assessment Method ILOs Measured

a1 - a8
Weekly Assessments in
b1, b2
Practical Sessions
c1 - c3
Formative a1 - a8
Online Quizzes (MCQs) &
Assessment b1, b2
Others
c1 - c3
a1 - a8
Home Assignments
b1 - b3

Continuous Presentation of Research d1 - d8


Assessment
MCQ, Short Essay
a1 - a8
Questions and Practical
& b1, b2
Exam
c1 – c3
Practical Exam
c1 - c3
at Computer Lab
Summative
Assessment Midterm Written Exam a1 - a8
Assessment [MCQ and Short Essay b1, b2
Questions]
Practical Exam c1 - c3

Final a1 - a8
Written Exam
Assessment b1 - b3
a1- a8
Oral Exam
b1- b3

Time Schedule
Week Method

Formative Assessment:
Available to students all through
the year
Weekly Assessments in Practical Sessions

All through the year Home Assignments

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Week 2 – 3 (2nd semester) Presentations for Research Projects
Week 4 (1st semester)
Week 6 (1st semester)
Week 8 (1st semester) Continuous Assessment
Week 3 (2nd semester)
Week 5 (2nd semester)

End of 1st Term (Week ) Midterm examination

Practical exams: for gross pathologic specimens


and microscopic examination of slides. Data show
projector slides will be used as another method of
assessment.

End of Year
Written Exam:

 Multiple Choice Questions


 Short Essay Questions
 Problem Solving Cases

Oral exam

6. Weighing of Assessments

Type of Percentage
Method Weight %
Assessment (Marks)
Continuous 6.7 % (20 Marks)
Quizzes
Assessment
& 20% 3.3 % (10 Marks)
Research Activity
(60 Marks)
Mid-Term 10 % (30 Marks)
Written Exam
Examination
Written Exam 50 % (150 Mark)
80%
10 % (30 Marks)
Final Exam Oral Exam
(240 Marks)
20 % (60 Marks)
Practical Exam

Total 100% (300 Marks)

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7. List of References
Course Notes
General and Systemic Pathology Notes written by staff members of
Pathology Department

Essential Books (Text Books)


Robbins Basic Pathology (2007) Kumar, V., Robbins S.L., 8th Edition.
Philadelphia: Saunders/Elsevier

Recommended Books (Available at the faculty library)


 Rubin's Pathology: Clinicopathologic Foundations of Medicine
(2008) Raphael Rubin and David S. Strayer (Editors) 5th Edition
Wolters Kluwer Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
 Textbook of Pathology Harsh Mohan (2010) 6th Edition Jaypee
Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD
 Curran’s Atlas of Histopathology (2000) 4th Revised Edition
Harvard Miller Publisher Oxford University Press

Periodicals, Web Sites, etc


http://www.webpath, http://www.pathguy , http://www.pathmax,
http://www.uwo.ca/pathol/resources.html, http://mic1.shams.edu.eg

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Laboratory Microscopic Examination Practical Lessons

Lesson Date Semester Formative Staff Member Signature & Notes


Work Assessment
Assessment

Inflammation

Healing, Pathological
Calcification &
Pigmentation
Granulomas

Parasitic Diseases

Circulatory Disturbances

Disorders of Growth

Benign Tumours (I)

Benign Tumours (II)

Malignant Tumours (I)

Malignant Tumours (II)

Cardiovascular System
Respiratory System
Lymphatic System

Gastrointestinal Tract, Liver


& Gall Bladder
Endocrine System

Kidney

Urinary Bladder & Male


Genital System
Female Genital System

Breast, CNS & Bone

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Museum Gross Examination Practical Lessons

Lesson Date Semester Formative Staff Member Signature & Notes


Work Assessment
Assessment

Inflammation & Healing

Inflammation & Healing

Cell injury, Pathological


Calcification & Pigmentation
Cell injury, Pathological
Calcification & Pigmentation
Granuloma

Granuloma

Granuloma & Parasitic


Diseases
Circulatory Disturbances

Circulatory Disturbances

Disturbances of Growth &


Tumours
Cardiovascular System

Respiratory System

Lymphatic System

Gastrointestinal T, Liver &


Gall Bladder
Endocrine & Kidney

Urinary Bladder & Male


Genital System
Female Genital System &
Breast
CNS & Bone

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Observational Rating Scale for Students’ Attitude in
Pathology Practical Sessions
Name of Student:
ID number:
Revision Session of Lab / Museum
Please notice that: 1 = occasional, 2= sometimes, 3= mostly
always and 4= always
Criteria for judging: 10 – 19 = needs improvement, 20 -29 =
satisfactory, and 30 -40 = good
Specific Observable Behaviour 1 2 3 4
1. Comes in time (punctual)
2. Greets or smiles to the instructor when entering
3. Uses the microscope cautiously (as instructed previously)
4. Holds the jar cautiously (as instructed previously)
5. Asks for help from the tutor in an appropriate way
6. Thanks the tutor after being aided
7. Helps his colleagues willingly when asked
8. Uses appropriate language when dealing with colleagues
and staff member
9. Keeps the place clean

10.Responds positively to constructive criticism by improving


behaviour
Total
Total Score
Any additional comments can be added:
………………………………………………………………………………
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………………………………………………
Date:
Instructor:
Or Junior Staff Member:

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Presentation Skills Evaluation Form
Student’s Name: Date
Pathology Staff Member: Presentation

Please tick the appropriate response to each of the following

1 2 3

1. The presentation was organized and structured properly


(introduction, body and conclusion).
2. Visual aids were well designed and used effectively

3. The student used good presentation skills (good language


and pronunciation)
4. The student involved the audience appropriately

5. Participants' questions were answered satisfactorily

6. The presentation met the expectations (was understood).

7. The information was accurately presented.

8. Any additional comment

1= borderline, 2= acceptable, 3=excellent

Mark Awarded: Marker: Date:

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Guidelines for your research assignment presentation

1. Determine some basic objectives before planning a


presentation.
2. Write down some main ideas first, in order to build a
presentation around them.
3. Develop an introduction that will catch the attention of your
audience and still provide the necessary background
information.
4. The conclusion must refer back to the introduction and, if
appropriate, may contain a call-to-action statement.
5. The visual aids used are carefully prepared, simple, and easy
to read.
6. Rehearse so there is a minimum focus on notes and maximum
attention paid to audience.
7. The notes contain only "key words" so avoid reading up from a
manuscript or technical paper.
8. Prepare answers to anticipated questions, and practice
responding to them.
9. Arrange seating (if appropriate) and check audio-visual
equipment in advance of the presentation.
10. Keep your voice strong, clear and not a monotone.

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Students’ Questionnaire

To be filled after completion of the Pathology course & delivered on the last
day of your exam
In this questionnaire:
1 stands for: no, very poor or bad
2 stands for: equivocal or intermediate
3 stands for: yes, very strong or very good

Questions Rating
No 1 2 3
Objectives & general frame:

1 Were the course objectives clear?

2 In general, to what extent were these objectives achieved?

3 Was the time allocated sufficient for the learning activities?

4 Was students’ number an obstacle in your learning?

Learning facilities:

5 Grade the lecture hall facilities

6 Grade the practical lab facilities

7 Grade the pathology museum facilities

8 Did you find the “Student’s Guide Book” a useful tool to assist
your learning?
Learning activities:

Grade the following activities as regard their contribution to your


learning:
9 Lectures

10 Practical lab lessons

11 Practical museum lessons

12 Student’s research presentation

13 Practical revision classes

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Student’s Assessment:

14 Did the final exam evaluate ALL course objectives?

15 Did the final exam evaluate all students by the same criteria
(objective exam)?
16 To what extent was the final exam evaluating your practical skills
(valid exam)?
In general, how would you rate the staff as regard:

17 The commitment of the staff in attendance & performance

18 The attitude towards students

19 Delivering information and teaching skills

20 Accepting others’ opinion

At the end of the course:

21 To what extent you are now competent to - Correlate the


pathologic features of the disease with its clinical presentation,
laboratory investigations and complications?
22 In general, are you satisfied with the course?

23 In general, did you feel that a lot of information is a repetition of


what you already know?
24 Do you think that the course in its present format needs
improvement? If yes, include your suggestions in a separate
sheet.

Additional Comments

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