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Workshop

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and


their Analysis

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 1 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
• Workshop Objectives
– View structural model deformation and axial bar stress for the model
described below.
• Software Version
– Patran 2018.0
– MSC Nastran 2018.0
• Files Required
– None
• Problem Description
– Model a simple frame structure using geometric curves (shown in Figure 1
on the next page) and 1D Bar elements.
• Frame material: Aluminum with E = 10 x 106 psi, n = 0.3
• Density = 2.61 x 10-4 lbf sec2/in4
– Constrain the four corners of the frame using pin restraints
– Loads on frame:
• Engine dead loads, see Figure 2 next page
• Engine operating static load, see Figure 3 next page
• Gravity load, -396.4 in/s2

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 2 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
Figures

Figure 1 – Model Curves

Figure 2 – Engine Dead Loads

Figure 3 – Engine Operating Static Loads

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 3 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
• Suggested Steps
1. Create a new database and name it frame.
2. Create a frame composed of 18 curves with each curve being 24” in length
as shown in Figure 1 on the previous page.
3. Create a mesh on the curve with global edge length = 12.
4. Equivalence the model nodes to connect elements along surface edges.
5. Create engine dead loads in the –z direction of 150 and 960 applied as
shown in the Figure 2 on the previous page.
6. Create operating engine static load of 100 in both the –x and –y direction
and applied as shown in Figure 3 on previous page.
7. Create gravity load of -386.4
8. Create constraints at the four corners of the frame support.
9. Create an isotropic material for Aluminum with elastic modulus of 10E6 psi,
Poisson’s ratio of 0.3, and density of 2.61E-4.
10.Define the properties of the frame structure:
• Bar Orientation: <0 0 1>
• Area: 10
• Inertia1,1: 40, Inertia2,2: 8
• Torsional Constant: 80

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 4 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
• Suggested Steps (Cont.)
11.Check the load case and verify that the loads and boundary condition are
included.
12.Set up and perform an analysis:
• Solution Type = Linear Static
• Solution Sequence = 101
13.Attach the results file frame.xdb.
14.Plot deformation with scale factor of 0.01.
15.Plot axial bar stresses

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 5 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
Steps 1 to 4: Create Frame
Step 1. Create New Database :
a. Create a new data base with File name frame.
b. Select Default for tolerance.

Step 2. Create Geometry :


a. Create a curve with vector coordinate <24 0 0> from
origin.
b. Create 4 copies of curve by translate 4 repeat count of
curve with direction vector <24 0 0>.
c. Translate all the newly created curve in Y direction with
distance <0 48 0>.
d. Create two curves by rotating curves 1 and 2 with rotation
angle of 90 degree.
e. Create copy of newly created rotated curves at a distance
of <24 0 0>, <96 0 0> and <120 0 0>.
Your model should look like
the given figure. The model
Step 3. Create Mesh : is made of congruent
a. Create curve mesh with topology as Bar and Global curves.
Edge Length of 12.

Step 4. Delete Repeated Nodes :


a. Delete repeated node by Equivalence whole model.

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 6 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
Step 5. Create Dead Loads from Engine
a

Create Dead load


a. Under the Load/BCs tab, click Force
from Nodal group.
b. Enter dead_load for New Set Name. g
c. Click Input Data.
d. Enter <0 0 -150> for Force <F1 F2 d
F3>.
e. Click OK. h
f. Click Select Application Region.
g. Select FEM as Select. i
h. Select node as shown.
i. Click Add.
j. Click OK.
k. Click Apply.

j b
h

e c
f
k

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 7 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
Step 5. Create Dead Loads from Engine (Cont.)

Create the second dead load


a. Enter dead_load_2 as New Set
Name.
b. Click Input Data.
c. Enter <0 0 -960> for Force <F1 F2 c
F3>.
f
d. Click OK.
e. Click Select application Region. g
f. Select node as shown.
g. Click Add.
h. Click OK.
i. Click Apply.

h
a
f

d
b
e
i

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 8 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
Step 6. Create Operating Engine Static Load

Create Static load


a. Enter op_static_load_1 for
New Set Name.
b. Click Input Data. c
c. Enter <0 0 -100> for Force f
<F1 F2 F3>.
d. Click OK. g
e. Click Select application
Region.
f. Select node as shown.
g. Click Add.
Create another static
h. Click OK.
load name
i. Click Apply. op_static_load_2
with force <0 -100 0> h

a
f
d

b
e
i

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 9 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
Step 7. Create Gravity Load on Frame
a

Create the gravity load:


a. Select Inertial Load as Object.
d
b. Enter gravity as New Set
Name.
c. Click Input Data.
d. Enter <0 0 -386.4> for Trans
Accel <A1 A2 A3>
e. Click OK.
f. Click Apply.

The application region is not


specified by the user, rather it e
is created by all the elements c
for which density is specified.

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 10 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
Step 8. Create Constraint for the Frame Support
Fix corner vertex
a. Select g
• Displacement as Object
a
• Nodal as Type
b. Enter fix_base for New Set
d
Name.
c. Click Input Data. j
d. Enter <0 0 0> for Translations
<T1 T2 T3>.
e. Click OK.
f. Click Select Application Region.
g. Select Geometry as Select. h
h. Click Point or vertex from k
Picking Filter Toolbar.
i. Select corner vertex as shown.
j. Click Add. i
k. Click OK.
l. Click Apply. b
e

c
f

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 11 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
Step 8. Create Constraint for the Frame Support (Cont.)
a
b

a. Use the icons in the Orientation group


to switch to different views.
b. When finished observing different
views, hide the Loads/BCs vectors by
clicking Reset Graphics.

Although the force directions may


appear vertical, they are, in fact, at
an angle. You can switch to
different views to observe this.

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 12 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
Step 9. Define the Material
a

Define the material for the frame as


aluminum:
a. Under the Properties tab, click d
Isotropic from Isotropic group.
b. Enter aluminum for Material Name.
c. Click Input Properties.
d. Enter
• Elastic Modulus = 10e6
• Poisson Ratio = 0.3
• Density = 2.614e-4 b
e. Click OK.
f. Click Apply.

e c

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 13 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
Step 10. Define the Element Property for Frame
a

Define the element property for the


frame: d
a. Under the Properties tab, click
Beam from 1D Properties e
group.
b. Enter al-plate for Property
Set Name.
c. Click Input Properties.
d. Click Mat Prop Name and
select aluminum from the
Select Existing Material. b
e. Enter <0 0 1> for Bar
Orientation.
d

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 14 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
Step 10. Define Element Property for Frame (Cont.)

a. Enter the following data on the


a
Input Properties form:
• Area = 10
• Inertia 1,1 = 40
• Inertia 2,2 = 8
• Torsional Constant.= 80
b. Click OK.

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 15 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
Step 10. Define Element Property for Frame (Cont.)
Define the element property for the frame
continued:
a. Under the Home tab, click Label Control b
from Misc. group.
b. Display Curve labels, and remove Node a
labels.
c. Click Select Application Region.
d. Click Pick All from Picking Filter Toolbar.
e. Click Add.
f. Click OK.
g. Click Apply.

d e
d

f
c

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 16 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
Step 11. Check the Load Case
a

Check loads and boundary b


conditions:
a. Under the Load/BCs
tab, create Load Case
from Load Cases
group.
b. Select Show as c
Action.
c. Select Default for d
Existing Load Cases.
d. Check that all Loads
and
BC’s are selected.
e. Click OK. e

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 17 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
Step 12. Set up and Run the Analysis
a

Set up a linear static analysis and


run it:
a. Under the Analysis tab, click
Entire Model from Analyze
group.
b. Click Solution Type.
c. Select LINEAR STATIC for c
Solution Type.
d. Click OK.
e. Click Apply.

d e

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 18 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
Step 13. Access Results Under Analysis

Attach the xdb file to access the


results:
a. Select
• Access Results as Action
• Attach XDB as Object c
b. Click Select Results File.
c. Select frame.xdb.
d. Click OK.
e. Click Apply.

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 19 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
Step 14. Plot Deformation
b

a e
Create a Quick Plot:
a. Hide labels by clicking Cycle
Show labels twice.
c
b. Under the Results tab, click
h
Fringe/Deformation from
Quick Plot group.
c. Select A1:Static Subcase for
Select Result Cases.
d. Select Displacements,
Translational for Select f
Deformation Result.
e. Click Deform Attributes.
f. Enter 0.01 for Scale Factor.
g. Click Apply.
h. Click Plot/Erase.
i. Click Erase for Geometry. i
j. Click OK.
d

g
j

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 20 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
Step 14. Plot Deformation (Cont.)

Display shows the


deformed shape of the
structure.

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 21 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation
Step 15. Plot Axial Bar Stresses
Create a fringe plot of axial bar stresses:
a. Click Select Results.
b. Select Bar Stresses, Axial for Select Fringe
a
Result.
c. Select X Component as Quantity.
d. Click Apply.

Frame Model Creation Using Curves and there Analysis 22 Copyright© 2018 MSC Software Corporation